Write a synonym for each of these words.

  1. general, worldwide – ____________________
  2. certain, exact – ________________________
  3. intentional , deliberate – _________________
  4. achievement , acquirement – ______________
  5. differ, diversify – _______________________
  6. intention, purpose – _____________________


  1. Fill in prepositions or particles where necessary and translate the sentences into Russian.
  1. It is the management which helps and directs the various efforts ………….. a definite purpose.

2. Management is the process of working with and ……… others …. effectively achieve the goals of organization.

3. These goals may vary …….one enterprise ….. another.

4. Management is the art or practice …. managing a business, money, products, and all the people employed ….a company.

5. The amount of responsibility …… any individual ….. a company depends ….. the position that he or she occupies in its hierarchy.

6. To delegate authority (or Delegating authority) means that employees ……. lower levels ……..the company hierarchy can use their initiative.

7. Complete the table:


Adjectives nouns verbs

Match the words or phrases on the left with the definitions on the right.


1. planning A. the power or right to control, judge, or prohibit the actions of others
2. market survey B. a system of persons or things arranged in a graded order
3. authority C. to shape or influence; give direction to
4. goal D. a detailed scheme, method, etc., for attaining an objective
5. hierarchy E. the aim or object towards which an endeavour is directed
6. determine F. a comprehensive or general view of the market



9. Underline the best option in italics.

1. A. What was she doing this morning?

B. She interviewed/ was interviewing candidates for the sales job.

2. A. How did Brenda spend her holiday?

B. Most days she went/ was going to the beach.

3. A. What happened after you launched the product?

B. While we promoted/ were promoting it, our competitor dropped/ was dropping their prices.

4. A. I didn’t see you in the office last week.

B. No, I worked/ was working at home for a few days.

5. A. What did Pat do when she saw the artwork?

B. She called/ was calling the designers and said/ was saying it wasn’t suitable.

6. A. Why did Renata take so long to get here?

B. She said they mended/ were mending the road.

Complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets in suitable Past Tenses.


1. When I was a child, I … to be a doctor. (want)

2. At seven o’clock yesterday evening they … dinner. (have)

3. He was annoyed. He …. at the airport for three hours. (wait)

4. I … our holiday last year. (enjoy)

5. He was happy. He … an important contract. (sign)

6. At 9.45 she …. her new car. (wash)

7. They … for a house for six months before they found one they liked. (look )

8. She … work when she met her friends for coffee. (finish)

9. He … down the street when he ran into an old friend. (walk)


Change these sentences into Passive. Make the underlined words subjects of the passive sentences.

1. The police fined the driver for speeding.

2. People had sent her lots of birthday cards.

3. The lights went out when they were serving the meal.

4. Journalists asked the prime minister a lot of difficult questions.

5. Nobody told me what to do.

6. The police were following him until he got to the office.


Rewrite the newspaper report below using the Passive where possible.

Cuban Red Cross Give Montserrat Children A Holiday

A group of children from Montserrat, aged between 10 and 16, arrived in Cuba on Friday. Stress from the volcanic eruptions has affected all of these children. The volcano has destroyed many home on the island.

Red Cross workers took the children by bus to a holiday camp. They will organize leisure activities for the children.

The Cuban Red Cross organized the trip last month. They have used the camp at Tarara, which in the past cared for children from the Ukraine and Russia. The Chernobyl nuclear disaster affected those children.


Rewrite the following sentences in the passive.

1. They were selling new children's books in that shop when I entered it yesterday.

2. A large group of young people joined us on our way to the station.

3. A young teacher started a school in this village. 4. They were translating this article when I entered the classroom.

5. Galsworthy wrote "The Forsyte Saga."

6. Thousands of peo­ple attended this meeting.

7. The teacher had explained it to us.

8. They did not invite her to the party.

9. I did not leave the window open.

10. They had told us a lot of interesting things.




14. You will hear a part of the interview with Steve Moody, the manager of the Marks and Spencer store in Cambridge, England. What do you know about Marks and Spencer? What do they sell?[57]

a) Listen to Part One in which Steve Moody describes the role and responsibilities of a store manager. Which of the following tasks is he responsible for?

1. designing the store and its layout 2. displaying the merchandise 3. employing the sales staff 4. ensuring the safety of staff and customers 5. establishing the company’s principles 6. getting commitment from the staff 7. increasing profits 8. maintaining a pleasant working environment 9. motivating staff 10. organizing the day-to-day logistics 11. pricing the merchandise 12. running 40 out of 280 stores 13. selecting the merchandise 14. supervising the day-to-day running of the store 15. training staff

b) Listen to Part Two, and answer these questions.

1. Why are Marks and Spencer’s store managers limited in giving accountability to their staff and delegating responsibilities?

2. What do they concentrate on instead?


c) Listen to Part Three, and answer the following questions.


1.Steve Moody mentions two kinds of regular meetings. The first is weekly meetings for management and supervisory staff. What is the second part of meeting called?

2.Who attends them?

3.What are they designed to achieve?

4.What kind of problems cannot be dealt with by meetings?

5.How are such problems dealt with?



15. Make presentations to each other on one of the following topics. Feel free to state your personal opinion:

1.The role of women in management.

2.Managerial prospects for women.

3.The employment of women – past, present and future.

In your discussion, use some of the following expressions: climb the ordinary corporate ladder, to be assertive, to be self-effacing, a window-dressing question, to feel under-utilized, dissatisfaction with career prospects, to be isolated from male colleagues, the lack of esteem, gender differences, to work flexible hours, “mommy tract” etc.




A group of journalists is planning to launch a new consumer magazine. It is aimed at women aged 20-40 who wish to have a professional career as well as a family. It will give readers vital business information and practice advice on how to reach the top of the corporate ladder. You have been asked to produce a leaflet introducing the magazine and inviting readers to send a coupon entitling them to a substantial discount on the first two issues. Think of the sections and topics you are going to cover in the leaflet. It also has to include some advertisements concerning the main policy of the magazine «Women as wonderful housewives».

a) Look at the information below:

“Promotional leaflet is a single sheet of printed-paper sometimes folded to form several pages. It either advertises a product/ service or gives information on how to use it. No particular layout is required but the leaflet must be eye-catching, easy to read, and have a contact address and date. Key information, e.g. the offer of a special discount or bargain rates, should be highlighted”.[58]

TEXT 3. Management Skills

1. Study the Word List.

possess –владеть, иметь, обладать

conceptual skills –аналитические способности

decision-making –принятие решений

objective –цель; стремление

field –зд. отрасль, область (знаний, умений и т.д.)

highlight –подчёркивать, выделять

coordinate –координировать; согласовывать

sociable –коммуникабельный

interpersonal –межличностный

implementation –выполнение, исполнение, осуществление, реализация

challenge– вызов

keep track – отслеживать

acceptable salary – приемлемая зарплата


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