Complete the sentences with the words in brackets. Use Past Perfect.

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Complete the sentences with the words in brackets. Use Past Perfect.

1) When their mother arrived home, the children _____ (finish) their homework.

2) The meeting _____ (start) when I arrived at the office.

3) Julie didn't watch the film because she _____ (see) it before.

4) The mechanic _____ (repair) her car when Mary arrived at the garage.

5) When the dessert arrived, Anne wasn't hungry; she _____ (eat) too much.

6) It was my first flight. I _____ (never fly) before.

7) The dentist was angry because John _____ (forget) the time of his appointment.

8) Jane was furious because she _____ (oversleep) and _____ (miss) the bus.

Match the questions and answers.

1) Was she still waiting for you? 2) Did you have enough money to buy the shoes? 3) Did you buy Jim’s car? 4) Did you see Tom at Sue’s last night? 5) Did she go to the cinema with you? 6) How long was it since you had seen them? 7) Did Greg go to the party with you? 8) Where had she been all day? a) No, she had already gone out. b) I hadn’t seen them for nearly ten years. c) No, she had already seen the film. d) No, I was late so he had already gone home. e) No, he had already arranged to do something else. f) She’d been in London. g) No, I had spent too much on the dress. h) No, he had already sold it to someone else.

Complete the sentences. Put one verb in the Past Simple and one in the Past Perfect.

1) Lisa _____ (give) me a lift because I _____ (miss) the bus.

2) I _____ (thank) her for everything she _____ (do).

3) When I got to the office I _____ (realize) that I _____ (forget) to lock the front door.

4) When they _____ (finish) their work, they _____ (go) home.

5) I _____ (call) you at 8.00, but you just _____ (go) out.

6) I took my family to Paris last year. I _____ (be) there as a student, so I _____ (know) my way around.

7) When I _____ (listen) to the news, I _____ (go) to bed.

8) By the time I _____ (get) to the office, the meeting _____ (begin).

Future Perfect Tense

Complete the sentences with the words in brackets. Use the Future Perfect Tense.

1) By next June he _____ (write) his second novel.

2) Before you go to see them, they _____ (leave) the country.

3) He _____ (finish) this work before you leave.

4) By the end of the summer she _____ (teach) us to speak Italian.

5) The meeting _____ (finish) by the time we get there.

6) I hope you _____ (not/forget) all this by tomorrow!

7) I expect Maggy _____ (find) her job by the end of the next month.

8) By next week he _____ (sell) all his furniture.

9) If we don’t get there before seven, they _____ (eat and drink) everything.

10) I hope it _____ (stop) raining by 5 o'clock.



Unit 11 State System of Ukraine
  Vocabulary in Use State System of Ukraine The Constitution of Ukraine Ukraine’s National Symbols Language Focus Modal Verbs

Vocabulary In Use

1. Find the Ukrainian equivalents in the right-hand column for the following:

1) government 2) parliament 3) legislative power 4) executive power 5) judicial power 6) election 7) secret ballot 8) majority vote 9) court 10) suffrage a) таємне голосування b) судова влада c) уряд d) вибори e) більшість при голосуванні f) законодавча влада g) парламент h) виборче право i) виконавча влада j) суд

2. Match the terms to their definitions:

1) president 2) government 3) election 4) court 5) parliament 6) constitution a) the selection by vote of a person or persons from among candidates for a position; b) the group of people who are elected to make and change the laws of the country; c) the fundamental political principles on which a state is governed; d) the chief executive or head of state of a republic; e) an authority having power to adjudicate in civil, criminal, military, or ecclesiastical matters; f) the executive policy-making body of a political unit, community, etc.;

Make up word combinations and give their Ukrainian equivalents.

presidential legislative Cabinet of head Supreme state national armed Ministers anthem forces Court republic of the state flag branch

Match the words (phrases) with similar meanings.

1) the Supreme Council 2) Speaker 3) coat of arms 4) banner 5) decree 6) power 7) chamber 8) independence 9) parliament member a) act b) the Verkhovna Rada c) people’s deputy d) house e) national emblem f) sovereignty g) flag h) Chairman i) authority


Complete the following sentences with the corresponding dates.

1. The “Declaration of the State Sovereignty of Ukraine” was adopted on . . . . . 2. The independence of Ukraine was proclaimed on . . . . . 3. The Constitution of Ukraine was approved on . . . . . June 28, 1996 July 16, 1990 August 24, 1991

READING AND speaking

6. Discuss the following questions:

1) Who was the first President of Ukraine?

2) What kind of political system has Ukraine?

3) Is there a written constitution in Ukraine?

4) Who is the Prime Minister of Ukraine now?

5) When was the last election to the Verkhovna Rada held?

Read the text about the state system of Ukraine.

State System of Ukraine

The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 brought Ukraine independence. The Ukrainian people realized their sovereign right to self-determination and, as a result of this, the new country - Ukraine - appeared on the World Map. The new Constitution was approved by the Verkhovna Rada on June 28th 1996. The Constitution enjoys the greatest legal power. It outlines the structure of the national government and specifies its powers and duties. Under the Constitution the powers of the government are divided into three branches - the legislative, the executive, and the judicial.

By the form of governance Ukraine combines the elements of presidential and parliamentary republic.

The Verkhovna Rada (the Supreme Council or Parliament) is the highest legislative body in Ukraine. It is a unicameral assembly of 450 people’s deputies, who are elected for a term of five years on the basis of universal, equal suffrage by the secret ballot. The Verkhovna Rada`s main function is making laws. Law drafting work is performed by its Committees. The Verkhovna Rada adopts the State Budget for the period from January 1 to December 31 and controls the execution of it.

The President of Ukraine is the head of the state and acts in its name. He is the guarantor of the state sovereignty, territorial integrity of Ukraine, observance of the Constitution of Ukraine, civil rights and freedoms. The President signs the laws adopted by the Verkhovna Rada and has the right to veto them. He is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The President is elected by direct majority vote for a term of five years with no more than two consecutive terms.

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is the highest executive body. The Cabinet of Ministers is responsible to the President of Ukraine and under the control and accountable to the Verkhovna Rada. It carries out domestic and foreign policy of the state, develops and fulfils national programs on the economic, scientific and technological, social and cultural development of Ukraine. The Prime Minister operates the Cabinet of Ministers, directs its work to the fulfilment of the Program of the Cabinet of Ministers approved by the Verkhovna Rada.

Judicial power in Ukraine belongs exclusively to the courts. It is administered by the Constitutional Court, the sole body of constitutional jurisdiction in Ukraine, and by courts of general jurisdiction. The Supreme Court of Ukraine is the highest juridical body of general jurisdiction. It consists of 5 judges elected for a 5-year term by the Verkhovna Rada. The main task of this body is to supervise all judicial activity.


Say if the statements are true or false according to the text.

1) Ukraine is the parliamentary-presidential republic.

2) The power in the country is divided into legislative, executive and judiciary.

3) The Ukrainian Parliament consists of one chamber only.

4) The Verkhovna Rada is the highest executive body.

5) The President of Ukraine is the chief of its military forces.

6) Presidential elections in Ukraine are held every five years.

7) The Cabinet of Ministers is the law-making body.

8) The Verkhovna Rada is accountable to the Prime Minister.

9. Find in the text and remember the English equivalents for the following Ukrainian words and phrases:

крах Радянського Союзу; право на самовизначення; найвища юридична сила; найвищий законодавчий орган; загальне виборче право; законопроектна робота; Державний Бюджет; державний суверенітет; територіальна цілісність; дотримання Конституції України; громадські права та свободи; Головнокомандувач Збройних Сил України; два послідовні терміни; внутрішня та зовнішня політика; суди загальної юрисдикції.


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