Refusing suggestions and invitations



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Refusing suggestions and invitations



I’m sorry, I can’t. I’m busy.

I’m afraid I’m doing something else on Saturday.

Culture note

If you refuse an invitation, try to say why you can’t accept. It’s rude just to say No.

Word List

ancient adj. – древний

attraction n. – достопримечательность

carve v. – вырезать

carving n.- резьба

chapel n.- часовня

church n. – церковь

construct v. – возводить, строить

damage v. – повреждать

design n. – проект

destroy v. – разрушать

enormous adj. – огромный

excite the imagination – волновать воображение

exist v. – существовать

feature n. – черта, особенность

free of charge – бесплатно

go sight seeing – осматривать достопримечательности

go on excursion – пойти на экскурсию

harbour n. – гавань

landmark n. – ориентир

lighthouse n. – маяк

luxurious adj. – роскошный

man-made adj. – сделанный человеком

marble adj. – мраморный

on display – на экспозиции

see the sights – осматривать достопримечательности

Seven Wonders of Ancient World – Семь Чудес Древнего мира

work of art – произведение искусства

 

Keys:

p.1 ex.1

1. True 2. False 3. False 4. True 5. False 6. False

p.1 ex.2

1. A 2. C 3. D

9. Quiz

1. B 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. A 6. C 7. A 8. B

 

Unit 4. INTERNATIONAL TOURISM

& 1. Read the text below and answer the questions:

1. Have you been to another country? What things did you find strange?

2. What things do you think people will find strange about our country?

CULTURE SHOCK

When people travel to other countries, they find that many things are different from their own country - the weather, the food, the times that shops are open, and so on. Often this upsets people and they feel lonely, depressed and homesick. This is called culture shock. Here are some things that visitors to Britain find strange.

The weather in Britain can be very unpredictable. It changes very quickly. People who come from hot countries often find that it is too cold or wet for them.

Shops close at 5.30, which is much earlier than in many other countries. Most pubs and restaurants close at 11 pm. Visitors who like to go out late in the evening find this strange.

Young people can't go into pubs until they are 16 and they can't buy alcoholic drinks till they are 18.

People in Britain usually live in small families and they are generally quiet. Visitors who normally live in large families or groups can feel lonely.

Of course, there are also lots of good things about Britain that people like. And remember that visitors to your country will find your lifestyle strange, too.

When you visit other countries you should accept the way that people do things there. Because something is different, it doesn't mean that it's better or worse. It would be a very sad world if everything was the same, so don't let culture shock spoil your visit to another country. Enjoy the differences.

2. Complete the following description of a country with the nouns from the box. Which country do you think it is? Why?

Everything's wrong here!

They do everything wrong here! They eat far too much (1)_________ and they eat it at 11 p.m. Yesterday we went out to dinner at 11.30 and we had trouble getting a table! At 1 a. m. we were still eating, and the restaurant was still half-full! They smoke too many (2)_________. They drink lots of strong (3)_________and a lot of (4)_________.

They spend too many (5)_________ in the sun and they certainly don't get enough (6)_________. One Saturday night we went to a disco at 2 a. m. and were surprised to see that there were only a few (7)_________on the dance floor. Then the DJ arrived at 3 a. m. and the party began!

There are far too many (8)_________ in the cities, and there's too much (9)_ everywhere!

They do everything wrong here, but the quality of lifeis great, and people really know how to enjoy themselves. I don't want to go home!

cars cigarettes coffee hours meat noise people sleep wine

3.a)Read this letter from Rachel to a friend. How does she feel about the place she is describing?

First impressions Hi! I've been here a week and my first impressions are not very good. In fact, they are terrible. The city is small and boring. Really boring! The buildings are modern and unattractive, and there are some ugly high-rise office blocks. The city centre is really dirty and polluted, and public transport is useless. The buses stop at ten o'clock at night, and it's impossible to get a taxi. This probably explains why the streets are completely empty after six o'clock in the evening and the nightlife is terrible. There's nothing to do. The people look miserable and they're not very friendly. I suppose it could be because the weather is awful - it's cold and hasn't stopped raining since I arrived. Seven days of rain - can you imagine? But the worst thing is the food - I can't eat it. And the coffee tastes disgusting. Ugh! There aren't many restaurants and they're expensive. I want to come home! I really hate it here. Love, Rachel xxx

 

@ b) Re-write the letter in 3. Make it sound as positive as you can.

Hi! I've been here a week and my first impressionsare really good. In fact, they are fantastic. The city is big and exciting. Really exciting! The buildings are ...

84 a) Choose the most appropriate adjective in the box to complete the following descriptions. (Sometimes more than one answer is possible.) Then listen to four people talking about the places they live. Check your answers.

new clean crowded boringexciting polluted humid

 

a) ... a city that's so big and _________.  
b) ... people say it's too noisy and _________.
c) ... it's too hot and_________. Speaker 1    
d) ... it's a mixture of old and_________. Speaker 2    
e) ... the air is lovely and _________. Speaker 3    
f) ... I find it so dulland _________. Speaker 4    
g) ... the canals are dirty and _________.  

4 b) Put a P in front of the speakers who like living where they live and a r in front of the speakers who don’t.

^ 5. Work with a partner. Which of the following cities are capitals? (There are six).

Tokyo Nice Seoul Reykjavik Berlin Barcelona Los Angeles Cairo Melbourne Prague

Choose one city you would really like to live in or visit and tell your partner why. Think about what you will say and what language you will need:

High-rise buildingsa river a hill a statue a fountain a canal a park a church a bridge a square a castlethe sea

[ 6. Think about the best city you have ever visited. You are going to tell your partner about it. Choose from the list the things you want to talk about. Make use of some expressions in 4 and 5.

Where is the city? How many times have you visited the city?
When was the last time? When did yon first go there?
Were you on holiday? What do you most like about this city?
Who did you go there with? Would you like to live there?
What did you do there? Why / Why not?

 

 

^ 7. You will read three conversations at the airport. Pay attention to the way people ask for and give directions. Role-play the dialogues with a partner. Man = M:,Woman = W:,Clerk=С:

M: 1. Excuse me! Could you tell me where the Eastern airlines counter is? 1. Простите! He могли бы вы подсказать мне, где находится стойка авиакомпании „Eastern Airlines"?
W: Sure. Just goup the escalator here onyour left, and you'll see it next to the Continental counter when you get to the top. Конечно. Поднимитесь по эс­калатору слева от вас и увиди­те ее рядом со стойкой авиа­компании „Континенталь", когда сойдете с эскалатора на­верху.
M: Thanks a lot. Большое спасибо.
W: You're welcome. Пожалуйста.
С: 2.Here's your ticket. Your flight's now boarding at Gate 62. 2. Вот ваш билет. Посадка на ваш рейс происходит сейчас у выхода 62.
M: Customer: Excuse me? Простите?
С: Gate 62. Выход 62.
M: Uh, where is Gate 62? А где выход 62?
С: Go down Concourse L, to your left there. You'll see it. Идите по переходу „L", а от­туда налево. Там вы и увидите его.
M: Down Concourse L? Thank you very much. По переходу „L"? Большое спасибо.
С: You bet. Пожалуйста.
M1: 3.Excuse me. Do you know where the baggage claim area is? 3.Простите, вы не знаете, где выдается багаж?
M2: Yeah, it's downstairs. Take an elevator at the far end of the hall there, and it'll be right behind you when you get downstairs. Это внизу. Поезжайте на лиф­те, который находится вдаль­нем конце зала, и когда спу­ститесь вниз, она будет прямо позади вас.
M1: Okay, let's see... I take that ele­vator down there and turn around when I get to the first floor and I'll see it. Хорошо. Значит так... Я са­жусь влифт вон там, спуска­юсь до первого этажа, повора­чиваюсь и там увижу ее.
M2: Right. Правильно.
M1: Great! Thanks. Отлично! Благодарю вас.
M2: Any time. Не стоит.

 

 

Ç 8. Read the words and match them up with their Russian equivalents.

1.  itinerary a. аэровокзал
2.  terminal b. выход на посадку
3.  gate c. турпутёвка “все включено“
4.  arrivals d. поездка по морю
5.  business trip e. маршрут, путь следования
6.  route f. экскурсия, короткая поездка
7.  departures g. отправление
8.  voyage h. командировка
9.  package tour i. зал прибытия
10.  trip j. маршрут; путеводитель

^ 9. Here are 5 different answers to the question: 'How was your journey?' Decide if the speaker in each sentence travelled by plane, car, ferry or train. The first one is done for you. Make up your own dialogues.

1. It was fine. We stopped over in Dubai, so I did a bit of duty-free shopping, which was nice. – plane-

2. OK. But it was really crowded. The only seat I could find was in a smoking carriage.

3. Great! There was hardly any traffic. It only took us an hour to get here.

4. Awful! We got caught in this storm coming over the Alps. I thought we were going to crash.

5. Terrible! Both the kids got seasick!

$ 10. Find in the unit English equivalents for the following Russian words and phrases: Зáмок, фонтан, статуя, место выдачи багажа, проход /вестибюль аэропорта, стойка регистрации, многолюдный, интересный / вызывающий массу впечатлений, паром, высотные здания, влажный / сырой, соседство старого и нового, загрязненный, качество жизни, первые впечатления.

 



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