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Форми дієслова в Future Continuous



Число Стверджувальна форма Питальна форма Заперечна форма
Одн. I shall be asking. You (he, she, it) will be asking. Shall I be asking? Will you (he, she, it) be asking? I shall not be asking. You (he, she, it) will not he asking.
Мн.   We shall be asking. You (they) will be asking. Shall we be asking? Will you (they) be asking? We shall not be asking. You (they) will not be asking.

 

Future Continuous вживається для вираження дії, яка триватиме в точно вказаний момент або період у майбутньому.

 

Exercise 1 Складіть речення

I He She We You They will shall (not) be packing having dinner doing some shopping taking a bath making a report flying to Lviv at this time on Friday. when you come. at five o'clock. at that time.

 

Shall Will I he she we you t hey driving a car answering letters having a music lesson discussing the plan taking a walk training at this time tomorrow, at seven o'clock.

 

Exercise 2 Поставте питання та заперечення до наступних речень

1. John will be coming soon. 2. We shall be flying to Baku at this time tomorrow. 3. You will be meeting him every day. 4. We shall be packing our things when you come. 5. He'll be going to school soon.

 

Exercise 3 Поставте речення у Future Continuous.

1. They were having dinner at three. 3. I am doing my morning exercises. 3. The children will ski in the afternoon. 4. The girl was reciting a poem. 5. I shall wait for you at the metro station. 6. The boys will play hockey. 7. The workers will discuss it at the production meeting.

 

Exercise 4 Дайте відповіді на запитання

1. What will you be doing at four o'clock tomorrow? 2. What will you be doing at this time tomorrow? 3. What will you be doing at this time on Sunday? 4. What will your mother be doing at this time on Sunday? 5. Suppose I come to your place at nine this evening. What will you be doing? 6. Will you be learning German next year?

 

Група часових форм Perfect

(to have + Participle II)

Дієслова у формах Perfectвиражають дію завершену, що привела до певного результату (чи до відсутності результату). Можна сказати, що за допомогою форм Perfectми підводимо підсумки певному періоду часу, певних дій. Час підведення підсумків - або справжній момент Present Perfect, або момент у минулому Past Perfect, або - в майбутньому Future Perfect.

I have written the letter. (Present Perfect) - Я ( щойно) написав лист (переді мною лист як результат).

I had written the letter when he came. (Past Perfect) - Я написав лист, коли він прийшов. (2 дії, одна завершилась раніше іншої)

I will have written the letter by 10 o'clock tomorrow. (Future Perfect) - Я напишу лист до 10 годин завтра (дія завершиться до певного моменту часу в майбутньому).

Present Perfect

Present Perfect утворюється за допомогою допоміжного дієслова to have в теперішньому часі (have, has) і третьої форми смислового дієслова. У питальному реченні допоміжне дієслово ставиться перед підметом. У заперечному реченні після допоміжного дієслова ставиться заперечення not.

 

Форми дієслова в Present Perfect

Число Стверджувальна форма Питальна форма Заперечна форма
Одн. I (you) have asked. Не (she, it) has asked. Have I (you) asked? Has he (she, it) asked? I (you) have not asked. He (she, it) has not asked.
Мн. We (you, they) have asked. Have we (you, they) asked? We (you, they) have not asked.

 

Exercise 1 Складіть речення

I have (not) won the match,
He has   become an engineer.
She     left for USA.
We     cooked breakfast.
You     lost that paper.
They     built a bridge.

 

Have seen this film?
Has he turned off the gas?
  she guessed the riddle?
  we lost the game?
  you bought that coat?
  they invited them to the evening party?

 

I have   crossed the street at that place.
He has   met them in the park.
She   never Been to Kiev.
We   already shown them our picture gallery.
You   just visited the exhibition.
They   not yet Gone to the Crimea.

 

I He She We You They have has (not) seen him been to a concert finished it visited that museum read that article today. this week. this month. this year. lately.

 

I He She We You They   have has known this doctor not seen her lived in this village worked at school been here studied English. for five years. these two years. since 1998. since the war was over. ever since.

Exercise 2 Поставте питання та заперечення до наступних речень

1. Mary has switched on the light. 2. My relatives have received the parcel. 3. Our grandfather has travelled much. 4. The boy has passed all his exams. 5. The little girl has broken the cup. 6. The director has signed the order. 7. They have seen "Swan Lake" at the Boishoi Theatre.

8. You have paid for the stamps. 9. The pupils have solved the problem. 10. Robert has come back.

 

Exercise 3 Використайте стверджувальну Present Perfect замість заперечної форми Present Continuous.

Example: I am not reading the book.— I have read the book.

1. The teacher is not explaining the rule. 2. Mother is not cooking dinner. 3. I am not doing my homework. 4. The boy is not washing his hands. 5. We are not having break­fast. 6. Tom is not painting the fence. 7. I am not cleaning my teeth. 8. The girl is not learning the poem. 9. I am not mending my socks. 10. The children are not drinking milk.

Exercise 4 Доповніть речення згідно прикладу

Example: I am not going to do this exercise.— I am not going to do this exercise because I have done it already.

1. I am not going to read this story. 2. I am not going to see this film. 3. We are not going to discuss this book.4. He is not going to have dinner. 5. They are not going to repair the road. 6. I am not going to buy a TV set. 7. She is not going to wash the dishes. 8. I am not going to answer this letter. 9. I am not going to turn off the tape recorder. 10. We are not going to learn this poem by heart.

Exercise 5 Дайте відповіді на запитання

1. Have you ever been to Kyiv? When were you there last? 2. Have you read anything by Shevchenko? Which of his poems did you read last year? 3. Have you ever travelled by air? When did you fly for the first time? 4. Have you had any dictations this month? When did you have them? 5. How many trees have you planted this year? Did you plant them in autumn or in spring? 6. Have you had your dinner already? At what time did you have it?

 

Exercise 6 Замініть інфінітив у дужках на Present Perfect або Past Indefinite.

1. The children (to do) their homework. Now they can go to the skating-rink. 2. You ever (to be) in Warsaw? — Yes, I (to be) there last year. 3. I already (to send) the telegram. 4. I (to send) the telegram yesterday. 5. I (not to see) him in January. 6. I (not to see) him since January. 7. We (not to receive) any letters from her lately. 8. They (to go) to the camp three days ago. 9. I just (to see) him. 10. I (to see) him in 2001. 1І. You (to have breakfast) already? 12. When you (to have breakfast) 13. When you (to arrive) in Kiev? 14. He (to fall asleep) at half past seven. 15. I (to know) this engineer since I began to work at the plant. 16. At last I (to write) the composition; now I'll go for a walk.

Exercise 7 Перекладіть англійською мовою.

1. Я залишив свій зошит вдома. 2. Де Петро? — Вій ще не прийшов. 3. Що ти робиш? — Читаю англійське оповідання. Скільки сторінок ти вже прочитав? — Я прочитав уже сім сторінок. 4. Скільки нових слів ви вивчили в цьому місяці? 5. Я не можу їхати з тобою. Я ще не склав екзамену з англійської. 6. Ми щойно прочитали телеграму. 7. Ми одержали телеграму вчора. 8. Я знаю цього чоловіка з 1999. 9. Чому в тій кімнаті темно? — Я вимкнув світло. 10. Ми не бачили його вже три роки. 11. У мене нема ручки, я її загубив.— Коли ти загубив її? 12. Де учні? — Вони в саду. Вони там уже дві години. Що вони роблять? — Садять дерева. 13. Минулого року ми їздили до Варшави на виставку. З того часу я не був у Варшаві. 14. Нарешті ми закінчили роботу. Тепер ми можемо відпочити.

 

Exercise 8 Виберіть правильну відповідь.

1. … the manager …?

a. Has … come b. Have … come c. Has … came

2. I have known him … many years.

a. for b. since c. ago

3. We … Tom for ages.

a. has not seen b. haven’t saw c. haven’t seen

4. Have a sandwich. Thanks, but I … … .

a. have eaten already b. have already eated c. has eaten already

5. Paul isn’t here. He … to school .

a. just has gone b. have gone just c. has just gone

 

Present Perfect/ Past Simple

 





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