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1. afford 2. agree 3. appear 4. arrange 5. ask 6. beg 7. care 8. claim 9. consent 10. decide 11. demand 12. deserve 13. expect 14. fail 15.forget 16. hesitate 17. hope 18. learn 19. manage 20. mean 21. need 22. offer 23. plan 24. prepare 25. pretend 26. promise 27. refuse 28. regret 29. remember 30. seem 31. struggle 32. swear 33. threaten 34. volunteer 35. wait 36. want 37. wish Ican’t afford to buy it. They agreed to help us. She appears to be tired. I’ll arrange to meet you at the airport. He asked to come with us. He begged to come with us. I don’t care to see that show. She claims to know a famous movie star. She finally consented to marry him. I have decided to leave on Monday. I demand to know who is responsible. She deserves to win the prize. I expect to enter graduate school next year. She failed to return the book to the library in time. I forgot to mail the letter. Don’t hesitate to ask for my help. Jack hopes to arrive next week. He learnt/learned to play the piano. She managed to finish her work early. I didn’t mean to hurt your feelings. I need to have your opinion. They offered to help us. I am planning to have a party. We prepared to welcome them. He pretends not to understand. I promise not to be late. I refuse to believe his story. I regret to tell you that you failed. I remembered to lock the door. That cat seems to be friendly. I struggled to stay awake. She swore to tell the truth. She threatened to tell my parents. He volunteered to help us. I will wait to hear from you. I want to tell you something. She wishes to come with us.
1. advise 2. allow 3.ask 4. beg 5. cause 6. challenge 7. convince 8. dare 9. encourage 10. expect 11. forbid 12. force 13. hire 14. instruct 15. invite 16. need 17. order 18. permit 19. persuade 20. remind 21. require 22. teach 23. tell 24. urge 25. want 26. warn She advised me to wait until tomorrow. She allowed me to use her car. I asked John to help us. They begged us to come. Her laziness caused her to fail. She challenged me to race her to the corner. I couldn’t convince him to accept our help. He dared me to do better than he had done. He encouraged me to try again. I expect you to be in time. I forbid you to tell him. They forced him to tell the truth. She hired a boy to mow the lawn. He instructed them to becareful. Harry invited the Johnsons to come to his party. We needed Chris to help us figure out the solution. The judge ordered me to pay a fine. He permitted the children to stay up late. I persuaded him to come for a visit. She reminded me to lock the door. Our teacher requires us to be in time. My brother taught me to swim. The doctor told me to take these pills. I urged her to apply for the job. I want you to be happy. I warned you not to drive too fast.

The Prepositional Infinitive Complex

Subject It is easy for you to say that. For him to help his friends is quite natural.
Predicative The question is for you to decide. The best thing is for you to move to the South.
Object I waited for him to speak.
Attribute This is the book for you to read.
Adverbial modifier of purpose He opened the doors of the car for us to get in. I’ve brought two books for my son to read.
Adverbial modifier of result The weather was too cold for the children to go out. It was too dark for her to see him.

THE Objective Infinitive complex

is used after the verbs denoting a) perceptions of senses*: to see to hear to feel to watch to observe to notice I saw him get off the bus. Did you hear her sing? She felt her voice tremble. I watch her enter the shop. We observe the direction constantly change. Nobody noticed him come in.
b) wish, intention, emotions: to want to wish to like to dislike to hate to intend should/would like I want you to help me. He wishes the work to be done at once. He likes dinner to be in time. I dislike you to say such words. I hate you to talk like that. He intended me to go with him. I should like you to stay here.
c) mental activity: to consider to believe to think to find to know to expect to suppose I consider him to be right. I believe her to be a good teacher. We thought him to be sleeping. We find this value to be accurate enough. I know him to have said that. We expected her to return. I suppose him to be aboutfifty.
d) order, request, permission, advice, compulsion: to order to ask to request to allow to advise to recommend to cause to force get to make* to let* He ordered the children to stop talking. I asked Tom to help me. He requested the matter to be kept secret. She doesn’t allow anyone to smoke. She advised me to tell the police about it. I wouldn’t recommend you to stay here. Her laziness caused her to fail. He forced me to go there. I got him to repair my car. What makes you think so? Let me go.

*The verbs to make, to let and the verbs of physical perception are followed by the infinitive without «to».

The Subjective Infinitive complex

is used with a) the verbs of speech: to say to report to inform She is said to write a new novel. They are reported to have left London. Hewas informedto have arrived in Kyiv.
verbs denoting: b) mental activity: to consider to believe to think to find to know to expect to suppose He isconsidered to be a good speaker. He is believed to know English. He was thought to have gone. They are found to be unfit for service. History is known to repeat itself. She is expected to come any minute. He is supposed to know these things.
c) perceptions of senses to see to hear to feel to watch to observe to notice He was seen to cross the street. She was heard to mention your name. She was felt to be suffering. He was watched to dance in the hall. The woman was observed to follow him. He was noticed to unlock the door.
d) order, request, permission, advice, compulsion: to order to ask to allow to advise to force to make They were ordered to go to bed. She was asked to come on Monday. I wasn’t allowed to watch the film. We were advised not to drink the water. He was forced to give up this work. He was made to repeat the rule.
e) with the verbs to seem to appear to happen to chance to prove to turn out The child seems to be asleep. He appears to know a lot of things. I happened to see him yesterday. He chanced to have recognized me. Your advice proved to be very useful. He turned out to be a good friend.
f) with the expressions: to be likely to be unlikely to be sure to be certain They are likely to come here. He is unlikely to come tomorrow. He is sure to go hunting. He is sure to ring you up.

The Participle

Form Transitive verbs Intransitive verbs
Active voice Passive voice Active voice
Participle I (Present Participle) writing   being written going
Participle II (Past Participle) ¾ written gone
Perfect Participle having written having been written having gone
Seeing that I was late I hurried. Be careful while crossing the street. Being left alone I went on with my work. She tried to calm the cryingchild. Not knowing what to say he kept silent. Participle I(ActiveandPassive)denotes an action simultaneous with the action expressed by the finite verb.
Having writtenthe letter he went to post it. Having finished their classes the students went home. Perfect Participle(ActiveandPassive) denotes an action prior to that of the finite verb.
Being askedfor her opinion she blushed. Having been shown the wrong direction he lost his way. PerfectandNon-Perfect Participle(Passive) denotes a passive action.

Complexes with the Participle
THE Objective Participle complex

is used with the verbs denoting a) sense perceptions: to see to hear to feel to watch to observe to notice I saw her walking along the street. We heard him speaking in the next room. She felt her hand trembling. I watched the children playing in the garden. The teacher observed the students writing compositions.
b) wish and mental activity: to want to wish to find to leave I want the letter posted at once. I wish your dreamsrealized. When I returned I found her gone. He left his work unfinished.
to have to get She had her dress made here. I must have my hair cut. He will have his coat cleaned. She must have her hair done. Have you got your car repaired? After these verbs only Past Participle is used. It denotes an action performed by someone else for the benefit of the person expressed by the subject.

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