Ex. 20. Speak on the prominent Ukrainian physicians.



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Ex. 20. Speak on the prominent Ukrainian physicians.



OVERVIEW

A well-known Ukrainian scientist O.M. Shumlyansky was the prominent anatomist-microscopist. He was the first who described the kidney texture. He was the author of many research works in the fields of surgery and obstetrics. The outstanding Ukrainian anatomist V.P. Vorobyov headed the chair of normal Anatomy at the Kharkiv Medical Institute. One of the greatest contributions to the world science was "Atlas on Human Anatomy". This scientific work was of great importance for theoretical and practical medicine. O. Bohomolets was the founder of a large school of pathophysiologists. He founded the Institute of Experimental Biology and Pathology and the Institute of Clinical Physiology. He demonstrated that connective tissue had a protective function in the organism and played a role in its nourishment. O. Bohomolets wrote many works in Biology, Physiology, and Pathology and gained world-wide fame. The prominent surgeon and scientist M. V. Skliphosovsky took care about poor people. He treated them free of charge and tried to create favorable conditions in the hospital where he worked. The outstanding clinicist and scientist of Ukraine M.D. Strazhesko was an initiator in establishing Kyiv Institute of Clinical Medicine. He differentiated and described preclinical picture of myocardial infarction. M.D. Strazhesko was the author of many classical works describing the heart and abdominal diseases. The famous scientist and physician D.S. Samoilovych was called the fighter against plague. The Institute of Eye Diseases named after V.P. Filatov in Odesa is one of the largest clinics in Ukraine. V.P. Filatov founded this Institute and was its director during many years.

 

LESSON 7

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE IN UKRAINE

VOCABULARY

Health Service ['helT 'sq:vIs] служба охорони здоров'я out-patient department ["aut'peISnt] амбулаторне відділення strengthen health ['streNT(q)n] зміцнювати здоров'я increase longevity [In'krI:z lOn'dZevItI] збільшувати тривалість життя maternity leave [mq'tq:nItI 'lI:v] декретна відпустка Health Network ['helT 'netwO:k] мережа закладів охорони здоров'я take care ['teIk 'kFq] піклуватися maternity home [mq'tq:nItI 'houm] пологовий будинок comprise [kqmp'raIz] охоплювати equip [Ik'wIp] обладнувати familiar [fq'mIljq] звичайний illness ['IlnIs] хвороба provide [prq'vaId] забезпечувати prenatal["prI:'neItl] допологовий pregnant ['pregnqnt] вагітна mental clinic ['mentl 'klInIk] психіатрична лікарня psychiatric ["saIkI'xtrIk] психіатричний

RULES OF READING

ai [eI] pain
ou [au] out house але: trouble [trAbl] cough [kO:f]
ea [I:] meat sea

Ex. 1. Read the following words:

Painful, complaint, waist, wait, mouth, about, round, count, without, outside, treat, treatment, measles, weakness, breathe, read, disease, please, mean, each, speak.

GRAMMAR:

Ex. 2. Familiarize yourself with the data of the following table:

SIMPLE TENSES

(Affirmative Form, Active Voice)

Tense Form of the Verb Example
Present Simple V (the third person singular+ -s,-es) I (you, we, they) write He (she, it) writes
Past Simple V2   I (we) He (she, it) worked (wrote) They (you)
Future Simple will (shall: after I or we) + V   I (we) shall He (she, it) will write They (you) will

 

Ex. 3 Put the following verbs into Past and Future Simple Tenses:

Prevent; strengthen; increase; comprise; provide; have; take; do; go; make; leave.

 

Ex. 4. Read and translate the following sentences:

1. I get up at 7 o’clock. 2. He brushes his teeth. 3. This student learns the main sciences. 4. She often goes to the hospital. 5. We came from Spain. 6. I live in Oxford. 7. I saw you yesterday. 8. I spoke to him. 9. I'll give you my book tomorrow. 10. The Health Network will comprise a great number of clinics. 11. This University trains medical specialists. 12. Your doctor will write a prescription for you. 13. Some people died of heart diseases. 14. On average Ukrainian men live to the age of 74.

 

Ex. 5. Tell about yourself and your friend(s) in Present, Past and Future Simple Tenses using the following table:

 

  Every morning Yesterday Tomorrow to get up at 6 о'clock to do morning exercises to wash with cold water to brush one's teeth to dress to comb one's hair before a looking-glass to make the bed to have breakfast to leave the room to go to the Academy to take a trolleybus to go on foot.
    Every day Some days ago In two weeks   to come to the Academy by half past 8. to be present at the lectures and practical classes. to make abstracts at the lectures. to read texts at the English lessons. to do exercises. to work in laboratory. to go home.
  In the evening Next month Last week to prepare for the classes to do some exercises to read medical literature to make abstracts to visit friend to watch TV to go to bar to go to bed

 

Ex. 6. Put the verbs into correct tense-forms and translate the sentences into Ukrainian:

1. Some clinics (to provide) specialized care. 2. This doctor (to treat) the patients with chronic diseases. 3. Marry (to visit) the polyclinic yesterday. 4. This physician (to examine) many patients next Monday. 5. She (to take) the course of treatment in the rest home last month. 6. Medical specialists (to pay) much attention to the health protection of mother and child. 7. They (to build) new prenatal clinics in Ukraine in 5 years. 8. Mike (to need) periodic psychiatric attention. 9. Medical Institute (to train) future doctors. 10. As a rule doctors' training (to take) six years.

 

Ex. 7. Find in the text "Public Health Service in Ukraine" sentences in Simple Tenses, read them, and translate into Ukrainian.

 

READING AND DEVELOPING SPEAKING SKILLS

 

Ex. 8. Read VOCABULARY and memorize new words.

 

Ex. 9. Insert the missing letters:

Departm_nt; he_lth; lon_evity; il_ness; prov_de; _sychiatric.

 

Ex. 10. Read and translate the following words and word-combinations:

Out-patient department; familiar; psychiatric; comprise; mental clinic; Health Network; strengthen health; provide; increase longevity; prenatal; maternity home; pregnant; illness; Health Service; take care; maternity leave.

Ex. 11. Translate the following word-combinations into English:

Пологовий будинок; збільшувати тривалість життя; служба охорони здоров'я; зміцнювати здоров'я; амбулаторне відділення; мережа закладів охорони здоров'я; декретна відпустка.

 

Ex. 12. Read the following words and word-combinations:

Principal; prevent; strengthen; longevity; comprise; out-patient; familiar; treat; specialized care; chronic; tuberculosis; ophthalmology; course of treatment; prenatal; pregnant women; maternity; psychiatric; finance; government; private; personnel; obstetrician; pharmacist.

 

Ex. 13. Read and translate the following text:

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE IN UKRAINE

The main principle of our Health Service is to prevent diseases, to strengthen the health of the people, and to increase their longe­vity.

The Health Network of Ukraine comprises a great number of hospitals, polyclinics, out-patient departments, and research insti­tutes.

There are some kinds of hospitals. The most familiar is general hospital where patients of all ages with all kinds of illness and medical conditions are treated. Patients usually have acute problems and stay for only a short term. Other hospitals provide more specialized care. Some hospitals treat patients with chronic diseases, such as tuberculosis, or patients of one age group, like children.

Despite their growth in numbers, hospitals cannot provide services for all medical needs or patients. That is why in Ukraine there are a lot of polyclinics. As a rule patients visit them only as their needs arise.

In Ukraine there are large centers of cardiology, surgery, onco­logy, ophthalmology, and the First Aid Stations where many people are examined and treated.

We have different sanatoria and rest homes where a lot of our people rest and take the course of treatment. Much attention is paid to the health protection of mother and child. There are prenatal clinics and departments for pregnant women, and clinics for new mothers and their babies. Mothers are given maternity leaves and paid leaves until the baby is three years old. The mother's job is reserved during the definite period.

In Ukraine there are mental clinics for those who need periodic psychiatric attention.

Most hospitals are financed by the government of our country. Some clinics are private.

As for the medical personnel much attention is paid to the training of therapeutists, surgeons, gynecologists, obstetricians, nurses, stomatologists, pharmacists and other specialists, as they must take care about the health of the people.

 

Ex. 14. Complete the following sentences:

1. The main principle of our Health Service is _. 2. The Health Network of Ukraine comprises a great number of hospitals, polyclinics, _. 3. In Ukraine there are large centres of cardiology, _. 4. New medical institutions are built and equipped with _. 5. We have different sanatoria and rest homes where a lot of our people _. 6. Much attention is paid to the health protection _ . 8. At present many sanatoria and rest homes are presented to the mothers and children suffered from _ . 9. As for the medical personnel much attention is paid to _ .

Ex. 15. Answer the following questions:

1. What is the main principle of our Health Service? 2. What does the Health Network of Ukraine comprise? 3. What kinds of medical establishments do you know? 4. Can the hospitals provide services for all medical needs? 5. Is much attention paid to the health protection of mother and child in our country? 6. What are the mothers given and paid until the baby is three years old? 7. Why is much attention paid to the training of medical personnel in Ukraine?

Ex. 16. Translate the following sentences into English:

1. В Україні є великі центри та науково-дослідні інститути кардіології, хірургії, онкології та офтальмології. 2. В Україні є багато поліклінік. 3. Існує значна кількість спеціалізованих клінік для пацієнтів, які мають хронічні захворювання.

 

Ex. 17. Put the given verbs and nouns in proper pairs:

Verbs: strengthen; reserve; increase; provide; prevent; pay; visit; train.

Nouns: the diseases, the health, the longevity, a care, the hospitals, attention, the job, medical specialists.

 

Ex. 18. What does the text "Public Health Service in Ukraine" describe?

You may use the following phrases:

The present paper describes … Ця стаття описує …
This work considers … Ця праця розглядає ...
This article discusses … В статті обговорюється …
The present article analyzes … Стаття аналізує ...
  deals with … В статті розглядається…
This work gives a review of … Ця праця пропонує огляд …

 

Ex. 19. Compose the detailed plan of the text "Public Health Service in Ukraine".

 

Ex. 20. Retell the text "Public Health Service in Ukraine" according to the plan.

OVERVIEW

The main principle of our Health Service is to prevent diseases and to increase the people's longe­vity. The Health Network of Ukraine has a great number of hospitals and polyclinics. In Ukraine there are large centers of cardiology, surgery, onco­logy, ophthalmology, and the First Aid Stations. We have different sanatoria and rest-homes where a lot of our people rest and take the course of treatment. Much attention is paid to the health protection of mother and child. We have maternity homes, nurseries, kindergartens, and special hospitals. There are rest homes and sanatoria for mothers and children too. Many of them have the treatment and rest in other countries. As for the medical personnel much attention is paid to the training of doctors, nurses and other medical specialists, as they must take care about the people's health.

 

LESSON 8



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