Complimenting Responding to compliments



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Complimenting Responding to compliments



You look great! Thank you.

What a lovely coat/dress!

 

VOCABULARY

 

achievement n – достижение

create v – создавать

damage v – повреждать

embody v – воплощать

establish v – создавать

exist v – существовать

fame n – слава

forbid (forbade, forbidden) v – запрещать

fulfill v – выполнять, осуществлять

image n – образ

include v – включать

landscape n – пейзаж

long for v – стремиться

present v – представлять

profound a – глубокий, основательный

still-life n – натюрморт

surpass v – превосходит

a way of – способ

 

OUTSTANDING MUSICIANS AND COMPOSERS

1.Match the phrases (1-13) with their meanings (a-m).

1 the most traditional way a состояние тайны и

благоговения

2 through media b национальный

характер

3 can be broadcast over the radio c чувство удаленности

от повседневной жизни

4 use the ability to edit d мировое признание

5 the oldest art e музыка в стиле

«кантри»

6 to set mood f заболеть воспалением

легких

7 a state of mystery and awe g использовать

способность редактировать

8 a feeling of distance h может передаваться

по радио

9 country music i при помощи средств

массовой информации

10 national identity j старейший вид

искусства

11 fall in love k выражать глубокие

чувства

12 worldwide recognition l чтобы создать

настроение

13 express deep feelings m самый традиционный

способ

14 catch pneumonia n влюбиться

2. Read the questions then read the text and answer the questions.

1. When and where did music originate? 2. What are the main genres of music? 3. What are genres of music determined by? 4. What is classical music? 5. Who is modern music performed by? 6. What is jazz? 7. What is the role of music in other arts? 8.What is the role of music in our life?

Music

Music is one of the oldest arts. People probably started singing as soon as language developed. Many ancient people including the Egyptians, Chinese, Babylonians and the people of the India used music in religious ceremonies. The first written music dates from about 2500 B.C..

Nowadays the music that composers make can be heard through different media. The most traditional way is to hear it live, in the presence of the musicians. Live music can be also broadcast over the radio and television. Recording often uses the ability to edit and very often is considered better than the actual performance.

There are many musical genres. Among the largest genres are classical music, country music, rock music, rhythm and blues music, reggae, electronic music, melodic music, punk, hip- hop rap and so on. Genres of music are determined by tradition by time period. All attempts to divide music into different genres are artificial. Musicians tend to produce music in any style without concerning themselves with which genres they are working in. For example, Gershwin’s ”Rhapsody in Blue” is referred to both jazz and classical music.

Classical music is often associated with the music of the past. Classical music includes symphonies, concertos and operas, for example, Beethoven’s piano concertos, Schubert’s symphonies, ”La Boheme” by Puccini is an opera. Most of this music is played by an orchestra which is led by a conductor.

Most modern music is played by bands /groups (for example ”Prodigy”) , solo artists (for example, Madonna ) or singer-songwriters which write and perform/play their own songs.

Jazz is difficult to define , improvisation is its key element. Jazz is a form of music which originated in the United States from confrontation of African-American and European music.

Music plays a major role in other arts. Opera combines singing and orchestral music with drama. Ballet and other forms of dancing need music to help the dancers. Films and TV dramas use music to set mood and emphasize the action.

Music plays an important part in all cultures and social activities. Nearly all people use music in their religious services to create a state of mystery and awe, a feeling of distance from the daily world. Many people perform and listen to music for their own satisfaction. Singing in a choir or playing a musical instrument in a band can be very enjoyable. Music provides people with the way to express their feelings.

Notes:

B.C. (before Christ) – до нашей эры

3. Fill in the gaps using the words from the text.

1. Music can be … over radio. 2. Musical genres are … by tradition and time period. 3. The division of music is … . 4. Songwriters write and … their own music. 5. Jazz is mostly … .6. Music helps people to set … . 7. Music can … a state of mystery and … . 8 A lot of people play musical instruments, sing in a choir or dance to music … themselves.

4. Analyse and translate the grammar forms with ending-ing from the text:

started singing, recording, including the Egyptians, without concerning themselves, opera combines singing and orchestral music, forms of dancing.

5. Grammar for revision.

a) Complete the sentences with the Ving forms of the verbs in brackets.

b) Memorize the verbs standing before Ving forms.

1) My mother can’t stand ( listen )to loud hard rock music. She thinks it is awful.

2) Some people hate ( go ) to the symphony concerts. They don’t understand classical music.

3) I want to continue (learn)playing the piano. I’ve been studying it already for three years and I love it.

4) I can’t stand ( watch ) operas on TV. It’s better to see them live.

5) My friend has started ( go ) to music school. She wants to learn how to play the guitar.

6) I don’t like ( listen ) to music on TV. It’s annoying.

7) We started ( discuss ) music with our friends. We are very interested in life styles of our favourite pop singers.

8)They began ( show ) rock festivals on TV recently. They want us to be familiar with the hottest bands.

9) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart began ( write ) music at the age of five.

6. 1) Create as many words as you can. Decide what part of speech they belong to. Consult a dictionary.

________-al ________-al, -ly

Music

un-________-al ________-ian

_________-ology ________-al, -ity

2) Some people wanted music to be their profession since their childhood. Read what a professional musician says about his childhood. Complete the sentences using the words from the list below:

music musical unmusical musicality musician musicology

When I was in the fifth form I wanted to play in the school band. But I was given a test that showed I didn’t have any _________ talent and the conductor wouldn’t allow me into the orchestra. It was difficult for me to accept that I was__________ . I wanted very much to learn_________ and play in the band. So I began studying __________ and I worked day and night to develop my _________ as I was thinking about becoming a professional__________.

Note:

allow - допускать, разрешать

7. 1) What do we call people who compose/ produce/ write/ make music?

2) Read the story of the greatest composer and try to focus on essential

facts of his life.

The Master

Ludwig van Beethoven was born in1770 in Bonn, Germany. He was the eldest of three boys. His father and grandfather were musicians. Ludwig started learning the violin and the piano at a very early age. In 1783 he published his first composition. He was only 13. In 1787 he travelled to Vienna to study under Mozart, but returned to Bonn because his mother was dying. After her death he moved to Vienna. He never returned to his hometown. In 1795 he gave his first public performance as a pianist. It was a success. In the late 1790s, Beethoven began to lose his hearing and by 1819 he was completely deaf. It was during this period that he wrote some of the most famous compositions like Moonlight (1891), Pastoral(1898), Emperor (1809). After he became deaf he continued to compose great music which was joyful and optimistic. In the later years, he was lonely and depressed and didn’t write much. Although, he fell in love several times he never married. Beethoven died on March 26, 1827 in Vienna after he caught pneumonia. More than 10,000 people came to his funeral. Beethoven was the first composer who used music to express deep feelings and ideas such as his belief in freedom and heroism. Even today he is, for many people, the greatest composer.

 

   

3) Read again and complete the sentences.

1. Beethoven_________ brothers.

2. He could play____________________.

3. He was only 13 when _____________.

4. It wasn’t until 1819 that he__________.

5. He never ________ or had children.

6. He strongly believed ______________.

4) Using the words and word expressions from the list below talk about Beethoven :

was born, musicians, the violin and the piano, was only 13, first public performance, completely deaf, composed great music, fell in love, died, to express deep feeling, the greatest composer.

8. 1) What outstanding composers and musicians do you know? Talk about one of them answering the questions below:

a) What country did they come from?

b) What are the most famous their compositions?

c) What is their contribution into world music?

 

2) Match the names of these musicians (1-8) with the short description of their contributions into world music:

1.Giacomo Puccini a) was a Finnish composer. His music played

(1858-1924) an important role in the formation of

the Finnish national identity. He found in his

national feeling the inspiration of

practically all his works, for example, the

symphonic poem “Finlandia”, the suite

“Karelia”.

2.Edvard Grieg b) was a French composer and pianist . He is

(1843-1907) best known for the opera” Carmen”.

3.Benjamin Britten c) was an Italian opera composer. His operas

(1913-1976) show strong gift for melody and

dramatic effect and they combine exotic

plots with elements of realism,

for example, “La Boheme”, “Madam

Butterfly”.

4.Jean Sibelius d) was a Norwegian composer. Much of his

(1865-1957) music is small scale, his songs,

dances, sonatas and piano works strongly

identified with Norwegian folk music.

5.Frederic Chopin e) was a Czech composer. International

(1819-1849) recognition came with “Slavonic Dances”.

6.Leonard Bernstein f) was an English composer, conductor and

(1913-1990) pianist. He began writing music at

the age of five. He composed music,

particularly operas and choral works that

can be sung by ordinary people and by

children.

7.Peter Tchaikovsky g) was a Polish composer and pianist. He

(1840-1893) made his debut as a pianist at the age of

eight. The piano was to him as much a

means of self-expression as if it were a part

of him.

8.George Bizet h) was a Russian composer of the Romantic

(1838-1875) era. His Romantic works include

symphonies, concertos, ballets such as

“Swan Lake”, “The Sleeping Beauty”,

ten operas such as “Eugene Onegin” and

“The Queen of Spades”.

9. Antonin Dvorak i) was an American composer, conductor,

(1841-1904) music lecturer and pianist. He was

among the first born and educated in the

United States to receive worldwide

recognition. His most famous musical

”West Side Story” is an adaptation of

Shakespeare’s play” Romeo and Juliet”

Notes:

inspiration - вдохновение

folk music –народная музыка

small scale – небольшие музыкальные произведения

a means of self expression – средство самовыражения

9. Do you agree that the greatest composers are also the greatest musicians? Read and retell the text using the key words:

outstanding, was born, died, studied, emigrated, his music, toured, became famous.

Sergey Rachmaninoff.

Sergey Rachmaninoff was an outstanding Russian composer and musician. He was born in 1873 not far from Novgorod and died in California in 1943, aged seventy. He studied at the Conservatories of St. Petersburg and Moscow. After the revolution, in 1917 he emigrated to the USA. His music is melodious and emotional. His greatest compositions are the Prelude, The Second and Third Piano Concertos and the Phapsody on the Theme of Paganini. As a pianist he toured the world extensively. He became famous with audiences around the world for his piano performances.

10. Grammar for revision: expressing future actions. Discuss your plans for this evening and use the Present Continuous to talk about fixed arrangements in the near future. Put the verbs in brackets in the right form.

A: You (do) anything special this evening?

B: I’m not sure. Why?

A: Would you like (go) with me? Tamara Sinyavskaya (sing ) at

our theatre.

B: I don’t know, I really (not want) to go tonight. What about

tomorrow?

A: I’d love to, but I (go) to a concert with my friends.

B: Well, can we do something this weekend?

A: Sure. You (plan) anything for Sunday? If not, let’s go to a

concert of modern music.

В: Yes, why not?

11. Read, memorize and act out the dialogue. Then talk about your music preferences using phrases in bold.

ROCK AND POP MUSIC

A: Do you like to listen to music?

B: Sure.

A: What kind of music do you prefer?

B: It depends. Mostly rock and pop music, but sometimes the

classical and country music. And you?

A: As for me, I listen to all kinds of music, even the music my

parents listen to. For example, the Beatles, a British pop

group.

B: Sorry for interrupting you. I also like the Beatles. Their

music is based on rock and roll exported from the USA. But

it is very different from any other American music.

A: Yes, you are right. It was the birth of a new pop culture. It

influenced the musical culture of many countries. By the

way, do you remember their names?

B: Of course, I do. George Harrison, John Lennon, Paul

McCartney, Ringo Starr. Do you know the names of any

other British singers?

A: Naturally, Mick Jagger from the Rolling Stones, Elton John

and many others.

B: We’ll have an opportunity to ask some questions about music

in Britain Mr. Black who is going to visit us.

Notes:

as for – что касается,

by the way – между прочим

interrupt – прерывать

12. Act as an interpreter.

MUSIC IN BRITAIN

Mr. Black, Professor from the London university, is talking with Russian students about music.

 

S: Мистер Блэк, назовите - In the 16th and 17th centuries

пожалуйста, имена English musicians had a great reputa-

известных музыкантов из tion in Europe. William Byrd

Британии. was the most famous English

composer of that time.

S: Да, это имя и сейчас - In the centuries, which followed,

широко известно. England produced no composers

of world rank except for Purcell

and Elgar.

S: A cейчас, в наши дни? - Today it is a reflowering of

English music. The music of

Michael Tipett, Behjamin Britten,

William Walton is performed all

over the world.

S: Недавно мы слушали - Most musicals of Andrew Lloyd

мюзикл «Иисус Христос Webber, like “Jesus Christ Su-

суперзвезда» и получили perstar”, “Cats”, “ The Phantom

огромное удовольствие. of the Opera” and others are still

staged in the best theatres of

England, the USA, Canada and

other countries.

S: Было приятно погово- - The pleasure was mine.

рить с вами о музыке.

 

13. Write a composition on the topic “ Music in my life”.

14. Talk on one of the topics:

Music in Britain.

The Master. (about an outstanding composer or musician)

15. Learn the useful phrases.

Starting a conversation.

A: Is this your first time here? B: Yes, this is my first time.

B: No. I have been here three

times before.

A: Do you know anyone here?

Test.

1. Genres of music are determined by____ and time period.

a. custom b. tradition c. practice d. convention

 

2. All attempts to ____ into different genres are artificial.

a. share b. separate c. distribute d. divide

3. Classical music is _____ the music of the past.

a. referred to b. determined by c. associated with d. combined with

4.Jazz is difficult to define because it is mostly ____ .

a. improvisation b. arrangement c. composition d. creation

5. Opera combines singing and ____ with drama.

a. orchestral music b. choral speaking c. music background d. vocal communication

6. Singing … … can be enjoyable.

a. in opera b. in choir c. on stage d. in low voice

7.People perform and listen to music for their _____ .

a. satisfaction b. arrogance c. confidence d. relaxation

8. “Rhapsody in Blue” was written by ____.

a. Leonard Bernstein b. George Gershwin c. Edward Grieg d. Frederic Chopin

9. George Bizet is famous for his ____.

a. ballet “Swan Lake” b. suite “Karelia” c. opera “Carmen” d.”Slavonic Dances”

10. Frederic Chopin was a ____ composer and pianist.

a. Italian b. Spanish c. Polish d. Czech

11. The opera “_____” composed by B. Britten was staged at the Mariinsky Theatre in 2006.

a. The Turn of the Screw b. Finlandia c. The Queen of Spades d. Madam Batterfly

12. The operas produced by Giacomo Puccini are very _____ .

a. heroic with Biblical plots b. romantic love story c. comic with adventurous plots

d. dramatic with exotic plots

13.Music composed by J. Sibelius played an important role in the formation of ______ .

a. his own character b. Finnish national identity c. new ideas in music

d. attitude to music in his country

14. Beethoven used music _____.

a. to express deep feelings and ideas b. for his own satisfaction

c. to earn a living d. to become famous

15. As a pianist Pahmaninoff _____.

a. gave numerous television lectures on classical music .

b. enjoyed performance for an audience.

c. won the prize in the International Tchaikovsky Competition.

d. toured the world extensively.

16, Mick Jagger is an English musician and singer-songwriter in the band named ______.

a. The Beatles b. Rolling stones с System of a Down d. No Doubt

17. Andrew Lloyd Weber has composed ____ .

a. operas b. ballets c. musicals d. concertos

18. A: I have just bought tickets to the concert of Shakira

B: Really? When _________ ?

a. will you go b. do you go

c. are you going d. have you going

Vocabulary

allow, v. - допускать, разрешать

ancient, a. - древний

artificial, a. -искусственный

attempt, n. - попытка

audience, n. -публика, зрители

awe, n. -благоговение,

благоговейный страх

belief, n. - вера, убеждения

broadcast, v. - передавать,

транслировать

choir, n. - хор

composer, n. - композитор

concerto, n. - концерт, музыкальное

произведение

conductor, n. - дирижер

contribution, n. - вклад , ценные

достижения

country music - музыка в стиле «кантри»

create, v. - создавать

deaf, a. - глухой

determine, v. - определять

divide, v. - делить

express, v - выражать

freedom n. - свобода

folk music - народная музыка

identity, v. - отождествлять,

include, v. - включать

устанавливать одинаковость

influence, v. - влиять

lead (led, led),v. - дирижировать, руководить

live, a. - живая музыка, которую

слушают во время исполнения

музыкантами

perform, v. - исполнять

performance, n. - исполнение

plot, n. - сюжет

recognition, n. - признание

refer to, v. – относить к (чему-либо)

satisfaction, n. - удовлетворение

tour, v. - совершать гастроли, гастролировать

Keys to the unit.

 

1. 1-m, 2-i, 3-h, 4-g, 5-j. 6-l, 7-a, 8-c, 9-e, 10 –b, 11 –n, 12 – d, 13 – k, 14 -f

3. 1-broadcast, 2-determined, 3-artificial, 4-perform ; play, 5-improvisation, 6-mood, 7-create, awe, 8- to express

6.1 musical a.- музыкальный , unmusical a. – немузыкальный , musicology, n. - наука о музыке, музыковедение, musicality n. – музыкальность ,( в тексте: музыкальные способности), musician n. – музыкант

8.2 1- c, 2- d, 3- f, 4-a, 5- g, 6- i, 7- h, 8- b, 9- e

10. Are you doing; to go is singing; don’t want; am going; are you planning

 



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