THE CHARACTERS IN THE ESSENTIAL ENGLISH BOOK (I)



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THE CHARACTERS IN THE ESSENTIAL ENGLISH BOOK (I)



This is Mr. Priestley, the teacher. He teaches English and he knows English, French and German, and he speaks and reads and writes these languages very well.

He is not a young man, but he is not old. He is about forty­ four or forty-five years old. He is a good-looking man, tall, hand­ some, rather thin, with dark-brown hair just beginning to go grey. He is always very well-dressed, but quietly, in good taste. He usually wears suits of dark brown, dark blue or dark grey.

He speaks quietly and pleasantly, but there is strength under his quietness, and every student in his class knows this. He is quiet and pleasant because he is strong. Strength is generally quiet; weakness often is not.

He reads a great many books,, and he writes books for his students. In the picture you can see him sitting in his study, in a big armchair by the fire.

A bright fire is burning in the fireplace. It burns all day in cold weather. Another armchair is on the opposite side of the fire. On his left there is a tray with a coffee-pot and a coffee­ cup on it, and near to it you can see his pipe and tobacco.


A cat is sitting on the arm of his chair. That is Mr. Priest­ ley's cat, Sally. She often sits there or on his desk when he is writing and watches him.

He has a book in his hand and he is reading it. There are books on the shelves all round the walls of his study. More books are on his desk, and some others are on the floor.

His desk is in the middle of the room. Pens, pencils, an inkpot and paper are on the desk. The telephone is on the left, and a tray for letters is on the right. Just behind the telephone there is a reading lamp. He works here at his books for three or four hours every evening.

You can see his typewriter on a little table in a corner of the room. But he can't type very well. He types with only two fingers and a thumb!

It is almost eleven o'clock by the clock on the wall, but Mr. Priestley is still working. He works very late, sometimes till two or three o'clock in the morning, but generally he goes to bed about twelve or one o'clock.

He often teaches his students in the room. He hasn't many students, generally about six. They come here for their lessons every day except Saturday and Sunday. Saturday and Sunday are holidays.

 


 

 

morning (YTPO)


11ACTH ,[(IDI

day (,n:eH1>) evening (Beqep)


 

CYIIJ:ECTBHTEJibHhIE H IIPRJIArATEJihHhIE

MHorn:e cyw,ecTBHTeJI 1>H1>Ie o6pa3yIDTCH OT rrpHJiaraTeJih- HhIX rryTeM rrp116aBJieH11H cy<PqmKca -ness. Harrp11Mep:

/IpUJ1,azam. Cyw,ecmBum. /Ip UJ1,azam. Cyw,ecmBum.

weak weakness bad badness

good goodness quiet quietness big bigness small smallness red redness black blackness


green greenness white

(u 6ce ocmM bltbte U,6ema)


whiteness


bright pretty


brightness dark

prettiness I happy


darkness happiness


06paTHTe BHHMaHHe Ha HCKJIJOqeuus:

1 06panue BHF!Mamre Ha op<l>orpaq:m10: y MemreTCH Ha i.


IlpW1azam. Cyw,ecm«um.

strong strength

long length


IlpW1azam. difficult beautiful


Cyw,ecm«um. difficulty beauty


B3TOM ypoKe BaM BCT)JeTRJIOCh CJIOBO reading-lamp. 0Ho 03HaqaeT a lampfor reading (JiaMrra /l,JUI qTemrn). HarrpttMep:

a sewing-machine - a machine for sewing. a walking-stick - a stick for walking.

a writing-desk - a desk for writing or a desk where we write.


a sitting-room

a dressing-room a dining-room

 

a swimming-bath


- a room where we sit.

- a room where we dress.

- a room where we dine, i.e. have dinner and other meals.

- a bath where we can swim.


06paTHTe BHH:MaHHe Ha e:w;e 0.ll:HY KOHCT]J)lKll;H:IO c OKOH-

qaHHeM -ing. B ypoKe 13 oHa BCTpeqaeTCH T]JH pa3a:

Mr.Priestley is rather thin, with dark brown hair beginning to go grey.

In the picture you can see Mr. Priestley sitting in his study.

There is a bright fire burning in the fireplace.

3TH CJIOBocoqeTaHH:H, rro.n;o6Ho rrpRJiaraTeJihHhIM, xapaK- TepH3YJOT cy:w;eCTBH:TeJihHhie.


Cy111,ecm«ume11bnoe

hair

Mr. Priestley fire


C11o«oco11emanue c -ing. beginning to go grey sitting in his study burning in the fireplace


BunMauue:.n;Ba 3HaqeHH:H cJioBa study:

1. rJiaroJI- yqHTh, H3yqaTh. We study English every day.

2. cym;ecTBHTeJibHOe- KOMHaTa /l,JUI 3aHHTHM; Ka6HHeT. Mr. Priestley is sitting in his study.

• E cp OHET IA l!E CK A SI T PE HIA P O B K A


[i:]

week weak each evening


[I]

begin eleven telephone happy pretty

Sunday Monday 1


[e] letter shelf strength weather pleasant


uu:] Tuesday student beauty beautiful


[A]

luck

thumb Sunday Monday enough


[;m]

show old sew

telephone tobacco


 

1 A TaIOKe: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.


Y nP A >K HE HIHI

I. OTBeTLTe Ha CJie;zymmue Bonpocb1:

1. Who is the man the picture?

2. Is he young or old? How old is he?

3. What is he?

4. What languages can he speak and read, and write?

5. What colour is his hair?

6. What can you say about his clothes?

7. Where is he sitting? Are there any other chairs in the room?

8. What has he in his hand?

9. What is he doing?

10. Where are the books in the room?

11. When is there a fire in the room?

12. Where is the desk?

13. What is on Mr. Priestley's left?

14. What things are on the desk?

15. What time is it by the clock in the study?

16. Where is his reading-lamp?

18. Where is his typewriter?

19. Has he many students?

20. Which days are "week-days"?

II.3aKpoii:Te KHHry H ODHIDHTe:

1. M-pa IlpHCTJIH

2. ero KaforneT

,lJ;HKTaHT

Mr.Priestley is a teacher of English. He is not a very young man, but he is not old. He knows three or four languages and reads, and speaks, and writes them well. He reads many books and writes some.

It is almost eleven by the study clock, but he works late, sometimes till one o'clock in the morning.

His big desk is in the middle of the room. On the floor by the desk there are a number of books.

His students come to his study for their lessons. They come every day except Saturday and Sunday.


LESSON 14

THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

06panne BHMMamrn Ha cJie,n;yro:w;ne rrpe,ll,JIO)Kemrn:

A B


Heis read ng a book.

Heis still working.

A fireis burning in the fireplace.

Sallyis sitting on the arm


He reads meny book.

He works every even ng.

A fire bums all dayin the cold weather.

She often sits there. of his chair.


B rrpe,lJ,JIO)KeHirnx JieBoli KOJIOHKM (A) )l,elicTBMe rrponcxo­

)l,MT B )l,aHHh M MOMeHT. 0Ho He 3aBeprneHo. MncTep Ilpn­ CTJIM qnTaeT B )l,aHHb M MOMeHT, B KaMMHe Bee e:w;e ropMT OfOHh, pa6oTa He 3aKOttqeHa.

fJiarOJiblB 3TMX rrpe,l],JIO)KeHirnx CT051T B HaCTOH:rn;eM rrpo­

)l,OJI)KeHHOM BpeMeHM.

B rrpe,lJ,JIO)KeHM51X rrpaBoli KOJIOHKM (B) )l,eMCTBMe HBJI51eTcH o6J>JqHh M MJIM rroBTOpHIO:W:MMCH. MncTep IlpMCTJIM qnmeT cero)l,H51, 6y)l,eT qnTaTh 3aBTpa, rrocJie3aBTpa M rrocJie-rrocJie- 3aBTpa, T. e. He O)l,MH )l,eHb. OH pa6oTaeT ICGJICdblU Beqep, Ka­ MMH ropMT 6Ce2iJa, KOf)l,a XOJIO)l,HO, T. e. itacmo. KoIIIKa itacmo CM)l,MT Ha era KpecJie, CTy)l,eHTbl rrpMXO)l,51T ICGJICdblU iJeHb (3a MCKJIIOqeHMeM cy660TblM BOCKpeceHhH); )l,eMCTBMe II51Tb pa3 B He)l,eJIIO.

fJiarOJihlB 3TMX rrpe,lJ,JIO)KeHM51X CTOHT B rrpOCTOM HaCT051-

:w;eM BpeMeHM.

Ilpo)l,OJI)KeHHOe HaCTOH:w;ee BpeMH MCIIOJih3yeTC51 TOf)l,a, KOf)l,a Mbl XOTMM IIQ)l,qepKHYTh, qTo )l,eMCTBMe rrpoMCXO)l,MT B )l,aHHb M MOMeHT.

IlpOCTOe HaCTOH:w;ee BpeMH MCIIOJih3yeTC51 rrpM rrepe)l,aqe 06J>1qHoro, IIOBTOp51IO:W:eroc51 )l,eMCTBM51.

 

 

•"


Iam riding.

HacToH:w;ee rrpo)l,OJI)KeHHoe.


 

Iride every day. HacToH:w;ee rrpocToe.


B rrperoio2Kemrnx, r,z:i;e 11crroJih3yeTCH HacTomu;ee rrpocToe BpeMH, qacTO M02KHO BCTpeTHTh CJIOBa: every day (Kax,ll;hIM

,z:i;eHh), always (ncer,z:i;a), often (qacTO), sometimes (HHor,z:i;a), never

(HHKOr,z:i;a):

The students come here every day.

He always teaches in this room. She often sits there.

He sometimes works until two o'clock.

He never goes to bed before twelve o'clock.

 

Y nP A >K HE HHSI

IIocTaBLTe r.11aro.11L1 B ffYlKHOM BpeMeHu (eacTOBI11eM npo,11;0JDKeHHOM HJIH npOCTOM HaCTOBillCM):

1. Mr. Priestley always ( to wear) a dark suit.

2. Today he ( to wear) a dark brown one.

3. In the picture Mr. Priestley ( to sit) in an armchair.

4. He generally ( to sit) in that chair in the evening.

5. I never ( to go) to bed before eleven o'clock at night.

6. It is twelve o'clock so I ( to go) to bed now.

7. The sun ( to shine) just now and the sky is blue.

8. The sun ( to shine) all day in summer.

9. The earth ( to move) round the sun.

10. The children in the picture ( to play ) on the sands.

 

THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE INTERROGATIVE

Bonpocume.llbHbte npeiJ.lloJ1Cenua 6 npocmoM nacmoaw,eM 6peMenu

o6pa30BaHH51 rrpOCThIX rrperoio2KeHHM B rrpOCTOM Ha­ CTOHiu;eM BpeMemi: Mhl HCIIOJih3yeM rnaroJI to do c HH¢MHM­ TMBOM ,z:i;pyroro rnaroJia (HCKJIIoqeHMe COCTaBJI5IIOT to be, to have, can M ,z:i;p.1).

YmBepiJume.Jlbnoe Bonpocume.Jlbnoe

(Affirmative) (Interrogative )

I teach. Do I teach?

You come. Do you come?

He teaches. Does he teach?

They work. Do they work?

It moves. Does it move? HarrpMMep:

 

1A MMeHHo: shall (should), will (would), may (might), must, ought M MHOr)l;a

have, do, need, dare.


I?

D { you?


 

Does{


he?

she?


0 we? they?


 

it?


 

 

BOT ern:e HeCKOJihKO rrpMMepoB BOIIpOCOB M OTBeTOB:

Bonpoc Om«em

Does he teach English? Yes, he does. Does Mr. Priestley teach his students? Yes, he does. Does he read many books? Yes, he does.

Does he go to bed late? Yes, he does. Do the students come here for lessons? Yes, they do. Do they work well? Yes, they do. Does Sally sit on Mr. Priestley's desks? Yes, she does. Do I speak English well? Yes, you do. Do you understand this lesson now? Yes, I do.

06paTHTe BHHMauue:


He is a teacher.

He can speak French.


Is he a teacher? ( ue Does he be...) Can he speak French?

( ne Does he can1...)


 

() PA & O T A c o cn o B A Mlll OnH OK O P E HHblE cn o B A

begin - beginning - beginner

Begin at the beginning of the book.

He can't speak English well. He is only a beginner.

interest - interesting - uninteresting

He takes an interest in his work. That is an interesting book.

That story is very uninteresting.

 

I is Ji[ can HBJHllOTCH «OC06h MJil» rnaroJiaMH.


new - newly - news - newspaper

This is a new book; it is newly out.

I read the newspaper every morning to get the news.

 


Y nP A >K HE HHSI


YcTH hIE


1. 06pa3yii:Te BonpocmeJibHbie npeM01Kemm: (Bcero 49 npeM01Keuuii:).

Mr. Priestley teach(es) English.

Mary know(s) French.

you speak(s) Spanish.

they write(s) Polish.

Paddy work(s) late.

I go(es) to the class.

the little boys do(es) much work 1.

II. BcTaBbTe nponymeuuwe cJioBa:

I come for my lesson every day. He - for - lesson every day. She - for - lesson every day. We - for - lesson every day. You - for - lesson every day. They - for - lesson every day.

YCTH bIE HJI H IIHC bM EH HhIE YIIPA.IK HE HHH

III. OTBeTLTe ua BonpocL1:

1. Does Mr.Priestley know French?

2. Do the students come to this room?

3. Does the boy play football?

4. Does the girl play tennis?

5. Do the men smoke cigarettes?

6. Does the dog sleep under the table?

7. Do you speak a little English?

8. Can you speak a little English?

9. Does Mr.Priestley sit in his study?

10. Is Mr.Priestley sitting in his study?

IV. Ilpeo6pa3yi1Te CJie;zyro111ue npeM01Keum1 B BonpocuTeJILHb1e:

1. He teaches English to his students.

2. He knows French and German.

3. Mr.Priestley speaks these languages well.

4. Mr.Priestley can write these languages well.

(3aecb apycaJl Moae!lb.}

1 "A lot of' o6hl'IHO MH yrnep,D;HTeJinHhIX rrpeMO)K:eHHli; "much" MH orpm.(aTeJibHhIX Ii BOIIpOCHTeJibHhIX.


5. He works at his desk.

6. He is sitting by the fire. (3aecb apyw.fl Moae11b.}

7. The students come to this room.

8. The students sit in this room.

9. The boys and girls stay with their father at the seaside.

10. This boy plays football.

11. English people stay at this hotel.

12. The boy swims to the big rock every day.

13. The woman eats ices.

14. The men drink tea and coffee.

15. They often swim in the afternoon.

16. You can see the train. (Eyabme 6HUMame11bHbt!}

17. The waiter smokes cigarettes.

18. The waiters smoke cigarettes.

19. The dog sleeps under the table.

20. The boys bathe in the sea.

21. Mr. Priestley is well-dressed.

22. He generally wears a brown suit.

23. The earth moves round the sun.

24. The stars are a long way from the earth.

25. The telephone is on the desk.

26. The telephone stands on the desk.

27. The windows are open.

28. The windows stand open.

29. He can open the windows.

30. He opens the windows.


LESSON 15



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