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Exercise 7. You are writing a letter to a friend. In the letter you give news about yourself and other people. Use the words given to make sentences. Use the present perfect.



Dear Chris,

Lots of things have happened since I last wrote to you.

1 I /buy /a new car I've bought a new car.

2 my father / start / a new job

3 I/ give up / smoking

4 Charles and Sarah / go / to Brazil

5 Suzanne / have / a baby

Exercise 8. Read the situations and write sentences. Choose one of the following:

arrive break go up grow improve lose

1Mike is looking for his key. He can't find it. He has lost his key.

2 Margaret can't walk and her leg is in plaster. She……

3 Maria's English wasn't very good. Now it is much better……

4 Tim didn't have a beard last month. Now he has a beard……

5 This morning I was expecting a letter. Now I have it……

6 Last week the bus fare was 80 pence. Now it is 90……

 

Exercise 9. Put in been or gone.

 

1 Jim is on holiday. He's gone to Italy.

2 Hello! I've just……to the shops. I've bought lots of things.

3 Alice isn't here at the moment. She's……to the shop to get a newspaper.

4 Tom has……out. He'll be back in about an hour.

5 'Are you going to the bank?' 'No, I've already……to the bank.'

 

Exercise 10. What has happened in these situations?

1 Jack had a beard. Now he hasn't got a beard. He has shaved off his beard.

2 Linda was here five minutes ago. Now she's in bed. She ……

3 The temperature was 25 degrees. Now it is only 17. The temperature ……

4 The light was off. Now it is on. Somebody......

5 The tree was only three metres high. Now it is four. The tree ……

6 The plane was on the runway a few minutes ago. Now it is in the air.

The plane……

Item 16.2 Present Perfect (negative).

Exercise 1. Complete these sentences using today / this year / this term etc.

1 I saw Tom yesterday but I haven't seen him today.

2 I read a newspaper yesterday but I……today.

3 Last year the company made a profit but this year……

4 Tracy worked hard at school last term but……

5 It snowed a lot last winter but……

6 Our football team won a lot of games last season but we……

 

Exercise 2. Read the situations and write sentences as shown in the examples.

1 Jack is driving a car but he's very nervous and not sure what to do.
You ask: Have you driven a car before?

He says: No, this is the first time I've driven a car.

2 Len is playing tennis. He's not very good and he doesn't know the rules.

You ask: Have……

He says: No, this is the first……

3 Sue is riding a horse. She doesn't look very confident or comfortable.
You ask: ……

She says: ……

4 Maria is in London. She has just arrived and it's very new for her

You ask:……

She says: ……

 

ITEM 16.3 PRESENT PERFECT (INTERROGATIVE).

Exercise 1. Make questions with How long ... ?

1 Jill is on holiday. How long has she been on holiday?

2 Mike and Judy are in Brazil. How long……?

3 I know Margaret. How long …… you ……?

4 Diana is learning Italian. ……?

5 My brother lives in Canada. ……?

6 I'm a teacher. ……?

7 It is raining. ……?

Exercise 2. Complete the sentences. Use the verb in brackets + just/already/yet (as shown).

Would you like something to eat? Do you know where Julia is? What time is David leaving? What's in the newspaper today? Is Ann coming to the cinema with us? Are your friends here yet? What does Tim think about your plan? No, thanks. I've just had lunch. (just/have; Yes, I……her. (just/see) He……(already/leave) I don't know. I ……(not/read/yet) No, she……the film. (already/see) Yes, they……(just/arrive) I …… (not/tell/yet)

 

Exercise 3. Read the situations and write sentences with just, already or yet.

1 After lunch you go to see a friend at her house. She says 'Would you like something to eat?'

You say: No, thank you. I've just had lunch. (have lunch)

2 Joe goes out. Five minutes later, the phone rings and the caller says 'Can I speak to Joe? You say: I'm afraid …… (go out)

3 You are eating in a restaurant. The waiter thinks you have finished and starts to take your plate away. You say: Wait a minute! …… (not/finish)

4 You are going to a restaurant this evening. You phone to reserve a table. Later your friend says 'Shall I phone to reserve a table?' You say: No, ……it. (do)

5 You know that a friend of yours is looking for a job. Perhaps she has been successful. Ask her. You say:……? (find)

6 Ann went to the bank, but a few minutes ago she returned. Somebody asks 'Is Ann still at the bank?' You say: No,……(come back)

 

Exercise 4. You are asking somebody questions about things he or she has done. Make questions from the words in brackets.

1 (ever /ride /horse?) Have you ever ridden a horse?

2 (ever / be / California?)……

3 (ever / run / marathon?)……

4 (ever / speak / famous person?)……

5 (always / live / in this town?)……

6 (most beautiful place / ever / visit?) What ……

 

ITEM 16.4 PRESENT PERFECT OR PAST SIMPLE.

Exercise 1.Use the words in brackets (...) to answer the questions.

Have you seen Ann? Have you started your new job? Have your friends arrived? Has Sarah gone away? Have you worn your new shoes? (5 minutes ago) (last week) (at 5 o'clock) (on Friday) (yesterday) Yes, I saw her 5 minutes ago. Yes, I …… last week. Yes, they …… Yes, …… Yes, ……

 

Exercise 2. Right or wrong? Correct the verbs that are wrong. (The verbs are underlined.)

1 I've lost my key. I can't find it. RIGHT

2 Have you seen Ann yesterday? Wrong: Did you see

3 I've finished my work at 2 o'clock. ……

4 I'm ready now I've finished my work. ……

5 What time have you finished your work? ……

6 Sue isn't here. She's gone out. ……

7 Jim's grandmother has died in 1989. ……

8 Where have you been last night? ……

Exercise 3. Put the verb in the present perfect or past simple.

1 My friend is a writer. He has written (write) many books.

2 We didn't have (not/have) a holiday last year.

3 I……(play) tennis yesterday afternoon.

4 What time……(you/ go) to bed last night?

5……(you/ever/meet) a famous person?

6 The weather……(not/be) very good yesterday.

7 My hair is wet. I……(just/wash) it.

8 I……(wash) my hair before breakfast this morning.

9 Kathy travels a lot. She……(visit) many countries.

10 'Is Sonia here?' 'No, she……(not/come) yet.'

Exercise 4. Put the verb in the present perfect or past simple.

1 A: Have you ever been (you/ever/be) to Florida? B: Yes, we went (go) there on holiday two years ago. A:……(you/have)a good time? B: Yes, it……(be) great. 3 Rose works in a factory. She …… (work) there for six months. Before that she …… (be) a waitress in a restaurant. She …… (work) there for two years but she …… (not/enjoy) it very much.
2 A: Where's Alan? (you/see) him? B: Yes, he……(go) out a few minutes ago. A: And Julia? B: I don't know. I (not/see) her. 4 A: Do you know Martin’s sister? B: I …… (see) her a few times but I …… (never/ speak) to her. ……(you/ever/ speak) to her? A: Yes. I …… (meet) her at a party last week. She’s very nice.

Exercise 5. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form, present perfect or past simple.

1'Where's your key?' 'I don't know. I've lost it.' (lose)

2I was very tired, so I lay down on the bed and went to sleep. (be)

3 Mary……to Australia for a while but she's back again now. (go)

4 'Where's Ken?' 'He……out. He'll be back in about an hour.' (go)

5 I did German at school but I……most of it. (forget)

6 I meant to phone Diane last night but I……(forget)

7 I……a headache earlier but I feel fine now. (have)

8 Look! There's an ambulance over there. There……an accident. (be)

9 They're still building the new road. They……it. (not/finish)

10 'Is Helen still here?' 'No, she……out.' (just/go)

11 The police……three people but later they let them go. (arrest)

12Ann……me her address but I'm afraid I……it. (give, lose)

13 Where's my bike? It……outside the house. It……!

(be, disappear)
14 What do you think of my English? Do you think I……? (improve)

Exercise 6. Are the underlined parts of these sentences right or wrong? Correct the ones that are wrong.

1Do you know about Sue? She's given up her job. RIGHT

2The Chinese have invented printing. WRONG: The Chinese invented

3 How many plays has Shakespeare written?......

4 Have you read any of Shakespeare's plays? ……

5 Aristotle has been a Greek philosopher……

6 Ow! I've cut my finger. It's bleeding……

7 My grandparents have got married in London……

8 Where have you been born? ……

9 Mary isn't at home. She's gone shopping……

10 Albert Einstein has been the scientist who has developed the theory of relativity. ……

Exercise 7. Put the verb into the most suitable form, present perfect or past simple.

1 A: Look! Somebody has spilt (spill) coffee on the carpet.
B: Well, it wasn't (not/be) me. I didn't do (not/do) it.

2 A: Ben……(break) his leg.

B: Really? How……(that/happen)?

A: He……(fall) off a ladder.

3 A: Your hair looks nice……(you/have) a haircut?

B: Yes.

A: Who…… (cut) it? (you/go) to the hairdresser?

B: No, a friend of mine…… (do) it for me.

Exercise 8. Are the underlined parts of these sentences right or wrong? Correct the ones that are wrong.

1I've lost my key. I can't find it anywhere RIGHT

2Have you seen the news on television last night? WRONG: Did you see

3 I've bought a new car. Do you want to see it?

4 I've bought a new car last week

5 Where have you been yesterday evening?

6 Jenny has left school in 1991

7 I'm looking for Mike. Have you seen him?

8 I'm very hungry. I haven't eaten anything today

9 Diane hasn't been at work yesterday

10 When has this book been published?





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