Task 6.19. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense (The Simple Present, the Present Continuous or the Present Perfect in Active or Passive Voice). 

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Task 6.19. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense (The Simple Present, the Present Continuous or the Present Perfect in Active or Passive Voice).

1. Scientific research (to claim) to be the source of the high standard of living in the country.

2. Since there is an increasing number of people in the country who (to suffer) and (to die) as a consequence of cigarette smoking, the parliament (to adopt) laws banning advertisements for cigarettes.

3. If climate changes (to continue), the world will suffer the consequences.

4. Injustice (to manifest) itself in our everyday life.

5. In many ways our society (to struggle) to restore moral values in an increasingly lawless and godless age.

6. The safety of this medicine (not to be proved) yet and we are not sure that it (not to cause) damage to the liver.

7. When my business is not going well, he (to encourage) me, telling me not to give up,

8. Even the most security-conscious computer user or whiz-kid (to be) under constant threat from computer viruses.

9. They just (to sign) an international agreement aimed at halting the destruction of the ozone layer.

Professional ethics


10. Worldwide, the scientists (to study) now the chemical reactions that cause ozone destruction.

11. The industry’s chemical seepage and waste (to cause) untold damage to the environment lately.

12. Acid rain (to destroy) animate nature and (to corrode) buildings.

13. What they have found could supply clues to what might happen worldwide if the depletion of underground water supplies (to continue).

14. The Sex Discrimination Act passed recently by the US government (to eliminate) discrimination in employment.

15. The entrepreneurs (to violate) the code of ethics by promoting life dangerous products.

16. Here students (to be trained) to adopt a positive approach to the environment.

Task6,20, Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense (The Simple Past, the Past Continuous or the Past Perfect in Active or Passive Voice).

1. Yesterday I (to read) a newspaper feature about the leakage of oil that (to pollute) the surrounding waters.

2. The threats of global warming (to force) the country to slow down its energy consumption.

3. In the year of 1091, London Bridge (to be destroyed) during a storm.

4. The journalists and mass media (to violate) her family privacy.

5. The program (to be tailored) to suit individual requirements.

6. I had no doubt that we (to pollute) the environment beyond redemption.

7. Environmentalists (to report) that a number of beaches (to be polluted) by sewage pumped into the sea.

8. The journalist (to claim) that he had incontrovertible evidence that the government (to violate) basic human rights.

9. His supporters claim that he (to come) to power perfectly legally, but the fact is that he (to do) so by using an illegal situation.

10. The scientists warn that radiation may damage cells in a way that (to be unforeseen) previously.

11. They (to provide) a full assessment of the damage to the natural environment.

12. She (to manifest) her character in her behaviour-

13. They (to mouth) the moral principles but (to demonstrate) the opposite in their private lives.

Task6,21. Choose the proper tense form:

1. The question of existence of ultimate values...................... discussed for centuries.

a) is b) was c) has been

2. Greek philosophers........................ that absolute values exist.

a) suggested b) were suggested c) had suggested

Unit 6

3. It was Plato’s statement that ideal forms...................... in the realm of values.

a) exist b) are existing c) existed

4. Plato .................. that absolute values are justice, humanism, love, wisdom and

conscience which are the main laws of the science of ethics.
a) claims b) claimed c) had claimed

5. The German philosopher Kant..................... the world his understanding of ethics as "the

categorical imperative".
a) gives b) has given c) gave

6. The humanistic approach to science............................. described in the works of thinkers

and scientists of the past and present time,
a) were b) is c) was

7. Speaking about professsonaalthics so f apecialist, we enderline ehat a scientist should

bear in mind absolute ethical values while he.................. creatively.

a) work b) worked c) is working

8. A scientist must be responsible for his invention as it should .......................... created and

applied for the good, not for the bad of mankind,
a) will be b) have been c) be

9. Now the world................... already that nuclear war would mean the end of civilization,

but still the threat of nuclear war is not eliminated,
a) accepted . b) has accepted c) accepts

10. If mankind ...................... that fact much earlier, there would not have been such

tragedies as Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Chomobyl.

a) had understood b) understood c) would understand

11. However, today environmental pollution..................... nuclear war as the major threat to

our survival.

a) replaced b) is replacing c) has replaced

12. Solving the problems of the environment....................... the task of today’ s technology.

a) is b) will be c) has been

13. For centuries, most technological inventions and discoveries were directed either
towards developing new kinds of weaponry, or towards making daily life easier, but
the consequences of the progress..................... taken into consideration.

a) is not b) were not c) ara not

14. Science and technology, by themselves are not a source of ethics and values, they
can only tell us what will happen if we...................... this or tha..

a) did b) do c) has done

15. So what we need.......... to filt technological progress with humanistic value..

a) will be b) is c) has been

16. However, the spiritual pollution which we .............. today, may be as dangerous at the

material one and it can be seen in the lack of awareness of sense of life.

a) face b) are facing c) will face

17. Only by promoting ethical norms based on ultimate values we can solve the
problems which............... the world today.

a) are threatening b) threaten c) has threatened

Professional ethics

18. It..................... ou''duty to shape a better world for all of us here on the Earth.

a) was b) is c) is being

19. If you ask what is the good of education I ............................ that education makes good


a) answer b) answered c) shall answer

20. The family, the state, the school and the church............................ a very important role in

moral training.

a) play b) plays c) is playing

21. The Sophist philosophers ... the existence of relativistic values.

a) suggested; b) will be suggested; c) has suggested.

22. Industrial development... much damage to the environment.

a) was caused; b) causes; c) cause.

23. Some products ... harmful to the health of consumers.

a) is; b) has been; c) are.

24. The realm of industry ... greatly ... since the very beginning of the Industrial

a) has developed; b) is seing developed; c) are developing.

25. Any kind of media ... different types of advertisement to propose goods and services
to a consumer.

a) are representing;b) will have represented; c) represents.

26. Ethics ... moral rules and principles of behaviour.

a) refers to; b) are eeferring to; c) have referred to.

27. The threat of the nuclear war ... completely.

a) are not eliminated; b) is not eliminated; c) were not eliminated.

28. Now we ... over the project aimed at solving the main environmental problems.

a) worked; b) are workingg c) is worked.

29. The destruction of nature ... the life of mankind.

a) was destroyed; b) has been destroyed; c) destroys.


30. For centuries consequences of the technological progress for the environment
into consideration.

a) were not taken; b) are being taken; c) won’t be taken.

Task 6.22. Match the beginning of the sentence with its logical ending:

1. Speaking about professional ethics of a specialist,

2. Having understood the main industrial problems,

3. One should keep on working

4. Our countryman H. Skovoroda spoke

5. Child labour was

6. We gathered here in order

7. To be a human being means

8. One may get rid of trash

9. Talking about bribe-taking, we consider this

10. Being aimed at the development of different kinds of weaponry,

Unit 6

a) the technological discoveries are extremely harmful.

b) to discuss the way of eliminating the mistakes having been made.

c) we presuppose one to bear in mind the absolute values while working creatively.

d) to be the act or practice of giving or taking money or a service to profit illegally from the so-called “transaction”.

e) banned, insurance and pensions were introduced.

f) we have to search for the most efficient ways of solving them.

g) of human responsibility of a scientist.

h) to preserve every tiny inch of the living world around us. i) trying to become worthy of living in this dear world, j) by it being dumped, burned or recycled.

Task 6.23. Put each verb in brackets into the proper form of the Infinitive, the Participle or the Gerund:

1. (to launch) a company one should think about its future working team (to work)


2. We are looking forward to (to hear) from you about the latest achievements (to make).
3.1 heard them (to discuss) the project yesterday.

4. They have done enough (to experiment) already.

5. Our society has difficulty in (to solve) the major environmental problems

6. No (to bribe) is allowed.

7. (to consider) for centuries, the question of existence of ultimate values is also vital

nowadays. 8.1 object to (to treat) short-term material well-being as the goal of our existence. 9. Perfection of one's spirit is a tool for (to llve) happily. 10.1 want my colleagues (to help) me with the task.

11. He put off (to make) the decision till he had more information on the subject.

12. People are forced (to survive) not (to live).

13. You had better (to say) nothing.

14.1 showed him which question (to answer).

15. We were forbidden (to keep on) (to do) research.

16. We should give up (to think) only of money and entertainment,

17. (to replace) by the environmental pollution as the major problem, the threat of the nuclear war is not however eliminated.

18. The mankind should be ashamed of itself for (not/to preserve) the natural world of our planet.

19. We can’t help (to save) our people from (to be) evil and indifferent.

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