IV. Guess the concept of the following definitions.

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IV. Guess the concept of the following definitions.

1. A municipal court that, in accordance with international law, deals with questions relating prize, i.e. ships, aircraft, or goods captured during wartime at sea or in port by the naval or air forces of a belligerent power.

2. A body, headed by the President of the Council, that formerly advised the Crown on government policy but has been superseded in that role by the Cabinet. Its functions are now mainly formal, but it has limited statutory powers of legislation and it also advises the sovereign, through committees, on certain judicial matters and other matters of a nonpolitical nature.

3. Any of the civil courts forming a system covering all of England and Wales, the area covered by each court does not invariably correspond to the local government county boundary.

4. The court that hears appeals from the Court Martial; it is mostly made up of judges from the civilian Court of Appeal for England and Wales. Further appeal lies to the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.

5. A system of courts, held by authority of the Crown, whose wearer is the Supreme Governor of the Church of England. The courts have jurisdiction over matters dealing with the rights and obligations of church members, now limited to controversies in areas of church property and ecclesiastical disciplinary proceedings. These courts, unlike common law courts, are based upon and operate along civil law procedures and Canon law-based jurisprudence.

6. A court having jurisdiction to review the law as applied to a prior determination of the same case.


V. Give definitions of these words. Use the dictionary. Suggest the word–combinations in which these words can be used.

1.appeal (v); 2.indictment (n); 3. inquest (n); 4. discharge (n); 5. proceeding (n).


VI. Match the words on the left (A) with their definitions on the right (B) and give their Russian equivalents.

1. natural justice a.mental ability to make a rational decision, which includes the ability to perceive and appreciate all relevant facts
2. nationality b. a small crime which is not very serious
3. magistrate (a Justice of the Peace) c. one of six divisions of England and Wales for legal purpose
4. capacity d. rules of fair play, originally developed by the courts of equity to control the decisions of inferior courts and then gradually extended to apply equally to apply equally to the decisions of administrative and domestic tribunals and of any authority exercising an administrative power that effects a person’s status, rights, or liabilities.
5. leave e.to charge someone with a crime
6. indict f. an unlawful killing of another person without malice aforethought;
7. circuit g. a magistrate who is a qualified lawyer and who receives a salary, he usually sits alone
8. manslaughter h. an unpaid official who has jurisdiction over minor criminal offences and minor civil disputes, and authority to perform routine civil functions;
9. petty crime (US petty offense) i. being the citizen of a state;
10. stipendiary magistrate j. permission to do sth
11. tribunal k. money or help provided by the government to people who need it
12. redundancy l. a state where someone is no longer employed, because his job is no longer necessary
13. dismissal m. judgment of a judge, showing that he disagrees with other judges in a case which has been heard by several judges
14. deportation order n. wellbeing of an individual
15. social security o. a court especially a specialist court outside the judicial system which examines special problems and makes judgements
16. binding precedent p. removal of an employee from a job
17. dissenting judgement q. official order to send someone away from a country
18. welfare   r. decision of a higher court which has to be followed by a judge in a lower court
19. review   s. loss of property or a right as a consequence of an offence or of the breach of undertaking
20. forfeiture t. a reconsideration by the same court or body of its former decision; often used to express what an appellate court does when it examines the record of a lower court or agency determination on appeal


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