UNIT 2. WHAT IS INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION?



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UNIT 2. WHAT IS INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION?



 

 

Прочитайте и переведите текст.

TEXT

INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION

Interpersonal communication is usually defined by communication scholars in numerous ways, usually describing participants who are dependent upon one another. It can involve one on one conversations or individuals interacting with many people within a society. It helps us understand how and why people behave and communicate in different ways to construct and negotiate a social reality. While interpersonal communication can be defined as its own area of study, it also occurs within other contexts like groups and organizations. Interpersonal communication is the process that we use to communicate our ideas, thoughts, and feelings to another person. Our interpersonal communication skills are learned behaviours that can be improved through knowledge, practice, feedback, and reflection.

Interpersonal communication includes message sending and message reception between two or more individuals. This can include all aspects of communication such as listening, persuading, asserting, non-verbal communication, and more. A primary concept of interpersonal communication looks at communicative acts when there are few individuals involved unlike areas of communication such as group interaction, where there may be a large number of individuals involved in a communicative act.

Individuals also communicate on different interpersonal levels depending on who they are engaging in communication with. For example, if an individual is communicating with a family member, that communication will more than likely differ from the type of communication used when engaged in a communicative act with a friend or a significant person.

Overall, interpersonal communication can be conducted using both direct and indirect mediums of communication such as face-to-face interaction, as well as computer-mediated-communication. Successful interpersonal communication assumes that both the message senders and the message receivers will interpret and understand the messages being sent on a level of understood meanings and implications.

 

 

Подберите русские эквиваленты к английским словосочетаниям из текста.

1. interpersonal communication a. невербальное общение
2. to interact with people b. ответная реакция и размышление
3. to communicate in different ways c. понять значение и скрытый смысл
4. to occur within other contexts d. межличностное общение
5. non-verbal communication e. прямые и опосредованные средства общения
6. feedback and reflection f. взаимодействовать с людьми  
7. to be engaged in a communicative act g. передача и прием сообщения
8. direct and indirect mediums of communication h. общаться разными способами
9. to understand meanings and implications i. участвовать в акте коммуникации
10. message sending and message receiving j. возникать при других условиях  

Выразите согласие или несогласие со следующими утверждениями, используя ту или иную речевую модель.

Models: a) I fully agree with the statement.

b) I am afraid, I can’t agree with it.

1. Interpersonal communication can occur within different contexts.

2. Interpersonal communication is the process that we use to communicate our ideas, and feelings.

3. Interpersonal communication skills can’t be improved through knowledge and practice.

4. Non-verbal communication as well as persuading is included into communication.

5. Individuals communicate on different interpersonal levels.

6. Interpersonal communication can be conducted using both face-to-face interaction and computer-mediated-communication.

7. Message receivers can not as a rule interpret and understand the messages being sent.

 

 

4. Прочитайте определения и соотнесите их со словами из рамки.

 

 
 
a. feedback, b. medium, c. knowledge, d. scholar, e. context, f. society, g. skill

 


1. Familiarity, awareness, or understanding gained through experience or study. ____________

2. A group of humans broadly distinguished from other groups by mutual interests, participation in characteristic relationships, shared institutions, and a common culture. ______________

3. The response within a system to an action or process. _____________

4. A developed talent or ability. _____________

5. Something, such as an intermediate course of action, which occupies a position or represents a condition midway between extremes. ___________

6. The circumstances in which an event occurs. ____________

7. A learned person. ___________

 

Прочитайте текст. Переведите слова в скобках на английский язык. Озаглавьте текст.

Communication is the transmission of information such as thoughts and (сообщения). The basic forms of communication are by (знаками) and by (звуками). The reduction of communication to (письменности) was a fundamental step in the evolution of (общества) for, in addition to being useful in situations where (устная речь) is not possible; (письменность) permits the preservation of communications, or records, from the past. It marks the beginning of recorded history. Whereas the rise of book publishing and journalism facilitated the widespread dissemination of information, the invention of the (телеграфа, радио, телефона и телевидения) made possible instantaneous communication over long distances.

Переведите предложения на английский язык.

 

1. Межличностная коммуникация предполагает непосредственный контакт людей – лицом к лицу, тет-а-тет.

2. Человек ведет себя по-разному в зависимости от ситуации.

3. Общение состоит в обмене информацией между партнерами по общению, передаче и приему мнений и чувств.

4. Любое общение начинается с того, что у одного из участников коммуникации появляется желание выразить какую-либо мысль или какое-либо чувство.

5. Очень часто мы знаем, что хотим сказать, но выразить это бывает трудно.

 

7. Выберите подходящий, по Вашему мнению, вариант ответа и скажите, какими чувствами и мыслями обмениваются участники диалогов.

Wife If you don't hurry, we'll be late for the show.
Husband There's plenty of time. ______1______ (to complain)
Wife Plenty of time? The show starts in twenty minutes.
Husband It takes only ten minutes to get there. We can leave now.
Wife ______2______ (to express relief)
Husband ______3______ (to advise) It's bad for health to be so anxious about everything.

 

1.   To complain    
    A Why are you in a hurry?    
    B It's only six o'clock.    
    C I won't take long.    
    D You are always so impatient.    
2.   To express relief    
    A Good.    
    B That's better.    
    C Thank goodness for that!    
    D It's about time!    
3.   To advise    
    A Slow down.    
    B Don't worry.    
    C You must be patient.    
    D You need to relax a bit more.    
Valerie Why did you give money to that beggar?
Vicky ______1______ (to explain) I can't walk past, ignoring him.
Valerie You are just encouraging him to be lazy. It is a bad habit.
Vicky He looks old and sickly.
Valerie ______2______ (to agree) But there are organizations to help people like him.
Vicky And what are they doing to help him?
Valerie All right. ______3______ (to pacify)
             

 

1.   To explain    
    A Why shouldn't I?    
    B He's always there.    
    C I dislike beggars.    
    D I feel sorry for him.    
2.   To agree    
    A All right.    
    B Yes, he does.    
    C I believe you.    
    D You may be right.    
3.   To pacify    
    A Let's go.    
    B Forget it.    
    C Do what you like.    
    D Let's not argue about it.    
Aileen Doctor, I've had this rash on my skin for over a week. It has not cleared up.
Doctor ______1______ (to sympathize) Let me look at it.
Aileen ______2______ (to express anxiety) What could have caused it?
Doctor Some types of food can cause a mild allergic reaction or it could have been caused by some chemical. Have you used a different brand of cream or lotion on your skin lately?
Aileen Yes, I have. I tried a new face cream last week.
Doctor I'll prescribe some medicine. If the rash doesn't clear up, come and see me again. _______3_______ (to comfort)
Aileen Thank you.
                     

 

1.   To sympathize  
    A I'm sorry.  
    B I'm sorry to hear that.  
    C Don't worry about it.  
    D It's going to be all right.  
2.   To express anxiety  
    A I'm rather worried.  
    B It's quite itchy.  
    C Can you cure it?  
    D Will it become worse?  
3.   To comfort  
    A Cheer up.  
    B Cheerio!  
    C Good luck.  
    D Take it easy.  
                 


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