III. Here are some general provisions from shipping INCOTERMS 2010. They will help you to understand the main terms of delivering the goods better.



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III. Here are some general provisions from shipping INCOTERMS 2010. They will help you to understand the main terms of delivering the goods better.



INCOTERMS 2010 (ICC Publication № 715, 2010) RULES FOR SEA AND INLAND WATERWAY TRANSPORT FAS FREE ALINGSIDE SHIP (insert named port of shipment) A. The Seller’s Obligations A1. General obligations of the seller The seller must provide the goods and the commercial invoice in conformity with the contract of sale and any other evidence of conformity which may be required by the contract. Any document referred to in A1-A10 may be an equivalent electronic record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary. A 2. Licenses, authorizations, security clearances and other formalities Where applicable the seller must obtain, at its own risk and expense, any export license or other official authorization and carry out al customs formalities necessary for the export of the goods. A 3. Contracts of carriage and insurance a) Contract of carriage. The seller has no obligation to the buyer to make a contract of carriage. However, if requested by the buyer or if it is commercial practice and the buyer does not give an instruction to the contrary in due time, the seller may contract for carriage on usual terms at the buyer’s risk and expense. In either case, the seller may decline to make the contract of carriage and, if it does, shall promptly notify the buyer. b) Contract of insurance. The seller has no obligation to the buyer to make a contract of insurance. However the seller must provide the buyer, at the buyer’s request, risk and expense (if any), with information that the buyer needs for obtaining insurance. A 4. Delivery The seller must deliver the goods either by placing them alongside the ship nominated by the buyer at the loading point, if any, indicated by the buyer at the named port of shipment or by the procuring the goods so delivered. In either case, the seller must deliver the goods on the agreed date or within the agreed period and in the manner customary at the port. If specific loading point has been indicated by the buyer, the seller may select the point within the named port of shipment that best suits its purpose. If the parties have agreed that delivery should take place within a period, the buyer has the option to choose the date within that period. A 5. Transfer of risks The seller bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods until they have been delivered in accordance with A4 with the exception of loss or damage in the circumstances described in B5. A 6. Allocation of costs The seller must pay a) all costs relating to the goods until they have been delivered in accordance with A4, other than those payable by the buyer as envisaged in B6; and   b) where applicable, the costs of customs formalities necessary for export as well as all duties, taxes and other charges payable upon export.   A 7. Notices to the buyer The seller must, at the buyer’s risk and expense, give the buyer sufficient notice either that the goods have been delivered in accordance with A4 or that the vessel has failed to take the goods within the time agreed. A 8. Delivery document The seller must provide the buyer, at the seller’s expense, with the usual proof that the goods have been delivered in accordance with A4. Unless such proof is a transport document, the seller must provide assistance to the buyer, at the buyer’s request, risk and expense, in obtaining a transport document. A 9. Checking-packing-marking The seller must pay the costs of those checking operations (such as checking quality, measuring, weighing, counting) that are necessary for the purpose of delivering the goods in accordance with A4, as well as the costs of any pre-shipment inspection mandated by the authority of the country of export. The seller must, at its own expense, package the goods, unless it is usual for the particular trade to transport the type of the goods sold unpackaged. The seller may package the goods in the manner appropriate for their transport, unless the buyer has notified the seller of specific packaging requirements before the contract of sale is concluded. Packing is to be marked appropriately.   A 10. Assistance with information and related costs The seller must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render assistance in obtaining for the buyer, at the buyer’s request, risk and expense, any documents and information, including security-related information that the buyer needs for the import of the goods and/or for their transport to the final destination. The seller must reimburse the buyer for all costs and charges incurred by the buyer in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents and information as envisaged in B10. B. The Buyer’s Obligations B 1. General obligations of the buyer The buyer must pay the price of the goods as provided in the contract of sale. Any document referred to in B1-B10 may be an equivalent electronic record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary. B 2. Licenses, authorizations, security clearances and other formalities Where applicable, it is up to the buyer to obtain at its own risk and expense, any import license or other official authorization and carry out all customs formalities for the import of the goods and for their transport through any country. B 3. Contracts of carriage and insurance a) Contract of carriage. The buyer must contract, at its own expense for the carriage of the goods from the named port of shipment, except where the contract of carriage is made by the seller as provided for in A3a). b) Contract of insurance. The buyer has no obligation to the seller to make a contract of insurance. B 4. Taking delivery The buyer must take delivery of the goods when they have been delivered as envisage in A4. B 5. Transfer of risks The buyer bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods from the time they have been delivered as envisaged in A4. If a) the buyer fails to give notice in accordance with B7, or b) the vessel nominated by the buyer fails to arrive in time, or fails to take the goods or closes for cargo earlier than the time notified in accordance with B7; then the buyer bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods from the agreed date or the expire date of the agreed period for delivery, provided that the goods have been clearly identified as the contract goods. B 6. Allocation of costs The buyer must pay a) pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been delivered as envisaged in A4, except, where applicable, the costs of customs formalities necessary for export as well as all duties, taxes, and other charges payable upon export as referred to in A6b); b) any additional costs incurred either because: i) the buyer has failed to give appropriate notice in accordance with B7, or ii) the vessel nominated by the buyer fails to arrive on time, is unable to take the goods, or closes for cargo earlier than the time notified in accordance with B7, provided that the goods have been clearly identified as the contract goods; and c) where applicable, all duties, taxes and other charges, as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon import of the goods and the costs for their transport through any country. B 7. Notices to the seller The buyer must give the seller sufficient notice of the vessel name, loading point and, where necessary, the selected delivery time within the agreed period. B 8. Proof of delivery The buyer must accept the proof of delivery provided as envisaged in A8.   B 9. Inspection of goods The buyer must pay the costs of any mandatory pre-shipment inspection, except such inspection is mandated by the authorities of the country of export. B 10. Assistance with information and related costs The buyer must, in a timely manner, advise the seller of any security information requirements so that the seller may comply with A10.   The buyer must reimburse the seller for all costs and charges incurred by the seller in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents and information as envisaged in A10. The buyer must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render assistance in obtaining for the seller, at the seller’s request, risk and expense, any documents and information, including security-related information, that the seller needs for the transport and export of the goods and for their transport through any country. FOB FREE ON BOARD (insert named port of shipment) A. The Seller’s Obligations A1. General obligations of the seller The seller must provide the goods and the commercial invoice in conformity with the contract of sale and any other evidence of conformity which may be required by the contract. Any document referred to in A1-A10 may be an equivalent electronic record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary. A 2. Licenses, authorizations, security clearances and other formalities Where applicable the seller must obtain, at its own risk and expense, any export license or other official authorization and carry out al customs formalities necessary for the export of the goods. A 3. Contracts of carriage and insurance a) Contract of carriage. The seller has no obligation to the buyer to make a contract of carriage. However, if requested by the buyer or if it is commercial practice and the buyer does not give an instruction to the contrary in due time, the seller may contract for carriage on usual terms at the buyer’s risk and expense. In either case, the seller may decline to make the contract of carriage and, if it does, shall promptly notify the buyer. b) Contract of insurance. The seller has no obligation to the buyer to make a contract of insurance. However the seller must provide the buyer, at the buyer’s request, risk and expense (if any), with information that the buyer needs for obtaining insurance. A 4. Delivery The seller must deliver the goods either by placing them on board the vessel nominated by the buyer at the loading point, if any, indicated by the buyer at the named port of shipment or by the procuring the goods so delivered. In either case, the seller must deliver the goods on the agreed date or within the agreed period and in the manner customary at the port. If no specific loading point has been indicated by the buyer, the seller may select the point within the named port of shipment that best suits its purpose. A 5. Transfer of risks The seller bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods until they have been delivered in accordance with A4 with the exception of loss or damage in the circumstances described in B5. A 6. Allocation of costs The seller must pay a) all costs relating to the goods until they have been delivered in accordance with A4, other than those payable by the buyer as envisaged in B6; and   b) where applicable, the costs of customs formalities necessary for export as well as all duties, taxes and other charges payable upon export. A 7. Notices to the buyer The seller must, at the buyer’s risk and expense, give the buyer sufficient notice either that the goods have been delivered in accordance with A4 or that the vessel has failed to take the goods within the time agreed. A 8. Delivery document The seller must provide the buyer, at the seller’s expense, with the usual proof that the goods have been delivered in accordance with A4. Unless such proof is a transport document, the seller must provide assistance to the buyer, at the buyer’s request, risk and expense, in obtaining a transport document. A 9. Checking-packing-marking The seller must pay the costs of those checking operations (such as checking quality, measuring, weighing, counting) that are necessary for the purpose of delivering the goods in accordance with A4, as well as the costs of any pre-shipment inspection mandated by the authority of the country of export. The seller must, at its own expense, package the goods, unless it is usual for the particular trade to transport the type of the goods sold unpackaged. The seller may package the goods in the manner appropriate for their transport, unless the buyer has notified the seller of specific packaging requirements before the contract of sale is concluded. Packing is to be marked appropriately. A 10. Assistance with information and related costs The seller must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render assistance in obtaining for the buyer, at the buyer’s request, risk and expense, any documents and information, including security-related information that the buyer needs for the import of the goods and/or for their transport to the final destination. The seller must reimburse the buyer for all costs and charges incurred by the buyer in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents and information as envisaged in B10. B. The Buyer’s Obligations B 1. General obligations of the buyer The buyer must pay the price of the goods as provided in the contract of sale. Any document referred to in B1-B10 may be an equivalent electronic record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary. B 2. Licenses, authorizations, security clearances and other formalities Where applicable, it is up to the buyer to obtain at its own risk and expense, any import license or other official authorization and carry out all customs formalities for the import of the goods and for their transport through any country. B 3. Contracts of carriage and insurance a) Contract of carriage. The buyer must contract, at its own expense for the carriage of the goods from the named port of shipment, except where the contract of carriage is made by the seller as provided for in A3a). b) Contract of insurance. The buyer has no obligation to the seller to make a contract of insurance. B 4. Taking delivery The buyer must take delivery of the goods when they have been delivered as envisage in A4. B 5. Transfer of risks The buyer bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods from the time they have been delivered as envisaged in A4. If a) the buyer fails to notify the nomination of a vessel in accordance with B7, or b) the vessel nominated by the buyer fails to arrive in time, to enable the seller to comply with A4, is unable to take the goods, or closes for cargo earlier than the time notified in accordance with B7; then the buyer bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods: i) from the agreed date or in the absence of an agreed date, ii) from the date notified by the seller under A7 within the agreed period, or if no such date has been notified,   iii) from the expiry date of any agreed period for delivery, provided that the goods have been clearly identified as the contract goods. B 6. Allocation of costs The buyer must pay a) pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been delivered as envisaged in A4, except, where applicable, the costs of customs formalities necessary for export as well as all duties, taxes, and other charges payable upon export as referred to in A6b); b) any additional costs incurred either because: i) the buyer has failed to give appropriate notice in accordance with B7, or ii) the vessel nominated by the buyer fails to arrive on time, is unable to take the goods, or closes for cargo earlier than the time notified in accordance with B7, provided that the goods have been clearly identified as the contract goods; and c) where applicable, all duties, taxes and other charges, as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon import of the goods and the costs for their transport through any country. B 7. Notices to the seller The buyer must give the seller sufficient notice of the vessel name, loading point and, where necessary, the selected delivery time within the agreed period. B 8. Proof of delivery The buyer must accept the proof of delivery provided as envisaged in A8.   B 9. Inspection of goods The buyer must pay the costs of any mandatory pre-shipment inspection, except when such inspection is mandated by the authorities of the country of export. B 10. Assistance with information and related costs The buyer must, in a timely manner, advise the seller of any security information requirements so that the seller may comply with A10.   The buyer must reimburse the seller for all costs and charges incurred by the seller in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents and information as envisaged in A10. The buyer must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render assistance in obtaining for the seller, at the seller’s request, risk and expense, any documents and information, including security-related information, that the seller needs for the transport and export of the goods and for their transport through any country. CFR COST AND FREIGHT (insert named port of destination) A. The Seller’s Obligations A1. General obligations of the seller The seller must provide the goods and the commercial invoice in conformity with the contract of sale and any other evidence of conformity which may be required by the contract. Any document referred to in A1-A10 may be an equivalent electronic record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary. A 2. Licenses, authorizations, security clearances and other formalities Where applicable the seller must obtain, at its own risk and expense, any export license or other official authorization and carry out al customs formalities necessary for the export of the goods. A 3. Contracts of carriage and insurance a) Contract of carriage. The seller must contract or procure a contract for the carriage of the goods from the agreed point of delivery, if any, at the place of delivery to the named port of destination or, if agreed, any point at that port. The contract of carriage must be made on usual terms at the seller’s expense and provide for carriage by the usual route in a vessel of the type normally used for the transport of the type of goods sold.   b) Contract of insurance. The seller has no obligation to the buyer to make a contract of insurance. However the seller must provide the buyer, at the buyer’s request, risk and expense (if any), with information that the buyer needs for obtaining insurance. A 4. Delivery The seller must deliver the goods either by placing them on board the vessel or by procuring the goods so delivered. In either case, the seller must deliver the goods on the agreed date or within the agreed period and in the manner customary at the port. A 5. Transfer of risks The seller bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods until they have been delivered in accordance with A4, with the exception of loss or damage in the circumstances described in B5. A 6. Allocation of costs The seller must pay a) all costs relating to the goods until they have been delivered in accordance with A4, other than those payable by the buyer as envisaged in B6; b) the freight and all other costs resulting from A3a), including the costs of loading the goods on board and any charges for unloading at the agreed port of discharge that were for the seller’s account under the contract of carriage; and c) where applicable, the costs of customs formalities necessary for export as well as all duties, taxes and other charges payable upon export, and the costs of their transport through any country that were for the seller’s account under the contract of carriage. A 7. Notices to the buyer The seller must give the buyer any notice needed in order to allow the buyer to take measures that are normally necessary to enable the buyer to take the goods. A 8. Delivery document The seller must, at its own expense, provide the buyer without delay with the usual transport document for the agreed port of destination. This transport document must cover the contract goods, be dated within the period agreed for shipment, enable the buyer to claim the goods from the carrier at the port of destination and, unless otherwise agreed, enable the buyer to sell the goods in transit by the transfer of the document to a subsequent buyer or by notification to the carrier. When such a transport document is issued in negotiable form and in several originals, a full set of originals must be presented to the buyer. A 9. Checking-packing-marking The seller must pay the costs of those checking operations (such as checking quality, measuring, weighing, counting) that are necessary for the purpose of delivering the goods in accordance with A4, as well as the costs of any pre-shipment inspection mandated by the authority of the country of export. The seller must, at its own expense, package the goods, unless it is usual for the particular trade to transport the type of the goods sold unpackaged. The seller may package the goods in the manner appropriate for their transport, unless the buyer has notified the seller of specific packaging requirements before the contract of sale is concluded. Packing is to be marked appropriately. A 10. Assistance with information and related costs The seller must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render assistance in obtaining for the buyer, at the buyer’s request, risk and expense, any documents and information, including security-related information that the buyer needs for the import of the goods and/or for their transport to the final destination. The seller must reimburse the buyer for all costs and charges incurred by the buyer in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents and information as envisaged in B10. B. The Buyer’s Obligations B 1. General obligations of the buyer The buyer must pay the price of the goods as provided in the contract of sale. Any document referred to in B1-B10 may be an equivalent electronic record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary. B 2. Licenses, authorizations, security clearances and other formalities Where applicable, it is up to the buyer to obtain at its own risk and expense, any import license or other official authorization and carry out all customs formalities for the import of the goods and for their transport through any country. B 3. Contracts of carriage and insurance a) Contract of carriage. The buyer has no obligation to the seller to make a contract of carriage. b) Contract of insurance. The buyer has no obligation to the seller to make a contract of insurance. However the buyer must provide the seller, upon request, with the necessary information for obtaining insurance. B 4. Taking delivery The buyer must take delivery of the goods when they have been delivered as envisage in A4 and receive them from the carrier at the named port of destination. B 5. Transfer of risks The buyer bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods from the time they have been delivered as envisaged in A4. If the buyer fails to give notice in accordance with B7, then it bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods from the agreed date or the expiry date of the agreed period for shipment, provided that the goods have been clearly identified as the contract goods.   B 6. Allocation of costs The buyer must, subject to the provisions of A3a), pay a) all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been delivered as envisaged in A4, except, where applicable, the costs of customs formalities necessary for export as well as all duties, taxes, and other charges payable upon export as referred to in A6b); b) all costs and charges relating to the goods while in transit until their arrival at the port of destination, unless such costs and charges were for the seller’s account under the contract of carriage; c) unloading costs including lighterage and wharfage charges, unless such costs and charges were for the seller’s account under the contract of carriage; d) any additional costs incurred if it fails to give a notice in accordance with B7, from the agreed date or the expiry date of the agreed period for shipment, provided that that the goods have been clearly identified as the contract goods; and e) where applicable, all duties, taxes and other charges, as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon import of the goods and the costs for their transport through any country unless included within the cost of the contract of carriage.. B 7. Notices to the seller The buyer must, whenever it is entitled to determine the time for shipping the goods and/or the point of receiving the goods within the named port of destination, give the seller sufficient notice thereof. B 8. Proof of delivery The buyer must accept the transport document provided as envisaged in A8 if it is in conformity with the contract.. B 9. Inspection of goods The buyer must pay the costs of any mandatory pre-shipment inspection, except when such inspection is mandated by the authorities of the country of export. B 10. Assistance with information and related costs The buyer must, in a timely manner, advise the seller of any security information requirements so that the seller may comply with A10.   The buyer must reimburse the seller for all costs and charges incurred by the seller in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents and information as envisaged in A10. The buyer must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render assistance in obtaining for the seller, at the seller’s request, risk and expense, any documents and information, including security-related information, that the seller needs for the transport and export of the goods and for their transport through any country. CIF COST INSURANCE AND FREIGHT (insert named port of destination) A. The Seller’s Obligations A1. General obligations of the seller The seller must provide the goods and the commercial invoice in conformity with the contract of sale and any other evidence of conformity which may be required by the contract.   Any document referred to in A1-A10 may be an equivalent electronic record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary. A 2. Licenses, authorizations, security clearances and other formalities Where applicable the seller must obtain, at its own risk and expense, any export license or other official authorization and carry out al customs formalities necessary for the export of the goods. A 3. Contracts of carriage and insurance a) Contract of carriage. The seller must contract or procure a contract for the carriage of the goods from the agreed point of delivery, if any, at the place of delivery to the named port of destination or, if agreed, any point at that port. The contract of carriage must be made on usual terms at the seller’s expense and provide for carriage by the usual route in a vessel of the type normally used for the transport of the type of goods sold. b) Contract of insurance. The seller must obtain, at its own expense, cargo insurance complying at least with the minimum cover provided by Clauses (C) of the Institute Cargo Clauses (LMA/IUA) or any similar clauses. The insurance shall be contracted with underwriters or an insurance company of good repute and entitle the buyer, or any other person having an insurable interest in the goods, to claim directly from the insurer. When required by the buyer, the seller shall, subject to the buyer providing any necessary information requested by the seller, provide at the buyer’s expense any additional cover, if procurable, such as cover as provided by Clauses (A) or (B) of the Institute Cargo Clauses (LMA/IUA) or any similar clauses and/or cover complying with the Institute war Clauses and/or Institute Strikes Clauses (LMA/IUA) or any similar clauses. The insurance shall cover at a minimum, the prize provided in the contract plus 10% (i.e. 110%) and shall be in the currency of the contract. The insurance shall cover the goods from the point of delivery set out in A4 and A5 to at least the named port of destination. The seller must provide the buyer with the insurance policy or other evidence of insurance cover. Moreover, the seller must provide the buyer, at the buyer’s request, risk, and expense (if any), with information that the buyer needs to procure any additional insurance. A 4. Delivery The seller must deliver the goods either by placing them on board the vessel or by procuring the goods so delivered. In either case, the seller must deliver the goods on the agreed date or within the agreed period and in the manner customary at the port. A 5. Transfer of risks The seller bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods until they have been delivered in accordance with A4, with the exception of loss or damage in the circumstances described in B5. A 6. Allocation of costs The seller must pay a) all costs relating to the goods until they have been delivered in accordance with A4, other than those payable by the buyer as envisaged in B6; b) the freight and all other costs resulting from A3a), including the costs of loading the goods on board and any charges for unloading at the agreed port of discharge that were for the seller’s account under the contract of carriage; с) the costs of insurance resulting from A3b); and d) where applicable, the costs of customs formalities necessary for export as well as all duties, taxes and other charges payable upon export, and the costs for their transport through any country that were for the seller’s account under the contract of carriage. A 7. Notices to the buyer The seller must give the buyer any notice needed in order to allow the buyer to take measures that are normally necessary to enable the buyer to take the goods. A 8. Delivery document The seller must, at its own expense, provide the buyer without delay with the usual transport document for the agreed port of destination. This transport document must cover the contract goods, be dated within the period agreed for shipment, enable the buyer to claim the goods from the carrier at the port of destination and, unless otherwise agreed, enable the buyer to sell the goods in transit by the transfer of the document to a subsequent buyer or by notification to the carrier. When such a transport document is issued in negotiable form and in several originals, a full set of originals must be presented to the buyer. A 9. Checking-packing-marking The seller must pay the costs of those checking operations (such as checking quality, measuring, weighing, counting) that are necessary for the purpose of delivering the goods in accordance with A4, as well as the costs of any pre-shipment inspection mandated by the authority of the country of export. The seller must, at its own expense, package the goods, unless it is usual for the particular trade to transport the type of the goods sold unpackaged. The seller may package the goods in the manner appropriate for their transport, unless the buyer has notified the seller of specific packaging requirements before the contract of sale is concluded. Packing is to be marked appropriately. A 10. Assistance with information and related costs The seller must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render assistance in obtaining for the buyer, at the buyer’s request, risk and expense, any documents and information, including security-related information that the buyer needs for the import of the goods and/or for their transport to the final destination. The seller must reimburse the buyer for all costs and charges incurred by the buyer in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents and information as envisaged in B10. B. The Buyer’s Obligations B 1. General obligations of the buyer The buyer must pay the price of the goods as provided in the contract of sale. Any document referred to in B1-B10 may be an equivalent electronic record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary. B 2. Licenses, authorizations, security clearances and other formalities Where applicable, it is up to the buyer to obtain at its own risk and expense, any import license or other official authorization and carry out all customs formalities for the import of the goods and for their transport through any country. B 3. Contracts of carriage and insurance a) Contract of carriage. The buyer has no obligation to the seller to make a contract of carriage. b) Contract of insurance. The buyer has no obligation to the seller to make a contract of insurance. However the buyer must provide the seller, upon request, with any information necessary for the seller to procure any additional insurance requested by the buyer as envisaged in A3b). B 4. Taking delivery The buyer must take delivery of the goods when they have been delivered as envisage in A4 and receive them from the carrier at the named port of destination. B 5. Transfer of risks The buyer bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods from the time they have been delivered as envisaged in A4. If the buyer fails to give notice in accordance with B7, then it bears all risks of loss and damage to the goods from the agreed date or the expiry date of the agreed period for shipment, provided that the goods have been clearly identified as the contract goods. B 6. Allocation of costs The buyer must, subject to the provisions of A3a), pay a) all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been delivered as envisaged in A4, except, where applicable, the costs of customs formalities necessary for export as well as all duties, taxes, and other charges payable upon export as referred to in A6b); b) all costs and charges relating to the goods while in transit until their arrival at the port of destination, unless such costs and charges were for the seller’s account under the contract of carriage; c) unloading costs including lighterage and wharfage charges, unless such costs and charges were for the seller’s account under the contract of carriage; d) any additional costs incurred if it fails to give a notice in accordance with B7, from the agreed date or the expiry date of the agreed period for shipment, provided that that the goods have been clearly identified as the contract goods; and e) where applicable, all duties, taxes and other charges, as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon import of the goods and the costs for their transport through any country unless included within the cost of the contract of carriage; and   f) the costs of any additional insurance procured at the buyer’s request under A3b) and B3b). B 7. Notices to the seller The buyer must, whenever it is entitled to determine the time for shipping the goods and/or the point of receiving the goods within the named port of destination, give the seller sufficient notice thereof. B 8. Proof of delivery The buyer must accept the transport document provided as envisaged in A8 if it is in conformity with the contract.. B 9. Inspection of goods The buyer must pay the costs of any mandatory pre-shipment inspection, except when such inspection is mandated by the authorities of the country of export. B 10. Assistance with information and related costs The buyer must, in a timely manner, advise the seller of any security information requirements so that the seller may comply with A10.   The buyer must reimburse the seller for all costs and charges incurred by the seller in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents and information as envisaged in A10. The buyer must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render assistance in obtaining for the seller, at the seller’s request, risk and expense, any documents and information, including security-related information, that the seller needs for the transport and export of the goods and for their transport through any country. ИНКОТЕРМС 2010 (Публикация ICC № 715, 2010 г.) ПРАВИЛА ДЛЯ МОРСКОГО И ВНУТРЕННЕГО ВОДНОГО ТРАНСПОРТА FAS FREE ALINGSIDE SHIP / СВОБОДНО ВДОЛЬ БОРТА СУДНА (с указанием порта отгрузки) A. Обязанности продавца А1. Общие обязанности продавца Продавец обязан в соответствии с договором купли-продажи предоставить покупателю товар, коммерческий счет-инвойс, а также любое иное доказательство соответствия товара, которое может потребоваться по условиям договора. Любой документ, упомянутый в пунктах А1 – А10, может быть заменен эквивалентной электронной записью или процедурой, если это согласовано сторонами или является обычным. А 2. Лицензии, разрешения, контроль безопасности и иные формальности Если потребуется, продавец обязан, за свой счет и на свой риск, получить экспортную лицензию или иное официальное разрешение и выполнить все таможенные формальности, необходимые для вывоза товара. А 3. Договоры перевозки и страхования   a) Договор перевозки. У продавца нет обязанности перед покупателем по заключению договора перевозки. Однако по просьбе покупателя или если это является коммерческой практикой и покупатель своевременно не дает инструкции об ином, продавец может за счет и на риск покупателя заключить договор перевозки на обычных условиях. В любом случае продавец может отказаться от заключения договора перевозки, без промедления известив об этом покупателя.   b) Договор страхования. У продавца нет обязанности перед покупателем по заключению договора страхования. Однако продавец обязан предоставить покупателю, по его просьбе, на его риск и за его счет (при наличии расходов), информацию, необходимую покупателю для получения страхования. А 4. Поставка Продавец обязан поставить товар либо путем размещения вдоль борта судна, номинированным покупателем, в пункте погрузки, если таковой имеется, указанном покупателем в поименованном порту отгрузки, либо путем обеспечения предоставления поставленного таким образом товара. В том и другом случае продавец обязан поставить товар в согласованную дату или в согласованный период в соответствии с обычаями порта. Если конкретный пункт погрузки не указан покупателем, продавец может выбрать в поименованном порту отгрузки пункт, который наиболее подходит для его целей. При согласовании сторонами, что поставка будет иметь место в течение определенного периода, покупатель вправе избрать дату в пределах этого периода. А 5. Переход рисков Продавец несет все риски утраты или повреждения товара до момента его поставки в соответствии с пунктом А4, за исключением рисков утраты или повреждения при обстоятельствах, указанных в пункте Б5. А 6. Распределение расходов Продавец обязан оплатить: а) все относящиеся к товару расходы, до момента его поставки в соответствии с пунктом А4, за исключением расходов, оплачиваемых покупателем, как это предусмотрено в пункте Б6; и б) если потребуется, расходы по выполнению таможенных формальностей, подлежащих оплате при вывозе товара, а также любые пошлины, налоги и иные расходы, уплачиваемые при вывозе. А 7. Извещения покупателю Продавец обязан, за счет и на риск покупателя, передать ему достаточное либо о том, что товар был поставлен в соответствии с пунктом А4, либо, что судно не приняло товар в согласованный период. А 8. Документ поставки Продавец обязан за свой счет предоставить покупателю обычное доказательство того, что товар поставлен в соответствии с пунктом А4.   Если таким доказательством не является транспортный документ, продавец обязан по просьбе покупателя, за его счет и на его риск оказать ему содействие в получении транспортного документа. А. 9. Проверка, упаковка, маркировка Продавецобязан нести все расходы, связанные с проверкой товара (проверка качества, измерение, взвешивание, подсчет), необходимой для поставки товара в соответствии с пунктом А4, а также расходы по инспектированию товара перед отгрузкой, которое приписывается властями страны вывоза.   Продавец обязан за свой счет обеспечить упаковку товара, за исключением случаев, когда в данной отрасли торговли обычно принято отгружать указанный в договоре товар без упаковки. Продавец может упаковать товар таким образом, как это необходимо для его перевозки, если только покупатель до заключения договора купли-продажи не известит продавца о специфических требованиях к упаковке. Маркировка указанного товара должна быть осуществлена надлежащим образом. А10. Содействие в получении информации и относящиеся к этому расходы Если потребуется, продавец обязан своевременно предоставить покупателю или оказать ему в получении, по просьбе покупателя, на его риск и за его счет, документов и информации, включая информацию по безопасности, которая может потребоваться покупателю для ввоза товара и/или его транспортировки до конечного пункта назначения.   Продавец обязан возместить покупателю все расходы и сборы, понесенные покупателем при получении или предоставлении содействия в получении документов и информации, как предусмотрено в пункте Б10. Б. Обязанности покупателя Б 1. Общие обязанности покупателя Покупатель обязан уплатить цену товара, как это предусмотрено в договоре купли-продажи. Любой документ, упомянутый в пунктах Б1 – Б10, может быть в виде эквивалентной электронной записи или иной процедуры, если это согласовано сторонами или является обычным. Б 2. Лицензии, разрешения, контроль безопасности и иные формальности Если потребуется, покупатель обязан получить за свой счет и на свой риск импортную лицензию или иное официальное разрешение и выполнить все таможенные формальности, необходимые для ввоза товара и его транспортировки через любую страну. Б 3. Договоры перевозки и страхования   a) Договор перевозки. Покупатель обязан за свой счет заключить договор перевозки товара от поименованного порта отгрузки, за исключением случаев, когда договор перевозки заключается продавцом, как указано в пункте А3а).   б) Договор страхования. У покупателя нет обязанности перед продавцом по заключению договора страхования. Б 4. Принятие поставки Покупатель обязан принять поставку товара, как только он поставлен в соответствии с пунктом А4. Б 5. Переход рисков Покупатель несет все риски утраты или повреждения товара, которые могут возникнуть с момента его поставки в соответствии с пунктом А4. Если: а) покупатель не представляет извещение в соответствии с пунктом Б7, или б) номинированное покупателем судно не прибыло вовремя, или не приняло товар, или закрыло погрузку ранее времени, о котором было сообщено в соответствии с пунктом Б7; покупатель несет все риски утраты или повреждения товара с согласованной даты или с даты истечения согласованного периода, при условии, что товар был явным образом индивидуализирован как товар, являющийся предметом договора. Б 6. Распределение расходов Покупатель обязан оплатить: a) все относящиеся к товару расходы с момента его поставки, как предусмотрено в пункте А4, за исключением если потребуется, расходов по выполнению таможенных формальностей, а также всех налогов, пошлин и сборов, подлежащих уплате при вывозе товара, как предусмотрено в пункте А6б);   b) все дополнительные расходы, возникшие вследствие: i) ненаправления покупателем надлежащего извещения в соответствии с пунктом Б7, или   ii) того, что номинированное покупателем судно не прибыло вовремя, или было не в состоянии принять товар, или прекратило принятие груза до установленного в пункте Б7 времени, при условии, что товар был явным образом индивидуализирован как товар, являющийся предметом договора;   c) если потребуется, все расходы по оплате налогов, пошлин и иных официальных сборов, а также по выполнению таможенных формальностей, подлежащих оплате при ввозе товара, и расходы по его транспортировке через любую страну. Б 7. Извещения продавцу Покупатель обязан передать продавцу надлежащее извещение о наименовании судна, месте погрузки и, если необходимо, об избранном моменте поставки в пределах согласованного периода. Б 8. Доказательство поставки Покупатель обязан принять доказательства поставки, предоставленные, как предусмотрено в пункте А8. Б 9. Инспектирование товара Покупательобязан нести расходы по обязательному инспектированию товара перед отгрузкой, за исключением случаев, когда такое инспектирование осуществляется по предписанию властей страны вывоза. Б 10. Содействие в получении информации и относящиеся к этому расходы Покупатель обязан своевременно сообщать продавцу о требованиях в отношении информации по безопасности с тем, чтобы продавец мог действовать в соответствии с пунктом А10. Покупатель обязан возмещать продавцу возникшие у него расходы и сборы по предоставлению или оказанию содействия в получении документов и информации, как это предусмотрено в пункте А10. Если потребуется, покупатель обязан своевременно предоставить продавцу или содействовать в получении продавцом, по просьбе продавцом, на его риск и за его счет, документов и информации, включая информацию по безопасности, которая может потребоваться продавцу для перевозки, вывоза товара и для его транспортировки через любую страну.   FOB FREE ON BOARD / СВОБОДНО НА БОРТУ (с указанием порта отгрузки) A. Обязанности продавца А1. Общие обязанности продавца Продавец обязан в соответствии с договором купли-продажи предоставить покупателю товар, коммерческий счет-инвойс, а также любое иное доказательство соответствия товара, которое может потребоваться по условиям договора. Любой документ, упомянутый в пунктах А1 – А10, может быть заменен эквивалентной электронной записью или процедурой, если это согласовано сторонами или является обычным. А 2. Лицензии, разрешения, контроль безопасности и иные формальности Если потребуется, продавец обязан, за свой счет и на свой риск, получить экспортную лицензию или иное официальное разрешение и выполнить все таможенные формальности, необходимые для вывоза товара. А 3. Договоры перевозки и страхования   a) Договор перевозки. У продавца нет обязанности перед покупателем по заключению договора перевозки. Однако по просьбе покупателя или если это является коммерческой практикой и покупатель своевременно не дает инструкции об ином, продавец может за счет и на риск покупателя заключить договор перевозки на обычных условиях. В любом случае продавец может отказаться от заключения договора перевозки, без промедления известив об этом покупателя.   b) Договор страхования. У продавца нет обязанности перед покупателем по заключению договора страхования. Однако продавец обязан предоставить покупателю, по его просьбе, на его риск и за его счет (при наличии расходов), информацию, необходимую покупателю для получения страхования. А 4. Поставка Продавец обязан поставить товар либо путем помещения на борт судна, номинированного покупателем, в пункте погрузки, если таковой имеется, указанном покупателем в поименованном порту отгрузки, либо путем обеспечения предоставления поставленного таким образом товара. В том и другом случае продавец обязан поставить товар в согласованную дату или в согласованный период в соответствии с обычаями порта. Если конкретный пункт погрузки не указан покупателем, продавец может выбрать в поименованном порту отгрузки пункт, который наиболее подходит для его целей. А 5. Переход рисков Продавец несет все риски утраты или повреждения товара до момента его поставки в соответствии с пунктом А4, за исключением рисков утраты или повреждения при обстоятельствах, указанных в пункте Б5. А 6. Распределение расходов Продавец обязан оплатить: а) все относящиеся к товару расходы, до момента его поставки в соответствии с пунктом А4, за исключением расходов, оплачиваемых покупателем, как это предусмотрено в пункте Б6; и б) если потребуется, расходы по выполнению таможенных формальностей, подлежащих оплате при вывозе товара, а также любые пошлины, налоги и иные расходы, уплачиваемые при вывозе. А 7. Извещения покупателю Продавец обязан, за счет и на риск покупателя, передать ему достаточное извещение либо о том, что товар был поставлен в соответствии с пунктом А4, либо, что судно не приняло товар в согласованный период. А 8. Документ поставки Продавец обязан за свой счет предоставить покупателю обычное доказательство того, что товар поставлен в соответствии с пунктом А4. Если таким доказательством не является транспортный документ, продавец обязан по просьбе покупателя, за его счет и на его риск оказать ему содействие в получении транспортного документа. А. 9. Проверка, упаковка, маркировка Продавецобязан нести все расходы, связанные с проверкой товара (проверка качества, измерение, взвешивание, подсчет), необходимой для поставки товара в соответствии с пунктом А4, а также расходы по инспектированию товара перед отгрузкой, которое приписывается властями страны вывоза.   Продавец обязан за свой счет обеспечить упаковку товара, за исключением случаев, когда в данной отрасли торговли обычно принято отгружать указанный в договоре товар без упаковки. Продавец может упаковать товар таким образом, как это необходимо для его перевозки, если только покупатель до заключения договора не известит продавца о специфических требованиях к упаковке. Маркировка указанного товара должна быть осуществлена надлежащим образом. А10. Содействие в получении информации и относящиеся к этому расходы Если потребуется, продавец обязан своевременно предоставить покупателю или оказать ему содействие в получении, по просьбе покупателя, на его риск и за его счет, документов и информации, включая информацию по безопасности, которая может потребоваться покупателю для ввоза товара и/или его транспортировки до конечного пункта назначения. Продавец обязан возместить покупателю все расходы и сборы, понесенные покупателем при получении или предоставлении содействия в получении документов и информации, как предусмотрено в пункте Б10. Б. Обязанности покупателя Б 1. Общие обязанности покупателя Покупатель обязан уплатить цену товара, как это предусмотрено в договоре купли-продажи. Любой документ, упомянутый в пунктах Б1 – Б10, может быть в виде эквивалентной электронной записи или иной процедуры, если это согласовано сторонами или является обычным. Б 2. Лицензии, разрешения, контроль безопасности и иные формальности Если потребуется, покупатель обязан получить за свой счет и на свой риск импортную лицензию или иное официальное разрешение и выполнить все таможенные формальности, необходимые для ввоза товара и его транспортировки через любую страну. Б 3. Договоры перевозки и страхования   a) Договор перевозки. Покупатель обязан за свой счет заключить договор перевозки товара от поименованного порта отгрузки, за исключением случаев, когда договор перевозки заключается продавцом, как указано в пункте А3а).   б) Договор страхования. У покупателя нет обязанности перед продавцом по заключению договора страхования. Б 4. Принятие поставки Покупатель обязан принять поставку товара, как только он поставлен в соответствии с пунктом А4. Б 5. Переход рисков Покупатель несет все риски утраты или повреждения товара, которые могут возникнуть с момента его поставки в соответствии с пунктом А4. Если: а) покупатель не сообщает наименование судна в соответствии с пунктом Б7, или   б) номинированное покупателем судно не прибыло вовремя с тем, чтобы продавец мог действовать в соответствии с пунктом А4, не в состоянии принять товар или прекратило принятие ранее времени, о котором было сообщено в соответствии с пунктом Б7; покупатель несет все риски утраты или повреждения товара: i) с согласованной даты, а при отсутствии согласованной даты, ii) с даты извещения, сделанного продавцом в соответствии с пунктом А7 в рамках согла


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