ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Underline the clauses and translate the following sentences into Russian.



Подчеркните придаточное предложение и переведите на русский язык.

1. If he breaks the rules he will be fined. 2. Please, don’t touch anything until the police arrive. 3. They will be surprised if I come to the hearing. 4. He will write a report if he has enough information. 5. What shall we do if they are late? 6. Unless you try to hide anything, you will have nothing to fear.

11. Choose the right variant.

Выберите правильный вариант глагола в придаточном предложении.

1. If the weather … fine we shall go to the country.

a). is

b). was

c). will be

2. When everybody … we shall begin the meeting.

a). is coming

b). comes

c). will come

3. We shall give you a call as soon as he …

a). is arriving

b). will arrive

c). arrives

Read the text.

Прочтите текст.

The Most Glamorous Aspect of Police Work.

The basic responsibility of the police is to fight crime, maintain order, and provide miscellaneous services to the public. Patrol remains the basic manner in which police services are delivered to the public.

Criminal investigation is the most glamorous aspect of policing. Most police officers regard detective work as “real” police work. Detective work has a specific mission: apprehending the offender. The quality of work can also be measured in terms or the number of arrests. This contrasts sharply with patrol duty, which largely involves peacekeeping. Good detectives are believed to be able to solve most crimes, so the citizen-victim becomes angry when the police fail to solve the crime he or she suffered from.

The process of investigating a crime involves several different steps performed by at least three different units within the police department: patrol officers, detectives, and criminalistics technicians. The two major stages of the investigation process are the preliminary investigation and the follow-up investigation. The preliminary investigation is normally the responsibility of the patrol officer who is the first to arrive at the scene of the crime. The 5 major responsibilities include:

1) arresting any suspect or suspects,

2) providing aid to any victims,

3) securing the crime scene to prevent loss of evidence,

4) collecting all relevant physical evidence, and preparing a preliminary report.

Once the responding officer has completed the preliminary investigation, the case is assigned to the detective bureau for the follow-up investigation.

The follow-up investigation includes the following steps:

1. interrogation of suspect or suspects, if arrested at the scene of the crime;

2. interview of witnesses;

3. search of the crime scene for physical evidence;

4. modus operandi review to determine if the crime is similar to others under investigation or resembles crimes committed by known suspects;

5. development of additional information from informants, contacts, official records;

6. preparation of reports.

To obtain information about suspected criminal activity, the police make use of informants. Persons who are either criminals themselves or who associate with criminals are extremely valuable sources of information. Police officers seek to develop a list of informants.

Translate the marked paragraphs of the text into Russian.

Переведите отмеченные абзацы письменно.

Put all types of questions to the next sentences.

Поставьте все типы вопросов к следующим предложениям. Обозначьте тип вопроса.

1. Most police officers regard detective work as “real” police work.

2. The two major stages of the investigation process are the preliminary investigation and the follow-up investigation.

Divide the text into logical parts. Give a name to each part.

Разделите текст на смысловые части и озаглавьте каждую.

Answer the questions on the text.

Ответьте на вопросы по тексту.

1. What are the basic duties of the police?

2. What do most of the police officers think about the detective work?

3. What steps does the process of investigation consist of?

4. Whose responsibility is the preliminary investigation?

5. Why do the police make use of informants?

Give a brief summary of the text in English.

Напишите на английском языке краткую аннотацию прочитанного текста. ( см. гл. IV.)

Курс, 4 семестр.

Контрольная работа № 4.

Вариант 2.

Translate into Russian the following word families and word combinations.

Переведите на русский язык и укажите каким способом образованы следующие слова.

1. to enforce – force – enforcement – law enforcement.

2. to complain – complaint.

3. to cause – cause – causation – causeless.

4. to bail – bail – bailable

5. to appeal – appeal – appealable

An unsuccessful appeal; an unreasonable cause; an unlawful arrest; unmotivated offences.

Underline the verbs in the Passive Voice, write down in what tenses they are used and translate the sentences into Russian.

Подчеркните глаголы в пассивном (страдательном) залоге, напишите в каком из времен они употреблены и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The first Russian University was founded in 1755.

2. The text has already been translated.

3. What specialists are trained at the Moscow Law Institute?

4. The Common Law offences had been codified by 1986.

5. The robber will be released on bail.

Put the verbs in brackets in the proper tense (Present, Past, Future Indefinite) and voice.

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в соответствующем времени (Present, Past или Future Indefinite) и залоге.

1. This program (to broadcast) again tomorrow night. 2. Your report must (to divide) into two chapters. 3. Hockey (to play) in winter. 4. Russia (to wash) by seas and oceans in the North and in the East. 5. I am sure the exams (to pass) successfully. 6. English (to speak) at our English tutorials.

Change the following sentences from active to passive form (Keep the same tense with each change).

Замените активный залог на пассивный в следующих предложениях, не меняя время активного залога.

1. The students saw this English film yesterday. 2. He has just finished his report. 3. The Law Institute trains future investigators, detectives for Minsk and Minsk region. 4. He is working at his English successfully. 5. My friend has taken this newspaper.

6. They offered her some interesting work. 7. Someone murdered a man outside his house last night.

Translate into English using the Passive voice.

Переведите на английский язык, используя страдательный залог.

1. Все участники событий были опрошены полицейским. 2. Этот перевод будет закончен через несколько дней. 3. Собор Святого Павла был построен архитектором Реном. 4. Его воспитала сестра. 5. Специальным предметам нас будут обучать на третьем и четвертом курсах. 6. Что ему обещали? 7. Мне посоветовали поступить в юридический институт.

Change into indirect speech.

Замените прямую речь косвенной.

1. Mother said to her son, “A computer will be bought for your birthday.”

Mother promised …

2. He said to his friends, “I am leaving for Great Britain on Monday.”

He informed his friends …

3. “Shall I ever see him again?” she said. She wondered…

4. He said, “Who is playing the piano so well?” He was interested to know …

5. “Don’t drive too fast,” she said to him.. She advised …

6. “Put your pistol on the table,” said the crook. The crook ordered …

7. The detective said, “How many people know the combination of the safe?”

The detective asked …

Underline the verbs in the object clauses, write down the tenses in which they are used and translate the sentences.

Подчеркните глаголы в придаточных предложениях, напишите в каком времени они употреблены и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. She asked me where I lived.

2. The guard told him not to worry and go home quietly.

3. Our teacher asked the students why they were not taking the exams.

4. The clerk said that it would take a little time to look up my file.

5. His wife asked him not to do anything dangerous.

6. I asked if I could speak to the dean.

7. He asked me what I should do if I did not find the article I needed.

8. Translate the following sentences into English using the rules of the Sequence of Tenses.





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