ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Замените прямую речь косвенной.



1. Bill said, “I have missed my train. Now I will be late for work and my boss will be furious.” Bill remarked …

2. She said, “Yes, you were right yesterday.” She admitted …

3. “Did any of you actually see the accident happen?” said the policeman.

The policeman inquired…

4. He said to her, “Who called while I was out?” He wanted to know …

5. “Don’t argue with her,” I said. I advised …

6. “Open the safe,” the raiders said to the bank clerk. The raiders ordered the bank clerk …

7. He said to her, “Why does he speak so loudly?” He wondered…

7. Underline the verbs in the object clauses, write down the tenses in which they are used and translate the sentences.

Подчеркните глаголы в придаточных предложениях, напишите в каком времени они употреблены и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. They asked me when I was leaving for Minsk.

2. The teacher asked us when Byron was born.

3. He said he had served in the Far East two years before.

4. They didn’t know if they would watch the football match the next day.

5. The examiner asked me how long I had been learning English.

6. He said that the lecture in Criminalistics would take place that day.

7.We are told that we shall take our English exam next year.

8. Translate the following sentences into English using the rules of the Sequence of Tenses.

Переведите предложения на английский язык, используя правила согласования времен.

1. Судья спросил меня, что я делал возле банка.

2. Я думал, что ты собираешься поехать в Лондон.

3. Я знал, что поверенный подождет меня.

4. Он спросил секретаря, почему почта еще не отправлена.

5. Нарушитель полагал, что сможет обойти закон.

Match part I and part II.

Соотнесите две части предложения.

I II

1. She asked a). had been warned.
2. I want to know b). how old I was.
3.I thought you c). he would join us.
4. Mike promised d). what time it is.

Underline the clauses and translate the following sentences into Russian.

Подчеркните придаточное предложение и переведите его на русский язык.

1. If the weather changes tomorrow, it will be fine. 2. We don’t know if she comes to the party. 3. As soon as we find out their legal address we shall contact you. 4. If you run after two hares, you will catch neither. 5. I shall go for a walk as soon as I finish my work. 6. Please, stay here until I return.

Choose the right variant.

Выберите правильный вариант глагола в придаточном предложении.

1. Unless they improve their attitude towards the work, they … the exam.

a). would fail

b). will fail

c). fail

2. When you go abroad … very attentive.

a). are

b). will be

c). be

3. If your teeth hurt you, you … a dentist.

a). ought to see

b). should see

c). would see

Read the text.

Прочтите текст.

***

Criminal trials in the United Kingdom take the form of a contest between the prosecution and the defence. Since the law presumes the innocence of an accused person until guilt has been proved, the prosecution is not granted any advantage, apparent or real, over the defence. A defendant (in Scotland called an accused) has the right to employ a legal adviser and may be granted legal aid from public funds. If remained in custody, the person may be visited by a legal adviser to ensure a properly prepared defence. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland during the preparation of the case, the prosecution usually tells the defence of relevant documents which are not proposed to put in evidence and discloses them if asked to do so. The prosecution should also inform the defence of witnesses whose evidence may help the accused and whom the prosecution does not propose to call. The defence or prosecution may suggest that the defendant’s mental state renders him or her unfit to be tried. If the jury decides that this is so, the defendant is admitted to a special hospital.

Criminal trials are normally held in an open court and rules of evidence (concerned with the proof of facts) are rigorously applied. If evidence is improperly admitted, a conviction can be quashed on appeal. During the trials the defendant has the right to hear or cross-examine witnesses for the prosecution, normally through a lawyer; to call his or her own witnesses who, if they do not attend voluntarily, may be legally compelled to attend; and to address the court in person or through a lawyer, the defence having the right to the last speech at the trial. The defendant cannot be questioned without consenting to be sworn as a witness in his or her own defence. When he or she does testify, cross-examination about character or other conduct may be made only in exceptional circumstances; generally the prosecution may not introduce such evidence.

In jury trials the judge decides questions of law, sums up the evidence for the jury and instructs it on the relevant law, and discharges the accused or passes sentence. Only the jury decides whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty.

A jury is completely independent of the judiciary. Any attempt to interfere with a jury once it is sworn in is punishable under the Contempt of Court Act 1981.

People between the ages of 18 and 65 whose names appear on the electoral register, with certain exceptions, are liable for jury service and their names are chosen at random. Ineligible persons include the judiciary, priests, people who have within the previous ten years been members of the legal profession, the Lord Chancellor’s Department, or the police, prison and probation services, and certain sufferers from mental illness.

Translate the marked paragraphs of the text into Russian.

Переведите отмеченные абзацы письменно.

Put all types of questions to the next sentences.

Поставьте все типы вопросов к следующим предложениям. Обозначьте тип вопроса.

A defendant has the right to employ a legal adviser and may be granted legal aid from public funds.

1. Only the jury decides whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty.

Read the next sentences and mark the sentences, which are true to the text.

Translate them into Russian.

Прочитайте предложения, переведите их и укажите номера предложений, которые соответствуют содержанию текста.

1. A defendant cannot employ a legal adviser and has no public support.

2. The prosecution should inform the defence of witnesses whose evidence may help the accused and whom the prosecution does not propose to call.

3. Only the judge decides whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty.

4. If the jury returns a verdict of “not guilty”, the prosecution gets the right of appeal and the defendant may be tried again for the same offence.

5. People between ages of 18 and 65 whose names appear on the electoral register are liable for jury service.

6. Ineligible persons include the judiciary, priests, people who have within the previous 10 years been members of the legal profession, the Lord Chancellor’s Department, or the police, prison and probation services, and certain sufferers from mental illness.

Answer the questions on the text.

Ответьте на вопросы по тексту.

1. What is the usual form of criminal trials in the UK?

2. What rights does the defendant have before the trial?

3. What rights does the defendant have during the trial?

4. How do they choose people for jury service?

5. Name some categories of people who can’t be chosen as members of jury.

Give the title to the text. Give a brief summary of the text in English.

Озаглавьте текст. Напишите на английском языке краткую аннотацию прочитанного текста. ( Cм. Гл. IV.)

Курс, 4 семестр.

Контрольная работа № 4.

Вариант 4.

Translate into Russian the following word families and word combinations.

Переведите на русский язык и укажите каким способом образованы следующие слова.

.

1. to accuse – accusation – accused – accusing.

2. to identify – identification – identified – identity.

3. to prosecute – prosecution – prosecutor.

4. to warrant – warrant – unwarranted.

5. to penalize – penalty – penal.

A noncriminal person, an unwarranted arrest, a baseless charge, improper evidence.

Underline the verbs in the Passive Voice, write down in what tenses they are used and translate the sentences into Russian.





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