Do the shopping crossword and check how easy it is.



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Do the shopping crossword and check how easy it is.



Across:   1. What you must do before you take your purchases from the shop! 2. Some shops offer free ________ of goods to your home, if you spend enough money! 5. What people usually pay with. 7. Goods in a shop, waiting to be sold. 9. An article which is being promoted at a cheaper price than usual. 11. Structure behind which the shopkeeper stands in a traditional small shop. 13. Following... or the name of a fashionable English clothes shop. 14. Most shops do this at about 5.30 p.m. in England. 16. Cardboard container. 17. Personal journal: many people buy one before Jan. 1st. 18. Wheeled container used by shoppers in supermarkets. Down:   1.Puts things into a container. 3.A tax on things you buy (initials). 4.The desk where one pays, before leaving a shop. 6.A shop which has multiple branches in different places. 7.Taken without being paid for. 8.Also called “plastic money”. 10.Container for putting your shopping in. 12.To sell directly to the general public. 15. The opposite of “do”.

 

Answers: Across 1. pay 2. delivery 5. cash 7. stock 9. special offer 11. counter 13. next 14. shut 16. box 17. diary 18. trolley Down 1. packs 3. VAT 4. checkout 6. chain store 7. stolen 8. credit card 10. basket 12. retail 15. undo

BLOCK IV

Topics for discussion and essays.

1. Do you prefer to shop in supermarkets or in small shops? Why?

2. Do you compare prices at different stores when you shop?

  1. What is the best place for shopping foods and goods in your city?
  2. What is your opinion of internet shopping? Have you ever used such service of buying things?
  3. What kind of purchases would you call ‘a bargain’ and what are the best places to look for bargains.

6. Do you think men should be allowed to wear skirts?

  1. What piece of clothing do you spend your money on the most? Why?
  2. Do you think people feel different when they wear different clothes?
  3. What are some of the strangest fashions you have seen?
  4. Do you think that the clothes we wear reflect what is inside us?
  5. Would you ever wear dreadlocks (дреди, джгути на волоссі)?
  6. What do you think about secondhand clothes?
  7. What items of clothing do you consider provocative?
  8. Do you know how to haggle or negotiate a lower price?
  9. What are some reasons that people have garage sales?
  10. Are you good at saving money?

LESSON 11

Food and Meals (National Cuisine)

The belly rules the mind.

Who goes to bed without eating, will be up all night.

A coffee is good with three S: sitting, scalding, scrounging.

The way you cut your meat reflects the way you live.

Worries go down better with soup.

Rice is born in water and must die in wine.

Life is an onion and one cries while peeling it.

INTRODUCTORY TEXT

Notes to the text:

brand of food – торгові марки (знаки)

bewildering assortment – асортимент, що вражає

canned food – консервована їжа

to purchase – робити покупки

pancakes – млинці

сonsequently – відповідно, отже

low-fat dairy – молочні продукти з низьким вмістом жиру

lean meat – пісне, нежирне м’ясо

consumption – вживання

Europeans have a wide assortment of foods to choose. Meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, cereals from various parts of the world are available throughout the country during any season of the year. Frequently, the problem for the consumer is not the lack of variety of brands of food, but rather the bewildering assortment from which one must choose. In addition, the consumer can choose from foods that are fresh, frozen, canned and cooked or uncooked. Currently, virtually all food stores have available a wide array of frozen foods especially prepared to be heated or cooked in a microwave oven.

The microwave oven has revolutionized the home preparation of meals. It, along with the supermarket, where virtually any kind of foods are available, make the preparation of food the most time-efficient in the world. A family can make only one trip a week to the supermarket to purchase its food needs for an entire week. Before the turn of the century Europeans have access to computer-based shopping enabling them to make their buying decisions at home and picking up their purchases at the store or having them delivered to their homes.

Since the 1990s fast-food and take-out restaurants have had a phenomenal proliferation throughout the world. The first fast-food chains like McDonalds, Potato Hut which offer sandwiches, hamburgers, French-fried potatoes, hot dogs, pizzas, pancakes, chili and fried chicken, have been joined by other chains some of which offer Mexican, Chinese and other ethnic foods. The cost of the food in such restaurants is frequently cheaper than if one were to prepare similar food in one's kitchen. Consequently, an entire family may frequently go to eat at fast food places for convenience and economy.

A more recent development in the European food industry has been the demand for healthier foods. The food industry has made available a wide variety of low-fat dairy and meat products. Animals are now being scientifically bred to produce lean meat. Even low fatcheeses and creams are being produced. Vegetable, fruit and cereal consumption is increasing. A second demand is for foods grown and produced free fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. This has led to the development of ‘organic food’ industry. Of course, the cost of organic foods is substantially higher than for nonorganic food. The market for organic food has nevertheless been expanding.

 

Comprehension questions.

1. What problem do European consumers face when buying food?

2. How often does a family visit a supermarket to purchase its food for a week?

3. What will enable Europeans to make their buying decision right at home?

4. What is the secret of success of fast-food and take-out restaurants?

5. What is a more recent development in the European food industry?

6. Which food items are very popular now in Europe?

 



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