ТОП 10 на сайтеПриготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Техника нижней прямой подачи мяча.
Франко-прусская война (причины и последствия)
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Смысловое и механическое запоминание, их место и роль в усвоении знаний
Коммуникативные барьеры и пути их преодоления
Обработка изделий медицинского назначения многократного применения
Образцы текста публицистического стиля
Четыре типа изменения баланса
Задачи с ответами для Всероссийской олимпиады по праву
ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?
Влияние общества на человека
Приготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Практические работы по географии для 6 класса
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Изменения в неживой природе осенью
Уборка процедурного кабинета
Сольфеджио. Все правила по сольфеджио
Балочные системы. Определение реакций опор и моментов защемления
Exercise 63. Match the columns.
Exercise 64. You want to send your abstracts to an international scientific conference. Read the abstracts instructions and answer the questions. Fill in the gaps of the Abstract Submission Form provided below:
a) Abstracts must contain data. Trade names should not be mentioned in the title. References can be included in the body of the text. Abbreviations should be defined. Faxes are not acceptable. For style please refer to the example. Underline the name of the expected speaker. Abstract should not contain more than 200 words excluding title and author(s). Type the abstracts inside the margins. Use a type-writer.
b) 1. What must abstracts contain?
2. What shouldn’t abstracts include?
3. What is the size of an abstract?
4. Where must an abstract be typed?
ABSTRACT SUBMISSION FORM
Exercise 65. Read the text and answer the questions.
Speaking on Public
You may speak on public for different reasons, on different subjects, to people of different business culture and personal taste. The speaker may want:
1. to inform the audience about some subject matter;
2. to introduce some subject matter;
3. to encourage the audience to make a decision.
However, delivering speeches will be almost the same in structure. Language points will differ a little. All good speeches have two things in common: the underlying structure and the language points which typically arise to serve this structure.
If you are going to deliver a speech, you must first have a plan. You should know exactly where and when the report is to be made. Having a clear idea of what the people in the audience are: their knowledge on the subject, status, age, business culture, specific interests – these help identify the needs of the audience. The information you are going to present should be tailored to meet the needs of the listeners. You should also devise the most appropriate format and sketch out for the use of demonstration materials and handouts. After providing answers to seven basic questions: why?, to whom?, what?, where?, when?, how long?, how?, you get down the plan of the report. It may be as follows:
1. Greeting/introducing oneself
2. Introducing the subject
3. Describing the sequence
4. Starting the report itself
5. Moving to the next point
8. Thanking/ inviting questions
You should make all the necessary preparations (audiovisual material, etc.) beforehand. Pay special attention to the opening and closing courtesies as the most memorable bits. Appear before the audience well groomed. Maintain eye contact and use body language to emphasize your talk. When answering questions from the audience, be sure you understand the question. Keep to the point, make your answers as brief as possible. Be friendly and flexible; try to react to the situation. Keep the time limit of your talk.
1. Why do we have to speak on public?
2. Do all speeches have anything in common?
3. What are the common features of all speeches?
4. How would you know whether people listen to you or not?
5. What is the typical plan of a speech?
6. What should you pay special attention to?
7. What are the most memorable bits of any speech?
Exercise 66. Read the following recommendations and answer the questions:
Thinking about your presentation
1. State your purpose, be specific.
2. Identify the central idea of your presentation.
3. List the main points of your presentation.
4. Think of supporting material for each main point.
5. Decide what kinds of visual aids you will use.
Preparing for your presentation
1. Write an outline of your presentation. You might want to add transition words between the sections.
2. Write the introduction.
3. Write the conclusion.
4. Print the introduction, outline, and conclusion in big print.
5. Prepare your visuals.
Practising your presentation
1. Stand up and give your presentation. Pretend that you have an audience and look at it.
2. Do it again and time yourself. Make any adjustments necessary for time.
3. Ask a friend to listen and critique it.
4. Practise it several more times until you are comfortable and not reading it.
Giving the presentation
1. Have everything ready. Don’t spend time collecting possessions and getting it in order when it’s time for you to speak.
2. Walk to the front of the room confidently, put your notes on the lectern, and start.
3. Don’t apologize for anything.
4. Make eye contact with your audience. Don’t just look at your notes or at the wall.
5. Do not read! It’s really boring.
6. Be enthusiastic about your topic.
7. When you finish, collect your possessions quickly and sit down.
Answer the questions:
1. What is the topic of the paper you are going to present?
2. Why are you interested in this particular topic?
3. Do you always prepare for presentations?
4. What recommendations for making oral presentations do you find most helpful?
5.Which ones do you always follow?
Exercise 67. Read and practise some useful paper speech patterns:
Exercise 68. Act out the situation. Your paper has been accepted by the Organizing Committee. Today you are given the floor to present your research data. The time limit is six minutes. Make your presentation.
Exercise 69. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian paying attention to the Gerund:
1. It goes without saying. 2. There are two ways of getting sugar: one from beet and the other from sugarcane. 3. Jane Eyre was fond of reading. 4. It looks like raining. 5. My watch wants repairing. 6. Thank you for coming. 7. I had no hope of getting an answer before the end of the month.
Exercise 70. Transform the sentences using the Gerund with the preposition of:
Model: She thought she would go to the country for the weekend. –She thought of going to the country for the weekend.
1. I thought I would come and see you tomorrow. 2. She has always dreamt she will live in a small house by the sea. 3. He thought he would buy a new car after that terrible accident. 4. He dreams he will travel round the world. 5. He thought he would publish his article in the international journal.
Exercise 71. Transform the sentences using the Gerund with the preposition after:
Model: When she had bought everything she needed, she went home. – After buying everything she needed, she went home.
1. When he had made a thorough study of the subject, he found that it was a great deal more important than he had thought at first. 2. After I had hesitated some minutes, I finally decided to support the first point of view. 3. When she had graduated from the university, she went to teach in her hometown. 4. When he had proved that his theory was correct, he started studying ways and means of improving the conditions of work in very deep coalmines.
Exercise 72. Open the brackets using Participle I according to the model:
Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2016-06-23; Нарушение авторского права страницы
infopedia.su Все материалы представленные на сайте исключительно с целью ознакомления читателями и не преследуют коммерческих целей или нарушение авторских прав. Обратная связь - 18.104.22.168 (0.007 с.)