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Ex. 19. Speak on the causes, signs, and treatment of grippe.



Ex. 20. Give a summary of the text “Grippe”.

Ex. 21. Read the following text and compose your own dialogue:

PREVENTION OF GRIPPE

The primary way to prevent grippe is by use of grippe vaccine each fall. Amantadine hydrochloride decreases the risk of infection. However, if used for prevention, it must be started before or immediately after exposure to the grippe A virus. Note that amantadine protects against only grippe A, but the vaccine protects against both the A and B grippe strains. Neither prevents other types of viral diseases.

Immunization is recommended for people with impaired immune system or with serious illness such as chronic heart or kidney disease, lung disease or impaired ability to breathe, cystic fibrosis, chronic anemia, or severe diabetes. Elderly people, especially those older than 65, also should be vaccinated. Health care workers, police officers and fire fighters, and others on whom public safety depends should receive immunization.

The vaccine is given as one injection into the upper arm in early fall, just before the grippe season begins. Children may sometimes receive the vaccine in two separate injections, 1 to 2 weeks apart.

 

Ex. 22. Complete the following sentences using the necessary word-combinations from the box:

This disease is characterized in the typical form of sudden onset, fever of one to seven day’s duration, accompanied by pains in the back and limbs,_ . 2. It is now recognized that there are several types of _. 3. Incubation period is short, usually _. 4. Natural resistance or relative immunity protects from one-quarters of persons intimately exposed to the disease even during _. 5. During epidemics efforts should be made to reduce opportunities for _. 6. To minimize the severity of the disease, and to protect the patient from secondary infections, patients should go to bed at the beginning of an attack and not return to work _.

 

1. widespread epidemics; 2. without the approval of their physicians; 3. influenza’s viruses; 4. headache, and sore throat; 5. direct contact infection; 6. 24 to 72 hours.

 

Ex. 23. Read the following dialogue:

Medical Student:Two hours ago we admitted two patients to our hospital. The first patient’s temperature is very high and he has a bad cough. The second patient’s temperature is also rather high but he has no symptoms of chill.

Doctor:Have you any additional information about the first patient?

M.S.:Yes,I have. He has a bad cold: a catarrhal inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, with profuse discharge from the mucous membrane of the nose, due to a virus or bacteria.

D.:What is your diagnosis?

M.S.:My impression is that he has influenza.

D.:What kind of disease is influenza?

M.S.:It is an infectious, epidemic disease. The symptoms of influenza are a high fever, acute catarrhal inflammation of the nose, larynx and bronchi, and muscular pains.

D.:What can you say about our patient’s lungs?

M.S.:He has no symptoms of any acute inflammatory condition of the lungs.

D.:Have you any impression of a peculiar of bronchopneumonia?

M.S.:No, I have not.

D.:And what can you say about the other patient?

M.S.:This patient’s blood pressure is very high.

D.:Is there anything in his past medical history that explains the present illness?

M.S.:No, there is absolutely nothing there.

D.:Is there anything in the laboratory reports?

M.S.:Usual laboratory reports have nothing significant.

 

Ex. 24. Answer the following questions:

What are the two patients’ symptoms? 2. What is the medical student’s diagnosis? 3. What is influenza? 4. What can you say about the patient’s lungs? 5. What can you say about the second patient’s condition? 6. Is a patient’s past history significant for the diagnosis? 7. What are the laboratory reports?

 

Ex. 25. Insert the missing words:

Influenza is an _ disease. 2. My impression is that the patient has an acute _ of the _. 3. The recently admitted girl has a high _. 4. The patient’s blood _ is normal. 5. Is there anything _? 6. Laboratory reports are _ for the diagnosis.

 





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