Unit 2. FAMILY ENTERTAINMENT AND LEISURE ACTIVITIES FOR WEEKENDS AND SPARE TIME




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Unit 2. FAMILY ENTERTAINMENT AND LEISURE ACTIVITIES FOR WEEKENDS AND SPARE TIME



REJOICE WITH YOUR FAMILY

1. & Read the text about people spending time at a shopping center. In American English, 'a shopping centre’ is usually called ‘a mall’. Besides shops and stores, shopping centers or malls may also have their own car parks, restaurants, banks and other services. Are the malls similar to shopping centers in Russian cities?

MALL RATS[1]

My friends and I go to the mall every day after school. It’s just somewhere to spend time with your friends. We usually just hang out or walk up and down looking in the clothes shops. We don't often buy anything. We go to the mall at the weeKds, too, and go to the movie theater there or hang out in the ice cream parlor. We always make sure we look good when we go to the mall in case there are any cute boys there!

We take the kids to the mall every weeKd because they often have special activities there, like children's shows and games. We also go to the bowling alley there too, and the kids love eating at the food court - there's so much choice: Mexican, Italian, Thai - and plenty of fast food, of course! We get the weekly groceries at the mall too, and sometimes Vanessa goes to the spa there. It's great having everything under one roof.

My friends and I go to the mall about twice a week. We play the games in the arcade, and we like to check out the latest DVDs and computer games in the shops. You can even listen to the music or try out the new games in some shops. And we like to buy the latest sports clothes, too. Sometimes, if it's raining at the weeKd, we go to theindoor skate park at the mall, too.

I go to the mall every Saturday. I don’t go for any particular reason, but I like to look in the designer shops and the cosmetics shops, and I usually end up buying something. Sometimes when I get it home I realise that I didn't really want the thing I bought - or that it doesn't go with anything else I've got! But I like to see what's new, and there's a really good atmosphere there.

2. Find the words for these leisure facilities in the text Mall Rats

1. The American name for a cinema.

2. A cafe that specialises in milk and ice cream products.

3. A place where you can go bowling.

4. An area where there are lots of different restaurants and takeaways.

5. A place where you can relax, eg. in a pool, sauna or steam room.

6. A place where you can play on coin-operated games machines.

7. A place where you can skateboard.

8. To spend a lot of time in a particular place.

9. Good-looking, attractive

10. To find yourself in a situation that you did not plan or expect to be in.

[ 3. Expressing preferences. Does spending time at a mall sound like fun to you? Or would you rather do something different with your leisure time? Begin like that: As for me / If you ask me / As far as I am concerned …

Model:As far as I am concerned, I like watching TV better than going to the mall.

As for me, If you ask me, As far as I am concerned, I'd rather V0 than V0
I prefer V-ing to V-ing
I like better than
Word bank: visit a mall, go shopping round the city, watch TV, read a book, meet some friends, get on the Internet, go clubbing1,[2] etc.

@4. a) Write a letter to a friend describing a day that you spent at a mall / shopping center. Mention the type of shops you went in, what you ate, and what other attractions you visited.

b) Write a paragraph about your own shopping habits - if you enjoy shopping, what shops you like, when you go shopping and who with. Try to use the structures given in 3.

8 5. Christmas, Thanksgiving, and New Year's Day are some of the major holidays in the United States. Listen to the conversation and try to answer the questions. From what you understand, how are these holidays celebrated (food, family activities, local celebrations, games and recreation, etc.)?

1. Where does this news program take place?

A. at a shopping center B. at a local school C. in a city market place

2. How does the young girl, Elizabeth, celebrate this holiday with her family?

A. They go out to eat at a restaurant. B. They visit close relatives. C. They go to see a movie.

3. What does Johnny and his family eat on this day?

A. turkey B. ham C. chicK

4. What sentence best describes Steven's feelings about Christmas?

A. It's a time when people exchange gifts with friends, family, and teachers. B. It's a holiday when friends give gifts during an elaborate dinner. C. It's a day when people think of others without waiting for a gift in return.

5. The final young woman says that the best thing about Christmas is:

A. receiving presents from classmates B. having a vacation from school C. sleeping late every day

& 6. Now listen again and read the interview to check your answers:

CELEBRATIONS

News Reporter = NR;

NR: Hello. This is Charles Richards from Channel 7 News, and we're down here, uh, at the City Mall, interviewing people on how they celebrate Christmas. And, uh, hi young lady. What is your name?

Young Girl: Elizabeth Carter.

NR: And, uh, Elizabeth, uh. How does your family celebrate Christmas?

Young Girl: We go sledding, and we go over to my grandparents' house and have dinner with them.

NR: Well, that is great, and let me ask this young man. Hi, what is your name? [Johnny.] And Johnny, how old are you?

Johnny: Five.

NR: And, uh, does your family eat anything particular for Christmas?

Johnny: Turkey . . .

NR: And what does Christmas mean to you?

Young Girl: Going to my grandma's and making their breakfast.

NR: Going to grandma's and making breakfast. And let me ask another young man. Hi, what is your name? [Steven.] Okay, and Steven, what does Christmas mean to you?

Steven: Giving but not expecting to get.

NR: Now, that's kind of hard for a young man like yourself. What does that mean: Giving by not expecting?

Steven: Well, one thing that we do is secret giving.

NR: Secret giving? Now how does that work in your family?

Steven: We sneak upto the porch of somebody that we want to give to, we put the gift that we want to give to them, ring the doorbell, and hide.

NR: Ring the doorbell and hide? Uh, so you're not expecting something; you just want to be generous to someone else. Is that right?

Steven: Yeah. That's correct.

NR: And let's interview one more. And, how do you celebrate Christmas? What is the best thing about Christmas and what does it mean to you?

Young Woman: It means getting off from school!

NR: Getting off from school?! Do you all feel that way?

Group of Children: Yeah!!

Young Girl: Because I hate homework.

NR: Yeah. Well, that’s all here from the City Mall. Channel 7 reporting.

_ 7. Discuss this question in groups of three.

Can you think of five things you might celebrate?

$8. Find in the unit English equivalents for the following Russian words and phrases.

кегельбан; ресторанный дворик; проводить время в кафе, в парке, “тусоваться”; крытая площадка для катания на роликовой доске; симпатичный; салон с терапевтическими ваннами; дело кончается тем, что…; щедрый; мороженица; кататься на санках (амер.); (пойти) к бабушке; кино; особенный; крыльцо; подкрасться незаметно; галерея игровых автоматов.

 

HOMES

 

1. Talk about where you live.

Do you live in a house or a flat?

How many rooms are there?

Do you have a garden? A terrace?

What’s there in your bedroom?

2. Match the opposites.

Which adjectives describe your house (flat) best?

 

1 modern a expensive
2 cheap b spacious
3 small c decorated
4 attractive d traditional
5 plain e ugly

3. a) Look at the headings. What are the texts about? What country

are these houses in?

b) Choose the correct word to complete the gaps in the texts.

 

Victorian houses

 

The early Victorians liked large houses with plenty of decoration. Later in the Victorian period, houses were simple 0) and plain. Wealthy people used to live 1) …….. large houses with lots of rooms and expensive furniture. Servants used to live 2) …….. the top floor of the house or the attic. The exterior of the house 3) …….. a work of art with a steeptiled roof, tall chimney post and large windows 4) …….. stained glass. Sometimes, they had a front porch and steps up to the front door. Working people used to live in terraced brick houses with a simple exterior. Those houses were small, with two to four rooms. 5) …….. was no electricity, no water and no toilet.

 

Elizabethan houses

 

Elizabethan houses often had an E-shape to show respectfor 6) …….. queen. They had brick walls with strong wooden frames. The houses were spacious and comfortablewith a large hall, a dining room and 7) …….. bedrooms. The furniture was big and elaborate and four-poster beds were very popular. Many people used to have servants. 8)…….. used to live in rooms in the attic.

 

0 A but B and C too
1 A in B at C into
2 A on B in C at
3 A were B had C was
4 A with B for C and
5 A It B There C This
6 A some B a C the
7 A each B the C several
8 A They B The C These

4. a) List the words under the headings.

Rooms Features: Furniture/

Indoor/ Appliances/

Outdoor Other

 

kitchen garden rug

 

 

attic, living room, kitchen

garden, rug, floor, fence

pillows, windows, porch

balcony, cushions, hall

fireplace, brick walls. lamp

bedroom, dining room

four-poster beds, cupboard

chest of drawers, carpet

wardrobe, mirror, fridge

cooker, towels, shower

staircase, garage, chimney

 

b) Use the words to talk about your house (flat) and ask your partner

about his or hers.

There is a living room with a balcony in my flat.

Do you have a garden?

.

5. a). Talk about British homes using adverbs of frequency, as in the

example.

Example: British homes always have running water. There is always running water in British homes. You can always find running water in British homes.

British Homes

 

100% always………….. running water
75% usually………….. a garden or yard
50% often……………. a garage
25% sometimes…….... a cellar or basement
10% rarely…………... a swimming pool

 

b). In pairs draw a similar chart about homes in your country, then present it in class.

 

6. a). Look at this description of a flat. Then make a drawing of the flat in

general and the living room in particular.

 

When you go into the flat you see a long hall in front of you running the whole length of the flat. There are three doors opening off the hall on the left-hand side and two on the right. The first door on the left goes into the kitchen. My bedroom is between the kitchen and my parent’s bedroom. The living room is opposite my parents’ room and the bathroom is next door to the living room.

In the living room there is a long sofa along the wall adjoining the hall. There is a long window in the wall opposite the sofa and two small windows in the other outside wall. There is a small round table in the centre of the room and some bookshelves on the wall under the long window. Against the wall adjoining the bathroom there is a square table with a chair on each side. There is a TV set in the corner made by the two outside walls.

 

  front door

 

b). Think of a house or a flat that you know well. Write a description of it

in such a clear way that another student could draw a plan of it.

7. Read the text then list the words related to houses under the headings

below:

exterior .interior special features

 

My house

 

I live in a house near the sea. It’s an old house, about 100 years old, and it’s very small. There are two bedrooms upstairs but no bathroom. The bathroom is downstairs next to the kitchen and there’s a living room where there’s a lovely old fireplace. There’s a garden in front of the house. The garden goes down to the beach and in spring and summer there are flowers everywhere.

I live alone with my dog, Boxer, but we have a lot of visitors. My city friends often stay with me.

I love my house for many reasons: the garden, the flowers in summer, the fire in winter, but the best thing is the view from my bedroom window.

 

8. Write a similar description of your house or flat in about 120 words.

 

Paragraph 1

Where is it?

Is it old or new?

How many rooms are there?

Is there a garden?

Paragraph 2

Who do you live with?

Paragraph 3

Do you like it? Why? What is the best thing?

9. Do the quiz, check your score and then compare answers with your

partner.

What does your bedroom say about you?

1. What is the first thing someone notices when they walk into

your bedroom?

A the posters B the furniture C the mess

2. What do you keep in your drawers?

A souvenirs and knick-knacks1(безделушки)

B neatly organized essential items

C magazines and sweet wrappers

 

3. Where is your favourite item of clothing right now?

A in the wash

B clean and hanging in the wardrobe

C I’m wearing it.

 

4. What do you usually head straight for when you go into your

room?

A your CD player

B your desk

C your bed

5. What do you do if your mum tells you your room is messy?

A tell her to stay out of your room

B tidy up

C hide everything under your bed

 

6. What is the last thing you do before you go to bed?

A write in your diary

B put out what you need for the next day

C listen to your favourite CD

 

Mostly As:You are creative and thoughtful. You like to express

yourself through art, music, writing or sport.

Mostly Bs: You are sensible as well as ambitious. You know what

you want and you always plan ahead.

Mostly Cs: You are easy-going and joyful and take each day as it

comes. You are honest and caring but value your privacy.

10. Reading: A cottage near the sea.

a) Paul, Jenny and their two children want to rent a cottage for their

summer holiday. Read the advertisement.

April Cottage, Devon

This lovely cottage is 500 years old. It is in the country, one mile from the village of Parkham Cross, where there is a Post Office and a small shop. There are some very good pubs and restaurants in the area.

The cottage has a big garden with flowers and trees, where children can play safely. There are two double bedrooms, a bathroom, and a tollet. The living room has traditional and antique furniture, and an open fire.

Phone 0984 6552

colour TV garage electric cooker sea three miles away

b) Complete the conversation between Paul and Jenny.

Jenny Paul, look at this cottage!

Paul That’s nice. (a) Where is it?

Jenny It’s in Devon. Isn’t it beautiful?

Paul Yes, it is. But is it big enough?

(b) ____________ are there?

Jenny (c) ____________ two. That’s just right for the four of us.

Paul The living room is nice, with antique furniture in it.

But where do we eat? (d) ________ dining room?

Jenny I don’t know. But (e) ________ a TV, and a cooker in the

kitchen. And (f) ________ where the children can play.

Paul Mm. (g) ________ near a village?

Jenny Yes. The village of Parkham Cross is one mile away.

Paul What about shops? (h) ________ in the village?

Jenny Yes, there are. It looks lovely.

Paul OK. Why don’t we book it?

Jenny Good idea!

Paul (i) ______________________________

Jenny 0984 6552.

Paul Right!

11. a) Read a telephone conversation.

A: Hello!

B: Good morning. I’m calling about the house advertised for rent in

Paddington.

A: Oh yes?

B: I wonder if you could give me a bit more information, please.

A: Of course. What would you like to know?

B: First of all, could you tell me exactly where the house is

situated?

A: Yes, it’s on 15, Bayswater Drive.

B: Is the garage large enough for two cars?

A: Oh, definitely.

B: It sounds perfect. When do you think I could see it?

A: How about 6 o’clock this evening?

B: That’s fine – see you then.

b) In pairs take roles and act out a dialogue about the advertisement.

FOR RENT 3-bedroomed house, Paddington. Large dining room with fireplace, entrance hall, modern kitchen, attic central heating, built-in wardrobes. Garage and driveway. Large front garden with a fence. Close to shops and public transport. Available for long let. £430 per month. Contact Mrs Wilson Tel: 020 8360 7289

  OWNER/ESTATE AGENT CLIENT greeting greeting – ask for information agree to give information ask your questions (e.g. exact answer the questions location – special features) agree on a viewing arrange a viewing

12. Learn useful phrases.

Saying hello

 

 

Informal Hello Hi Formal Good morning. Good afternoon. Good evening.
You say Good morning until 12 noon, Good afternoon until about 6 p.m. and Good evening until midnight. You only use Good night to say goodbye at night.

 

 

A: How are you? B: Fine thanks.

Nice to see you

Vocabulary

attic, n. - мансарда, чердак balcony, n. - балкон bedroom, n. - спальня bed, n. - кровать carpet, n. - ковёр cooker, n. - плита cupboard, n. - шкаф для dining room, n. - столовая fence, n. - забор, изгородь fireplace, n. - камин floor, n. - пол, этаж fridge, n. - холодильник garage, n. - гараж garden, n. - сад, огород   hall, n. - холл kitchen, n. - кухня lamp, n. - лампа living room, n. - гостиная mirror, n. - зеркало pillow, n. - подушка porch, n. - крыльцо rug, n. - коврик (у двери, прикроватный) shower, n. - душ staircase, n. - лестница (в доме) towel, n. - полотенце wardrobe, n. - шкаф для одежды windows, n. - окно  

 

Unit 3. WHAT WE EAT

& 1. Read a magazine article of Paul Richardson in which he finds out who eats, what and when.

EATING IN

SEPARATE TABLES

The Morris family is a monument to modem frozen-food technology. 'I can't remember the last time we all ate together,' says husband Michael Norris. 'Mostly the food comes out of the freezer and goes straight into the microwave. We have two dining-tables but they never get used, not unless my mother-in-law, who lives with us, cooks something.' The children, Sophie and Ben, eat when they come home from school, while watching TV. Pat Norris, who works irregular hours and travels a lot, boils soup and makes a salad when she's at home; Michael often eats out. It's informal, but everyone likes it.

THE ART OF COURSE EATING

The Scott family like a bit of formality in their lives. ‘We're not stuffy,’ insists Caroline, 'but we always have napkinsand white linen and flowers on the table. My husband always has a bath before dinner, and we always change clothes. I think it's important for the children to have good manners.’ Caroline drives across town to find food that's not full of all sorts of nasty chemicals'. The result is meals that sometimes take an hour and a half, at least, and longer at weeKds.' The children attend an equally civilised breakfast served at 8.00 a.m. prompt in the dining-room. 'It'sa sort of ritual so we can all see one another. We all feel it's important’ says Caroline, who doesn't have a microwave and does most of the cooking herself. 'I seem to spend a lot of time cooking’ she says. 'I don't know why. I suppose it's because we've always done it.'

SPICE OF LIFE

The evening meal at the Mughal household brings together three generations: 18-month-old Sameer, his sister Nina, three, parents Rubina and Haleem and the grandparents. Sometimes there are other family members as well. 'People catch up with each other at meal times,' says cousin Shamreen. 'We usually eat quite late, about 8.30 or 9.00 p.m., because we wait for everyone to get in. It's important to have a table that's laid out, although during the week it's usually just a couple of dishes. WeeKds are a bit more special!' Rubina will normally cook a rice dish, a meat curry and sometimes a salad. Quite a lot for one pair of hands, but there are always people around to help and, as Shamreen points out, a lot of Asian dishes can be made the night before, or even frozen.

STUDENT LIFE

Ade Bakare, 23 years old and a student at Thames Polytechnic, tends towards the irregular in his dining habits. Between 9.00 p.m. and 11.00 p.m. about three times a week, 'depending on how we're feeling'. Ade and his flatmatessettle down to a meal. The menu may vary between Ktucky Fried ChicK and ‘ebba’ an African dish made of ground rice. 'Obviously fast food is easier, and none of the other guys are very good cooks’ says Ade. The taste for African cooking comes from his mother’s house, where the set-up is rather different. ‘I’d always sit down at the table with my mother. The food is much more substantial, much more nutritious, partly because she wants to ensure that I am eating properly.’

2. Answer the questions 1-10 choosing from the list of people (A-G). Some of the people may be chosen more than once. When more than one answer is required, these may be given in any order There is an example at the beginning (0). Which of the families or people:

0. eats together every morning? с   A. the Norris family
1. almost never eats together?     B. Michael Norris
2. eats a lot of frozen food?     C. the Scott family D. Caroline Scott
3. spends a long time cooking?    
4. cook food that is healthy?     E. the Mughal family
5. feel that eating together keeps     F. Ade Bakare
the family close?     G. Ade Bakare's mother
6. cooks in a large group?      
7. often does not eat at home?      
8. thinks children should be    
taught table manners?    
9. don't have fixed eating habits?    
10. have special meals at the    
weeKd?    

[ 3. Which of the meal styles described in the article is closer to you and why?

8 4. Listen to the conversation between the father and his daughter and answer the questions.

1. What does the conversation imply about the mother?

A. She is busy at work.

В. She had to run some errands[3].

С. She is resting in bed.

2. What is the first problem the girl notices about her father's cooking?

A. He is not following the recipe.

В. He is missing the right pan to cook the pizza.

С. He is using the directions for a different food.

3. How does the girl know her father doesn't like the pizza he prepared?

A. He tells her honestly what he thinks about it.

В. She can tell by his non-verbal expressions.

С. He throws it away after making it.

4. What problem did the girl NOT mention about the pizza?

A. It was too salty.

В. It was burned.

С. It was too chewy.

5. What do they end up doing for lunch?

A. They decide to go out to eat.

В. They eat something different at home.

С. They eat at friend's house. Script and key[i]

^ 5. Ask and answer the questions to your partner:

1. What are typical foods you eat for breakfast, lunch, and dinner?

2. What are the ingredients for the dish, and how is it prepared?

3. Is there another small mealor snack between the main mealtimes?

4. Who usually prepares the food in your home?

Word bank. Foods: fish, sandwich, pasta, spaghetti, roast chicK, cereal, cheeseburger, chips, soup, pizza, bread, cornflakes, ice cream, salad, cake

Ingredients: flour, sugar, butter, eggs, olive oil, salt, pepper, cheese, fruit, mince

Methods of cooking: dice, fry, slice, mash, boil, grill, grate, scramble.

Models: Grandma's Pie is a traditional family dish made from mince and mashed potato / I use fried bread and cheese to make the sandwiches.

DINING OUT

^ 6. Some people, instead of inviting you to their home, will suggest going to a restaurant. Eating out is a difficult experience if you are unfamiliar with the foods or the idioms used to order them. Here are some phrases and idioms to help you place an order at a restaurant. Role-play the dialogues with a partner.

George = G:, Waitress = W:, Becky = B:  
G: Hmm, there's not much on the mеnu here. The beef-kabob sounds good, though. Хмм, меню здесь не слишком разнообразное. Хотя биф-ке-баб в общем-то неплох.
B: Yes, it does, but I think I'm just going to have a sandwich today. Maybe even just half of one. Да, действительно, но я сегод­ня предпочла бы сэндвич. Мо­жет быть, даже половинку.
W: Are you ready to order? Вы готовы сделать заказ?
G: Yes, I think so. Да, пожалуй.
W: Do you want that on separate checks? Вы будете платить отдельно?
G: Oh, no, one'll be fine. It's on me today, Becky. О нет, один счет. Сегодня я плачу, Бекки.
B: Well, thanks, George. I'll treat you next time. Uh, I'll take half a French dip sandwich — go easy on the mayo — and I'll have a cup of coffee with cream. Спасибо, Джордж. Я угощаю в следующий раз. Я возьму половинку французского сэнд­вича под майонезом — майо­неза поменьше — и чашечку кофе со сливками.
G: And I'll have the beef-kabob. А я буду биф-кебаб.
W: Okay. Anything to drink? Что-нибудь выпьете?
M: What kind of beer do you have? А какое у вас пиво?
W: We have Schlitz on tap and Lowenbrau, Budweiser and Mi-chelob in bottles. У нас есть Шлиц в розлив, а Левенбрау, Будвайзер и Мике-лоб в бутылках.
G: A glass of Schlitz, please. Стакан Шлица, пожалуйста.
W: Okay, and what kind of dressing would you like on your salad, ma'am? We have French, Thou­sand Island and blue cheese. Хорошо, а какой гарнир вы бы хотели к вашему салату, ма­дам? У нас есть французский, „Таузенд айленд" и блю-чиз.
B: Blue cheese'll be fine. Меня устроит блю-чиз.
W: Okay, thank you. Спасибо.

@ 7. Write 5-6 sentences explaining how to prepare your favourite dish using words of time including first, second, then, next, and finally.





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