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ТОП 10 на сайтеПриготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Техника нижней прямой подачи мяча.
Франко-прусская война (причины и последствия)
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Смысловое и механическое запоминание, их место и роль в усвоении знаний
Коммуникативные барьеры и пути их преодоления
Обработка изделий медицинского назначения многократного применения
Образцы текста публицистического стиля
Четыре типа изменения баланса
Задачи с ответами для Всероссийской олимпиады по праву
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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?
Влияние общества на человека
Приготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Практические работы по географии для 6 класса
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Изменения в неживой природе осенью
Уборка процедурного кабинета
Сольфеджио. Все правила по сольфеджио
Балочные системы. Определение реакций опор и моментов защемления
Exercise 1. Give 4 possible forms of polite requests and an answer for each of
the following sentences.
1. to correct / this paper
2. to answer / the telephone
3. to pay / this bill
1. Give Joan a message. I wonder if …
2. Repeat that. Do you think …
3. Stand up. I wonder if …
4. Give me your full name.
5. Hold this for me.
6. Open the door.
7. Do it again.
8. All of you sit down quietly.
9. Give me a little more time.
1. Ü not find another job
2. Ü lose my flat
3. Ü move back to my parents’ house
4. Ü get very bored
5. Ü go swimming every day
6. Ü look very good
7. Ü meet interesting people
8. Ü go to lots of parties
9. Ü have a wonderful time
1. If you walk under a ladder you will … .
2. If a girl catches the bride’s bowquet after a wedding she will … .
3. If you break a mirror you will … .
4. If you see a small spider you will … .
5. If you scratch your left hand you will … .
6. If you touch wood … .
7. If you hear an owl in the night … .
8. If a black cat crosses your path … .
1. She is nice and slim, so she looks marvellous in tight jeans.
2. He has plenty of money, so he spends the winters abroad.
3. He works overtime, so he earns a lot of money.
4. His garden gets a lot of sun, so he can grow peaches.
5. He can ski, so he goes skiing at Christmas.
6. She knows a film director, so she gets good parts.
7. He runs round the park every morning, so he keeps very fit.
8. He travels first class, so he enjoys travelling.
1. If dogs … talk, they … some interesting stories. (can; tell)
2. If I … the answer, I … you. (know; tell)
3. If my cat … open the fridge, it … all my food. (can; eat)
4. If Ann and Bill … here, they … what to do. (be; know)
5. If you … read people’s thoughts, what … you …? (can; do)
6. If the programmes … better, I … more TV. (be; watch)
7. This … a nice country if it … so much. (be; not rain)
8. If I … you to marry me, what … you …? (ask; say)
1. 1. A lorry drives into a shop window. Nobody is hurt.
2. A little boy has been playing with matches. The whole house is on fire.
3. There has been a robbery in the bank. The robbers are just driving away.
4. There has been an accident outside the school. Two pupils are lying in the street.
5. The bank is burning. Everybody is running out into the street.
6. You come home late at night. You see somebody smashing a window at the back of your house.
7. You wake up in the middle of the night. You think you can hear somebody in the house. You are afraid.
8. You come into the house. You can smell smoke. The rest of the family is sleeping.
9. Smoke is coming from the motor of your car. You stop at a garage. You go into the garage. When you come out of the garage your car is not there. Perhaps it is stolen!
1. If he ___ (be) rich, he ___ never cook at home, and he ___ always go out to eat.
2. He ___ buy anything he wanted if he ___ (be) rich.
3. If he ___ (have) a girlfriend, he ___ also buy her whatever she wanted.
4. If he ___ (buy) his girlfriend whatever she wanted, she ___ want to buy more and more.
5. If she ___ (buy) more and more, she ___ eventually run out of things to buy.
6. She ___ fall out of love with Peter if she ___ (run out) of things to buy.
7. If she ___ (fall) out of love with him, he ___ be miserable.
8. If he ___ (be) miserable, he ___ go to the cinema every week to forget about his troubles.
1. If I … here yesterday, I would have come to see you. (be)
2. If Joe … harder, he would have passed his exams. (work)
3. If you … a map with you, you wouldn’t have got lost. (take)
4. We would have won the game if we … so badly. (not play)
5. If I had gone to university, I … medicine and become a doctor. (study)
6. … you … if you had driven more slowly? (crach)
7. You … badly if you hadn’t drunk all that coffee. (not sleep)
8. If you … on holiday with us, you … a wonderful time. (come; have)
9. If my car …, I … here at 8 o’clock. (not break down; be)
10. … you … harder at school last year if you … the teachers? (study; like)
1. ………. and married her.
2. ………. in her country.
3. ………. diamond business.
4. ………. very rich.
5. ………. in a revolution.
So getting early is bad for me.
1. If she hadn’t opened the door, the cat ………. her supper.
2. ………. her supper, ………. the shop.
3. ………. the shop, ………. the advertisement.
4. ………. the advertisement, ………. a new job.
5. ………. a new job, ………. my father.
1. She forgot to lock the car. Her camera got stolen. (If she hadn’t forgotten …)
2. He left his wallet in a restaurant. It disappeared.
3. She left her watch lying about. It got broken.
4. He didn’t lock the door of his flat. Thieves broke in.
5. She knocked her glasses off the table. They broke.
6. She didn’t put her name on her suitcase. Someone took it by mistake.
7. He parked his car without lights. Another car ran into it.
8. He didn’t look after his bicycle. It went rusty.
9. She left her parcels on a bus. Someone took them.
10. He didn’t keep his passport in a safe place. It got lost.
1. If I ….. coffee last night, I ….. better. (not drink; sleep)
2. I ….. Mary you ….. if I ….. her this afternoon. (tell; call; see)
3. If you ….. to my party next Saturday I ….. to introduce you to our new neighbours. (come; be able)
4. It was a pity you ….. on Saturday. If you ….. I ….. introduce you to our new neighbours. (not come; come; introduce)
5. If my parents … more money, I .... to university after I left school. (have; go)
6. Your radio is very old. I’m sure you ….. better reception if you ….. a new one. (get; buy)
7. Annie ….. to Brazil last year if she ….. Pete. (go; not meet)
1. They passed a group of workers who were repairing the road.
2. The windows that face the garden were open.
3. He couldn’t fall asleep because of the noise that was coming from the street.
4. She got on the train that was going to London.
5. We drove up to the front door of a tall house which stood a little back from the road.
6. Near the dock he ran into a sailor who was returning from town.
7. He threw aside the letter that was lying on top and picked up the next.
8. The plane which is flying overhead is travelling north.
9. What can you do about a dog which is barking all night?
10. The candidates who are sitting for this examination are all graduates.
11. The woman who is waiting to see you has applied for a job here.
12. Trains which leave from this station take an hour to get to London.
13. Passengers who travel on planes shouldn’t smoke.
14. There’s someone who is knocking at the door.
15. Customers who complain about the service should see the manager.
16. There’s a pension scheme for people who work for this company.
1. I paused, I didn’t quite know how to express myself.
2. She lifted the telephone, she answered, “Yes?”
3. I didn’t hear what he said and asked him to repeat it.
4. I’m not a lawyer, so I can’t give
5. I was short of money, I couldn’t afford to buy it.
6. She got worried and thought we had had an accident.
7. He went to his room and closed the door behind him.
8. After we looked at the map, we tried to find the right street.
9. I found the front door locked and went round the back.
1. That woman is my boss. She’s talking to Peter.
2. That woman is Kate Robinson. She’s wearing the green coat.
3. That boy is Sally’s brother. He’s sitting over there.
4. Who is that girl? She’s looking at us.
5. All those people want to see you. They’re waiting outside.
1. The woman was driving along. She was listening to her car radio.
2. I arrived at the examination hall. I was feeling very nervous.
3. He came into the room. He was carrying a suitcase.
4. They were walking down the street. They were folding hands.
5. I walked out of the room. I was smiling to myself.
1. It’s very expensive. It’s very poor quality. (not only … but … as well)
2. He doesn’t drink a lot. He doesn’t eat a lot. (neither … nor)
3. They would like fruit. They would like ice-cream. (both … and)
4. John will give you the book. John will lend you the book. (either … or)
5. She doesn’t eat bread. She doesn’t eat potatoes. (neither … nor)
6. John will help you. Mary will help you. (either … or)
7. They understand Chinese. They speak Chinese. (both … and)
8. I don’t know Peter. I don’t know John. (either … or)
1. Вы могли бы передать мне меню? – Конечно. 2. Вы могли бы перевести письмо для меня? – Извините, сейчас не могу. 3. Можно мне взглянуть на вашу газету? – Боюсь, что нет. 4. Вы не против подождать немного? – Конечно, нет. 5. Давайте пойдем искупаться. – Давайте. 6. Может мы проведем отпуск в Египте? – Лучше бы нет. 7. На твоем месте я бы не поехал в Африку. 8. Если бы я был в отпуске, я бы сидел сейчас на пляже. 9. Они говорят и на английском, и на немецком. 10. Она не ест ни хлеба, ни картош
«The King is Dead: Long Live the King»
(Elvis Presley – Story of a Superstar)
Elvis never had music lessons, but he was surrounded by music from an early age. His parents were very religious, and Elvis regularly sang at church services. He left school in 1953 and got a job of a lorry driver.
In 1953 Elvis paid $4 and recorded two songs as a present for his mother’s birthday. This event, however, did not make him famous. In 1954 he performed a song of a black blues singer That’s All Right, Mama at the Sun Records Studio. That was a real turning point in his life. The record made him popular almost overnight. During the first day the song was broadcast several times on the radio. 20,000 copies were sold. People went crazy about its new and dynamic rhythm.
What was it that made an unknown nineteen-year old boy into a famous star? The answer lay not in his expressive songs but also in his voice. Critics wrote that it was throaty, vibrating, feverish and as thick as syrup. That voice was a real revelation.
After Presley had recorded his second song Good Rockin’ Tonight, he became well-known. Soon he began to give concerts which were attended by crowds of screaming fans. On stage he was like a volcano and had a peculiar power to drive the audience mad. Young people went into ecstasies over his voice, his unique songs and his manners. Many older people found Presley disgusting, perverse and vulgar. The young, however, adored him. Presley involuntarily became a “rebel” who started a cultural and sexual revolution. He gave American youths a sense of identity and encouraged them to be more active and liberated.
In March 1958, Elvis had to join the army. When his hair was cut, thousands of women cried. He spent the next two years in Germany, where he met Priscilla Beaulieu, who became his wife eight years later on May 1, 1967.
When he left the army, he recorded many beautiful and moving ballads. His Blue Christmas won the hearts of all Americans. Since that time they began to call him the “King”. For twenty years Presley was number one on the world list of singers. He sold the highest number of records ever – over 500 million!
In 1972 his wife left him, and they were divorced in October 1973. He died of a heart attack at the age of 42. He had been working too hard and eating and drinking too much for several years. He left all his money to his only daughter, Lisa Marie Presley. She became one of the richest people in the world when she was only nine years old.
The cult of Elvis Presley has lasted till today. As someone put it, old rockers never die; they live through their music. Presley’s mansion in Memphis is visited by half a million people every year. They pay tribute to the memory of one of the greatest world-class stars.
Everyone knew Elvis was the king of rock’n’roll. And everyone knows he will always be the king of rock’n’roll. Long live Elvis!
«An Amazing Crime»
planned the crime and the speedboat getaway very carefully. At their trial, one of the robbers said, ‘It seemed possible at the time. Now it seems like an absolutely crazy James Bond kind of thing to do.’
The attempted diamond robbery at the Millennium Dome in London was an amazing crime. The British government built the Millennium Dome to celebrate the year 2000. One of the most popular exhibitions in the Dome was a fabulous diamond collection worth £350 million which included the magnificent Millennium Star diamond. The gang of five men tried to steal the diamonds. But unfortunately for the robbers, hundreds of police officers dressed as tourists and cleaners were waiting for them in the Dome when they attacked.
The huge police operation organised by Scotland Yard was as amazing as the robbery itself. It was called Operation Magician and over 200 police officers took part in it. The police knew the gang were planning a big crime but they didn’t know exactly what. So they followed the men for many months before the robbery.
One day, they saw one of the gang visiting the Dome with his friends. He filmed the diamond exhibition with a camcorder. The police now knew what the robbers planned to do. Another time, they saw the men sailing a speedboat up and down the Thames. They guessed how the robbers planned to escape and continued to watch them very carefully.
At their trial, the jury found the arrested men guilty of robbery with violence. The two gang leaders, Ray Betson and Bill Cockram, received 18-year prison sentences, and the other members of the gang received 15-year prison sentences.
British people like daring crime stories and the Dome robbers are already famous. A television channel even made a film of the robbery. It seems likely these men will go down in history as the robbers who attempted one of the most daring crimes ever.
«An Appointment in Samarra»
and made a threatening gesture. Now, lend me your horse, and I will ride away from this city and avoid my fate. I will go to Samarra and there Death will not find me.
The merchant lent him his horse. And the servant mounted it and he dug his spurs in its flanks and as fast as the horse could gallop he went. Then the merchant went down to the market-place and he saw me standing in the crowd and he came to me and said ‘Why did you make a threatening gesture to my servant when you saw him this morning?’ ‘That was not a threatening gesture’, I said, ‘it was only a start of surprise. I was astonished to see him in Bagdad, for I have an appointment with him tonight in Samarra.’
The voice: Right, Sergeant. Leave it to us.
David: Thanks. I’m going straight to the harbour.
The voice: All right. Good luck.
The Chief Inspector: Are these the young people who found the drugs, sergeant?
The Chief Inspector: Nice work, you three. Er, sergeant?
The Chief Inspector: I have Constable Smith and Constable Harper here to asssit
Mr Miller: Hello, everybody! Come abroad, all of you.
1. The Passive Voice
(c) Meaning. In passive sentences we are more interested in the object of the active sentence. In these sentences, we are not interested in “who did the thing” or we don’t know “who did it”.
(с) Verbs with two objects.
(d) Ways of translation.
(e) Note the place of the preposition:
3. –Ing and –ed adjectives.
Adjectives ending in –ed describe someone’s feeling.
Adjectives ending in –ing describe the thing or person that produces those
1. President Kennedy was killed in New York. (Dallas)
2. Coffee is grown in Scotland. (Brazil)
3. War and Peace was written by Shakespeare. (Tolstoy)
4. Romeo and Juliet was written by Tolstoy. (Shakespeare)
5. Sunflowers was painted by Renoir. (Van Gogh)
6. The Berlin Wall was knocked down in 1982. (1989)
7. Rolls-Royce cars are made in Japan. (England)
1. Do you repair the car yourself?
2. Do you cut your hair yourself?
3. Do you build the house yourself?
4. Do you clean the windows yourself?
5. Do you pick the strawberries yourself?
6. Do you type the letters yourself?
7. Do you paper the walls yourself?
8. Do you build the garage yourself?
9. Do you cut down the trees yourself?
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