SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY INSTITUTE OF KYIV NATIONAL TARAS SHEVCHENKO UNIVERSITY





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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY INSTITUTE OF KYIV NATIONAL TARAS SHEVCHENKO UNIVERSITY



Scientific and technical activity at the Institute is an integral part of specialists training for the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The scientists and scholars of the Institute help postgraduate officers and cadets become proficient in modern principles and skills for conducting independent scientific research, jointly develop prospective scientific themes with the wide use of mathematical computer modeling. The results of the department’s research are used in educational process and stipulate the introduction of new courses. The scientists of the Institute make an important contribution to the development of national military science.

The priorities of R&D are: military and technical problems, computer assisted research of methodological studies, military history, military pedagogy and education.

Research and practical conferences, seminars, "round tables" on problems of military history, military legislation, principal directions of social development of the state and concept of military education in Ukraine are systematically held at the Military Institute. It has modern material and technical resources, which facilitate professional preparation of scientific papers, reviews, and dissertations for printing. The Military Scientific Society of postgraduate officers, cadets and students actively works at the Institute.

The Military Institute employs many doctors and candidates of sciences. All officers have practical experience of service in units on positions ranging from company commander to deputy brigade commander.

Research and development is also organized to solve burning military and technical problems, enhance education and training of military specialists, researchers and scholars. The subjects of research represent the main trend in R&D: methods and forms of training, combat employment, comprehensive support of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

The scientific school "Construction and Employment of the Surveillance Systems for Air and Ground Objects" headed by the Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Honored Educator of Ukraine, Lieutenant-General Serhiy Anatoliyovych Zhukov, which has been operational since 1970, is the basic means for training researchers, scientists and educators at the Military Institute.

Postgraduate training of scientists and scholars has been available at the Military Institute since 2000 as part of Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University Internal Postgraduate Courses. Many instructors conduct their research in other educational establishments.

Scientists, scholars, instructors, postgraduates, cadets, and students of the Military Institute take part in scientific conferences, seminars and olympiads, cooperate with the Military Scientific Society.

The Military Institute promotes the development of teachers' skills by educational and methodical training at the departments, independent research, attracting tutors and mentors for beginners, facilitating internal and external postgraduate studies, ensuring ample training conditions at academies, departments and other establishments of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

 

4. s Answer the questions

 

1. What are the priorities of R&D at the Military Institute?

2. What do you know about scientific potential of the Military Institute?

3. What do you know about postgraduate training?

4. What outstanding scientists of the Military Institute do you know?

5. What is the military Scientific Society?

 

5. Complete the speech bubbles

 

1. Scientific and technical activity at the Institute is an ___________ of specialists training for the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

2. The scientists of the Institute make an ___________ to the development of national military science.

3. The priorities of ___________ are: military and technical problems, computer assisted research of methodological studies, ___________, military pedagogy and education.

4. All officers have practical experience of service in units on positions ranging from ___________ to deputy ___________.

5. Scientists, scholars, instructors, ___________, cadets, and students of the Military Institute take part in ___________, seminars and olympiads, cooperate with the Military Scientific Society.

6. Translate words and word combinations into Ukrainian

 

Integral part, scientists and scholars, postgraduate officers, D&D, military legislation, burning problems, surveillance system, scientific school, political science, cartography, radio-electronic devices and systems, postgraduate training.

 

GRAMMAR

PRESENT SIMPLE (I do)

 

7. Complete the sentences using one of the following:

 

cause(s) close(s) drink(s) live(s) open(s) speaks(s) take(s) place

1. Ann ...speaks... German very well. 4. Bad driving………..many accidents.
2. I never………..coffee. 5. My parents............. in a very small flat.
3. The swimming pool....... at 9 o’clock and ........ at 18.30 every day. 6. The Olympic Games......... every four years.
8. Put the verb into the correct form.  
       

 

1. Jane ...doesn’t drink... (not/drink) tea very often.

2. What time...................................... (the banks / close) in Britain?

3. “Where....................................... (Martin/come) from?” “He’s Scottish.”

4. “What........................................ (you/do)?” “I’m an electrical engineer.”

5. It ……. (take) me an hour to get to work. How long (it/take) you?

6. I (play) the piano but I........................................... (not/play) very well.

7. I don't understand this sentence. What …………(this word/mean)?

 

9. Use one of the following verbs to complete these sentences. Sometimes you need the negative:

 

believe eat flow go grow make rise tell translate

1. The earth ...goes… round the sun. 6. An atheist ………….. in God.
2. Rice ...doesn’t grow... in Britain. 7. An interpreter ………. from one language into another.
3. The sun …………in the east. 8. A liar is someone who …….the truth.
4. Bees …………..honey. 9. The River Amazon …………. into the Atlantic Ocean.
5. Vegetarians …………… meat.  
10. Ask Liz questions about herself and her family.

1. You know that Liz plays tennis. You want to know how often. Ask her.

How often ….. do you play …..tennis?

2. Perhaps Liz’s sister plays tennis too. You want to know. Ask Liz. your sister

3. You know that Liz reads a newspaper every day. You want to know which one. Ask her. ………………………………………………………

4. You know that Liz’s brother works. You want to know what he does. Ask Liz. …………………………………………………………………

5. You know that Liz goes to the cinema a lot. You want to know how often. Ask her. …………………………………………………………….

6. You don’t know where Liz’s mother lives. Ask Liz. ………………

11. Complete using one of the following:

I apologise I insist I promise I recommend I suggest

1. It’s a nice day. ...I suggest... we go out for a walk.

2. I won’t tell anybody what you said. ………………………………………

3. (in a restaurant) You must let me pay for the meal ……………………..

4. …………………….….. for what I said about you. It wasn’t true and I shouldn’t have said it.

5. The new restaurant in Hill Street is very good. ………………………….it.

 


UNIT 25:

THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE

Lesson 3

THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE

1.s Try to answer these questions before reading the text

 

1. What do you understand by the term “armed forces”?

2. What do you know about the organization of the armed forces?

3. What are the tasks of the armed forces?

4. What do you know about the Armed Forces of Ukraine?

 

2. In this exercise we’ll concentrate on the words and word combinations to be sure you know what they mean

armed forces – the military forces of a nation or nations, including the army, navy, air force, marines, etc;

defence – resistance against danger, attack, or harm; protection;

sovereignty– supreme and unrestricted power, as of a state; an independent state;

integrity –the state of being whole and not divided;

inviolable –that must be respected and not attacked or destroyed;

compatibility – the ability of people to work together without problems;

instability - lack of stability or steadiness

security – the activities involved in protecting a country, building or person against attack, danger, etc.;

diplomacy – the conduct of the relations of one state with another by peaceful means;

peacemaking– the maintenance of peace, esp. the prevention of further fighting between hostile forces in an area

natural disaster – an unexpected event, such as a flood or a fire, that kills a lot of people or causes a lot of damage;

terrorism – the use of violent action in order to achieve political aims or to force a government to act;

weapons of mass destruction - nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons that can cause indiscriminate death or injury on a large scale (Abbreviation: WMD).

3. Read the text and translate into Ukrainian

THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE

Proceeding from national interests of Ukraine, the principle task of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is to ensure (jointly with other institutes of the state) the defence of Ukraine, to protect its sovereignty, territorial integrity and the inviolability of its borders. This extremely important national interest can be ensured through the establishment of the modern armed forces capable to fulfil the designated tasks and be interoperable enough to act effectively within international formations, including the NATO ones. Accordingly the Armed Forces of Ukraine should be able to act as a part of multinational formations, to have the necessary level of mutual compatibility and to correspond with NATO standards.

Instability and regional conflicts can have a negative impact on the interests of the national security of Ukraine. That is why the Armed Forces should be able to contribute to the formation of international peace and stability through military cooperation as a part of preventive diplomacy, participation in peacemaking and humanitarian operations, multinational operations to regulate crisis situations, including operations to establish peace.

The Armed Forces of Ukraine should be ready to support the relevant authorities and to contribute to the liquidation of natural disasters and man caused catastrophes.

At the same time the Armed Forces of Ukraine should have opportunities to support the relevant law enforcement authorities in their activities with respect to reacting effectively to risks and threats of a non war nature, viz. international terrorism, illegal trade in arms and the spreading of missile technologies, nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, uncontrolled migration, religious and ethnic extremism, other negative phenomena inside the state.

 

4.s Answer the questions

 

1. What is the principle task of the Armed Forces of Ukraine?

2. Why is it important for the Armed Forces of Ukraine to have high level of mutual compatibility?

3. Why the Armed Forces of Ukraine should be able to act as a part of multinational formations?

4. What are possible threats for national security of Ukraine?

5. What are the contributions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine to the formation of international peace?

6. What risks and threats of a non war nature do you know?

7. How do you understand the meaning of the word interoperability?

 

5. Complete the speech bubbles

 

1. This extremely important national interest can be ensured through the ____________ of the modern armed forces capable to fulfil the _______________ and be ___________ enough to act effectively within ___________________________, including the NATO ones.

2. At the same time the Armed Forces of Ukraine should have opportunities to support the relevant ________________________ in their activities with respect to reacting effectively to __________________ of a non war nature, viz. ________________, illegal trade in arms and the spreading of ___________________, nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, _________________, religious and ethnic extremism, other negative phenomena inside the state.

3. The Armed Forces should be able to ____________ to the formation of _________________ and stability through ________________ as a part of _________________, participation in _______________ and _____________ operations.

 

6.ó ® Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups

 

1. What are advantages and disadvantages of powerful armed forces?

2. How can you characterize the Armed Forces of Ukraine?

3. What do you know about military cooperation of Ukraine?

4. Is it necessary for military personnel to take part in peacemaking and humanitarian operations? Explain your point of view.

5. What are the main problems of the Armed Forces of Ukraine?

7. Translate words and word combinations into English

 

Національні інтереси, суверенітет, територіальна цілісність, взаємосумісність, багатонаціональні формування, стабільність, дипломатія, правоохоронні органи, загрози невоєнного характеру.

 

8.> Read, decipher and translate abbreviations

 

NATO; WMD

 

GRAMMAR



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