УРОК ПЕРВЫЙ (THE FIRST LESSON)



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

УРОК ПЕРВЫЙ (THE FIRST LESSON)



Grammar: 1. Глагол to be в простом прошедшем времени.

2. Глагол to have в простом настоящем времени.

Revision: 1. Притяжательный падеж существительных.

2. Количественные числительные.

Text

MY FAMILY

 

My name is Bunin. I am an engineer. I was born in Moscow in 19.. I am married. My wife is young. Her name is Nina. She is a doctor. My wife and I are very happy.

We have two children: a son and a daughter. Our elder child Nick is already eight years old. He is a pupil. He does well at school. Our daughter Kate is a little girl. She is only four.

My parents are old people. They have a small house in the country. My mother and father were workers. Now they are retired.

I have a sister and a brother. My sister is a teacher. She is married, but she hasn't children. My sister's husband was a student last year. Now he works at a factory.

My brother is still single. He studies at an institute.

My father-in-law lives in Kiev. We sometimes go to see him.

 

Dialogue

Camp: Hallo. Is that Machinoexport?

Secretary: Yes, it is.

Camp: This is Camp of Roberts and Company speaking2. I'd like to speak

to Mr. Bunin. olease3.

Secretary: I'm sorry, he is out now. Will you telephone him at 3 o'clock,

please4.

Camp: Thank you. Good-bye.

Secretary: Good-bye.

 

2. This is Camp of Roberts and Company speaking. — Говорит Кэмп,
представитель фирмы «Робертс и компании».

Это обычная форма для телефонных разговоров.

3. I'd like to speak to Mr. Bunin. — Я бы хотел поговорить с г-ном
Буниным.

4. Will you telephone him at 3 o'clock, please? — Позвоните ему, пожа­
луйста, в 3 часа.

 

VOCABULARY

first пит The first lesson is short.   Первый Первый урок короткий.
family   семья
to be born   родиться
My son was born in 19… Мой сын родился в 19... году
When was your daughter born?   Когда родилась ваша дочь?
Moscow   Москва
to be married   быть женатым, быть замужем
My friend is not married.   Мой друг не женат,  
young adj   молодой  
My friend is a young woman.   Моя подруга молодая женщина.
doctor п   доктор
Have v   иметь
elder adj старший (употребляется только как определение к существительному)
eider son   старший сын
elder daughter старшая дочь
My elder son is twelve.   Моему старшему сыну 12 лет.
to do well   успешно учиться (работать)
My son does well at school. Мой сын хорошо учится в школе.
Parents п   родители
Old adj   старый
people   люди
These people are old.   Эти люди старые.
House n (pl. bouses)   дом (мн. ч. дома)
the country загородная местность
My parents have a small house in the country. У моих родителей за городом небольшой дом.
We go to the country every Sunday.   Мы ездим за город каждое воскресенье,
mother   мать
father п   отец
worker п   рабочий
to be retired   быть на пенсии
My father is retired.   Мой отец на пенсии.
sister   сестра
brother брат
husband муж
last adj прошлый
I was in the country last Sunday. Я был за городом в прошлое воскресенье,
at last наконец
At last we were at home. Наконец мы были дома.
Year n год
I was in Kiev last year. Я был в Киеве в прошлом году.
Still adv   еще, все еще
My children are still in the country.   Мои дети еще за городом.
to be single   быть неженатым, быть не замужем
My brother is still single.   Мой брат еще не женат.
to study v   учиться, изучать
Не studies English. Он учит английский язык,
institute я   институт
Nick studies at an institute.   Коля учится в институте.
father-in-law n тесть, свекор
mother-in-law   теща, свекровь
to live v жить
We live in Moscow.   Мы живем в Москве,
hallo   1. алло (обращение по телефону) 2. здравствуйте (употребляется при обращении к знакомым лицам как приветствие)
Hallo, Is that Nick?   Алло, это Коля?
Hallo, Nick, how are you ?   Здравствуй, Коля, как ты себя чувствуешь?
Machinoexport   Машиноэкспорт
secretary   секретарь
company   фирма, компания
Roberts and Company фирма «Роберте энд компани» (наименование фирмы, как правило, не переводится)
to be sorry   сожалеть, быть огорченным (в рус ском переводе соответствует словам «к сожалению»)
I'm sorry I don't speak   К сожалению (жаль), я не говорю
English.   по-английски.
to be out   отсутствовать, не находиться в помещении
Mr. Kotov is out now.   Г-на Котова сейчас нет.
to telephone v   звонить по телефону
to phone v   сокращенная форма глагола to telephone
Phone him on Sunday,   Позвоните ему в воскресенье,
please.   пожалуйста.
Kesterday adv   вчера
I wasn't at home yesterday.   Я вчера не был дома.
Ago adv   тому назад
Не was a student two years ago.   Он был студентом два года тому назад.
           

 

! Сокращения (выделены курсивом в данном и последующих уроках) после английских слов означают следующее: num – наречие, n – существительное, v – глагол, adv – наречие, adj – прилагательное, pl – форма множественного числа, pron – местоимение, prep – предлог, сonj - союз

 

 

I

Grammar Exercises to be

I. Напишите следующие предложения во всех лицах и прочитайте их:

1. I was at the lesson yesterday. 2. I was not at the office at 10 o'clock. 3. I wasn't well yesterday. 4. Where were you last Saturday? 5. Were you a student in 19... ?

II. Поставьте следующие предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную
форму:

1. My son was a pupil last year. 2. I was in Kiev two weeks ago. 3. His friends were at our factory yesterday. 4. My daughter was at the nursery-school last Tuesday. 5. Wednesday was his day off last week. 6. Our engineers were in .Volgograd last week. 7. We were happy to see them yesterday.

III. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой глагола to be в прошед­
шем времени:

1. Our engineers (was, were) at the factory yesterday. 2. When (was, were) you a student? 3. Our children (was, were) not at school yesterday. It (was, were) Sunday. 4. Who (was, were) your English teacher at school?

--- Mr. Sedov (was, were). 5. My friends (was, were) in Kiev three years

ago. 6. Where (was, were) Mr. Petrov at 9 o'clock yesterday? 7. My friend (was, were) not at his office last week. He (was, were) not well. 8. Who (was, were) at the lesson yesterday? They (was, were).

IV. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. Were you at the Ministry last Wednesday? 2. Was Mr. Senin at the office last Friday? 3. Was your son at school yesterday? 4. Was your daughter well last week? 5. Were you a student or an engineer in 19...? 6. Was your friend an engineer or a student in 19...? 7, Were you at the office or the lesson at 9 o'clock in the morning? 8. Where were you last Monday? 9. Where were our students at 9 o'clock in the morning? 10. When were you at your last English lesson? 11. When were you at your office? 12. When was your friend in Petersburg ? 13. Who was at the office at 7 o'clock in the evening on Friday? 14. Who was at the lesson last Thursday? 15. Whose wife was in Petersburg last year?

V. Переведите на английский язык:

1. — Вы были на уроке английского языка в понедельник? — Да. — Петров тоже был на этом уроке? — Нет. Он сейчас в Киеве. 2. Дочь Анны была хорошей ученицей. Сейчас она хорошая сту­дентка. 3. Я не был в министерстве вчера. Я был на заводе. 4. — Вы были в Минске на прошлой неделе? — Нет, я был в Волгограде.

5. — Когда вы были на заводе? — Я была там в прошлый вторник.
Смирнов тоже был там. 6. — Сын вашего друга был
в детском саду на прошлой неделе? — Да. 7. Джейн не была на
уроке в прошлый четверг. Она плохо себя чувствовала. 8. — Ваша
дочь была в Одессе в прошлом году? — Нет.

to have

VI. Напишите следующие предложения во всех лицах и прочитайте их:

1.1 have a two-room flat. 2. Не has a daughter and a son. 3. They haven't this English book. 4. Have I these texts? 5. I haven't questions.

6. I have a large room in Moscow.

VII. Поставьте следующие предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную
форму:

1. Не has a daughter. 2. They have a son. 3. His friends have children. 4. This student has a red pencil. 5. These students have English books. 6. Kotov has a good Russian book.

VIII. Раскройте скобки и употребите глагол to have в соответствующей форме:

1. Не (to have) two questions to ask you. 2. What flat (to have) you friend ? He (to have) a nice two-room flat. 3. Their daughter (to have) not children. 4. Mike (to have) not a son. He (to have) a daughter. 5. (to have) you questions? No, we (to have) not. 6. Who (to have) a pen? I (to have). Give me your pen, please. 7. We (to have) a bathroom in our flat. 8. (to have) Jane's daughter a room or a flat in Kiev? She (to have) a one-room flat.

9. Nina's son (to have) not a red pencil. Give him your pencil, please.

10. I (to have) not French books at home. I don't know French.

IX. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. Have you children? 2. Have you a son or a daughter? 3. Has your friend a flat? 4. Has Pete a flat or a room? 5. Has your friend a two-room flat? 6. What flat have you? 7. What have you on your desk? 8. Who has a red pencil? 9. Who has children?

X. Переведите следующие предложения:

1. У моего друга есть сын. Он ходит в школу. 2. — У кого есть ручка? — У меня. 3. — Какие книги есть у вас? — У меня есть ан­глийские и русские книги. 4. У моих друзей большая хорошая

квартира. 5. — У вас есть дети? — Нет б. — У вас есть красный карандаш? — Нет. Возьмите синий. 7. Моя жена и я знаем англий­ский язык. У нас есть английские книги. 8. — Что у вас в порт­феле? — У меня в портфеле книги, ручка и карандаш.

XI. Поставьте следующие предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную
форму:

1. She has an English lesson on Thursday. 2. We have a lesson on Friday. 3. They have breakfast at seven o'clock in the morning. 4. He usually has breakfast at home.

XII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. When do you have breakfast? 2. Where do you have breakfast? 3. Do you have breakfast at home or at the Ministry? 4. When does your daughter have breakfast? 5. Do you have English lessons every day? 6. When do you have English lessons? 7. Where do the engineers of your office have English lessons? 8. What lessons does your friend have on Mon­day?

XIII. Переведите следующие предложения:

1. У нас обычно не бывает уроков английского языка вечером. 2. — Ваши дети завтракают дома или в школе? — Мои дети завтра­кают дома. 3. — У вашего сына есть урок английского языка в пят­ницу? — Нет. У него бывают уроки по четвергам. 4. — Когда вы завтракаете? — Мы обычно завтракаем в 8 часов. 5. В воскресенье мы рано не завтракаем. 6. У меня двое детей: мальчик и девочка. Они хорошие ученики. 7. — У вас есть друзья? — Да. Они работают в нашем министерстве. 8. У моих детей нет английских книг. Они не знают английского языка.

XIV. Прослушайте и переведите следующие предложения:

1. My brother's daughter was born in Kiev. 2. My elder sister was mar­ried in 19 3. We were not in the country last Sunday. 4. Nina's parents weren't retired in 19... 5. Was your sister's husband in Kiev last year? 6. What was your father-in-law? 7. When was the secretary out yesterday? 8. My friend's parents are not old people. 9. My elder sister has no children. 10. What lesson does Semenov have on Thursday? 11. Does your daughter do well at school? 12. When do you usually have breakfast?

XV. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам:

1. My sister's husband was born in 19 (3). 2. His brother has a large flat in Moscow (4). 3. His elder son was married last year (2). 4. They do well at school (1). 5. Their friends study at an institute (3). 6. Her parents do not

live in Moscow (1). 7. We have breakfast at 9 o'clock on Sunday (1). 8. He doesn't have an English lesson on Saturday (2).

XVI. Раскройте скобки, употребив глаголы в нужной форме, и перескажите:

I (to be) an engineer. I ( to work) at the Ministry. Last year I (to be) a student.

I (to be) 25 years old now. I (to have) a family. It (to be) not very large. I (to have) a wife and a daughter. My wife not (to work) now. My daughter (to be) born last year. She (to be) one year old.

My parents not (to live) in Moscow. They (to live) in Kiev. They not (to work) now. They (to be) retired. We often (to go) to see them.

XVII. Заполните пропуски артиклями там, где это необходимо:

Mr. Tenin's family is not large. He has ... wife and two daughters. His elder daughter's name is Kate. Her sister's name is Ann. Kate is 18 years old. She is ... student already. She does well at ... institute. Ann is twelve years old. She is still;.. pupil. She also studies well. ... sisters learn English. They have ... good English books. They read them, learn... words, write ... exercises and sometimes speak English. Their mother is ... teacher of English and she speaks English to ... girls.

Last May Mr. Tenin and his family were in Orel. His mother-in-law lives there. She was ... school-teacher, but now she is retired. ... chil­dren were happy to see her.

XVIII. Заполните пропуски предлогами или наречиями:

1. My friend was born ... Novgorod .... 19 . . . Now he lives ... Mos­
cow and works ... the Ministry . His parents do not
live ... Moscow, they live ... the country. They have a small house there.
My friend's brother lives ... the country too. He studies ... an institute
... Moscow. He usually comes ... Moscow ... 8 o'clock ... the morning.
My friend's brother does well ... the institute. ... Sundays my friend and
his family often go to see his parents and his brother.

1.— I'd like to speak ... Mr. Green. — I'm sorry. He is ... now.

2.Do you often go ./.. Kiev? Were you ... Kiev last year?

3.Is your daughter ... home now? No, she isn't. She is ... school. She goes ... school ... the morning.

4.Take your bags ... the table, please. Our lesson begins.

5.Will you come up . . Mr. Petrov and take the letters ... him, please.

XIX. Ответьте на вопросы, употребив существительные, данные в скобках,
в притяжательном падеже:

1. Whose watch is it? (my brother). 2. Whose children are these? (my friend). 3. Whose books are those? (my children). 4. Whose bag is that? (this woman). 5. Whose husband is he? (my sister). 6. Whose teacher was she? (my son). 7. Whose son was born in Kiev? (my friend) 8. Whose parents have a house in the country? (Mr. Sokolov). 9. Whose children do well

at school? (my brother). 10. Whose daughter studies at an institute? (my friend). 11. Whose son is 12 years old? (this man). 12. Whose wife speaks English? (Mr. Senin).

XX. Замените притяжательные местоимения существительными в притяжа­
тельном падеже:

1. Her husband works at a factory (my sister). 2.1 know his name (this man). 3. How old are his children? (your brother). 4. His parents are retired ( my friend). 5. Their books are on the shelf (the children). 6. Her brother speaks English (her husband). 7. Her sister does not live in Moscow (Jane). 8. His daughter goes to the nursery-school (Peter).

XXI. Прочитайте следующие числительные:

a) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. b) 13, 20, 23, 31, 46, 54, 67, 72, 89. с) 103, 211, 361, 452, 524, 678, 739, 801, 996, 1000. d) 1,002; 2,117; 3,401; 4,203; 50,497; 7,241; 824.

XXII. Прочитайте следующие предложения, заменяя числительные:

1. My friend's son is 3 (19, 21, 6, 12) years old. 2. Our father was born in 1948 (19...,19...,19...) 3. Our office is in room 29 (213, 704, 123) now.

XXIII. Составьте специальные вопросы со следующими словами и словосоче­
таниями, используя вопросительные слова who, what, whose, when, where:

to have, to live, to study, to be born, to be married, to be retired, to be out, to do well, to answer, question, to speak to, to have breakfast, to have a lesson, to work, to begin, to go, to study at an institute, to be single, ago.

XXIV. Заполните пропуски следующими словами в соответствующей форме.
Перескажите текст и воспроизведите диалог:

1. (a worker, an Institute, a teacher, to go, a family, retired, to do,
a son, to live, a name, a flat, a house)

I am married. My ... is not large. I have a wife and a ... . My son's ... is Nick. He is 11 years old. He ... to school. He ... well at school. My wife is a .... She works at an ... . My parents have no ... in Moscow,

but they have a in the country. My father-in-law ... in Kiev. He was

a ... but now he is ... .

2. (a student, well, to be out, mother, speaking, telephone, regards,
learn, to do)

Nick: Hallo... Hallo... Is that Mike?

Mike's mother: No, Mike now. And who's that ... ?

Nick: That's Nick.

Mike's mother: Oh, hallo, Nick. That's Mike's ... speaking.

Nick: Good evening. How are you?

Mike's mother: I'm quite ..., thank you. What do you do now, Nick?

Nick: I'm a ... now. I ... English.

Mike's mother: That's very good.

Nick; I'm sorry Mike is out. Give him my best ... and ask him

to phone me on Sunday.
Mike's mother: Very good.
Nick: Thank you. Good-bye.

XXV. Переведите на английский язык следующие предложения:

1. — Когда родился сын вашей сестры? — Он родился в 19... го­ду. 2. У нас двое детей. Мой старший сын учится в школе. Моей до­чери 5 лет. Она ходит в детский сад (мы отводим ее в детский сад). 3. Брат моей жены студент. Он не женат. 4. — Где живут родители вашего друга? — Они живут за городом. У них там небольшой дом.

· Не звоните мне утром, пожалуйста. Позвоните мне после 2 часов.

· — Я бы хотел поговорить с г-ном Смирновым. — К сожа­лению, его сейчас нет. Позвоните, пожалуйста, в 3 часа. 7. Мать моей жены пожилая женщина. Она была учительницей. Теперь она не работает. Она на пенсии. 8. — Сколько лет сестре Николая?— Ей 20 лет. Она работает и учится в институте. 9. Каждый день я встаю в 7 часов. Я не завтракаю дома. Я завтракаю в министерстве. 10. Мой друг — врач. Он был хорошим студентом. Теперь он очень хороший врач. 11. — Вы были на уроке английского языка? — Да. — Петров тоже был на этом уроке? — Нет, он не был.. Он сейчас в Киеве. 12. Расскажите нам, пожалуйста, о семье ваше­го друга.

 

II. Речевые упражнения

Speech Exercises

XXVI. Перескажите текст урока и воспроизведите диалог урока.

XXVII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы и на основе ответов составьте краткий
рассказ:

1. When were you born? 2. Where were you born? 3. Where do you live now? 4. Where do you work? 5. Do you also study? 6. What do you learn? 7. When do you have your lessons?

1. Who has a son? 2. Where was he born? 3. Does your son go to school or to the nursery-school? 4. How old is your son? 5. Do you sometimes speak to your son's teacher? 6. Does your son do well at school?

1. Who has an elder brother? 2. Where does he live now? 3. Is he married or single? 4. What is he now? 5. Where does your brother work? 6. Do you often see him?

1. Whose parents are retired now? 2. How old are your parents? 3. What were they? 4. Where do they live now? 5. What flat have they? 6. Do you often or seldom write them letters? 7. When do you go to see them?

1. Have you a friend? 2. What is your friend's name? 3. How old is he?

4. What is your friend? 5. Is he married or single? 6. What family has he?
7. Were you and your friend in the country last week?

1. When do you have breakfast? 2. Do you have breakfast at home or at the Ministry? 3. Do you begin work at 9 or at 10 o'clock? 4. On what days do you begin work at 10 o'clock? 5. Do you have lessons on these days? 6. Do you learn English at an institute or at the Ministry?

XXVIII. Прочитайте и перескажите следующий текст:

My sister is 25 years old. She was born in Moscow. Her name is Mary. Mary is a young doctor. She is married. Her family is not large. She has a husband and a child.

Mary and her husband are very happy. Mary's husband is a teacher of English. He works at an institute/ He speaks English well. My sister also knows English. They often speak English at home. They teach their little daughter English too.

My sister's mother-in-law lives together with them. She is 58 years old. She is retired. She looks after her little granddaughter.

together with вместе с; to look after присматривать за; a granddaughter внучка

XXIX. Составьте ситуации со следующими словами и словосочетаниями:

my friend; to live; to have; a two-room flat; to be married; a small family; a daughter; to work; to take to a nursery-school.

his parents; old people; to be retired; to have two daughters; to live in the country; their elder daughter; to work at an institute; to go to see them on Sundays.

my son; to go to school; to be born; to do well; to learn English; to speak English; to ask questions; to answer.

my day off; Sunday; to get up; to have breakfast; to go to the country; my parents; to be retired; to live; to be happy to see.

XXX. Сделайте сообщения на следующие темы:

1. My family. 2. My children. 3. My sister. 4. My brother's family.

5. My parents. 6. My friend. 7. My friend's family.

XXXI. Составьте диалоги на основе следующих заданий:

1. Позвоните фирме «Грин и Ко.»; узнайте, правильно ли вас соединили, и скажите, что вы хотели бы поговорить с г-ном Грином. 2. Ответьте г-ну Уайту. Скажите, что Орлова нет в конторе и попро­сите позвонить ему в И или 12 часов. 3. Поздоровайтесь с г-ном Мильтоном, узнайте, как он себя чувствует, как поживает его жена, передайте привет его жене. Скажите ему, что вы хотели бы погово­рить с ним.

XXXII. Напишите сочинения, употребив следующие слова и словосочетания:

MY FAMILY

to live in Moscow, to have, a three-room flat, children, to go to school, to study at an institute, elder, to do well, my parents, to live in the country, a doctor, to be retired, a wife, to teach English, a brother, to be married, a sister, a student

MY PARENTS

to be old people, to have a room in Orel, my mother, my father, to be fifty years old, last year, a doctor, aaeconomist, a friend, to go to see

 



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