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Exercise 4. Read the situations and complete the dialogues. Use going to.



1 You have decided to write some letters this evening.

FRIEND: Are you going out this evening?

YOU: No, I'm going to write some letters.

2 You are a smoker but you have decided to give it up soon.
FRIEND: Smoking is very bad for you.

YOU: I know……

1 You have been offered a job but you have decided not to take it.

FRIEND: I hear you've been offered a job.

YOU: That's right, but ……

4 You are in a restaurant. The food is awful and you've decided to complain.
FRIEND: This food is awful, isn't it?

YOU: Yes, it's disgusting. ……

 

Exercise 5. What is going to happen in these situations? Use the words in brackets.

1. There are a lot of black clouds in the sky. (rain) It's going to rain.

2. It is 8.30. Jack is leaving his house. He has to be at work at 8.45 but the journey takes 30 minutes. (late) He……

3. There is a hole in the bottom of the boat. A lot of water is coming in through the hole.
(sink) The boat……

4. Emma is driving. There is very little petrol left in the tank. The nearest petrol station is a long way away. (run out) She……

 

ITEM 9.2. TO BE GOING TO DO SMTH (PRESENT SIMPLE. NEGATIVE SENTENCES)

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences. Use not going to + one of these verbs:

Wash play have watch order fly invite walk take buy

  1. I’m not hungry. I ………………………… breakfast this morning.
  2. She isn’t thirsty. She ………………………... anything to drink.
  3. I’m not a good player. I …………………. tennis with you – you will definitely win.
  4. I don’t like John. I ……………………….. to my birthday party.
  5. The sky is blue, I think it won’t rain. I …………………………………. to take my umbrella.
  6. I have to work tonight. I …………………………………….. any film on TV.
  7. Your house is too far from here. I …………………………………… there.
  8. This car is too expensive. We ……………………………………… it.
  9. He is afraid of plains. He …………………………………………. to New York.

10. This dress isn’t dirty. She ………………………………………. it.

Exercise 2. What aren’t you going to do today or tomorrow? Write three sentences.

 

Exercise 3. Give the negative answers to the questions.

1. Are your friends going abroad?

2. Is your sister going to leave her job?

3. Is your boss going to give you a pay rise?

4. Are their parents going to visit them soon?

5. Are they going to come tonight?

6. Is your sister going to bed early?

7. Are your parents going to send your sister to Europe?

8. Is his brother going to learn French?

9. Is your sister going to look for a new job?

10. Is their company going to start this project in June?

11. Are your friends going to buy a new house?

12. Is her friend going to move soon?

13. Is his sister going to become a lawyer?

14. Is your college going to a business trip this month?

15. Are your parents going to the shop right now?

16. Are you going to ask your brother for help?

17. Is her friend going to translate this article alone?

18. Is your brother going to enter the University?

19. Are their children going to live together with them?

20. Is your mother going to cook her famous apple pie?

 

ITEM 9.3. TO BE GOING TO DO SMTH (PRESENT SIMPLE. INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES)

Exercise 1. Write a question with “going to” for each situation.

1 Your friend has won some money. You ask:

(what / do with it?) What are you going to do with it?

2 Your friend has decided to read a book. You ask:
(what / read?)……

3 Your friend is going to a party tonight. You ask:
(what / wear?)……

4 Your friend has just bought a new table. You ask:
(where / put it?)……

5 Your friend has decided to have a party. You ask:
(who / invite?)……

6 Your friend has decided to go abroad. You ask:
(who / go with?)……

7 Your friend has decided to write a letter. You ask:
(who / write to?)……

8 Your mother wants to make a delicious dinner. You ask:
(what / make?)……

9 Your friend has decided to read a book. You ask:
(what / read?)……

10 Your brother has decided to change his job. You ask:
(what company / work for?)……

Exercise 2. Translate into English.

1. Кого ты собираешься пригласить на День Рождения?

2. Когда ты собираешься сдавать экзамен на вождение?

3. Кому ты собираешься подарить эту картину?

4. Когда ты собираешься пойти на компьютерные курсы?

5. С кем ты собираешься пойти в кино?

6. Кому ты собираешься отдать этот журнал?

7. С кем ты собираешься провести выходные?

8. Куда ты собираешься поехать на каникулы?

9. Для чего ты собираешься переводить эту статью?

10. Почему ты собираешься пойти туда один?

 

ITEM 9.4. TO BE GOING TO DO SMTH (PAST SIMPLE)

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences with was/were going to + one of these verbs:

give up have live phone play travel

1 We were going to travel by train but then we decided to go by car instead.

2 We……tennis yesterday but it rained all day.

3 I……Jim, but I decided to write him a letter instead.

4 When I last saw Tim, he……his job but in the end he decided not to.

5 We……a party last week but some of our friends couldn't come, so we cancelled it.

6 During their trip my parents ……in a hotel but there were no places, so they decided to stay with their friends.

 

Exercise 2. Translate into English.

1. Я собирался позвонить ей вчера, но забыл.

2. На выходные мы собирались поехать за город, но пошел дождь, и мы остались дома.

3. В прошлые выходные я собиралась навестить родителей, но мне пришлось работать.

4. В прошлом году мы собирались провести отпуск на море, но в последний момент передумали и поехали в горы.

5. Мы собирались ее пригласить, но наши родители были против.

6. Они собирались закончить эту работу раньше, но им не хватило времени.

7. Они собирались отправить детей за границу, но потом решили, что это дорого.

8. Мои друзья собирались провести лето вдвоем, но приехали их родственники, и все лето в доме была толпа народа.

9. Наши соседи собирались переезжать, но не нашли подходящую квартиру.

Exercise 3. Write sentences. What were you going to do …

1 …… last week?

2 …… last month?

3 …… last year?

4 …… on Tuesday?

5 …… in April?

 

Exercise 4. Write sentences. What weren’t you going to do …

1. …… last week end?

2. …… that day?

3. …… on Monday?

4. …… in January?

5. …… at 11 p.m.?

 

Exercise 5. Ask questions on the situation.

A. You were going to the theatre yesterday.

1. Who/ with

2. What time

3. How much/ pay for tickets

B. Your family was going to move to another city.

1. Why

2. When

3. Where/ live there

C. Your boss was going to fire your friend.

1. Why

2. What/ your friend/ do

3. Your friend/ find new job

D. Your grand father was going to retire.

1. Why

2. What/ your grand father / do when he retired

 

UNIT 10. FUTURE SIMPLE OR TO BE GOING TO DO SMTH

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences using will ('ll) or going to.

1 A: Why are you turning on the television?
B: I'm going to watch the news. (I/watch)

2 A: Oh, I've just realised. I haven't got any money.

B: Haven't you? Well, don't worry……you some. (I/lend)

3 A: I've got a headache.

B: Have you? Wait there and……an aspirin for you. (I/get)

4 A: Why are you filling that bucket with water?

B: ……the car. (I/wash)

5 A: I've decided to repaint this room.

B: Oh, have you? What colour……it? (you/paint)

6 A: Where are you going? Are you going shopping?

B: Yes,……something for dinner. (I/buy)

7 A: I don't know how to use this camera.

B: It's quite easy……you. (I/show)……

8 A: What would you like to eat? .
B: ...... a sandwich, please. (I/have)

9 A: Did you post that letter for me?

B: Oh, I'm sorry. I completely forgot…… ……it now. (I/do)

10 A: The ceiling in this room doesn't look very safe, does it?

B: No, it looks as if……down. (it/fall)

11 A: Has George decided what to do when he leaves school?

B: Oh, yes. Everything is planned……a holiday for a few weeks

and then……a computer programming course. (he/have, he/do)

 

Exercise 2. Read the situations and complete the sentences using will ('ll) or going to.

1 The phone rings and you answer. Somebody wants to speak to Jim.

caller: Hello. Can I speak to Jim, please?

YOU: Just a moment……him. (I/get)

2 It's a nice day. You've decided to sit in the garden. Before going outside, you tell your friend.

YOU: The weather's too nice to stay indoors ……in the garden. (I/sit)

friend: That's a good idea. I think……you. (I/join)

3 Your friend is worried because she has lost an important letter.

YOU: Don't worry about the letter. I'm sure……it. (you/find)

FRIEND: I hope so.

4 There was a job advertised in the paper recently. At first you were interested but then you decided not to apply.

FRIEND: Have you decided what to do about that job that was advertised?
YOU: Yes,......for it. (I/not/apply)

5 You and a friend come home very late. Other people in the house are asleep. Your friend is noisy.

YOU: Shhh! Don't make so much noise……everybody up. (you/wake)

6. John has to go to the airport to catch a plane tomorrow morning.

JOHN: Ann, I need somebody to take me to the airport tomorrow morning.

ANN: That's no problem……you. (I/take) What time is your flight?

JOHN: 10.50.

ANN: OK……at about 9 o'clock then. (we/leave)

Later that day, Joe offers to take John to the airport.

JOE: John, do you want me to take you to the airport?

JOHN: No thanks, Joe. …… me. (Ann/take)

 

 

UNIT 11. MODAL VERBS





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