THE SECOND OLDEST UNIT IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY 





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THE SECOND OLDEST UNIT IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY



1. In this exercise we’ll concentrate on the words and word combinations to be sure you know what they mean. Glossary: engagements.
battle A major fight between armed forces during the course of a war.
civil war A war fought between people from the same country.
engagement A fight between two small units of opposing armed forces.
guerilla A member of an irregular military group that fights with sudden, unexpected attacks on the official armed forces.
outbreak The sudden beginning of a conflict.
rebel Someone who opposes his government with force.
uprising A situation where a group of people use force to oppose their government.
war An armed conflict where a country uses all its national resources and military strength.
defensive mission An operation designed to cause an enemy attack to fail.
offensive mission An operation to destroy the enemy in order to secure terrain or hold the enemy in position.
reconnaissance mission An operation to obtain information about the enemy and about the area of operations.
security mission An operation to protect a moving force, provide time to react and space to manoeuvre.
2. Read the text and translate it into Ukrainian.

D ARMORED CAVALRY REGIMENT

Formed nearly 160 years ago, the 3d Armoured Cavalry Regiment (the 3d ACR) is the second oldest unit in the United States Army. Originally designated the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen, the Regiment first saw action during the Mexican War in 1847 and it was during this conflict that they earned the title, The Brave Rifles. This is still on the Regiment’s insignia today.

At the end of the Mexican War, the Regiment returned to Missouri and after rebuilding, took up its original mission of escorting settlers westward to the new Oregon territory. In 1851 the Regiment was ordered to Texas to defend the settlers from the Indians. In August 1861, after the outbreak of the American Civil War, the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen was renamed the 3d United States Cavalry Regiment. This was a difficult time, as many officers and men joined the rebels and soldiers found themselves fighting their former comrades. At the end of the Civil War, the Regiment returned to the Western frontier where they were stationed for 30 years.

At the outbreak of World War 1, the 3d Cavalry was deployed to Europe but the use of trenches, barbed wire, gas and machine guns meant that horse cavalry fought in few engagements during that conflict. Although the Regiment was still a horse cavalry unit at the outbreak of World War 2, it was soon converted to mechanized cavalry and re-equipped with armoured vehicles before deployment to Europe. The Regiment was redesignated as the 3d Armoured Cavalry Regiment in 1948.

In the ‘60s and ‘70s – while the war raged in Vietnam – the Regiment was stationed in West Germany, providing rear area security for the 7th US Army and patrolling the East / West German border. The Regiment moved to Fort Lewis, Washington in 1968 and to Fort Bliss, Texas in 1972. The Regimental Support Aviation Troop was combined with the Air Cavalry Troop to form the 4th Aviation Squadron on the 16 October 1988. On 19 May 1996, the Regiment celebrated its 150th anniversary and the 3d ACR moved to its current base, Fort Carson, Colorado.

 

3.s Answer the questions.

 

1. When did the Regiment get their nickname?

2. Why wasn’t the Regiment involved in many battles during World War 1?

3. When did the Regiment exchange their horses for armoured vehicles?

4. What was the Regiment doing during the Vietnam War?

5. How many wars does the text refer to?

4. Match the words with the definitions.
engagement outbreak rebel suppress uprising

1. A situation where a group of people use force to oppose their government.

2. Another word for battle.

3. Someone who opposes their government with force.

4. The sudden beginning of a conflict.

5. To stop opposition using military force.

5. Study the examples. Then complete the text with during, while or for.

Examples:

The Regiment first saw action during the Mexican War.

In the ‘60s and ‘70s – while the war raged in Vietnam – the Regiment was stationed in West Germany.

The Regiment returned to the Western frontier where they were stationed for 30 years.

Text:

In March 2000, the 3d Squadron, the 3d Armoured Cavalry Regiment, deployed to Bosnia (1) ____ six months. (2) ____ it was serving in Bosnia, the Squadron formed part of a multi-national Division. (3) ____ the rotation, soldiers carried out presence patrols. Elections were held (4) ____ the Squadron was in Bosnia. The Squadron was based at Camp Dobol (5) ____ the rotation.

 

6. Match the columns.
battle A war fought between people from the same country.
civil war The sudden beginning of a conflict.
engagement Someone who opposes his government with force.
guerilla A major fight between armed forces during the course of a war.
outbreak An armed conflict where a country uses all its national resources and military strength.
rebel A fight between two small units of opposing armed forces.
uprising A member of an irregular military group that fights with sudden, unexpected attacks on the official armed forces.
war A situation where a group of people use force to oppose their government.
7. Write the corresponding words.
verb adjective or noun
reconnoitre  
defend  
secure  
offend  

GRAMMAR

SPECIAL QUESTIONS

NOTE:wh-questions begin with a “Wh-question word”, What, Which, Where,When, Why, How, How many, etc.

answer required question
That means X. What does this mean?
He was reading a paper. What was he reading?
He was reading ‘The Times’. What paper was he reading?
He was reading a paper. What was he doing?
The desk wason the platform. Where was the desk?
I met George yesterday. When did you meet George?
He did his work carefully. How did he do his work?
I see him twice a week. How often do you see him?
I gave it to George. Who did you give it to?
He made it for me. Who did he make it for?
There were thirty-six boys in the class. How many boys were there in the class?
I have known him since 1998. How long have you known him?
8. Complete the questions with the words: when, what, who, why, how, where, whose, etc.

1. ________ haven’t you invited yet?

2. ________ did she see at her friend’s party?

3. ________ many children do the Smiths have?

4. ________ is your problem?

5. ________ strong is this man?

6. ________ have you done?

7. ________ are you doing here?

8. ________ didn’t you tell him everything yourself?

9. ________ did you put my shoes?

10. ________ have you been working for that company?

11. ________ of these two dresses are you going to buy?

12. ________ are you going?

9. Complete the questions with the words: when, what, who, why, how, where, whose, etc.

13. ________ does he hate pizza?

14. ________ hasn’t arrived yet?

15. ________ is the secret of your happy marriage?

16. ________ restaurant do you prefer?

17. ________ can I help you?

18. ________ shoes are these?

19. ________ car is yours?

20. ________ did you go out with?

21. ________ will he marry her?

22. ________ juice do you want?

23. ________ have you been here?

24. ________ was he late?

25. ________ is your book?

10.ó ® Answer the questions and make up a story about yourself.

1. Where do you study?

2. How long have you been studying here?

3. Have you studied anywhere else? Where? How long?

4. Where do you live?

5. How long have you been living there?

6. Have you lived anywhere else?

7. Where does your mother/father work?

8. Does she/he work in an office/on a farm/at home?

9. Does she/he like her/his work?

10. How long has she/he been working there?

11. How long are you going to study English?

12. What are you going to do after you graduate from the Institute?

13. What kind of work are you going to do?

 

11. Write 4-5 questions for every sentence.

Example.They study English at school.

Do they study English?

What do they study?

Who studies English?

Do they study English or German?

They study English, don’t they?

Where do they study English?

Why do they study English?

1. They are revising for their exam now.

2. They have been learning English for four years.

3. He went to the USA last year.

4. He has never been to Great Britain.

5. They will read this book soon.

6. The Regiment first saw action during the Mexican War.

7.The 3d Armoured Cavalry Regiment is the second oldest unit in the United States Army.

12.ó ® Describe the picture.

LAUGHS PARADE

Horse Cavalryman

“What is a cavalryman, sergeant?”

“Oh, a cavalryman is an old timer who remembers when horse power was a horse.”

Visions

“What’s wrong with you, Private Bridges?”

“I’m sick, sir. Have visions.”

“What visions?”

“I kept seeing MP’s at every street corner when I was in town last weekend. Terribly nervous.”

“Well, here’s my advice, Private. When you leave the unit’s line next time have a pass with you.”

MP = Military Policeman

You, and You

“I want two volunteers for some fatigue duty. What? – No volunteers from the squad?”

“Nobody, sergeant.”

“You, men, don’t know yet Army ways – if there are no volunteers they are called for. You, and you.”

 

Answers (ex. 8, 9): 1. who/whom; 2. who/whom; 3. how; 4. what; 5. how; 6. what; 7. what; 8. why; 9. where; 10. how long; 11. which; 12. where; 13. why; 14. who; 15. what; 16. which; 17. how; 18. whose; 19. which; 20. who/whom; 21. when; 22. how much/which/what; 23. how long; 24. why; 25. what colour.

 


UNIT 26:





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