Complete the sentences using Future Perfect Continuous.

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Complete the sentences using Future Perfect Continuous.

1) By the end of June they _____ (live) in Poland for ten years.

2) I _____ (work) in this company for a year by the end of the month.

3) He _____ (wait) for Kate for two hours by now.

4) By next year I _____ (study) English for five years.

5) My brother _____ (construct) bridges for eleven years by next year.

6) They _____ (build) that motorway for six months by the end of August.

7) My grandmother _____ (feed) stray cats for ten years by next year.

8) Jack _____ (drive) his car for seven years by next year.

9) By January I _____ (do) my project for three months.

10) By next year Tom _____ (practise) tennis for three years.

19. Put the verb into the correct form.

1) Sorry I'm late. It's fine. I _____ (not/wait) long.

2) By next summer Bill _____ (sing) in our band for two years.

3) The room smells bad because many people _____ (smoke) here.

4) Susan _____ (do) various sports for a long time so she was very fit.

5) She _____ (cook) all day and she wanted to get out of the kitchen at last.

6) You look tired. _____ (work) hard?

7) By next July Jessica _____ (act) in that serial for a year.

8) Someone _____ (use) my computer! It's broken now!

9) Richard _____ (write) his poem for three days by tomorrow.

10) I can smell dinner. _____ (your sister/cook)?

11) I felt dizzy because I _____ (sit) in the sun for too long.

12) I _____ (teach) English for a year by the end of October.

13) You have to rest now, you _____ (help) her since dinner!

14) She wasn't tired at all because she _____ (sleep) all day.

15) By next Monday Helen _____ (wear) glasses for two months.


Unit 14 Political System of the UK
  Vocabulary in Use The Political System of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Queen Elizabeth II Language Focus Passive Voice. Simple Tenses


Vocabulary In Use

1. Find the Ukrainian equivalents in the right-hand column for the following:

1) constitutional monarchy 2) upper house 3) lower house 4) hereditary peers 5) royal assent 6) House of Commons 7) heir to the throne a) спадкоємець трону b) палата громад c) спадкові пери d) нижня палата e) конституційна монархія f) верхня палата g) королівська санкція

2. Match the words with similar meanings:

1) monarch 2) bill 3) assent 4) sitting 5) overseas 6) esteem 7) peer a) respect b) lord c) approval d) act e) abroad f) sovereign g) meeting

Read the sentences. The words in bold are opposites. Choose the correct word.

1) Prince Charles and Diana officially separated in 1992 and married/divorced in 1996.

2) The prime minister is usually the leader of the majority/minority party in the House of Commons.

3) Making royal visits to other countries is one of Queen’s most important inward/outward duties.

Complete the sentences with the suitable words orphrases from the box.

chambers constitutional monarchy the Queen elections Parliament political party


1) The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a _____.

2) The power of the Queen is limited by _____.

3) Parliament consists of two _____: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

4) General _____, for all seats in the House of Commons, must be held at least every five years.

5) The Government is normally formed by the _____ which is supported by the majority in the House of Commons.

6) The leader of the party is appointed the Prime Minister by _____ and chooses a team of ministers.



READING AND speaking

Discuss the following questions

1) Who is the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland now?

2) What major political parties does the UK have?

3) Is there a written Constitution in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland?

Read and translate the following text.

The Political System of the United Kingdom of

Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy in form but a parliamentary democracy in substance. The sovereign (Elizabeth II since 1952) is the official head of the state, the head of the legal system, the commander-in-chief of all armed forces and the head of the Church of England. The Queen participates in the summoning of Parliament. Her official approval (so-called royal assent) is needed before any bill (the draft of an Act of Parliament) becomes law. In practice, however, the sovereign reigns but does not rule, for the sovereign is under the law and not above it, ruling only by approval of Parliament and acting only on the advice of her ministers.

The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories with the sovereign at its head. The British Parliament is bicameral, with an upper house, the House of Lords, and a lower house, the House of Commons.

The two Houses meet in separate chambers in the Palace of Westminster (commonly known as the "Houses of Parliament") in London.

The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and is also commonly referred to as "the Lords". Membership of the House of Lords was once a right of birth to hereditary peers, but following a series of reforms to make the body more democratic the House now consists almost entirely of appointed members. The number of its members is not fixed. The House of Lords was stripped of most of its power in 1911, and now its main function is to revise legislation.

In reality, the House of Commons is the one of three which has true power playing the major role in law-making. It is a democratically elected body, consisting of 646 members, known as "Members of Parliament" or MPs. Each of them represents an area in England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. MPs are elected at a general election. Parliamentary elections are held every 5 years and it is the Prime Minister who decides on the exact day of the election. The minimum voting age is 18. And the voting is taken by secret ballot. The election campaign lasts about 3 weeks. Each session of the House of Commons lasts for 160-175 days. Parliament has intervals during his work. MPs are paid for their parliamentary work and have to attend the sittings.

Each Parliament may during its lifetime make or unmake any law. Parliamentary bills may be introduced by either house, unless they deal with finance or representation; these are always introduced in the Commons, which has ultimate authority for law-making. Bills, passed by both houses, receive the traditional royal assent and become law as Acts of Parliament; no bill has received a royal veto for more than 200 years.

Executive power is vested in the prime minister, who, though nominally appointed by the sovereign, is traditionally the leader of the majority party in Parliament. The prime minister is assisted by ministers, who are chosen from the majority party and mostly from the Commons. The most senior ministers, about 20, compose the cabinet, which meets regularly to decide policy on major issues. Ministers are responsible collectively to Parliament for all cabinet decisions; individual ministers are responsible to Parliament for the work of their departments.

The most important parties in England nowadays are the Conservative Party, Liberal Party and Labour Party.

Say if the statements are true or false. Correct the false ones.

1) British monarch is the head of the UK.

2) The British Parliament is a unicameral assembly.

3) Membership of the House of Lord is mostly appointed.

4) Members of Parliament are publicly elected.

5) Only people older than 20 have the right to vote.

6) MPs don’t get salary.

7) The Commons alone is responsible for making decisions on financial Bills.

8) The political party that wins the most seats in a general election forms the new government.

Match the highlighted words in the text with the definitions below.

1) formal agreement _____

2) higher in rank _____

3) calling upon to meet _____

4) king or queen _____

5) to change _____

6) prohibition _____

7) derived from one’s ancestor _____

8) final _____


9. Whose functions are the following? Write Q(for Queen),P(for Parliament),G(for Government)

1) _____ examines what the Government is doing.

2) _____ is head of state.

3) _____ runs the country.

4) _____ makes new laws.

5) _____ assents to all Bills passed by Parliament.

6) _____ holds the power to set taxes.

7) _____ is headed by the Prime Minister.

8) _____ participates in the summoning and dissolving of Parliament.

9) _____ is responsible to Parliament.

10) _____ opens each new session of Parliament.

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