Now read the text and check your answers.



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The US Navy is currently building the next class of nuclear-powered super carrier, but naval engineers are already thinking about the future. The Navy is obviously secretive about future carrier technology but some developments are predictable. Firstly, future carriers will definitely have a smaller crew as many tasks on board will be carried out by machines. They will almost certainly use stealth technology, including materials and shapes that make it difficult for the enemy to detect the ship.

It is also likely that they will include new weapons systems. These new weapons might include direct energy weapons, including lasers to shoot down enemy planes and missiles, and radio frequency weapons that will be able to destroy enemy electronic systems. Future carriers will probably include unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in their air squadrons. UAVs are small planes that can carry sensors and weapons that are controlled by a ground station instead of being flown by a pilot. One advantage of UAVs is that future carriers probably won’t be as large or expensive as the current super carriers.

 

6.ó ® Work in pairs. Put the predictions in order of probability.

 

Future carriers will:


Have a smaller crew.

Use stealth technology.

Have new weapons systems.

Have laser weapons.

Carry UAVs.

Be smaller.


 


7. Choose one topic. Write three predictions.

 

infantry soldier tanks helicopters fighter aircraft submarines

 

8.ó ® Describe the picture.

 

GRAMMAR

WHO AND WHAT QUESTIONS

NOTE:target – subject. Simply replace the subject of an affirmative sentence by Who, What.

 

affirmative question
Somebody broke the window. Who broke the window?
Something broke the window. What broke the window?
Somebody’s window was broken. Whose window was broken?

 

 

9. Make questions with who or what, who/what is the subject.

 

Example. I bought something. Who bought something?

1. Somebody broke the window.

2. Something fell off the shelf.

3. Somebody wants to see you.

4. Somebody took my umbrella.

5. Something made me ill.

6. Somebody is coming.

7. John has told me everything.

8. Peter has been learning French since 2008.

9. Ann will visit her parents tomorrow.

10. Future carriers probably won’t be as large or expensive as the current super carriers.

 

10. Make questions with who or what, who/what is the subject or object.

 

Example: I bought something. Who bought something? (subject)

I bought something. What did you buy? (object)

 

1. Somebody lives in this house.

2. I phoned somebody.

3. Something happened last night.

4. Somebody knows the answer.

5. Somebody did the washing up.

6. Jill did something.

7. Something woke me up.

8. Somebody saw the accident.

9. I saw somebody.

10. Somebody has got my pen.

11. This word means something.

 

11. You want the missing information (XXX). Write questions with who or what. The first one is done for you.

 

1. I lost XXX yesterday but fortunately XXX found it and gave it back to me. What did you lose? Who found it?
2. XXX phoned me last night. She wanted XXX.  
3. I needed some advice, so I asked XXX. He said XXX.  
4. I have heard that XXX got married last week. XXX has told me.  
5. I met XXX on my way home yesterday. She told me XXX.  
6. Steve and I played tennis yesterday. XXX won. After the game we XXX.  
7. It was my birthday last week and I had some presents. XXX gave me a book and Catherine gave me XXX.  

 

LAUGHS PARADE

Man Overboard

A seaman on leave was retelling his experiences to his family.

“All of a sudden there was a big splash. Voices shouted: ‘Man overboard! Man overboard!’ And imagine my surprise when I discovered it was me splashing around in the water.”

 

A Blue Jacket’s Letter

“Dear Mom:

I joined the Navy on account I liked the way they keep the boats so nice and clean. But I didn’t find out till this week who keeps them so nice and clean.

Love, Your Son.”

 

Strange

“Can you swim?” asked the talkative woman in the train the sailor.

“Only at times,” he replied.

“Only at times, that’s strange,” she commented.

“Yes, when I’m in the water,” explained the sailor.

 

 


UNIT 26:

ARMED FORCES OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES

Lesson 5



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