MEDICAL EDUCATION IN UKRAINE



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MEDICAL EDUCATION IN UKRAINE



The main task of medicine is the care about the people's health. For that reason the training of the medical personnel is very important.

Medical Universities and Academies train future doctors, pharmacists, and stomatologists. Doctors' training takes six years but stomatologists' or pharmacists' training lasts five years. The curriculum and syllabuses for these Universities are approved by the Ministry of Public Health.

The main administrative unit of Medical University is the faculty. As a rule the Medical University or Academy may have one or more faculties (medical, stomatological, pharmaceutical and others), headed by the dean. He/She is responsible for administrative affairs of the faculty.

The training course consists of lectures, practical classes, practical work in laborato­ries and medical practice at different medical institutions. During the first two years the students of the Medical Universities have so-called pre-clinical training, which includes general subjects, as Physics, Chemistry, Anatomy, Biology and others. In the senior years they study clinical subjects, as Therapy, Surgery, Obstetrics, Gy­naecology and others.

The senior students acquire practical skills, working at hospitals, polyclinics, sanitary epidemiological stations, and chemist's shops. They acquire such practical skills, as to examine patients, to make a diagnosis, to prescribe proper treatment, and to fill in case histories. A lot of students participate in scientific societies; their dream is to become research workers in future.

Having passed the state examinations, young doctors begin to work as interns during a certain period.

After graduation from the University they work as different speci­alists at the medical institutions.

The most advanced specialists are engaged in research. They defend theses and obtain degrees of candidates of science (medicine).

 

Ex. 17. Translate the following words and word-combinations into English:

Затверджувати; турбота, піклування; курс підготовки; тривати; включати; хімія; акушерство; хірургія; кандидат наук; інтерн; аптека.

 

Ex. 18. Complete the text with the words in the box:

The main task of medicine _ the care about the people's health. Medical Universities _ future doctors. Doctors' _ takes six years. The curriculum and _ for these Universities are approved by the Ministry of Public Health.

The training course _ lectures, practical work in laborato­ries, and medical practice at different medical institutions. The medical students _ Physics, Chemistry, Anatomy, Biology, Therapy, Surgery, Obstetrics, Gy­naecology and others.

The _ students acquire such practical skills as to _ patients, to make a diagnosis, to _ proper treatment, and to fill in _ .

Having passed the state examinations, young doctors _ to work as interns during a certain period.

syllabuses; prescribe; examine; training; case histories; is; senior; begin; consists of; learn; train.

 

Ex. 19. Answer the following questions:

1. What is the main task of medicine? 2. What Universities train future doctors and pharmacists? 3. How long does the doctors' training take? 4. What does the training course consist of? 5. What kind of training do the students have during the first two years? 6. What subjects do they study during this period? 7. What subjects do the students study during the senior years? 8. Where do young specialists work after graduation? 9. What specialists are engaged in research?

 

Ex. 20. Translate the following sentences into English:

1. Я – студент медичної академії. 2. Курс підготовки триває шість років. 3. Протягом цього часу ми повинні отримати знання з багатьох медичних предметів, включаючи анатомію, фізіологію, медичну біологію, патологічну фізіологію, терапію, хірургію, гінекологію та ін. 4. Працюючи в лікарнях, студенти-медики вчаться оглядати хворих, встановлювати діагноз, призначати лікування і заповнювати історії хвороби пацієнтів.

 

Ex. 21. Complete the following answers:

1. Where do you study? I study at _ . 2. How long does your training take? My training _ . 3. What subjects do you learn during the first two years? I learn _ . 4. What subjects do the senior medical students learn? They learn _ . 5. What practical skills will you acquire being the senior student? I'll acquire _ .

 

Ex. 22. Ask and answer the similar questions each other.

Ex. 23. Skim through the text "Medical Education in Ukraine" and find sentences expressing its main idea.

Ex. 24. Make up a plan of the text "Medical Education in Ukraine".

Ex. 25. Tell the group about medical education in Ukraine keeping the following consistency:

The main task of medicine; Medical and Pharmaceutical Institutes; the course of training; pre-clinical and clinical training; practical skills; research work.

OVERVIEW

Medical Universities and Academies train future doctors and pharmacists. Doctors' training takes six years but stomatologists' or pharmacists' training lasts five years. The training course consists of lectures, practical work in laborato­ries, and medical practice at different medical institutions. During the first two years the students of the Medical Universities have general subjects, as Physics, Chemistry, Anatomy, Biology and others. In the senior years they study clinical subjects, as Therapy, Surgery, Obstetrics, Gy­naecology and other subjects. The senior students acquire practical skills, working at hospitals and polyclinics. Having passed all credit tests, young doctors begin to work as interns during a certain period. After graduation from the University they work as different speci­alists at the medical institutions.

LESSON 4

MEDICAL EDUCATION ABROAD

VOCABULARY

make the grade[greId] досягати успіху come in touch [tAC] мати справу supervision ["sju:pq'vIZ(q)n] керівництво private['praIvIt] приватний peculiarity [pI"kju:lI'xrItI] особливість expensive[Iks'pensIv] дорогий nurse [nq:s] медична сестра valuation["vxlju'eISn] оцінка receive grant [rI'sI:v 'grQ:nt] отримати стипендію charge[CQ:G] вимагати bachelor ['bxC(q)lq] бакалавр

 

RULES OF READING

Letters Sounds Examples Notes
e - make take в кінці слова не читається
e i y [I] darkness cavity happy ненаголошений склад
a o u or er [q] husband freedom doctor better ненаголошений склад
o + l, m, n e + l, m, n i + l, m, n - lesson open pencil в ненаголошеному складі часто не читаються

 

Ex. 1. Read the following words:

Engage, defend, syllabus, approve, include, obtain, department, five; faculty, anatomy, make, grade, expensive, receive, surgery, specialist, control, number, result, construction, reason, council.

WORD-BUILDING

Ex. 2. Familiarize yourself with the following material:

Suffix of Adjective:

-al (pertaining to)

center центр – central центральний

profession професія – professional професійний

 

Ex. 3. Read and translate the following words:

Clinical; practical; surgical; internal; medical; final; neurological; physiological; epidemiological; general; local; bacterial, viral, gastrointestinal; experimental; chemical; bronchial; normal; physical; emotional; lacrimal.

GRAMMAR:

 

Ex. 4. Familiarize yourself with the data of the following table:

CONSTRUCTION “THERE + TO BE”

(Interrogative Form)

Present Simple Is there Are there a nurse any doctors in the department? in your village?
Past Simple Was there Were there a large hospital many out-patient departments in your city? in this clinic?
Future Simple Will there be a new polyclinic in this street?

NOTE: In affirmative form “some” is used, in interrogative form “any” is used, in the negative form “no” and “not any” are used: There are some hospitals there. Are there any hospitals there?

There are no hospitals there. There are not any hospitals there.

 

Ex. 5. Read and translate the following questions:

1. Are there any departments in this hospital? 2. Were there many students at the lecture? 3. Are there any medical schools in your city? 4. Were there any tests last term?

Ex. 6. Put general and special questions to the following sentences:

1. There are some well-known surgeons in this department. 2. There were five medical schools in my city. 3. There will be some test units next term. 4. There are many private institutions in the USA.



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