Глаголы / выражения, требующие после себя герундия



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Глаголы / выражения, требующие после себя герундия



Глаголы / выражения
To accuse of Обвинять в чем-либо To enjoy Любить, нравиться
To agree to Соглашаться с чем-то To excuse Извинять
To be afraid of Бояться что-то/кого-то To give up Отказываться от
To be worth of Быть достойным чего-либо To go on / to keep on Продолжать
To approve of Поддерживать что-то/кого-то To finish / stop etc. Заканчивать
To avoidИзбегать To feel like Чувствовать как
To begin/start etc. Начинать To be pleased at Быть довольным
To burst out Давать выход чувствам To forget Забывать
To congratulate on Поздравлять с To object to / to mind smb / smth. Возражать против кого-то / чего-то
To deny Отрицать To prevent from Предотвращать/беречь от
To require / to need / to want требовать/нуждаться/хотеть To succeed in Преуспевать в чем-то
To postpone / put off oткладывать To thank for etc.Благодарить за что-то т.д.

Упражнение 44. Идентифицируйте выделенные неличные формы глаголов в предложенных ниже предложениях:

1.Roberta was known as an honest and а hardworking girl.

2.Many books on intercultural education are reportedto be publishednext year.

3.Tim noticed the robins flying in the sky.

4.We are lookingforward to the leavingfor Liverpool.

5.The poor thanked Robin Hood for havinghelped them.

6.He keeps on insistingon my leaving for Manchester*.

7. Вeing very busy, he postponed the journey to the Irish Sea.

8.The film produced last year in Ireland got the Oscar Prize.

9.The tourists stood admiring the Tower Bridge* in London.

10.I gave up the idea of visitingEnglish-speaking countries.

Упражнение 45. Поставьте глагол в скобках в форме инфинитива или

герундия:to + V b) V + ing:

1.Why don't you stop (to watch) this TV program in the English language?

2.Please, try (not to be late) for the concert at the Royal Opera House*.

3.Mrs. Thomson forgot (to buy) the cake for the family party. It's a pity.

4.Jane put off (to tell) Fanny the truth.

5.Peter is aware that Christmas decoration of the house needs (to changе).

6.They began (to dispute) how to get to the National Youth Theatre*.

7.If you are eager to know English well, try (to study) hard.

8.The gentleman went on (to look through) «The Times»*.

9.I'll never forget (to visit) the lakes of Scotland*.

10.Do you mind (to taste) buns?

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*См.: Раздел V Иллюстрированный глоссарий «Социокультурной портрет Соединенного Королевства Великобритании и Северной Ирландии»

 

Упражнение 46. Выберите подходящие эквиваленты среди неличных форм глагола для выделенных слов и словосочетаний из текста ниже:

1 of the telegraph is connected with the name of a scientist and a pedagogue Alexander Graham Bell*. He was the first to invent the telephone. He 2 in the capital of Scotland, Edinburg, on the 3rd of March, 1847. He entered Edinburgh University and graduated it as a teacher. Later he 3Medicine at Medical Department of London University for 2 years. Especially he was engaged with learning of human articulating organs under the guidance of the German scientist Ludwig Helmholzat. Unfortunately in 1871 he fell ill and had to be sent by parents to Canada to recover.

Then he started a Teachers’ Training College for teaching deaf children.

At that time he thought the special apparatus 4 the deaf to pronounce the sounds ofspeech and to speak. He was appointed

tofulfill a very difficult task. 5 by the father’s job as a teacher of deaf children, Alexander started 6of one great idea of sending music or words by telegraph. He thought the speech to be a kind of A. G. Bell

vibration. The best idea was7 this vibration into electricity and to send itover telegraph. 8just a beginner in scientific experiments, he had to look through a great number of books on electricity. He invented also a microphone together with Thomas Watson. The telephone as new module was tested for the first time in 1875. The dream of a great man had been realized. Bell was not interested in business itself.

In 1892 he gave up 9 at his telephone. He used his money on scientific investigations. In 1889 he was elected the President of the National Geographic Society. As a teacher he was sure in importance of 10 nations that’s why he established a new Journal «The National Geographic». Now it is the most popular journal about nature with pictures of high quality.

The life of A.G. Bell was devoted to science. The author of such an outstanding invention, useful for deaf children, A. G. Bell, died in 1922. He is respected in Britain and in the USA.

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*См.: Раздел V Иллюстрированный глоссарий «Социокультурной портрет Соединенного Королевства Великобритании и Северной Ирландии»

To invent изобретать

To be engaged with learning of human articulating organs заниматься изучением органов речи человека

He thought the speech to be a kind of vibration. Он рассматривал речь как вибрацию.

Under the guidance of под руководством

To start a Teaches’ Training college стать директором педагогического колледжа

Deaf children глухие дети

To change this vibration into electricity преобразовать вибрацию в электричество

To be а beginner in scientific experiments начинать научную работу

 

1.a)The inventing b) Inventing (Gerund) c) Inventing (Participle I)

2. a)to be known to be bornb)is known to be bornc) was known to be born

3. a)had been studying b)had been studied c)had studied

4. a) helpb) helpsc)to help

5. a) Influenceb)Influencing c) Influenced

6. a)thinking and dreamingb)to think and to dreamc)think and dream

7. a)for heto change b)for hechange c)for himto change

8. a)Been b)Being c)Be

9. a) workingb)work c)worked

10. a) the educatingb)educating c)educate

 

12. ПРЕДЛОГ (THE PREPOSITION)*

*Предлогивыражают пространственные/временные/причинные и др отношения

Рис. 16. Классификация предлогов

 

12.1. Пространственные предлоги направления / движения / места*.



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