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ITEM 11.2. MODAL VERBS. (NEGATIVE SENTENCES)



Exercise 1. Write sentences with might not.

1. (it's possible that Mary will not be here)

2. (it's possible that I won't have time to meet you)

 

Exercise 2. Complete these sentences. Use can or can't + one of these verbs:

come find hear see speak

1. I'm sorry but we can't come to your party next Saturday.

2. I like this hotel room. You …… the mountains from the window.

3. You are speaking very quietly. I …… you.

4. Have you seen my bag? I …… it.

5. Catherine got the job because she …… five languages.

Exercise 3. Complete these sentences. Use can't or couldn't + one of these verbs:
eat decide find go go sleep

1. I was tired but I couldn't sleep.

2. I wasn't hungry yesterday. I …… my dinner.

3. Ann doesn't know what to do. She ……

4. I wanted to speak to Martin yesterday but I …… him.

5. Jim …… to the concert next Saturday. He has to work.

6. Paula …… to the meeting last week. She was ill.

 

Exercise 4. Complete the sentences. Use mustn't or needn't + one of these verbs:
clean forget hurry lose wait write

1 The windows aren't very dirty. You needn't cleanthem.

2 We have a lot of time. We……

3 Keep these documents in a safe place. You……them.

4 I'm not ready yet but you……for me. You can go now and I'll come later.

5 We……to turn off the lights before we leave.

6 I……the letter now. I can do it tomorrow.

 

Exercise 5. Put in must / had to / mustn't / needn't.

1 You needn't go. You can stay here if you want.

2 It's a fantastic film. You mustsee it.

3 We've got enough food, so we……go shopping.

4 We didn't have any food yesterday, so we……go shopping.

5 I want to know what happened. You.. tell me.

6 You……tell Sue what happened. I don't want her to know.

7 I……hurry or I'll be late.

8 'Why were you so late?' 'I……wait half an hour for a bus.'

9 We……decide now. We can decide later.

 

Exercise 6. Complete the sentences with can / can't / could / couldn't + one of these verbs:
come eat hear run sleep wait

 

1 I'm afraid I can't come to your party next week.

2 When Tim was 16, he was a fast runner. He…… 100 metres in 11 seconds.

3 'Are you in a hurry?' 'No, I've got plenty of time. I……'

4 I was feeling sick yesterday. I……anything.

5 Can you speak up a bit? I……you very well.

6 'You look tired.' 'Yes, I……last night.'

 

Exercise 7. Put in must or can't.

1 You've been travelling all day. You mustbe very tired.

2 That restaurant……be very good. It's always full of people.

3 That restaurant……be very good. It's always empty.

4 You're going on holiday next week. You. be looking forward to it.

5 It rained every day during their holiday, so they …… have had a very nice time.

6 Congratulations on passing your exam. You…….be very pleased.

7 You got here very quickly. You……have walked very fast.

8 Bill and Sue go away on holiday very often, so they……be short of money.

 

Exercise 8. Write these sentences in a different way using may not or might not.

1. Perhaps she doesn't want to see me.

2. Perhaps she isn't working today.

3. Perhaps she wasn't feeling well yesterday.

Exercise 9. Complete the sentences using might not or couldn't.

1 A: Do you think she saw you?

B: No, she was too far away. She couldn’t have seen me.

2 A: I wonder why she didn't say hello. Perhaps she didn't see me.
B: That's possible. She might not have seen you.

3 A: I wonder why Ann didn't come to the party. Perhaps she wasn't invited.

в Yes, it's possible. She……

4 A: Tom loves parties. I'm sure he would have come to the party if he'd been invited.
B: I agree. He……

5 A: I wonder how the fire started. Do you think it was an accident?
B: No, the police say it……

6 A: How did the fire start? I suppose it was an accident.

B: Well, the police aren't sure. They say it……

Exercise 10. Write sentences with may not or might not.

 

1 (I don't know if Ann will come to the party.) Ann might not come to the party.

2 (I don't know if I'll go out this evening.) I……

3 (I don't know if Tom will like the present I bought for him.)

Tom……

4 (I don't know if Sue will be able to meet us this evening.) ……

Exercise 11. Complete these sentences using don't / doesn't / didn't have to + one of these verbs:

do get up go go pay shave wait work

1 I'm not working tomorrow, so I don't have to get up early.

2 The car park is free – you……to park your car there.

3 I went to the bank this morning. There was no queue, so I……

4 Sally is extremely rich. She……

5 We've got plenty of time. We……yet.

6 Jack has got a beard, so he……

7 I'm not particularly busy. I've got a few things to do but I……

them now.

8 A man was slightly injured in the accident but he……to

hospital.

Exercise 12. Complete these sentences with mustn't or don't/doesn't have to.

1 I don't want anyone to know. You mustn't tell anyone.

2 He doesn't have to wear a suit to work but he usually does.

3 I can stay in bed tomorrow morning because I……go to work.

4 Whatever you do, you……touch that switch. It's very dangerous.

5 There's a lift in the building, so we……climb the stairs.

6 You……forget what I told you. It's very important.

7 Sue……get up early. She gets up early because she wants to.

8 Don't make so much noise. We……wake the baby.

9 I……eat too much. I'm supposed to be on a diet.

10 You …… be a good player to enjoy a game of tennis.

 

Exercise 13. Complete the sentences using needn't + one of these verbs:

ask come explain leave tell walk

1 We've got plenty of time. We needn't leave yet.

2 I can manage the shopping alone. You……with me.

3 We……all the way home. We can get a taxi.

4 Just help yourself if you'd like something to eat. You……first.

5 We can keep this a secret between ourselves. We……anybody else.

6 I understand the situation perfectly. You……further.

 

Exercise 14. Read the situations and make sentences with needn't have.

1George went out. He took an umbrella because he thought it was going to rain. But it didn't rain. Heneedn' t havetaken an umbrella.

2 Ann bought some eggs when she went shopping. When she got home, she found that she already had plenty of eggs. She……

3 A friend got angry with you and shouted at you. You think this was unnecessary. Later you say to him/her: You……

4 Brian had no money, so he sold his car. A few days later he won some money in a lottery.
He……

5 When we went on holiday, we took the camera with us but we didn't use it in the end. ……

6 I thought I was going to miss my train so I rushed to the station. But the train was late and in the end I had to wait 20 minutes. ……

Exercise 15. Write sentences with don't/doesn't/didn't have to....

1 Why are you going out? You ……

2 Why is Ann waiting? She ……

3 Why did you get up early? You ……

4 Why is Paul working so hard? He ……

5 Why do you want to leave now? You ……

6 Why do you work alone? You ……

7 Why does he speak to her? He ……

8 Why are you watching TV? You ……

9 Why is she going to the cinema? She ……

10 Why are you talking on the phone? You ……

 

ITEM 11.3. MODAL VERBS. (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES)

Exercise 1. Make questions with have to.

 

I had to go to hospital last week. I have to get up early tomorrow. Ann has to go somewhere now. George had to pay a parking fine yesterday. I had to wait a long time for the bus. I have to phone my sister now. Paul has to leave soon. Why did you have to go to hospital? Why……early? Where……she…… How much …… How long…… Why…… What time ……

 

Exercise 2. Ask questions for these answers.

1. Yes, I can come tomorrow.

2. Yes, I can easily do it.

3. Yes, we can go there together.

4. No, we can’t afford to buy this car.

5. No, you shouldn’t go there alone.

6. Yes, they should meet their grand parents at the railway station.

7. No, you can’t stay there at night.

8. Yes, she should prevent her friends.

9. No, he shouldn’t change his job.

10. No, they don’t really need our help.

Exercise 3. Translate into English.

1. Ты не мог бы сегодня пойти со мной в кино?

2. Твоя сестра умеет говорить по-французски?

3. Вы не можете мне сказать, как доехать до вокзала?

4. Не могли бы вы мне помочь донести эти сумки?

5. Где тут можно купить хлеб?

6. Ты сможешь отправить ему e-mail сегодня вечером?

7. Ты сможешь сделать эту работу завтра?

8. Мы сможем поехать в Америку в будущем году?

9. Ты сможешь починить мою машину?

10. Могу я войти?

11. Можно я возьму свою сестру на вечеринку?

12. Ты должен уехать завтра?

13. Могу я взглянуть на ваш тест?

14. Вам действительно нужно уходить прямо сейчас?

15. Почему твоей сестре вчера пришлось остаться дома?

16. Тебе пришлось пойти туда одному?

17. Могу я задать Вам вопрос?

18. Можно мне взять твою книгу на минуту?

19. Кто может сходить в библиотеку за новыми учебниками?

20. Тебе нужна моя помощь с этим переводом?

ITEM 11.4. HAVE TO

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences. Use have to or has to + one of these verbs:

do read speak wear travel

1 My eyes are not very good. I have to …… glasses.

2 At the end of the course all the students……a test.

3 Mary is studying literature. She……a lot of books.

4 Albert doesn't understand much English. You……very slowly to him.

5 Kate is not often at home. She……a lot in her job.

 

Exercise 2. Complete the sentences. Use have to or had to + one of these verbs:

answer buy walk change go

1 We had to walk home last night. There were no buses.

2 It's late. I……now. I'll see you tomorrow.

3 I went to the supermarket after work yesterday. I……some food.

4 This train doesn't go all the way to London. You……at Bristol.

5 We did an exam yesterday. We……six questions out of ten.

 





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