Read the text and match these headlines to the parts of the text.

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Read the text and match these headlines to the parts of the text.


a) Getting a job- 1

b) Hard times

c) Leaving the company

d) Happier times

e) Moving up

Paula’s Career Ladder[16]

1)Getting a job

When Paula left school, she applied for (= wrote an official request for) a job in a local company. They gave her a job as a trainee (= a very junior person in a company). She didn't earn much (= didn't get much money/she had a low salary), but they gave her in-house training (= the company gave her help and advice to become better), and she went on/did several training courses.

2) _________

Paula worked hard and her prospects (= future possibilities in the job) looked good. Her manager/boss (infml) was very pleased with her progress and she soon got a good pay rise (= more money every week/month). After two years she was promoted (= was given a higher position with more money and responsibility). After five years she was in charge of (= the boss of) a department with five employees (= workers) under her (= under her control).

3) _________

By the time Paula was 30, she decided she wanted a fresh challenge (= a new exciting situation) and a career change (= to work in a different kind of job). She wanted to work abroad (= work in another country), so she resigned (= officially told the company she was leaving her job; also quit (infml) and started looking for another job. After a month she got a job with an international company which involved (= included) a lot of foreign travel. She was very excited about this and at first she really enjoyed it, but ... .

4) ____________

After six months, Paula started to dislike the travelling and living in hotels. She didn't do well in the job either. After a year the company dismissed/sacked her (= told her to leave), and Paula found life difficult. She was unemployed/out of work (= without a job) for nine months until she got a part-time job (= working only part of the day or week) in the kitchen of a restaurant.

5) ___________

Paula loved the restaurant. She enjoyed learning to cook, and two years later she took over (= took control of) the restaurant. After a year, she opened a second one, and after 20 years she had 10 restaurants. Last year Paula retired (= stopped working completely) at the age of 50, a rich woman.

Decide if the statements are true or false.

1 After school Paula worked as a trainee in a local company.

2 After five years Paula was in charge of a company.

3 She moved abroad and got an interesting job.

4 Paula was tired of travelling.

5 At the end of her career Paula ran a restaurant.

Write a synonym for each of these phrases.

1 sack someone = ....dismiss..... someone

2 out of work = ...................................................................

3 leave a company = ...........................................................

4 be given a better position in a company = be.....................

5 future possibilities in a job =.............................................

6 stop working often at 60 or 65 = ....................................

7 take control of a company =..............................................

Complete these sentences with a suitable word.

1 She's not happy in her own country. She wants to work....abroad...

2 I don't want a full-time job. I prefer to work ...............................

3 He wants to go on another training ..........................................

4 I'm bored in my job. I need a fresh ..........................................

5 At the end of this year we’ll get a good pay ............................

6 She's got more than a hundred workers under ................................

7 I didn't know he was the new manager. When did he take ……?

8 I know it's not a great job. How much does he...............................?

8a. Complete the text with the words from the box.[17]

Position, an interview, covering letter, apply for, a recruitment agency, CV, applica­tion

When a company needs to recruit or employ, new people, it may de­ckle to advertise the job or 1) position in the "NEED HELP" section of a newspaper. People who are interested can then 2) _____ the job by sending in a letter of application or 3) ______ (US cover letter) and a curriculum vitae or 4) _______ (in US - resume) containing details of their education and experience.

A company may also ask candidates to complete an 5) ______ form. The company's Human Resources department will then se­lect the most suitable applications and prepare a shortlist of candidates or applicants, who are invited to attend 6) ________. Another way for a company to hire is by using the services of 7) _____ (in US - search firm), which provides a list of suitable candidates.

B. Work in pairs. Look through the text again and make up a list of steps to apply for a job.

e.g. Firstly, we find job vacancies in a newspaper.


Modal verbs: must, have to, should (See Grammar Reference on page …)

9. Complete the responsibilities from a worker’s diary, using must or mustn’t and the correct verb from the box.

Arrive, be, work, write, tell, smoke, take, use

1Employees must arrive in time to the office.

2 Employees _________ late for work.

3 Employees _________ responsibility for their work.

4 Employees _________ from nine to five.

5 Employees _________ at the office.

6 Employees _________ a report every month.

7 Employees _________ bad language.

8 Employees _________ the boss about their mistakes.


Complete the lines with words from the box.

have to don’t have to Do you have to had to didn’t have to will have to won’t have to has to

1 I sometimes had to work at night last month.

2 _______ work at weekends?

3 You ____ agree with him. Please, follow my advice.

4 She ______ check the documents.

5 I __________ look for a job.

6 They ______ come here next week.

7 He _____ change the job. He was promoted.

8 No, you ______ call him tomorrow.

11. Complete this conversation, in which Jane asks Nick about his job, using mustn’t or the correct form of have to and the words in brackets.[18]


J: What (1) do you have to do (you/do) in your job exactly?

N: (2) _______ (I/tell) you too much about it. A lot of my work is secret.

J: Really? Well, (3) _____ (you/tell) me anything if you don’t want to.

N: Well, I can tell you that I do research work for various companies about games products.

J: (4) _______ (you/play) a lot of games?

N: I can, but (5) ______ (I/do) that.

J: (6) ______ (you/go) to other countries to do your research?

N: Sometimes. I’ve just been on a trip but (7) _______ (I/go) abroad again until next year.

J: (8) _______ (you/get) any particular qualifications before you got that job?

N: No, (9) ______ (I/do) a course – experience was more important.

J: So, are there any exciting new games coming out soon?

N: Yes, there is one that’s going to be really popular.

(10) _______ (You/repeat) this to anyone, but it’s called ‘Weird’. (11) ___ (I/say) any more. Only a few people know about this game.

J: Don’t worry. I won’t say a word.

12. Complete the sentences with should. For some gaps you will need to form negatives.


When you are applying for a job …,

1 you should look through a lot of advertisements.

2 you _______ send CV and a cover letter.

3 you _______ prepare to the interview then.

4 you _______ ignore the advice of your parents and friends.

5 you _______ be late for an interview.

6 you _______ do the best at the interview.

7 you _______ criticize your previous job.

13. Read the problems and give advice, using should.


1 I can’t find your e-mail address. – You should put it down in your notebook.

2 I’ve got exams next week, and I’m really nervous.

3 I like my job, but I don’t like the people I work with.

4 My computer’s behaving very strangely.

5 I argue a lot with my colleagues.

Past Simple (See Grammar Reference on page …)

Make these sentences negative.

1. I went to university. I didn’t go to university.

2. He worked for the United Nations. ________________

3. I was on holiday last week. ________________

4. We lived in New Jersey. ________________

5. She left the company. ________________

6. They were in the office on Tuesday. ________________

A. Match the questions with the answers.

1. What did you do last evening? 2. When did you send your first e-mail? 3. Where were you on 31.12.12? 4. How many countries did you visit last year? 5. When were you born? 6. How did you come to this English class? a. I was born on 16.06.96 b. I celebrated New Year with my family. c. I think I sent it in 2000. d. I came by bus. e. I visited two. f. I worked at the office until 9 p.m. and then I went home.

B. Work in pairs. Ask the questions from the table above and answer with your own information.



16a. Listen to Steven talking about his job. What do you think his job is? Would you like his job? Why/Why not?

16b. Complete the sentences from the interview with words from the box. Then change the sentences using he instead of I.

don’t have to have to had to Do you have to didn’t have to


1 I ______ work very long hours.

2 _______ work at the weekend?

3 I ______ do the washing-up.

4 We _____ learn the basics.

5 I _______ wait too long to get a job.

A. Use these phrases to make past simple questions. Then listen to the interview and put the questions in the correct order.

1 leave your last job? 2 go to school? 3 grow up? 4 be your first job? 5 be born? 6 join your present company?

Work experience

Why did you leave your last job ? ___

When _____________________? ___

What______________________? ___

Personal history

Where ____________________? 1_

Where ____________________? ___

Where ____________________? ___


B. Listen to the interview again. Are these sentences true (T) or false (F)?


1 He wasn’t born in New York. T
2 He didn’t grow up in Manhattan.  
3 He didn’t go to Harvard.  
4 He didn’t get a job as a consultant.  
5 He didn’t join his present company in 2002.  
6 He didn’t like the long hours at McKinsey.  


18. Work in small groups. What do you think?

1. What activities does looking for a job involve?

2. What does the Human Resources department do?

3. Is it easy for young people to find jobs nowadays?

4.Do you use an online job-search site to look for a job?

5. What do applicants usually write to get a job?

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