PAST PERFECT (I had done) and



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

PAST PERFECT (I had done) and



PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS (I had been doing)

8. Read the situation and write sentences from the words in brackets.

 

1. You went to Jill’s house but she wasn’t there. (she / go / out) … She had gone out …
2. You went back to your home town after many years. It wasn’t the same as before. (it / change / a lot) ………….
3. I invited Rachel to the party but she couldn’t come. (she / arrange / to do something else) ……………………
4. You went to the cinema last night. You arrived at the cinema late. (the film / already / begin) ………………
5. I was very pleased to see Tim again after such a long time. (I / not / see / him for five years) ……………….
6. I offered Sue something to eat but she wasn’t hungry. (she / just / have / breakfast) ………………

 

9. Read the situations and write sentences ending with before. Use the verb given in brackets.

 

1. The man sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous. It was his first flight. (fly) …He had never flown before. OR He hadn’t flown before
2. A woman walked into the room. She was a complete stranger to me. (see) I ………………… before.
3. Simon played tennis yesterday. He wasn't very good at it because it was his first game. (play) He ……………….
4. Last year we went to Denmark. It was our first time there. (be) We …………………

 

10. Put the verb into the correct form, past perfect (I had done etc.) or past simple (I did etc.).

 

1 “Was Tom at the party when you arrived?” “No, he … had gone… (go) home.”

2 I felt very tired when I got home, so I …….. (go) straight to bed.

3 The house was very quiet when I got home. Everybody ……….. (go) to bed.

4 Sorry I’m late. The car ……………. (break) down on my way here.

5 We were driving along the road when we …….. (see) a car which ………(break) down, so we …………………. (stop) to see if we could help.

 

11. Read the situations and make sentences from the words in brackets.

 

1. I was very tired when I arrived home. (I/work/hard all day) … I had been working hard all day.
2. The two boys came into the house. They had a football and they were both very tired. (they / play / football) …………………
3. There was nobody in the room but there was a smell of cigarettes. (somebody / smoke / in the room) …………………..
4. Ann woke up in the middle of the night. She was frightened and didn't know where she was. (she/dream) …………………
5. When I got home, Mike was sitting in front of the TV. He had just turned it off. (he/watch/TV) …………………

 

12. Put the verb into the most suitable form, past continuous (I was doing), past perfect (I had done) or past perfect continuous (I had been doing).

 

1. It was very noisy next door. Our neighbors ...were having... (have) a party.

2. We were good friends. We ...had known… (know) each other for a long time.

3. John and I went for a walk. I had difficulty keeping up with him because he ……………….. (walk) so fast.

4. Mary was sitting on the ground. She was out of breath. She ……(run).

5. When I arrived, everybody was sitting round the table with their mouths full. They ……… (eat).

6. When I arrived, everybody was sitting round the table and talking. Their mouths were empty but their stomachs were full. They ……… (eat).

7. Jim was on his hands and knees on the floor. He …… (look) for his contact lens.

8. When I arrived, Kate ……… (wait) for me. She was rather annoyed with me because I was late and she ……… (wait) for a very long time.

9. I was sad when I sold my car. I ………… (have) it for a very long time.

10. We were extremely tired at the end of the journey. We ……. (travel) for more than 24 hours.

 


UNIT 25:

THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE

Lesson 9

PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITY

1.s Try to answer these questions before reading the text

 

1. What do you understand by the term “peacekeeping activity”?

2. What do you know about peacekeeping activity of Ukraine?

3. Is peacekeeping activity important for global security? Why?

 

2. In this exercise we’ll concentrate on the words and word combinations to be sure you know what they mean

peacekeeping –the maintenance of peace, esp the prevention of further fighting between hostile forces in an area;

constituent -forming part of a whole; component;

prerequisite – something required as a prior condition;

significant -important, notable, or momentous;

contingent –a part of a military force, parade, etc;

staff – the officers appointed to assist a commander, service, or central headquarters organization in establishing policy, plans, etc;

to enhance – to intensify or increase in quality, value, power, etc.; improve; augment;

to augment – to make or become greater in number, amount, strength, etc.; increase.

3. Read the text and translate into Ukrainian

PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITY

Participation of Ukraine in peacekeeping activity is believed to be the one of the substantial constituents of its foreign policy as well as an essential prerequisite for ensuring its national security. Since the proclamation of Ukraine's independence and creation of its Armed Forces, Ukraine has been actively participating in peacekeeping operations. It holds a fitting place in the midst of the ten most significant state-contributors to the UN's peacekeeping activity. Our military contingents have gained high prestige.

Participation in peacekeeping activity under NATO's leadership as well as exercises within the framework of the 'Partnership for Peace' programme enabled military personnel of Ukraine to improve their knowledge in Alliance staff procedures concerning logistics, and command and control. At the same time, perspective to enhance the level of Ukrainian participation in peacekeeping operations puts the demands for peacekeeping units on a permanent basis as well as it requires to review some force training programmes and structures. The experience in participation in peacekeeping operations enables to define problematic issues in the field of achievement interoperability with NATO forces. The ability to augment command and control systems and logistics capabilities should be further improved in a way of introducing interoperable systems for logistics and command and control.

 

4.s Answer the questions

 

1. Is it important for our country to participate in peacekeeping operations?

2. What state-contributors to the UN's peacekeeping activity do you know?

3. What is PfP?

4. What experience can our military personnel get in peacekeeping operations?

 

5. Complete the speech bubbles

 

1. Participation of Ukraine in __________ activity is believed to be the one of the __________ constituents of its foreign policy as well as an essential __________ for ensuring its national security. 2. Since the proclamation of Ukraine's independence and creation of its __________, Ukraine has been actively participating in peacekeeping __________. 3. At the same time, perspective __________ the level of Ukrainian participation in peacekeeping operations puts the demands for peacekeeping units on a __________ as well as it requires to review some force __________ and structures. 4. The ability __________ command and control systems and __________ capabilities should be further improved in a way of introducing __________ for logistics and command and control.

 

6.ó ® Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups

 

1. Should Ukraine continue taking part in peacekeeping operations?

2. Are you going to participate in PSO? Why?

 

7. Translate words and word combinations into English

 

Миротворчі операції, держава-контрибутор, “Партнерство заради миру”, тилове забезпечення, набутий досвід, національна безпека, передумова, відповідне місце, військовий контингент, взаємосумісність, розширювати.

 

GRAMMAR

REPORTED SPEECH

8. Yesterday you met a friend of yours, Charlie. Here are some of the things Charlie said to you:

1. I’m living in London now.

2. My father isn’t very well.

3. Sharon and Paul are getting married next month.

4. Margaret has had a baby.

5. I don’t know what Fred is doing.

6. I saw Helen at a party in June and she seemed fine.

7. I haven’t seen Diane recently.

8. I’m not enjoying my job very much.

9. You can come and stay at my flat if you are ever in London.

10. My car was stolen a few weeks ago.

11. I want to go on holiday but I can’t afford it.

12. I’ll tell Ann I saw you.

 

Later that day you tell another friend what Charlie said. Use reported speech.

1. Charlie said that he was living in London then.

2. He said that …………

3. ……………………….

4. ……………………….

5. ……………………….

6. ……………………….

7. ……………………….

8. ……………………….

9. ……………………….

10. ……………………….

11. ……………………….

12. ……………………….

 

9. Somebody says something to you which is the opposite of what they said before. Write a suitable answer beginning I thought you said...

 

1 A: That restaurant is expensive. B: Is it? … I thought you said it was cheap. …
2 A: Ann is coming to the party tonight. B: Is she? I thought you said she …………….
3 A: Ann likes Paul. B: Does she? I thought …………….
4 A: I know lots of people. B: Do you? I thought you said you …………….
5 A: I’ll be there next week. B: Will you? …………….
6 A: I’m going out this evening. B: Are you? …………….
7 A: I can speak a little French. B: Can you? …………….
8 A: I haven’t been to the cinema for ages. B: Haven’t you? …………….

 

10. Here are some things that Ann said to you:

 

ANN I’ve never been to the United States. I don’t have any brothers or sisters. I can’t drive. Jane is a friend of mine. I don’t like fish. Dave is lazy. I’m working tomorrow evening. Jane has a very well-paid job.

 

But later Ann says something different to you. What do you say?

 

ANN YOU
1. Dave works very hard. But you said he was lazy.
2. Let’s have fish for dinner. ………………………………
3. I’m going to buy a car. ………………………………
4. Jane is always short of money. ………………………………
5. My sister lives in London. ………………………………
6. I think New York is a fantastic place. ………………………………
7. Let’s go out tomorrow evening. ………………………………
8. I’ve never spoken to Jane. ………………………………

 

11. Complete the sentences with say or tell (in the correct form). Use only one word each time.

 

1. Ann …said… goodbye to me and left.

2. …………… us about your holiday. Did you have a nice time?

3. Don’t just stand there! ……………… something!

4. I wonder where Sue is. She …………… she would be here at 8 o’clock.

5. Jack …………… me that he was fed up with his job.

6. The doctor ……… that I should rest for at least a week.

7. Don’t ………… anybody what I ……… . It’s a secret just between us.

8. “Did she ………… you what happened?” “No, she didn’t ……. anything to me.”

9. George couldn’t help me. He ………. me to ask Kate.

10. George couldn’t help me. He ………. to ask Kate.

 


UNIT 26:



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