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«Сумський національний аграрний університет», 2013

УДК 811.111

Укладач: Байдак Л.І.,ст.. викладач кафедри іноземних мов



Таценко Н.В.,к.філол.н., доцент кафедри германської філології Сумського державного університету

Кобжев О.М., к.філол.наук, доцент кафедри іноземних мов Сумського національного аграрного університету

Байдак Л.І.

English for Students of Agriculture: навчальний посібник./Байдак Л.І. – Суми: «Сумський національний аграрний університет», 2013. – 377 с.


Навчальний посібник побудовано на лексичному і граматичному матеріалі, що відповідає вимогам програми та охоплює нормативну граматику англійської мови та базовий лексичний мінімум. Посібник складається з двадцяти чотирьох розділів, кожен з яких включає тексти, об’єднані загальною темою, та систему мовних та мовленнєвих вправ.

Для студентів аграрних вищих навчальних закладів.



Відповідальний за випуск: Кобжев О.М., к.філол.наук, доцент кафедри іноземних мов Сумського національного аграрного університету


Рекомендовано до видання навчально-методичною радою ННІ тваринництва та ветеринарної медицини. Протокол № 6 від 29.05.2013 р.


© Сумський національний аграрний університет, 2013

Unit 1 Getting acquainted
  Greetings in English Introducing Yourself About Me Language Focus The verb to be in the Present Simple Tense. Word Order. Types of Questions. Question words.


Read the following information and remember the main forms of greetings in English.

Greetings in English

In English (as in all languages), there are different ways to greet people in formal and informal situations.

Formal Greetings Informal Greetings
Good morning / afternoon / evening. Hello (name), how are you? Good day Sir / Madam (very formal) Hi / Hello How are you? How’s life? How are you doing? (very informal)
It's important to note that the question "How are you?" doesn't necessary need a response. If you do respond, these phrases are generally expected: Very well, thank you. And you? (formal) Fine / Great (informal)
Formal Informal
Good morning / afternoon / evening. It was a pleasure seeing you. Goodbye. Note: After 8 p.m. - Good night. Goodbye / Bye. See you (later). Later (very informal).
Formal Possible greetings Possible responses
    ↕ Hello, Mrs Hand. It's nice to see you again. What a pleasant surprise! How are you? It's been a while.
Good morning, Mrs Hand. How are you today? I'm very well, thank you. And you?
Good afternoon, Mrs Hand. It's good to see you. Thank you. It's nice to see you too. How are you?
Hello Lynne. How are you doing? Fine thanks. What's new with you?
Hi, Lynne! How's it going? Not too bad, busy as ever.
Informal Hi, Lynne. How are things? Oh, fine. You know how it is.

Match the expressions and responses.

1) How are you? 2) How do you do? 3) See you tomorrow! 4) Good night! 5) Cheers! (When you are drinking) 6) Excuse me! (to get smb’s attention) 7) Bless you! (When someone sneezes) 8) Have a good weekend! 9) Thank you very much indeed. 10) Make yourself at home. a) Sleep well! b) Yes. Can I help you? c) Fine, thanks. d) Not at all. Don't mention it. e) Thanks. f) Same to you! g) That's very kind. Thank you. h) Bye! i) How do you do? j) Cheers!

Role play the following illustrative dialogues.

1. Formal

Mr. Jones: Good morning, Mr. Smith.

Mr. Smith: Good morning. How are you?

Mr. Jones: Very well, thank you. And you?

Mr. Smith: Quite well, thank you.

2. Semi-formal, informal

Chris: Hallo, Jenny.

Jenny: Hallo Chris. How are you?

Chris: Fine, thanks. What about you?

Jenny: Oh, not too bad.

3. Semi-formal, informal.

David: Hallo.

Jean: Hallo, David. How are you getting on?

David: All right, thanks. And how are things with you?

Jean: Oh, more or less the same as usual.

4. Informal.

Susan: Hi, Mary. How’s life?

Mary: A bit hectic at the moment. I’m very busy at work and besides I’ve got my cousin staying with me.

Susan: I see. Well, don’t overdo things.

Mary: I’ll do my best.

Choose the best answer.

1. When you meet someone whom you know only slightly (in the morning) you say:

a. How do you do;

b. Good morning;

c. Hello.

2. When you meet an acquaintance at about 12.30, you say:

a. Good morning;

b. Good afternoon;

c. Good evening.

3. When you come into a room where there is a group of your fellow-students, you say:

a. Hello, everybody;

b. How do you do;

c. I haven’t seen you for ages.

4. When a senior colleague asks How are you? you reply

a. Thank you;

b. Very well, thank you;

c. OK.

5. When your roommate says Nice to see you, you reply:

a. The same to you;

b. It’s a pleasure;

c. Nice to see you, too.

5. Greet the following people:

1) a close friend called Andrew;

2) an elderly neighbour (Mrs. Elsie Watson), at 3 p.m.

3) your parents on arriving home in the evening;

4) your English teacher at the beginning of a class;

5) a group of fellow-students;

6) your sister Helen;

7) a shop-assistant;

8) your doctor, to whom your are acting as a guide.

Introducing Yourself

6. a) Read the following messages by young people introducing themselves. What do they say about themselves?

v Hello! I am Kenzo. I study computer science at university. I am 19 years old. I live in Lesotho in South Africa. I like meeting people from far countries. I also enjoy going to the cinema and playing tennis. If you want to have a friend abroad, you have found it! Write to me!


v Hello! My name is Ruth and I'm 22. I live in the north west of England and speak French and Spanish, which I would like to practise. I like going to the cinema, reading, music, travelling and making new friends. I hope to hear from anybody soon.


v Hello everybody! My name is Steve and I live in Sidney, Australia. I like playing with computers, roller-blading and ice-skating. I have got three noisy brothers: Marc, John and Sheila. Write to me!

b) It is your first English lesson at the university. You want to know more about your new friends and to introduce yourself. Answer the questions.

ü What is your name?

ü How old are you?

ü Where do you come from?

ü Where do you live?

ü Who do you live with?

ü Where do you study?

ü What do you want to become?

ü What are your hobbies?

c) Now tell your group-mates about yourself. First read the paragraph below. You may use it as a model if you want to.

About Me

Let me introduce myself. I’m Olexiy Honcharenko. I come from Lubny Poltava region. Now I live in Sumy. I live at the hostel together with two more boys. I am a first-year student of Sumy National Agrarian University. I study at the faculty of food technologies. I want to become an engineer-technologist of food processing industry. My hobby is sport. I go in for football.


Introducing other people.

a) Read the following information.

These types of introductions involve at least three people:

A: The introducer (who knows both B and C)

B: Introducee (knows A but not C)

C: Introducee (knows A but not B)

A: Have you two met each other?

B: No, we haven't.

A: Ben, this is Carol. Carol this is Ben.

(B and C smile and shake hands.)

B: Nice to meet you Carol.

C: Nice to meet you too, Ben.


After you have been introduced to someone, it is polite to ask a few general questions to get acquainted. For example,

B: Where are you from, Carol?

C: I'm from Connecticut.

B: Connecticut, which part?

C: Hartford, the capital. How about you, Ben?

B: Nebraska - a place called Bellevue. It's near Omaha.

C: How do you know Alan (A)?

B: He is my friend from college.


b) Practice introducing your friends to each other. Remember to smile (and use handshakes where appropriate).

*When meeting someone for the first time, it is not appropriate to ask certain types of questions.

Do NOT ask:a person's age; birth date; salary; weight; marital status

You may ask general questions about the situation.

How do you know Alan (the person who introduced us)?

Are you a student at this university?

Is this your first time here?

What do you do for a living?

How long have you been working for (company)?

8. Refer to the situations and make up dialogues:

1) greet your friends;

2) greet your colleagues in the firm;

3) introduce yourself to the students in your academic group;

4) introduce yourself to someone at a party;

5) introduce your boss to your friends at a scientific conference;

6) introduce your friends to each other.


The verb to be in the Present Simple Tense

+ ־ ?
I You He She It We You They am are is is is are are are (I’m) (You’re) (He’s) (She’s) (It’s) (We’re) (You’re) (They’re) I am not You are not ( aren’t) He is not ( isn’t) She is not ( isn’t) It is not ( isn’t) We are not( aren’t) You are not ( aren’t) They are not ( aren’t) AmI …? Are you …? Ishe …? Is she …? Isit …? Are we …? Are you …? Are they …?

9. Fill in the gaps with am, isorare.

1) This teacher _____ an English one.

2) I _____ very tired today.

3) We _____ so happy to see you!

4) It _____ ten o'clock and I've to go.

5) My friends _____ on holiday.

6) My grandparents _____ very old now.

7) My best buddy _____ always late.

8) Peter _____ not at the university today.

9) I _____ eighteen and it is my birthday.

10) We _____ from Canada.

11) The weather _____ very nice today.

12) Look. That _____ Carol.

13) My brother and I _____ good tennis players.

14) I _____ hot.

15) I _____ a student, my sister _____ a technologist.

10. Make up sentences with the following BE-phrases.

To be happy – бути щасливим; to be sorry – шкодувати; to be ill – бути хворим; to be hungry – бути зголоднілим; to be busy – бути зайнятим; to be late – запізнитися; to be fond of – цікавитися чимось; to be tired – втомитися; to be at home – бути вдома; to be afraid – боятися.

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