Organization – Headquarters, Department of the Army 

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Organization – Headquarters, Department of the Army

The headquarters, Department of the Army (DA), housed in the Pentagon, Washington, D.C. is the place of final decision as to Army affairs, and the nerve center for control of execution of the military missions pertaining to the Army. It is an organizational component of the Department of Defense (DOD). Located together are the command and control elements of the DOD, and the DA, Department of the Navy (DN), and Department of the Air Force (DAF), so they may work together in easy teamwork, and operate together in jointly planned and executed combined operations.

The Secretary of the Army (SA), a civilian, is the head of the Army who has the primary responsibility for the affairs of Army establishment. He is assisted by other civilian officials and by the Army Staff, which is the professional military staff at the HQ, DA. It consists of the Chief of Staff (CofS), the Army General Staff, the Special Staff and the Personal Staff.

The Chief of Staff is the highest military assistant or advisor to the Secretary of the Army. He occupies the pinnacle position within the Army. He is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) and as a member thereof is adviser to the President, the National Security Council (NSC), and the Secretary of Defense (SECDEF). As Chief of Staff, United States Army (CSUSA), his responsibility is to the SA and includes the worldwide Army mission as well as its administration, training, and supply.


4.s Answer the questions.


1. What is the mission of HQ, DA?

2. What does the Army Staff consist of?

3. Who is the highest military adviser to the SA?

4. What are the responsibilities of the continental armies?


5.ó ® Match the columns.


Adjust fire! a. Cock your weapon.
Go firm! b. Find yourself some protection from enemy fire.
Open fire! c. Remove all ammunition from the weapon and ensure that it is clear.
Incoming! d. Stop moving immediately.
Action stations! e. Prepare to engage armoured vehicles.
Unload! f. Start shooting.
Cease fire! g. A chemical agent has just been used.
Rapid fire! h. Shoot as quickly as possible (artillery or mortars).
Take cover! i. Stop moving and adopt a position of defence.
Gas! Gas! Gas! j. Stop shooting.
Debus! k. Get into a lifeboat; the vessel is about to sink.
Abandon ship! l. Get out of your vehicle.
Fire for effect! m. Shoot as quickly as possible (infantry).
Contact! n. Remove the magazine from the weapon and check that the breech is clear of ammunition. Pull the trigger and apply the safety catch, then replace the magazine on the weapon.
Halt! o. Shells are about to land on our position.
Tank action! p. Go to your battle position immediately.
Make ready! q. Fire one round, so that the fall of shot can be observed (artillery or mortars).
Make safe! r. The enemy has been sighted.


6. Read the text and write a short summary.


The Army initiated a reorganization of its major field commands in 1973. As a result of the reorganization, the old Continental Army Command, the Combat Developments Command, and the US Third Army were abolished. In their places, the new organization provides the US Army Forces Command, US Army Training and Doctrine Command, US Army Development and Readiness Command, US Army Security Agency, US Army Communications Command, Military Traffic Management Command, US Army Criminal Investigation Command, US Army Health Services Command, US Army Military District of Washington.

The three remaining continental armies now have the prime responsibility for supervising the operations and readiness of Army reserve units. Subordinate to Forces Command (FORSCOM), these armies operate through nine Army Readiness Regions. The geographical boundaries of the armies, First, Fifth, and Sixth, as well as Army Readiness Regions, are. Each Readiness Region has a small staff to control Readiness Groups which will assist and advise Army Reserve and National Guard (NG) units on a day-to-day basis. The continental armies are also responsible for civil defense planning, defense of the Army areas, support of forces engaged in civil disturbances, and planning for and support of relief operations for wide-spread natural disasters.


7. Translate into English.


Штаб, підрозділ, взаємодія, штаб сухопутних військ, управління, командування сухопутних військ США, реорганізація, континентальна частина США, матеріально-технічний, міністерство оборони США.



8.ó ® Describe the picture.






  auxiliary verb main verb  
I have lost my keys.
She can’t come to the party.
The hotel was built ten years ago.
Where do you live?  

You can use an auxiliary verb when you don’t want to repeat something:

“Have you locked the door?” “Yes, I have.” (=I have locked the door)

George wasn’t working, but Janet was. (=Janet was working)


Use do/does/did for the present and past simple.

“Do you like onions?” “Yes, I do.” (=I like onions)

“Does Simon live in London?” “He did, but he doesn’t any more.


You can use auxiliary verbs to deny what somebody says (=say it is not true):

“You’re sitting in my place.” “No, I’mnot.” (=I’m not sitting in your place)

“You didn’t lock the door before you left.” “Yes, I did.” (=I locked the door)


We use have you?/isn’t she?/do they? etc. to show interest in what somebody has said or to show surprise:

“I’ve just seen Simon?” “Oh, have you? How is he?”

“It rained every day during our holiday.” “Did it? What a pity!”

“Jim and Nora are getting married.” “Are they? Really?”


After some verbs you can use so when you don’t want to repeat something.

‘Are those people English?” “I think so.’ (=I think they are English)

“Will you be at home this evening?” “I expect so.” (=I expect I’ll be at home)


Affirmative form Negative form
I think so / I expect so I don’t think so / I don’t expect so
I hope so / I’m afraid so / I guess so I hope not / I’m afraid not / I guess not
I suppose so I don’t suppose / I suppose not


“Is this woman American?” “I think so. / I don’t think so.”

“Do you think it will rain?” “I hope so. / I hope not.”

9. Complete each sentence with an auxiliary verb. Sometimes the verb must be negative.


Example:I wasn’t tired, but my friends were.


1. I like hot water, but Ann ______.

2. “Is Collin here?” “ He ______ five minutes ago, but I think he’s gone home now.”

3. Liz said she might phone later this evening, but I don’t think she ______.

4. “Are you and Chris coming to the party?” “I ______, but Chris ______.”

5. I don’t know whether to apply for the job or not. Do you think I ______?

6. “Please, don’t tell anybody what I said.” “Don’t worry, I ______.”

7. “You never listen to me!” “Yes, I ______!”

8. “Can you play a musical instrument?” “No, but I wish I ______.”

9. “Please, help me.” “I’m sorry. I ______ if I ______, but I ______.”


10. You never agree with John. Answer in the way shown.


John You
I’m hungry. Are you? I’m not.
I’m not tired.  
I like football.  
I didn’t enjoy the film.  
I’ve never been to Australia.  
I thought the exam was easy.  


11. You are talking to Alex. If you are in the same position as Alex, reply with So… or Neither… as in the first example. Otherwise, ask questions as in the second example.


Alex You
I’m feeling tired. So am I.
I work hard. Do you? What do you do?
I watched television last night.  
I won’t be at home tomorrow.  
I like reading. I read a lot.  
I’d like to live somewhere else.  
I can’t go out tonight.  
12. In these conversations you are B. read the information in brackets and then answer with I think so, I hope not etc.

1. (You don’t like rain.)

A: Do you think it will rain? B: (hope) I hope not.

2. ( You need more money quickly.)

A: Do you think you’ll get a pay rise soon? B: (hope) _____________________

3. (You think Diane will probably get the job that she applied for.)

A: Do you think Diane will get the job? B: (expect) ______________________

4. (You are not sure whether Barbara is married – probably not.)

A: Is Barbara married? B: (think) _____________________________________

5. (You are the receptionist at a hotel. The hotel is full.)

A: Have you got a room for tonight? B: (afraid) _________________________

6. (You are at a party. You have to leave early.)

A: Do you have to leave already? B: (afraid) ____________________________

7. (Ann normally works every day, Monday to Friday. Tomorrow is Wednesday.)

A: Is Ann working tomorrow? B: (suppose) ____________________________

8. (You are going to a party. You can’t stand John.)

A: Do you think John will be at the party? B: (hope) _____________________

9. (You are not sure what time the concert is – probably 7.30.)

A: Is the concert at 7.30? B: (think) ___________________________________



Command Decision

Patrol Leader: “Sir, I saw a lot of enemy troops about a mile north of here!”

Commanding Officer: “Good! Which way is south?”


An AWOL’s Story

(Told on Monday)

“The cheek of that red cap! He glared at me as if I hadn’t my pass.”

“And what did you do?”

“I glared right back as if I had.”

AWOL = absent without official leave (находящийся в самовольной отлучке)


Calling the Names

At the roll-call Master Sergeant Mouldburn was calling the names from the company roll and got the expected answers from men “Here.” Suddenly he sneezed and several voices immediately replied “Here.”

UNIT 26:

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