ТОП 10:

Compression too low, hard starting or poor performance at low speed



• Leaking or damaged cylinder head gasket

• Worn, stuck or broken piston rings

• Worn or damaged cylinder and piston

• Loose spark plug

 

Compression too high, overheating or knocking

 

• Excessive carbon built-up on piston or combustion chamber

 

Excessive smoke

• Faulty cylinder, piston and piston rings

• Improper installation of piston rings

• Scored or scratched piston or cylinder wall

 

Abnormal noise (piston)

• Worn piston pin or piston pin hole

• Worn or damaged cylinder, piston or piston ring

• Worn connecting rod small end

 

COMPONENT LOCATION

 

4.2 N·m (0.4 kgf·m, 3.1 lbf·ft)


 

 

11-2


CYLINDER/PISTON


 

CYLINDER/PISTON

 

CYLINDER REMOVAL

 

Remove the following:

 

– Water pipe (page 9-13)

– Cylinder head (page 10-13)

 

Lift the cylinder [1] and remove it, being careful not to damage the piston with the stud bolts.

• Attach a piece of wire to the cam chain to prevent it from falling into the crankcase.

• Do not tap the cylinder too hard and do not damage the mating surface with a screwdriver.

 

Remove the dowel pins [1] and gasket [2].


 

[1]

 

 

[1]   [2]

 

PISTON REMOVAL

 

Place a clean shop Remove the piston pin clips [1] with pliers. towel over the

crankcase to prevent the piston pin clips from falling into the crankcase.

 

  [1]      
Push the piston pin [1] out of the piston [2] and        
    [2]  
connecting rod, and remove the piston.    
       

 

 

[1]


 

11-3


CYLINDER/PISTON

Spread each piston ring [1] and remove it by lifting up a        
       
[1]    
point opposite the gap.    
     

• Do not damage the piston ring by spreading the ends too far.

 

• Be careful not to damage the piston when removing the piston ring.

 

INSPECTION

 

Inspect the following parts for scratch, damage, abnormal wear, deformation, burning or clogs in oil passages.

 

– Cylinder

– Piston

– Piston rings

– Piston pin

– Connecting rod small end

 

Measure each part and calculate the clearance according to CYLINDER/PISTON SPECIFICATIONS (page 1-6).

 

Replace any part if it is out of service limit.


 

STUD BOLT REPLACEMENT

 

Thread two nuts onto the stud bolt [1] and tighten them together, and use a wrench on them to turn the stud bolt out.

 

 

Install new stud bolts into the crankcase and tighten them to the specified torque.

TORQUE:9.0 N·m (0.9 kgf·m, 6.6 lbf·ft)

 

After installing the stud bolts, check that the length from the bolt head to the crankcase surface is within specification.


 

[1]

 

 

142.0 ± 1.0 mm

 

(5.6 ± 0.04 in)


 

11-4


CYLINDER/PISTON


 

PISTON INSTALLATION

 

Apply engine oil to the piston ring grooves. Apply engine oil to the piston ring entire surface.

 

Be careful not to Carefully install the piston rings into the piston ring damage the piston grooves with the markings [1] facing up.

 

and rings.


 

[2]

[1]

 

[1]


 

 

When cleaning the cylinder mating surface, place a shop towel over the cylinder opening to prevent dust or dirt enter the crankcase.


 

• Do not confuse the top ring [2] and second ring [3].

• To install the oil ring [4], install the spacer [5] first, then install the side rails [6].

 

Stagger the piston ring end gaps 120° apart from each other.

 

Stagger the side rail end gaps as shown.

 

Apply engine oil to the piston pin hole inner surface and sliding surface.

 

Clean any gasket material from the cylinder mating surface [1] of the crankcase.

 

Apply molybdenum oil solution to the connecting rod small end inner surfaces.

 

 

Apply molybdenum oil solution to the piston pin [1] outer surfaces.

 

Install the piston [2] with its "IN" mark [3] facing intake side.

 

Install the piston pin.


120°

120° 120°

[3]

 

 

[5]

 

[6]

 

[2]

 

[3]

 

[4]

 

20 mm (0.8 in) OR MORE

 

 

[1]

[3] [2]

 

[1]


 

11-5


CYLINDER/PISTON


 

Install new piston pin clips [1] into the grooves of the piston pin hole.

• Always use new piston pin clips. Reinstalling used piston pin clips may lead to serious engine damage.

• Set the piston pin clip in the groove properly.

• Do not align the clip’s end gap [2] with the piston cut-out [3].

 

 

CYLINDER INSTALLATION

 

Install the dowel pins [1] and a new gasket [2].


 

[2]

 

 

[3]

 

 

[1]

 

       
[1]   [2]  

 

Be careful not to damage the piston rings and cylinder wall.


 

Apply engine oil to the cylinder [1] inner surface and piston [2] sliding surface.

 

Route the cam chain [3] through the cylinder and install the cylinder over the piston while compressing the piston rings with your fingers.

 

Install the following:

 

– Cylinder head (page 10-17)

– Water pipe (page 9-13)


[1]

 

       
[3]   [2]  

 

 

11-6


CYLINDER/PISTON


 

CAM CHAIN TENSIONER

 

REMOVAL/INSTALLATION

 

Remove the cam chain tensioner lifter plug [1] and O-ring [2].

 

Turn the cam chain tensioner lifter shaft fully in (clockwise) and secure it using the special tool.

 

TOOL:  
[3] Tensioner stopper 070MG-0010100

 

Remove the cam chain tensioner lifter mounting bolts [4].

 

Remove the cam chain tensioner lifter [5] and gasket [6].

 

[1]/[2]

 

Install a new gasket [1] on the cam chain tensioner lifter [2] and install them to the cylinder.

 

[2]

 

Install and tighten the cam chain tensioner lifter    
[2]  
mounting bolts [1].  
   
Remove the tensioner stopper [2] from the cam chain    
tensioner lifter.    
Apply engine oil to a new O-ring [3] and install it to the    
cam chain tensioner lifter.    
Install and tighten the cam chain tensioner lifter plug [4]    
to the specified torque.    

 

TORQUE:4.2 N·m (0.4 kgf·m, 3.1 lbf·ft)

 

 

INSPECTION

 

Check the cam chain tensioner lifter [1] operation:

 

– The cam chain tensioner lifter shaft should not go into the cam chain tensioner lifter body when it is pushed.

 

– When it is turned clockwise with a tensioner stopper or a screwdriver [2], the cam chain tensioner lifter shaft should be pulled into the cam chain tensioner lifter body. The cam chain tensioner lifter shaft should spring out of the cam chain tensioner lifter body as soon as the stopper tool is released.


 

[3]   [4]

 

[5] [6]

[1]

 

 

[1]      
[4]  
       

 

[3]

 

[1]

 

 

[2]


 

11-7


MEMO


CLUTCH/GEARSHIFT LINKAGE

 

 

SERVICE INFORMATION···························12-2 CLUTCH ······················································12-9

 

TROUBLESHOOTING·································12-2 GEARSHIFT LINKAGE·····························12-14

 

COMPONENT LOCATION··························12-3 PRIMARY DRIVE GEAR···························12-17

 

RIGHT CRANKCASE COVER ····················12-4


 

12-1


CLUTCH/GEARSHIFT LINKAGE

SERVICE INFORMATION

 

GENERAL

 

• This section covers service of the clutch and gearshift linkage. All services can be done with the engine installed in the frame.

• Engine oil viscosity and level have an effect on clutch disengagement. Oil additives also effect clutch performance and are not recommended. When the clutch does not disengage or the motorcycle creeps with the clutch lever pulled in, inspect the engine oil level before servicing the clutch system.

 

TROUBLESHOOTING

 

Faulty clutch operation can usually be corrected by adjusting the freeplay.

 







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