What does this mean in practice? 





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What does this mean in practice?



The essence of the PfP programme is a partnership formed individually between each Partner country and NATO, tailored to individual needs and jointly implemented at the level and pace chosen by each participating government.

Political commitments

The formal basis for the Partnership for Peace is the Framework Document, which sets out specific undertakings for each Partner country.

Each Partner country makes a number of far-reaching political commitments to preserve democratic societies; to maintain the principles of international law; to fulfil obligations under the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Helsinki Final Act and international disarmament and arms control agreements; to refrain from the threat or use of force against other states; to respect existing borders; and to settle disputes peacefully.

Specific commitments are also made to promote transparency in national defence planning and budgeting to establish democratic control over armed forces, and to develop the capacity for joint action with NATO in peacekeeping and humanitarian operations.

The Framework Document also enshrines a commitment by the Allies to consult with any Partner country that perceives a direct threat to its territorial integrity, political independence or security – a mechanism which, for example, Albania and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia made use of during the Kosovo crisis.

A MENU OF PRACTICAL ACTIVITIES

Partner countries choose individual activities based on their ambitions and abilities. These are put forward to NATO in what is called a Presentation Document.

An Individual Partnership Programme is then jointly developed and agreed between NATO and each Partner country. These two-year programmes are drawn up from an extensive menu of activities, according to each country’s specific interests and needs. Cooperation focuses in particular on defence-related work, defence reform and managing the consequences of defence reform, but touches on virtually every field of NATO activity, including defence policy and planning, civil-military relations, education and training, air defence, communications and information systems, crisis management, and civil emergency planning.

4.s Answer the questions

 

1. What is PfP?

2. What is the main purpose of PfP?

3. What is the essence of the PfP?

4. What political commitments do Partner countries make?

5. What are the practical activities concerning PfP?

 

5. Complete the speech bubbles

 

1. The ________________ is a program of practical bilateral cooperation between individual Partner countries and NATO.

2. The _______ of the PfP program is a partnership formed individually between each Partner country and NATO, _______ to individual needs and jointly _______ at the level and pace chosen by each participating government.

3. The formal basis for the Partnership for Peace is the _______, which sets out specific _______ for each Partner country.

4. Specific _______ are also made to promote transparency in national defense planning and _______ to establish democratic control over armed forces.

5. Partner countries choose individual activities based on their _______ and abilities.

6.ó ® Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups

 

1. How can you describe Ukraine’s participation in PfP?

2. What is your attitude to NATO’s enlargement?

3. What is the purpose to PfP?

7. Translate words and word combinations into English

 

Партнерство заради миру, двостороннє співробітництво, взаємовідносини, індивідуальні потреби, роззброєння, поважати існуючі кордони, прозорість, миротворчі і гуманітарні операції, амбіції, пріоритети, стабільність, демократичні принципи, суть, політичні зобов’язання, міжнародне право, демократичний контроль.

 

8.> Read, decipher and translate abbreviations

 

PfP; NATO.


GRAMMAR

PASSIVE (5)

9. Match the beginning of the sentence on the left with its ending on the right.

 

1. The experiment a) been held recently?
2. The mail b) was erected three hundred years ago.
3. These machines c) was being looked for everywhere.
4. When can the new equipment d) will be described in several journals.
5. It’s a pity the concert e) are made and contracts are signed in this office.
6. Are the orders f) is being designed by several well-known architects.
7. If we use the old methods, a lot of time g) were built with very simple tools many years ago.
8. Something important h) was not recorded.
9. No decisions i) are going to be tested again.
10. This monument j) have been taken yet.
11. Offers k) was being discussed, so I sat down to listen.
12. Have any interesting exhibitions or fairs l) may be wasted and very little be achieved.
13. All these little wooden houses m) always fulfilled in time?
14. The future church n) is usually brought at 9 a.m.
15. The lost dog o) be installed?

 

10. Change the following sentences into the Passive Voice, using the Indefinite Tenses (give two forms where possible).

 

Example: Tom gave her a book. – She was given a book. The book was given to her.

 

1. He broke my watch.

2. The teacher explained the rule to the students.

3. He often asks me to help them.

4. They usually do written exercises in class.

6. She will make a new discovery soon.

7. Steve will make a report at the conference.

8. They play tennis all year round.

9. His friends never forgave his betrayal.

10. The manager offers me several jobs.

11. They will promise you much, but don't imagine they will give you everything.

12. His parents regularly sent him parcels with fruit from their garden.

13. They will give me a leave in July if there is no urgent work.

14. The Spanish government offered Columbus three ships.

15. They usually send their children to camp for summer.

16. The officer charged him with a very important mission.

17. I'm sure we'll settle the matter easily.

18. The policeman fined the driver for exceeding the speed limit.

19. Somebody calls her every day.

20. We request the passengers leaving for London to register.

21. The manager will sign contracts tomorrow.

 

11. Change the following sentences into the Passive Voice, using the Indefinite Tenses (pay attention to prepositions).

 

Example: She looks after him well. — He is well looked after (by her).

 

1. We sent for the police.

2. They speak much about this book.

3. They often laugh at him.

4. They listened to our conversation very attentively.

5. I think they will wait for us only in a week.

6. Nobody took notice of his late arrival.

7. We looked through all the advertisements very attentively.

8. He was a brilliant speaker, and whenever he spoke, the audience listened to him with great attention.

9. They will look after him in hospital much better.

10. Everybody looked at her new dress with interest.

11. She sent them for a taxi.

12. People will talk much about the successful performance of the young actress.

13. They always make fun of him.

14. The teacher pointed out gross mistakes in the translation.

15. He referred to very interesting plans. They agreed upon Monday as the most suitable day. He did not touch upon this question unfortunately. They spoke to him about his promotion yesterday.

 

12. Change the following sentences into the Passive Voice, using the Continuous Tenses.

 

Example: They are solving a difficult problem now. — The problem is being solved now.

 

1. Don't come in! The professor is examining students.

2. Can I read the article? — No, the secretary is typing it.

3. We had to hurry. They were waiting for us.

5. It was noisy. Nobody was listening to him.

6. Does he realize that they are laughing at him?

7. Look at this man. I think he is following us.

8. Listen carefully! He is giving a very interesting talk.

9. The waiter is serving us rather fast.

10. The secretary was looking through morning mail.

11. The interpreter is translating their conversation rather well.

12. The briefing is in full swing. The correspondents are interviewing the participants of the conference.

13. The company was developing a new project.

14. You can't watch the film now. The mechanic is fixing the TV set.


UNIT 27:

NATO

Lesson 6





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