Read the following information.



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Farming Regions of the United States

Different parts of the United States are better for raising different crops or products. For example, most fresh fruits and vegetables are grown in temperate climates (climates that lack extremes in temperature). States that produce lots of fruits and vegetables are California, Florida, and Texas, not only because of their climates but also because they have longer growing seasons. The Great Plains (grasslands) grow large amounts of wheat, barley, corn, and other grains. In some of the drier desert areas of the West, where crops cannot be easily grown, ranchers graze cattle and other livestock. Crops like potatoes grow best in cooler climates, so they are grown in mountainous areas where it stays cooler longer in the spring.

For management purposes, the U.S. Department of Agriculture divides the United States into 10 major farm production regions. These regions differ from each other in terms of soil, slope of the land, climate, distance to market, and storage facilities. The Northeast and the states near the Great Lakes are where most of the country’s milk is produced. The climate and soil is good for growing grains that cattle need. The Appalachia region is a major tobaccoproducing area. It is also well known for cattle and hog production, dairy farming, and peanuts. The Southeast region is used for raising beef and farming fruit, vegetables, peanuts, citrus fruit, winter vegetables, sugarcane, and cotton.

The Delta region grows soybeans, cotton, rice, corn, and sugarcane. It is also an important area for livestock production. The Corn Belt has an abundance of rich soil and a good climate for farming. This region produces corn, wheat, soybeans, dairy products, cattle, hogs, and feed grains. The Northern and Southern Plains produce the majority of the nation’s winter and spring wheat. They also harvest other grains, hay, and cotton and are involved in dairy farming (milk production). The Mountain region is largely used for grazing cattle and sheep. Wheat is also grown there, though, as well as hay, sugar beets, fruits, potatoes, and other vegetables in the irrigated valleys. The Pacific region specializes in wheat, potatoes, fruit, cotton, cattle, and dairy farming. Hawaii is well known for growing pineapples and sugarcane. Alaska has many greenhouse/nursery farms and also produces dairy products.

9. a) Complete the table using information from the text “Farming Regions of the United States”.

  Farm production region Agricultural produce
1) Northeast and the states near Great Lakes milk, grains
2) Appalachia  
3) Southeast  
4) Delta  
5) Corn Belt  
6) Northern and Southern Plains  
7) Mountain  
8) Pacific  
9) Hawaii  
10) Alaska  

b) Now complete the sentences using information from the table.

 

1) Milk is produced in . . . . . .

2) Sugarcane is grown in . . . . . .

3) Cotton is the principal crop in . . . . . .

4) . . . . . . are used for farming hogs.

5) . . . . . . is a major tabaccoproducing area.

6) Wheat is grown in . . . . . .

7) . . . . . . produce peanuts.

SPEAKING TASK

Describe the agriculture of the USA.

 

LANGUAGE FOCUS

Conditional Sentences

 

Complete the Conditional Sentences Type I.

1) If I see him, I _____ (give) him that book.

2) The police _____ (arrest) the criminal if they catch him.

3) If he _____ (read) in bad light, he will ruin his eyes.

4) The teacher will be very angry if he _____ (make) any more mistakes.

5) If I lend you $10 when you _____ (pay) me back?

6) Ice _____ (turn) to water if you heat it.

7) If he _____ (want) more money, he _____ (have) to do more work.

8) If you _____ (like) a job in this company, I'll get you one.

9) If he _____ (leave) university now, he _____ (be) sorry afterwards.

10) If the house _____ (burn down), we can claim compensation.

Match the sentence beginnings and endings.

1) How will she get there 2) If the local shop's closed, 3) Will your sister take the job 4) We’ll go for a walk, 5) They will steal your car a) if they offer it to her? b) if she can't get a flight? c) if it doesn’t begin to rain.. d) if you leave it unlocked. e) we'll go to the supermarket.

Write the verbs in brackets into the gaps in Conditional II.

1) He _____ (look) a lot better if he did more exercise.

2) If he worked more carefully he _____ (not/make) so many mistakes.

3) More tourists would come to this seaside if it _____ (have) a better climate.

4) If he _____ (clean) his windscreen, he'd be able to see where he was going.

5) If I _____ (win) a big prize in a lottery, I'd give up my job.

6) If I _____ (have) a university degree, I now _____ (sit) in a comfortable office instead of standing at a street corner selling newspapers.

7) If I _____ (get) a promotion I _____ (not/look for) another job.

8) If we had more rain, our crops _____ (grow) faster.

9) If I _____ (get) a work permit, I'd stay for another six months.

10) I could get a job easily if I _____ (have) a degree.

Match the questions and answers.

1) What would Chris do if he won the lottery? 2) What would you do if you lost your job? 3) What would you do if the bus didn't come? 4) What would you do if your video broke? 5) What would you do if it rained?   a) I'd find another one. b) I'd get a taxi. c) I'd take it back to the shop. d) He'd give up work. e) I'd borrow an umbrella.

Change the sentences according to the model.

Model: He runs round the park every morning, so he keeps very fit. - If I ranround the park every morning Iwould keepfit too.

1) He lives in the South, so he can grow a lot of flowers.

2) She is a journalist, so she travels a lot.

3) He lives near his work, so he is never late.

4) He goes to bed early, so he always wakes up in time.

5) His French is good, so he reads French books in the original.

 

Use the verbs in brackets in Conditional III.

1) If I had known that you were in hospital, I _____ (visit) you.

2) You would have seen my garden at its best if you _____ (be) here last week.

3) I _____ (offer) to help him if I had realized that he was ill.

4) If you had told me that he never paid his debts, I _____ (not/lend) him the money.

5) If you _____ (look) at the engine for a moment, you would have seen what was wrong.

6) If he had known that the river was dangerous, he _____ (not/try) to swim across it.

7) If he _____ (work) hard at his French, he _____ (not/fail) at the exam.

8) He would have been arrested if he _____ (try) to leave the country.

9) I _____ (be) very upset if I _____ (not/pass) my last exam.

10) If I had known my friend was in trouble, I _____ (do) my best to help him.

Decide which type conditional each sentence is. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian.

1) If I were you, I would read the book in the original.

2) They will go to the beach, if it is warmer.

3) Someone might have noticed, if she had opened the letter.

4) If she lived near the university, she would never be late.

5) If you go to bed early, you’ll wake up in time.

6) I would have helped you, if I had known about it.

7) If I didn’t have an examination tomorrow, I might go with you.

8) If they had had a good guide, they would have seen all the sights.

9) I wouldn’t do it, if I were you.

10) Her English would improve, if they spoke English to her.

11) If Tom had helped us, the job would have taken half an hour.

12) If you really wanted to buy the house, you could do it even now.

13) We’ll go swimming, if the water is not very cold.

14) If I had known that you were coming, I’d have baked a cake.

15) If he writes to her, she will answer at once.

Write each sentence three times forming Conditionals I, II, III.

1) If I (see) John, I (tell) him your news.

2) He (be) very pleased if it (be) really true.

3) He (lose) weight if he (stop) eating too much.

4) We (visit) the museum, if we (have) time.

5) If you (ask) a policeman, he (tell) you the way.

Use the verbs in brackets in Mixed Type Conditional.

1) He would still be alive today if he (not take) that drug.

2) I overslept; that's why I'm half an hour late; and if my phone (not ring) at nine o'clock, I might still be in bed.

3) If only they (turn) back with the others, they would be alive today.

4) If the pain (return), you'd better take another рill.

5) She didn’t come to the meeting yesterday and now she has big problems. If she (come) she wouldn’t be in trouble now.

 

Form meaningful sentences. Match the if-clauses with the main clauses.

1) He wouldn't have become so strong ...

2) They would have come ...

3) If they had been ready the day before ...

4) If I hadn't needed the book ...

5) If they had had a city map ...

6) If you had warned us ...

7) He wouldn't know much ...

8) We wouldn't have wasted so much time ...

9) If you had sent me a telegram ...

10) We had never done this ...

a) ... I wouldn't be worried now.

b) ... I wouldn't have gone to the library.

c) ... we wouldn't have come so early.

d) ... unless he had done sports.

e) ... they wouldn't have been lost.

f) ... if Jane had invited them.

g) ... unless you had agreed with us.

h) ... unless he read much.

i) ... they would have taken their exam.

j) ... if you had bought everything beforehand.



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