Переведите на русский язык предложения, обращая внимание на словосочетания со словом “legal”.



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Переведите на русский язык предложения, обращая внимание на словосочетания со словом “legal”.



1. To the rest of the world the English legal profession is very strange because historically there were two types of lawyers: barristers and solicitors.

2. Every legal system has many shortcomings.

3. Criminal charges and divorce are normally seen as matters needing legal help and advice.

4. Not every accident victim has a legal remedy. Some accidents are nobody’s fault.

5. There is a large information gap in people’s awareness of their legal rights.

6. Such legal knowledge as people had came largely from newspapers and television.

7. The new Community Legal Service aims to provide legal information as well as legal advice and representation.

8. Newspapers regularly carry frightening stories about losers in legal actions who face bills of thousands of pounds.

9. Legal costs of the lowest income group are paid by the state.

10. Legal aid is usually granted as long as financial test is satisfied.

 

 

Переведите на русский язык словосочетания со словом “private”, которое переводится как частный, личный, закрытый (не для всех), не находящийся на государственном обеспечении, конфиденциальный (не подлежащий огласке). Составьте пять предложений с любыми из них.

Private citizens, private relationships, private information, private law, private life, private property, private expert laboratories, private bank, private office, private school, private meeting, private letter, private bill, private life.

 

Переведите на русский язык словосочетания со словом “public”, которое переводится как общественный, коммунальный, публичный, открытый, общедоступный, государственный. Составьте пять предложений с любыми из них.

Public relations (PR), public law, public morality, public service, public library, public lands, public notary, public facilities, public opinion, public debt, public figure, public order, public holidays, public office, public school, public act.

 

Составьте рассказ из данных ниже предложений, используя логико-граматические лексические единицы: when - когда; also – также; on the other hand – с другой стороны; thus, so – таким образом; in addition to – кроме того; in general – вообще; since – так как.

  1. It usually takes three years to complete law degree programmes in the UK.
  2. ______ , these programmes typically include core subjects such as criminal law, constitutional law, administrative law, contract law, tort law, land law, etc.
  3. ______, students are often required to take courses covering skills such as legal writing and legal research.
  4. There are also optional (elective) courses available. ____ many law students often choose courses that will be useful in their future career.
  5. Many universities _____ offer courses on legal practice.
  6. ________, for students who wish to work in a commercial practice, knowledge of foreign languages is essential.
  7. ______ law firms hire recruits, they generally look at four things: education, personality, work experience and language ability.
  8. ______ English is the language of the international legal community, law firms increasingly expect graduates to have a good command of English.

 

UNIT 2. SYSTEM AND CLASSIFICATION OF LAW

  ing - формы ed - формы to - формы  
  Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive  
Одно- вре- мен- ность V + ing being + V 3f     to + V to be +V+ ing to be+V3f  
V +ed V 3f to have + been + V+ing  
Пре- шест- вова- ние having+V3f having+been +V3f   to have + been + V 3f  
  to have + V3f  
  Сигналы: 1.предшествования – having 2. пассива – being, been   Сигналы: 1.предшествования – to have 2. пассива – to be, beenи отсутствие ing - формы  

Прочитайте предложения, в которых ing-формы выступают в качестве подлежащего предложения. Определите, какой частью речи они переводятся на русский язык.

  1. Reading books is useful.
  2. Asking him about it is useless.
  3. Writing a good report is not easy.
  4. Your being here means much more than just pleasure.

Прочитайте предложения, в которых ing-формы выступают в качестве дополнения в предложении. Определите, какой частью речи они переводятся на русский язык.

  1. I like reading books.
  2. I am pleased with his studying English so hard.
  3. They insisted on our meeting.
  4. I’ve given up smoking.
  5. I had the pleasure of knowing him personally.
  6. We haven’t had a chance of learning the truth.
  7. Did he have any special reason for saying that?

Прочитайте предложения, в которых ing-формы выступают в качестве обстоятельства в предложении. Определите, какой частью речи они переводятся на русский язык.

  1. The bus passed without stopping.
  2. Learn to swim by swimming.
  3. On arriving at the station they found out that the train had started.
  4. Making sure I had the right number, I phoned again.
  5. Having passed my driving test, I was able to buy my first car.
  6. She spent all yesterday afternoon cleaning the flat.

 

 

4. Прочитайте предложения, в которых ing-формы выступают в качестве определения в предложении. Определите, какой частью речи они переводятся на русский язык.

  1. The train arriving at platform 8 is the 17.50 from London.
  2. The white stone house being built near the park is a new building of the Art Museum.
  3. Law dealing with the structure of the government is called constitutional.
  4. Employment law is the law relating to the employment of workers, their contracts, and conditions of work.
  5. Contract law deals with legally binding agreements between people or companies.

 

 



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