Task 3.17. Ask and answer questions to complete the information



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Task 3.17. Ask and answer questions to complete the information




Student A.

K.Tsiolkovsky was born in ... (When?)

in the village of Izhevsk.

He educated himself; he read, wrote

verses, constructed model-balloons, a winged

flying machine, etc.

When he was sixteen he began to think

... (What....about?).__________________


Student B.

K, Tsiolkovsky was born in 1857 ... (Where?). He educated himself;... (How?). When he was ... (How old?) he began to think of applying centrifugal force to the ascent into space, but soon he realized his mistake. In 1887 ... (What?) appeared. Tsiolkovsky was able to



UnTTЗ


 


In 1887, his first published communi­cation on the dirigible appeared. Tsiolkovsky was able to present a paper on ...(What?)in 1890. A popular account of his views was first published in 1895. ... (When?) he published several articles dealing with the ... (What kind of theory?) theory of rocket flight.

His calculations showed that it would be
possible to travel out into space in rockets.
Tsiolkovsky died ... (When?).__________


present a paper on his aeronautical work to the Imperial Russian Technical Society in 1890.

A popular account of his views was first published ... (When?). During the period 1903-1926 he published ... (How many?) articles dealing with the mathematical theory of rocket flight. His calculations showed ... (What?). (Who?) died in 1935.

 


Task 3.18. Translate the following sentences into Ukrainian:

A

1. The engine tested required no further improvement. 2. The plan having been discussed, the meeting was over. 3. The experiment being made in our lab shows the action of catalysts. 4. When combined with the oxygen of the air the match was lighted. 5. When translating this article the student found the description of a new element. 6. The thermometer is a measuring instrument. 7. The temperature being raised, the kinetic energy is increased. 8. Having graduated from the institute, he began to work in an office. 9. Seeing is believing. 10. He tried to find an excuse for being late.

В

1. The discovery showed the atomic nucleus to be a vast source of energy. 2. The Ukrainian scientist H.Sharpak is known to have got the Nobel Prize in 1992. 3. These two scientists happened to work on the same problems. 4. Many people like to watch the Sun rise. 5. Did you want this plan to be improved? 6. Have you ever seen Ulanova dance? 7. I.Puluy is considered to be the first to have investigated X-rays. 8. Y.Kotermak appears to have worked at Bologna University. 9. The Soviet regime made many talented Ukrainians leave their Motherland. 10. We expect our students to show good results at the next examination session. С

1. He is fond of reading poems. 2. They are afraid of asking you about it. 3. They are afraid of being asked about it. 4.1 don’t remember showing this text. 5.1 don’t remember being shown this text. 6. We like listening to music. 7. We like being listened to.

Task 3.19. Translate the following sentences into English using the Subjective Infinitive Complex:

1. Кажуть, що багато вщомих украшських xiMkiB працювали у Львівсьий поштехнвд. 2. Вщомо, що Львівська політехшка була заснована в 1844 рощ. 3. Мш брат, напевно, буде поступати в наш ушверситет. 4. Вважають, що курс лекшй з xiMii буде читати професор Новшов. 5. Вступш icrarra, здається,


Ukrainian names in world science____________________________________________ 97

почнуться через два тижю. 6. Вцгомо, що 1 дюйм доршное 2,54 см. 7. Повщомляють, що украшсыа вчеш зробили великий внесок у розробку космічних ракет. 8. Виявляється, що М.Туган-Барановський займав посаду Мшстра фшанав у Центральнш Pafli. 9. Малоймовірно, що вш прщде .завтра. 10. Цей метод, здається, дуже надшний.

Task 3.20. Complete the sentences using the phrases given in brackets:

1. She made ... 2. 1 watched ... 3. I hear ... 4. He noticed ... 5. They wanted ... (to understand him; to come to the same decision; to be a clever man; to return home; to change one’s mind)

SECTION IV. DEVELOPING SPEAKING SKILLS J

Task 3.21.

Role-play A.One of the students of your group acts the part of a famous Ukrainian scientist whom you have just read about in the text "Ukrainian Names in World Science". Using the active vocabulary from the text (as many new words as possible), s/he tells about his life and scientific carrier, and the class should guess his name.

Role-play B,One of the students acts as a famous Ukrainian scientist. Other students ask him at least 5 questions concerning his life, career, scientific work, etc, and try to guess what famous person the student acts. The winner is the student who guessed the name of the scientist and he is the next to continue the game.

Task 3.22. Read the dialogue and reproduce its contents:

Anna:The situation of the society’s attitude to nature is grave today. What can you say to that?

Borys:The activities /of man today must match the forces of nature. V.I.Vernadsky wrote: "Mankind taken as a whole is becoming a powerful geological force. And the question arising before it, before its intellect and labour, is one of rebuilding the biosphere in the interest of humanity as a freely-thinking race”.

A.:What do you know about Vernadsky?

B.:Volodymyr Ivanovych Vernadsky (1863-1945), academician, an outstanding Ukrainian scientist and naturalist was the founder of geochemistry, biochemistry and radiogeology. It was largely due to his ideas that the concept of man’s absolute domination of nature gave the way to that of relations between equal partners. It was still in the 1950s that teachers of natural science lectured on the conquering of nature. Whereas Acad. Vernadsky taught that nature is not to be conquered, but rather cherished and cooperated with.



UnitЗ


A.: What education did he get and where?

B.: V.I.Vernadsky was born in St.Petersburg in the family of Prof. I.V. Vemadsky who was a relative of the well-known writer V.H.Korolenko. In Д885 he graduated from St. Petersburg University. In the years 1898-1911 he was professor of mineralogy and crystallography at Moscow University. In this period he studied the deposits of iron ores in Kryvy Rih and later, in 1915 the natural productive resources of Ukraine and Russia.

A,: How was his career built up during the next period of his life?

B.: The Ukrainian period of his life started after 1917. With a group of scientists Vemadsky organized the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences which was established in 1919. He became its first President. The Academy included sections of historical and philological, physical and mathematical, social and economic sciences. He was one of the main founders of the State Public Library in Kyiv. Vemadsky, a prolific scientist, became the most active organizer of scientific activity.

A.: What are the details of his organizational activities ?

B.: On Vemadsky’s initiative and with his most active participation important scientific institutions were organized: the State Radium Institute (1922), the Commission on the History of Knowledge (1926), the Department of Living Matter (1927) later transformed into the Biogeochemical Laboratory, and others. Academician Vemadsky enriched our science with profound ideas in modem mineralogy, geology, hydrogeology etc. His works laid the basis for the theory of the feasibility of man’s transforming the biosphere into a sphere of reason, a science dealing with the interaction between nature and man. The new sphere involves a balanced relationship between man and the environment, the absence of pollution, the use of natural resources in ways harmless to nature, and the scientific management of ecosystems. Vemadsky stressed that the development of the new sphere was a common and the only intelligent way for the Earth dwellers to face their future.

A.: Was Vemadsky’s activity spreading beyond the borders of Ukraine?

B.: Yes, it was. He was Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1909 and the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine since 1919. He was elected an Honorary Member of the Czechoslovak and Paris Academies of Sciences, many domestic and foreign scientific societies.

A.: What about keeping memory about the scientist now?

B.: The scientist’s merits are highly appreciated now. An avenue in Kyiv was named after him in 1973, where a monument to the great scientist was erected in 1981. The Central Scientific Library in Kyiv bears his name.

Task 3.23. Read the dialogue between two students sharing information about Vasyl Milianchuk, a famous theoretical physicist. Give an oral summary of the information it contains.

Ihor: Hello, Oleh! Haven’t seen you for ages. How are you getting on? Oleh: I feel very well, thank you. I’m delighted to see you. But you look seedy. What happened to you?


UKRAINIAN NAMES IN WORLD SCIENCE



I.: Well, all last week I was ill. I had quinsy but now I’m recovering. And what about

you? What are you so happy with? 0.: You know, it is the first time I’m so proud of myself. I have just finished a report to

be presented before my classmates. It is the best report I have ever made. There is

no doubt about it. I’ve learned a huge amount of material on this topic. I.: Excellent! I’m extremely glad for you. By the way, what does your report deal with? 0.: It is about V.Milianchuk, one of the most famous physicists. Do you know anything

about him. L: Of course, I’ve heard this name before. Our teacher of physics told us about him, but

very little. I know that the name of V. Milianchuk is associated with the scientific

school of the field quantum theory. O.: Moreover, it was he who founded that school, 1.: He seems to have been born in Lviv and educated at Kyiv University. O.: I can’t agree with you. As far as I know, V.Milianchuk was born in a village near

Kolomyia (Ivano-Frankivsk region) and he got his education at the Mathematics and

Natural Sciences Faculty of Lviv I. Franko University and at the Faculty of Physics

of Lviv Polytechnic Institute. I have it on good authority. Shame on you, my dear

friend. He was our countryman and it is our duty to know about his life and activity.

I can’t endure the thought that my generation doesn’t know anything about such a

famous person. I.: You are quite right. It is clear as a day. What interesting things you are speaking

about! Would you mind telling me something more about him? 0.: Willingly. I have got some spare time. What are you interested in? 1.: I’d like to know where he worked. 0.: Well, Vasyl Milianchuk worked at the Department of Theoretical Physics of

I. Franko University where he gained the Doctor’s degree of Philosophy a couple of

years later. World War П ruined his creative plans. But after the war he was engaged

in the revival of physical science at Lviv University. In 1946 he was appointed Head

of the Department of Physics. 1.: By the way, I’ve just remembered our teacher told us that V.Milianchuk had held a

post of professor. 0.: Quite right. He successfully defended his doctorate thesis in the field of atomic

spectroscopy in 1957. 1.: Is he still alive? 0.: Oh, no. Exactly one year later, in 1958, V.Milianchuk died. His life was not very

long but it was very fruitful. He was among the most outstanding theoretical

physicists who trained many famous scholars. 1.: Thank you very much for such interesting information. You are an excellent narrator.

I see that you can tell much about this person. But it will be better for me to read

your report and then express my opinion. 0.: It would be great. 1.: Good bye! I’ll call you later. O.: O.K. Good luck!



UnitЗ


to have smth on good authority - знати щось з авторитетного джерела I can’t endure the thought that... - не можу примиритися з думкою

Task 3.24. The following statements relate to the information presented in Sections IV and V. Do you agree, disagree or partially agree with the statements? Express your agreement and disagreement using some of the following phrases:



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