Complete the table using information from the text. Then talk about Ukraine.



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Complete the table using information from the text. Then talk about Ukraine.



Country: Ukraine
Location: south-eastern part of Central Europe
Area:  
Border countries:  
Terrain:  
Natural resources:  
Climate:  
Population:  
Ethnic groups:  
Languages:  
Capital:  

Read the text about the capital-city of Ukraine.

Kyiv

 

Kyiv, an amazing city with population of nearly 3 million people, situated on the Dnipro river, is the capital of Ukraine. It is the city of great events and outstanding people. Kyiv is one of the oldest Slavic centres founded more than 1500 years ago. By the ancient legend Kyiv was founded by three brothers Kyi, Shchek, Khoriv and their sister Lybid. They were impressed by the beauty of Dnipro’s hills, stopped to settle here and called the town in honour of the eldest brother.

Old Kyiv was built on the high right bank of the Dnipro river, and the city has many hills, parks and open areas.

Today Kyiv is an important industrial, scientific, educational and cultural centre of Eastern Europe. It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions and world-famous historical landmarks. The city has an extensive infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport, including the Kyiv Metro.

As the capital of Ukraine, it has major administrative functions being the seat of Ukraine’s government.

Being the largest city of Ukraine, Kyiv is the leading industrial and commercial center of the country. Its industry is the concentration of over 350 large enterprises mainly in machine-building, chemical, food processing, consumer goods and other industries.

The most important centre for research and education in Ukraine, Kyiv has a number of universities, colleges, and research institutes, notably Kyiv National University named after Shevchenko (1834) and the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

The capital of Ukraine has got a great cultural potential. There are more than 30 museums, about 200 unique architectural monuments, 33 theatres, a lot of constant active art exhibitions. Kyiv is one of the greenest cities of the world, it has more than 60 parks.

The art and architecture of Kyiv are world treasures. The Cathedral of St. Sophia, where the princes of Kyiv were crowned, has outstanding mosaics and frescoes dating back to the 11th century. The Percherska Lavra, the Monastery of the Caves, has two 11th-century cathedrals on its grounds in addition to its world-famous catacombs, bell tower, and museum collections. Close to the center of the city there is the Golden Gate, once the main entrance to the city, which dates back to 1037.

Among the major attractions is Andriivska (St.Andrew) Church - the real pearl of Ukrainian architecture, built in 1754 by B. Rastrelli in baroque style. The legend says that on the place where the Dnipro river flows nowadays a sea used to be. When Saint Andrew came to Kyiv and put a cross on the place where Andriivska church now stands, the sea receded. When the church was built, a spring appeared under the altar. That’s why Andriivska Church doesn’t have bells. The legend says that the sounds of bells would awake sleeping water and Kyiv would be overflowed.

Kyiv's green hills above the Dnipro river, spotted with churches and monuments attract thousands of tourists every year.

Complete the sentences.

1) Kyiv is situated on . . . . . .

2) Kyiv is . . . . . . years old.

3) It was called . . . . . .

4) Today Kyiv is . . . . . . .

5) It is the seat of . . . . . .

6) Being a cultural centre of Ukraine Kyiv has . . . . . .

7) St. Sophia Cathedral dates back to . . . . . .

8) The Golden Gate used to be . . . . . .

9) Andriivska Church was built in . . . . . .

10) Ukraine’s capital attracts . . . . . .

Match each place to its description.

1) Golden Gate 2) St. Sophia Cathedral 3) St. Andrew Church 4) Andriyvskiy Uzviz 5) Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra 6) Kyiv Mohyla Academy 7) Khreshchatyk 8) Independence Square (Maidan Nezalezhnosti)

A) The striking 18th-century Baroque church designed by the famous Italian architect Rustrelli.

B) One of the oldest streets in Kyiv that connected Old Kiev (Upper city) with Podil (Lower city).

C) The central square of Kyiv.

D) One of the oldest educational institutions in Europe.

E) The oldest church constructed in1037.

F) Orthodox monastery complex with a system of catacombs that store the mummified bodies of monks and saints

G) The unique fortification architectural monument which used to be the only entrance to the city.

H) The central and one of the busiest streets with plenty of chestnut trees.

 

sPEAKING TASK

Speak about Ukraine

Speak about Kyiv as the capital of Ukraine

LANGUAGE FOCUS

Perfect Tenses

Present Perfect Tense

Complete the sentences with the words in brackets. Use Present Perfect.

1) Would you like something to eat? - No, thanks. I _____ lunch. (just/have)

2) Do you know where Julia is? - Yes, I ______ her. (just/see)

3) What time is David leaving? - He _____ (already/leave)

4) What's in the newspaper today?- I don't know. I _____ (not/read/yet)

5) Is Ann coming to the cinema with us?- No, she _____ the film. (already/see)

6) Are your friends here yet? - Yes, they _____ (just/arrive)

7) What does Tim think about your plan? - I _____ (not/tell/yet)

8) Is he a good teacher? – Oh, yes! He _____ me a lot. (help)

Match the questions and answers.

1) Is Peter here? 2) Don’t forget to phone John. 3) Are you coming to lunch with us? 4) Is it still raining? 5) It’s only nine o’clock. 6) Can you post that letter for me? 7) Did you get my fax? a) No actually, it has just stopped. b) I’ve already done it. c) Yes, he’s just arrived. d) Has Jane already gone to bed? e) I’ve already phoned him actually. f) No thanks. I’ve already had lunch. g) Yes, I’ve just got it.

For each gap in the text, put the verb in parentheses into the Present Perfect Tense.

Jack _____ (be) my friend for over 20 years. We _____ (know) each other since we were children. Recently, he and his family _____ (move) to a house on the same street as me, and now our children play together almost every day.

For the last ten years, Jack and I _____ (play) for the same hockey team every Saturday. Jack is a better player than I am, but in the last few months he _____ (have) some trouble with his left knee, and he _____ (find) it hard to play a full game. He _____ (see) the doctor several times about his knee, but the doctor doesn't know what is causing his pain. Jack _____ (decide) to take a break from hockey for a while, so that his knee can recover. It's going to be lonely on the team without him!

You are asking someone about things he has done in his life. Use the words in parentheses to make your questions.

1 (you ever / be / to South America?)

2 (you / read / any English novels?)

3 (you / live / in this town all your life?)

4 (how many times / you / be / in love?)

5 (what's the most beautiful country you / ever / visit?)

6 (you ever / speak / to a famous person?)

Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence.

1) I have been in the garden.

2) My sister has cooked dinner.

3) Sue has read the book twice.

4) My computer has crashed.

5) Jane has been on holiday for eight days.

6) Fred has done his homework.

7) Gavin has stopped at the corner.

8) Sarah has bought five books.

9) Jason has talked to his teacher.

10) Catherine has cleaned the house because she is having a party tonight.

Read the sentences and underline the keywords used with Present Perfect Tense.

1) Jessie has always taken this route to college.

2) Since you left, Jane has been really sad.

3) There has already been one election this year.

4) For three months, she has eaten nothing but rice.

5) They have recently moved to Arizona.

6) Have you ever eaten sushi before?

7) Have I told you lately that I love you?

8) She has already been there three times.

9) I have never ridden a motorbike.

10)The president has just made a major announcement.

12) George hasn’t met Martha yet.

20. Fill in the gaps with sinceorfor.

1) I haven't been to Erika's house _____ May.

2) Lucas has worked in the bank _____ five years.

3)I have known him _____ I was six.

4) It has rained _____ more than three days.

5) They have been married _____ 1999.

Put the verbs in brackets into Present Perfect or Past Simple.

1) I _____ (read) these books when I was at school. I _____ (enjoy) them very much.

2) I _____ (write) the letter but I can't find a stamp.

3) The clock is slow. — It isn't slow, it _____ (stop).

4) We _____ (miss) the bus. Now we'll have to walk.

5) You _____ (finish) checking the accounts? — No, not quite. I _____ (do) about half so far.

6) You _____ (meet) my brother at the lecture yesterday? — Yes, we _____ (have) coffee together afterwards.

7) She _____ (say) she would phone me this morning, but it's now 12:30 and she _____ (not/phone) yet.

8) I _____ (phone) you twice yesterday but _____ (get) no answer.

Past Perfect Tense



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