Complete the conversation between a travel agent and a woman, using the infinitive or gerund. 

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Complete the conversation between a travel agent and a woman, using the infinitive or gerund.

A: Good morning, madam. Can I 1) help (help) you?

W: Yes, I’d like 2) _____ (book) a holiday please.

A: Certainly. I must 3) ____ (ask) you a few questions. Now … where would you like 4)____ (go)? How long are you going 5) ____ (stay)? Would you prefer 6) ____ (have) a relaxing beach holiday or 7) ____ (go) sightseeing? Which countries are you interested in 8) ____ (visit)? What means of transport do you prefer?

W: Well, young man. I don’t know where 9) ____ (go) or how long 10) ____ (stay). I hate 11) ____ (go) to the beach and I don’t enjoy sightseeing. I don’t want 12) ____ (visit) any foreign countries because foreign food makes me 13) ____ (feel) ill. As for means of transport, I’m too frightened 14) ____ (fly) in an airplane. I hate 15) ____ (go) on boats, I don’t like 16) ____ (travel) by train and 17) ____ (travel) on a coach makes me 18) ____ (feel) sick.

A: Well madam, I don’t know what 19) ____ (suggest). I don’t want 20) ____ (appear) rude, but I really think you should 21) ____ (stay) at home!!

Read the story putting the verbs in brackets into the required form of infinitive or gerund.


Yuri was in his first year at university, studying History. He was rather a lazy student, and he tended to avoid (work) whenever he could. In the middle of the semester, his history professor gave out an assignment, due in two weeks. Yuri intended (do) the assignment, but he postponed (write) it for a week. The following week, he forgot (do) it. The night before the assignment was due, he suddenly remembered it, and rushed to the library. He tried (read) as much as possible on the topic, but there wasn't enough time. Yuri considered (ask) for more time to do his paper, but the History professor was known to be very tough on students, so finally he decided (cheat) and copy his paper from somewhere else. He found an old article on the same topic, and quickly typed it out. The next day, he submitted the paper. The following week, he was alarmed (see) the professor approaching him, looking angry.

"Is this your own work, or did you copy it?" asked the professor. Yuri denied (copy) the paper. "If you expect me (believe) that, you must be very stupid," said the professor. "Every word is taken from an article I wrote myself five years ago. Did you really think I would forget (write) it?"

18. Put the verbs into the correct form (infinitive or gerund).

1.A student can't learn (spell) without (be) taught.

2. I had to ask the boys (stop) (ride) their mini-scooters in the corridor.

3. Have you ever watched people (try) (catch) fish?

4. We can't think of (buy) a new house before (sell) the old one.

5. I promise to give you an opportunity (ask) questions before (leave) the classroom after (listen) to my lesson.

6. It's stupid (risk) (break) a leg with those mini-scooters.

7. I must remember (remind) the students that this grammar point needs (revise).

8. I hate (get up) early in winter and (get ready) in the dark.

9. If you can't fix that old thing, try (hit) it with a hammer!

10. I advise you (wait) before (decide) (accept) that position at the supermarket.


Fill in the gaps with the verbs in brackets in the infinitive or gerund form.

1. She forgot....... (invite) her best friend to the party.

2. I’ll never forget...... (see) snow for the first time.

3. I want...... (speak) to Sally, please.

4. These windows are dirty. They want....... (wash).

5. I’ve been trying....... (start) this car for hours.

6. Why don’t you try....... (put) some petrol in the tank?

7. On the way home he stopped....... (buy) some chocolate.

8. The baby didn’t stop....... (cry) all night.


Choose the correct word.

1) I don’t want..... to you any more. (to listen/listening)

2) I refused...... my sister’s bill again. (to pay/paying)

3) I think we should consider......... to Spain instead of Brazil. (to go/going)

4) If you decide to go on strike, you may risk..... your job. (to lose/losing)

5) I don’t mind....... a bit longer, but my wife is getting impatient. (to wait/waiting)

6) He the station. (to meet/meeting)

7) I suggested....... up before the game, but they start right away. (to warm/warming)

8) He promised...... our appointment by Monday. (to confirm/confirming)

9) They expanded their business and planned........ services to our local community. (to provide/providing)

10) You should avoid...... people by asking them very personal questions. (to embarrass/ embarrassing)


Unit 23 Higher Education in Ukraine
  Vocabulary in Use Higher Education in Ukraine Internal Structure of Higher Education Institution Digging for History Language Focus Participle

Vocabulary In Use

1. Find the Ukrainian equivalents in the right-hand column for the following:

1) human values 2) an entire system 3) an accreditation level 4) admission policy 5) a prerequisite 6) Independent External Assessment 7) specified minimum 8) an average mark a) зовнішнє незалежне оцінювання b) правила вступу c) встановлений мінімум d) середня оцінка e) людські цінності f) рівень акредитації g) попередня умова h) уся система

Match the words to their definitions.

1) education 2) establishment 3) accreditation 4) bachelor 5) licence a) large institution b) the first academic degree conferred by universities and colleges c) an official document giving permission to do something d) a process in which certification of competency is presented e) a process of acquiring knowledge

3. Match the words with similar meanings:

1) establishment 2) prerequisite 3) assessment 4) programme 5) aegis 6) essay a) protection b) composition c) evaluation d) condition e) curriculum f) institution

Fill in the words from the list.

secondary education thesis higher education accreditation admission diplomas


1) _____ in Ukraine has a long and rich history.

2) Higher education can be obtained in higher education establishments of a certain level of _____.

3) Higher education in Ukraine starts with the successful completion of the _____.

4) _____ to higher education establishments is selective and depends on the applicants’ ability.

5) Higher education graduates are awarded qualifications and granted _____of the state format.

6) During the studies at the Master level, students are required to write their final _____.


READING AND speaking

Read the following text.

Higher Education in Ukraine

In Ukraine, as in other developed countries, higher education is considered to be one of the main human values. The system of higher education in our country has flexible structure, corresponds to modern trends and tendencies, to those in advanced countries recognized by UNESCO, UN Organization and other international organizations. It comprises about 850 establishments of all accreditation levels and ownership types.

Higher education in Ukraine refers to the entire system of education beyond secondary school level and can be obtained in higher educational establishments of the following accreditation levels:

first level – technical schools, vocational schools or other schools of the same level;

second level – colleges or other establishments of the same level;

third and fourth levels – institutes, conservatoires, academies, universities.

The first level leads to Junior Specialist Diploma, the second level to Bachelor’s Degree (basic higher education), the third to Specialist, Master’s Degree (complete higher education).

The normative period of training to become Junior Specialist is from two and a half to three years. Bachelor`s Degree in Ukraine includes 4 academic years. Master`s Degree is 2 academic years long. PhD and DSc programs last 3 academic years.

Admission policy is developed by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, prescribed by the Order of the Ministry. Higher educational establishments develop their own Rules of Admission according to this Order, and submit them for the approval of the Ministry of Education and Science. For Bachelor level, it is a compulsory prerequisite to pass the Independent External Assessment (IEA) conducted by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. The IEA result must be not less than the specified minimum. For specific specialities, additional exams are possible. Also Admission policy takes into account an average mark of school Certificate. For the next level (specialist, Master), students must pass admission exams. The admission procedure is the same for all students. The number of students admitted is regulated by the number of licences for educational programmes.

Students who study under a state order do not pay fees. Additionally, full-time students who demonstrate good academic achievements receive a scholarship. Students who do not study under a state order pay study fees on a contractual basis.

An academic year runs from 1st of September to 31st of June. This period is divided into two terms with a brief (two weeks) winter break in January, and a long vacation from 1st of July to 31st of August. Each term lasts 17-18 weeks, followed by a 3 week examination period.

For each discipline, the maximum number of points which students may receive is determined on the basis of progress assessments (home assignments, essays, projects, etc.) and final assessment (exam, tests). The most widespread forms of assessment are tests, exams and projects. Work practice is a compulsory component of a curriculum. On successful completion of a programme, students are awarded a degree (Junior Specialist, Bachelor, Specialist or Master) and an appropriate qualification (e.g. agronomist). Access to the next level is possible once the previous level has been completed and relevant degrees and qualifications awarded.

Ukraine's higher education system fulfills important social functions creating intellectual potential of Ukraine as a new independent state entering the world community.

Answer the questions.

1) Does the system of higher education in Ukraine correspond to those in the developed countries?

2) What does the term ‘higher education’ refer to?

3) The higher education establishments in Ukraine are of four accreditation levels, aren’t they?

4) What are the periods of study for different degrees?

5) In what way is the admission procedure organised?

6) Do all the students get a scholarship?

7) What is the structure of the academic year?

8) What are the main forms of assessment?


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