ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Match professions with the descriptions of work they do.



1) Economist 2) Manager 3) Lawyer 4) Livestock expert 5) Veterinarian 6) Agronomist 7) Landscape architect 8) Civil engineer 9) Mechanical engineer 10) Surveyor 11) Food technologist a) determines the best methods to breed and raise farm animals. b) provides medical and surgical care for sick animals. c) converts grain, livestock, fruit and vegetables into food products. d) conducts financial analysis, develops marketing plans and sets up optimal production schedules. e) designs and plans landscapes so they are not only functional but also beautiful and harmonious with the natural environment. f) analyses soil structure, develops new varieties of crops, that grow more efficiently and are more productive. g) deals with agricultural machinery and other technical aspects of farming. h) manages the day-to-day activities of the farm. i) plans, designs, constructs facilities essential to modern life. j) measures land, air, space and water areas, describes where a certain area of land is and what it looks like. k) gives legal advice and assistance to clients and represents them in court or other legal matters.

Read and translate the text.

The Gardener

Hugo Grantchester, 26, has been a gardener and a tree surgeon for four years. He went to Oxford University to study archaeology, but he dropped out after just one term. His father, Hector, is a surveyor and his mother, Geraldina, is an interior designer. Hugo and his mother talk about his choice of career.

Hugo

When I was 11, we moved to a large Tudor house in East Anglia which had three acres of garden. We had a gardener who lived in a little cottage at the end of our drive. I used to spend hours watching him work and talking to him. I think I picked up a lot about gardening without realising it, because one summer, when I was still at school, I took a job at a garden centre and I knew all the names of the plants, and I could give people advice. Then I went to university and it was a disaster. After a term I told my parents that I was going to give it up and go back to work in the garden centre. They were furious, we had a terrible row, and they didn’t speak to me for months. But I knew it was waste of time to carry on studying archaeology, and the moment I started gardening again, I knew I’d made the right decision. I’ve enjoyed every moment of the last four years and my parents have learnt to accept what I do, not only because they can see how happy I am, but also because a lot of my university friends have found it difficult to find good job or have been made redundant.

Sometimes people are quite taken aback when they find out that their gardener went to university, but I think it makes them respect my opinion more when I’m helping them plan their gardens.

Hugo’s mother

His father and I were so delighted when he went to Oxford, but when he gave it up so soon we were very, very angry. We thought manual labour was not the career for our only son. We fell out for months, Hector refused to allow Hugo into the house, and we all felt thoroughly miserable. But our daughter told us not to worry because Hugo would be millionaire by the time he was forty. Anyway, we’ve made it up now we can see how happy he is, even though he hasn’t become a millionaire yet!

Times have changed and all kinds people do all kinds of work, and I think the world’s a better place for it!

Answer the questions.

1) What is Hugo and what are his parents?

2) Where did Hugo pick up much about gardening?

3) How did it help him in his work at the garden centre?

4) What did he study at Oxford University?

5) How long did he study there?

6) Why did Hugo give it up?

7) How did Hugo’s parents feel about his decision?

8) Is Hugo happy with his job?

Match the phrases in English and Ukrainian, find and read out the sentences with them in the text.

1) to drop out 2) to pick up 3) to give up 4) to carry on 5) to find out 6) to fall out 7) to make up 8) to take aback a) продовжувати b) уладнувати c) здобувати знання d) приголомшувати, вражати e) сваритися f) покинути g) “відсіяти” h) дізнаватися

12. Say how you understand the words of Hugo’s mother “Times have changed and all kinds of people do all kinds of work, and I think the world’s a better place for it!”

Communication

13. a) Read and translate the dialogue.

- Welcome to our farm. Let me introduce myself. I`m Igor Klymenko.

- How do you do, Igor. My name is John Smith.

- How do you do, John. I`m an agronomist of this farm.

- What are you busy with?

- Well, an agronomist should know when and how to plow the soil, what to fertilize the fields with and how to cultivate the crops.

- What grain crops do you grow? On my way here I saw wheat and barley, maize and sunflower, buckwheat and oats.

- You are absolutely right. We grow practically everything. The soil is fertile here. To increase the yields we use fertilizers.

- Do you employ farm machinery on a wide scale? You see I’m a mechanical engineer and I’m very interested in this.

- Sure, tractors, combine-harvesters, potato-planters, hay-making machines are used in our fields. Oh, it`s high time to have lunch. I think we`ll continue our talk in the canteen. This way, please.

b) Make up a dialogue between John Smith and the livestock expert (veterinarian, mechanical engineer, manager) of this farm.

SPEAKING TASK

Speak about agricultural professions which are taught at your University.

LANGUAGE FOCUS

There + to be

Write questions and negations as in the example.

1) There are some pens in the bag.

Are there any pens in the bag?

There aren’t any pens in the bag.

There are no pens in the bag.

2) There is a theater in our town.

3) There are different vegetables in my garden.

4) There is some meat in the fridge.

5) There is something in his pocket.

6) There are only two mistakes in my dictation.

7) There is somebody in the garden.

8) There is an experimental farm on the territory of our university.

 

Look at the table. What is there at the Paradise Hotel? In pairs, ask and answer as in the example.

SA: Is there a swimming pool at the hotel?

SB: Yes, there is.

swimming pool tennis courts disco restaurant café bar shops cinema children’s playground ü х ü ü ü ü х х ü

17. Make up sentences with there are.

seven nine fifteen twenty-six thirty fifty   letters players planets days days states   the English alphabet a week the solar system September a rugby team the USA

 

1) There are seven days in a week.

2. . . . . . . .

18. Complete the sentences using the necessary form of there is/ there are.

1) ______ a train to Manchester?

2) ______ no water on the oon.

3) How many students ______ in your group?

4) ______ no disco near the college.

5) ______ a very good beach near our hotel.

6) I'm afraid ______ no time to see Granny.

7) How many hospitals ______ in the town?

8) ______ no snow on the hill in summer.

9) ______ many children in the pool?

10) I’m sorry but ______ any shops open at this time.

19. Fill in there is/are, it isor they are.

1) There is a letter on your desk. It is from your uncle.

2) ______ some people in the office.

3) “Where’s my football?” - “______ in the garden”.

4) Look! ______ a beautiful rainbow in the sky.

5) ______ two parks in this town. _____ quite big.

6) ______ a dictionary on the desk. _____ Laura’s.

7) ”_____ a restaurant in this hotel?” “No, I’m afraid not.”

8) ”What’s that building?” - “____ a school.”

Impersonal Sentences

Translate the following sentences and make them interrogative and negative.

1. It is windy now. 2. It’s autumn now. 3. It often drizzles. 4. It always rains in August in our city. 5. It usually gets warmer in March. 6. It’s frosty today. 7. It’s early morning. 8. It is five o’clock. 9. It is noon. 10. It is one kilometre from our house to the river.

21. Fill in it is (it’s)oris it. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian.

1) What time is it?

2) We must go now. ______ very late.

3) ______ true that Bill can fly a helicopter?

4) ”What day _____ today? Tuesday?” “No, ______ Wednesday.”

5) ______ ten kilometres from the airport to the city centre.

6) ______ possible to phone you at your office?

7) ”Do you want to walk to the restaurant?” “I don’t know. How far ______ ?”

8) ______ Linda’s birthday today. She is twenty-seven.

9) I don’t believe it! _____ impossible.

10) _____ too early to discuss this question now.





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