Exercise 4. Answer the questions.

1. What are the three types of universities in Great Britain?

2. What degrees do students get after finishing full courses of study?

3. What grants do students receive?

4. Why don’t students have jobs during term time?

5. What courses do colleges offer?

6. What do higher educational institutions in the USA require foradmission?

7. What kind of educational institution is the University?

8. What does the higher education structure in Ukraine include?

9. What degrees are known as applied ones?

10. What educational and qualification levels are there in Ukraine?

11. Does evening and correspondence education exist in Ukraine?

12. All the HEI are public ones, aren’t they?

13. How is the admission to higher educational institutions made?

14.What types of HEI can you name?

Exercise 5.Complete the sentences, using the text, translate them.

1. Colleges offer courses in ...

2. Full courses of study offer the degree of…

3. Students may receive grants from …

4. The most famous universities are …

5. Higher education in the United States includes …

6. The American college is known by …

7. The higher education in Ukraine consists of …

Exercise 6. a.Read and remember the model for annotation of the article:


1. I was supposed to annotate the following article.

2. It was published in the British journal (magazine, newspaper) …

3. The title (headline) of the article is …

4. The author of the article is …(The article was written by a special correspondent of the journal).

5. The article represents a definite interest from the point of view …

6. It gives facts (tables, diagrams, figures, schemes).

7. The article considers the problem of …

8. It describes (discusses) …

9. The article draws the reader’s attention to …

10. The author points out that …

11. He stresses that …

12. The writer analyses the achievements of …

13. He approves …

14. The key problem of the article is …

15. To my mind (in my opinion) …

16. The article is worth reading because the problem is of great interest (of good use, actual,informative).


B. Read the article and make an annotation of it.


Today there are about ninety universities in Britain, compared with only seventeen in 1945. They fall into four broad categories: the ancient English foundations, the ancient Scottish ones, the ‘redbrick’ universities, and the ‘plate-glass’ ones. They are all private institutions, receiving direct grants from central government.

Oxford and Cambridge, founded in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries respectively, are easily the most famous of Britain’s universities. Today ‘Oxbridge’, as the two together are known, educate less than one tenth of Britain’s total university student population. But they continue to attract many of the best brains, and to mesmerize a greater number, partly on account of their prestige but also on account of the seductive beauty of many of their buildings and surroundings.

Both universities grew gradually, as federations of independent colleges most of which were founded in the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. In both universities, however, new colleges have been established, for example, GreenCollege, Oxford(1979) and RobinsonCollege, Cambridge(1977).

Scotland boasts about four ancient universities: Glasgow, Edinburgh, St. Andrews and Aberdeen, all founded in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. In the Scottish Lowlands greater value was placed on education during the sixteenth and later centuries than in much of England. These universities were created with strong links with the ancient universities of continental Europe, and followed their longer and broader course of studies. Even today, Scottish universities provide four-year undergraduate courses compared with the usual three-year courses in England and Wales.

In the nineteenth century many more redbrick universities were established to respond to the greatly increased demand for educated people as a result of the Industrial Revolution and the expansion of Britain’s overseas empire. Many of these were cited in the industrial centres, for example Birmingham, Manchester, Nottingham, Newcastle, Liverpool and Bristol.

With the expansion of higher education in the 1960s many more plate-glass universities were established, some named after counties or regions rather than old cities, for example Sussex, Kent, East Anglia and Strathclyde. After some initial enthusiasm for them, they had become less popular by the 1980s than the older institutions.

There is also a highly successful Open University, which provides every person in Britain with the opportunity to study for a degree, without leaving their home. It is particularly designed for adults who regret missed opportunities earlier. It conducts learning through correspondence, radio and television, and also through local study centres.

Thirty polytechnics in England and Wales provide a range of higher education courses, up to doctoral studies. (In Scotland there are similar institutions.) But their real purpose was to fill the gap between university and further education work, providing an environment in which equal value was placed on academic and practical work, particularly in order to improve Britain’s technical and technological ability.

(‘Britain in Brief’ by J. Brown)


Active Voice

Вид → Indefinite Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous
Час ↓ I чиII (-edформа) to be + IV (-ing форма) to have+ III (-ed форма) to be + IV (-ing форма)
Present I / I-s am / is / are + IV have / has +III have /has been +IV
Past II was / were + IV had +III had been +IV
Future will /shall +I will / shall be +IV will / shall have +III will / shall have been +IV
Future in the Past would / should +I would / should be +IV would /should have +III would / should have been +IV
Безособові форми дієслова
Інфінітив toI to be +IV tohave + III tohave been+IV
Герундій IV - having +III -
Дієприкметник I IV - having +III -
ДієприкметникII - - - -

Passive Voice

Вид → Indefinite Continuous Perfect Perf. Cont.
Час↓ to be + III (-edформа) to be + III (-edформа) to be + III (-edформа) -
Present am / is / are +III am / is / are being +III have/has been +III -
Past was / were + III was / werebeing + III had been +III -
Future will / shall be +III - will / shall have been +III -
Future in the Past would / should be+III - would / should have been +III -
Безособові форми дієслова
Інфінітив to be +III - tohave been +III -
Герундій being +III - having been+III -
Дієприкметник I being +III - having been+III -
Дієприкметник II III - - -

Exercise 7. Put the verbs in the following sentences in the third person singular:

1. They wish to speak to you. (He)

2. They help their father. (She)

3. You watch too much TV. (He)

4. They worry too much. (She).

5. I always carry an umbrella. (She).

6. They wash the floor every week. (He).

Exercise 8.Give the correct form of the Simple Present of each verb.
1. My uncle in a factory. (Work)

2. The children a lot of sweets. (Eat)

3. I always out on Sundays. (Go)

4. She never up very early. (Get)

5. The concert at 7 next Friday. (Start)

6. Joan and Sue glasses. (Wear)


Exercise 9. Use the Present Progressive in the following sentences.

1. Don’t rush me. I ___ as fast as I can. (I/work)

2. What ___ ? It looks awful. (You/drink)

3. ___ to catch his train. (He/hurry)

4. ___ our holiday here very much. (We/enjoy)

5. What time ___ tomorrow? (He/arrive)

6. ___ to lock the front door now. (She/try)


Exercise 10. Choose the correct variant in each sentence.

1. When ___ your homework?

a) is you doing b) you do c) you doing d) do you do

2. They ___ hamburgers and chips.

a) are liking b) likes c) like d) doesn’t like

3. Sorry, I can’t. I ___ lunch.

a)have b) am having c) has d) having

4. My friend never ___ basketball.

a) playing b) plays c)play d) am playing

5. It’s 5 o’clock. She ___ tea.

a) has b) have c) is having d) having

6. Where ___ you usually ___in the evening?

a) do...go b) are ... go c) are ... going d) do ...going

7. The boys ___a game of football at the moment.

a) have b) having c) don’t have d)are having

8. What ___ to do at the end of the lesson?

a) do you go b) are you go c) are you going d) have you go

9. Icook meal and my sister ___ dishes.

a) is wash b) is washing c) washes d) wash

10. He ___ it now.

a) understand b) understands c) is understand d) is understanding

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