Ex. 10. Translate the text “Nervous System” into Ukrainian.

Ex. 11. Answer the following questions:

1. What is the nervous system of the human? 2. What is the major unit of this system? 3. What does a neuron consist of? 4. How is neuron connected to other neurons? 5. What is the function of a neuron? 6. What parts is the nervous system divided into? 7. What does the CNS consist of? 8. Where are the brain and spinal cord located? 9. What meninges do you know? 10. What is cerebrospinal fluid? 11. What parts is the PNS composed of? 12. What neurons does the PNS consist of? 13. What is the function of PNS? 14. What is the function of the spinal cord? 15. What is the major function of the ANS?

Ex. 12. Insert the missing words:

1. The nervous system is the information center and _ system. 2. The basic _ is the neuron. 3. A neuron _ a cell body, axon, and dendrites. 4. A neuron _ chemical signals from other neurons through the _. 5. Neuron sends an outgoing _ signal to another synapses. 6. The nervous system is divided into _ nervous system and _ nervous system. 7. The central nervous system consists of the brain and the _ . 8. The meninges surround and _ the brain and spinal cord. 9. They are dura mater, _ , and pia mater. 10. The peripheral nervous system _ cranial part and spinal part. 11. It is composed of afferent and _ neurons. 12. The peripheral nervous system collects information from numerous sources and _ it to the central nervous system. 13. The autonomic nervous system _ smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands. 14. It regulates the _ of the heart, blood vessels, digestive organs and reproductive organs. 15. The somatic nervous system transmits action potentials from _ to skeletal muscles.

Ex. 13. Try to organize the information of the text in table:


Parts of the nervous system Structure Function

Ex. 14. Crossword.

Find key word:



1. Functional membrane-to-membrane contact of a nerve cell with another nerve cell, muscle cell, gland cell, or sensory receptor; functions in the transmission of action potentials from cell to another. 2. Portion of the brain derived from the telencephalon: the cerebral hemispheres, including cerebral cortex, cerebral medulla, and basal ganglia. 3. Important autonomic and neuroendocrine control center beneath the thalamus. 4. Basic living subunit of humans, plants, and animals. 5. Bundle of nerve fibers and accompanying connective tissue located outside of the central nervous system. 6. Morphological and functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the nerve cell body, the dentrites, and the axon. 7. Neuron cell body or the enlarged portion of the neuron containing the nucleus and other organelles. 8. Portion of the brain consisting of the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. 9. Perspiration; secretions produced by the sweat glands of the skin.


Ex. 15. Insert the prepositions (to; at; by; for; of; from, about):

1. Connections between autonomic and other brain functions occur _ the brainstem and hypothalamus. 2. The arterial blood supply, carrying oxygen and nutrients, is critical _ the functioning of the brain. 3. Despite its small size and weight, the brain uses 20 percent of the heart's output of blood and 20 percent of the oxygen consumed _ the body at rest. 4. The major function of nervous system is to collect information _ the external conditions in relation to the body's external state, and to analyze this information. 5. The peripheral nervous system is responsible _ the body functions, which are not under conscious control like the heartbeat or the digestive system. 6. The nervous system uses electrical impulses, which travel along the length _ the cells. 7. The cell processes information _ the sensory nerves and initiates an action within milliseconds.


Ex. 16. Write out key words of the text “Nervous System”.

Ex. 17. Make up a plan of the text “Nervous System”.

Ex. 18. Speak on the structure and functions of nervous system.

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