Exercise 1. Give 4 possible forms of polite requests and an answer for each of

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Exercise 1. Give 4 possible forms of polite requests and an answer for each of

the following sentences.

1. to correct / this paper

2. to answer / the telephone

3. to pay / this bill


Exercise 2. Turn these instructions into polite requests by starting with the words given.
  e.g. I can’t hear very well. Speak up. · I can’t hear very well. Do you think you could speak up? (I wonder If you could speak up.)

1. Give Joan a message. I wonder if …

2. Repeat that. Do you think …

3. Stand up. I wonder if …

4. Give me your full name.

5. Hold this for me.

6. Open the door.

7. Do it again.

8. All of you sit down quietly.

9. Give me a little more time.


Exercise 3. Change the following sentences according to the model.
  e.g. Ann thinks Paul will probably start tomorrow. · But if he starts tomorrow he’ll be too late.


1. come 2. begin 3. decide 4. sign 5. apply 6. leave 7. send it 8. post it 9. tell us 10. pay


Exercise 4. Make sentences with if.
  e.g. Ü get to work late again · If the bus is late, I’ll get to work late again.
    Ü lose my job · If I get to work late again, I’ll lose my job.


1. Ü not find another job

2. Ü lose my flat

3. Ü move back to my parents’ house

4. Ü get very bored

5. Ü go swimming every day

6. Ü look very good

7. Ü meet interesting people

8. Ü go to lots of parties

9. Ü have a wonderful time


Exercise 5. Recall the superstitions you know and finish the following sentences.
  e.g. If you talk of the Devil he will … . · If you talk of the Devil he will appear.


1. If you walk under a ladder you will … .

2. If a girl catches the bride’s bowquet after a wedding she will … .

3. If you break a mirror you will … .

4. If you see a small spider you will … .

5. If you scratch your left hand you will … .

6. If you touch wood … .

7. If you hear an owl in the night … .

8. If a black cat crosses your path … .


Exercise 6. Rewrite the following sentences using the Second Conditional.
  e.g. He lives near his work so he’s always in time. · If I lived near my work I would always be in time too.
    His case is light so he carries it himself. · If my case were light I would carry it myself too.


1. She is nice and slim, so she looks marvellous in tight jeans.

2. He has plenty of money, so he spends the winters abroad.

3. He works overtime, so he earns a lot of money.

4. His garden gets a lot of sun, so he can grow peaches.

5. He can ski, so he goes skiing at Christmas.

6. She knows a film director, so she gets good parts.

7. He runs round the park every morning, so he keeps very fit.

8. He travels first class, so he enjoys travelling.



Exercise 7. Put in the correct forms of the verbs..
  e.g. If people … four arms, life … easier. (have; be) · If people had four arms, life would be easier.


1. If dogs … talk, they … some interesting stories. (can; tell)

2. If I … the answer, I … you. (know; tell)

3. If my cat … open the fridge, it … all my food. (can; eat)

4. If Ann and Bill … here, they … what to do. (be; know)

5. If you … read people’s thoughts, what … you …? (can; do)

6. If the programmes … better, I … more TV. (be; watch)

7. This … a nice country if it … so much. (be; not rain)

8. If I … you to marry me, what … you …? (ask; say)


Exercise 8. Which Service would you call? The Fire Brigade, the Ambulance Service or the Police?
  e.g. An old man falls in the street. He can’t get up. He is seriously hurt. · If an old man fell in the street, and he couldn’t get up, I would call the Ambulance.


1. 1. A lorry drives into a shop window. Nobody is hurt.

2. A little boy has been playing with matches. The whole house is on fire.

3. There has been a robbery in the bank. The robbers are just driving away.

4. There has been an accident outside the school. Two pupils are lying in the street.

5. The bank is burning. Everybody is running out into the street.

6. You come home late at night. You see somebody smashing a window at the back of your house.

7. You wake up in the middle of the night. You think you can hear somebody in the house. You are afraid.

8. You come into the house. You can smell smoke. The rest of the family is sleeping.

9. Smoke is coming from the motor of your car. You stop at a garage. You go into the garage. When you come out of the garage your car is not there. Perhaps it is stolen!


Exercise 9. Fill in the blanks in each sentence with the appropriate tense forms.
  e.g. Peter ___ go to the cinema every week if he ___ (have) enough money. · Peter would go to the cinema every week if he had enough money.

1. If he ___ (be) rich, he ___ never cook at home, and he ___ always go out to eat.

2. He ___ buy anything he wanted if he ___ (be) rich.

3. If he ___ (have) a girlfriend, he ___ also buy her whatever she wanted.

4. If he ___ (buy) his girlfriend whatever she wanted, she ___ want to buy more and more.

5. If she ___ (buy) more and more, she ___ eventually run out of things to buy.

6. She ___ fall out of love with Peter if she ___ (run out) of things to buy.

7. If she ___ (fall) out of love with him, he ___ be miserable.

8. If he ___ (be) miserable, he ___ go to the cinema every week to forget about his troubles.


Exercise 10. Put in the correct verb forms.
  e.g. If you … me, I would have helped you. (ask) · If you had asked me, I would have helped you.


1. If I … here yesterday, I would have come to see you. (be)

2. If Joe … harder, he would have passed his exams. (work)

3. If you … a map with you, you wouldn’t have got lost. (take)

4. We would have won the game if we … so badly. (not play)

5. If I had gone to university, I … medicine and become a doctor. (study)

6. … you … if you had driven more slowly? (crach)

7. You … badly if you hadn’t drunk all that coffee. (not sleep)

8. If you … on holiday with us, you … a wonderful time. (come; have)

9. If my car …, I … here at 8 o’clock. (not break down; be)

10. … you … harder at school last year if you … the teachers? (study; like)


Exercise 11. Read the expressions in the box and complete the sentences.
  e.g. If I had got up early, I would have caught the 8.15 train. If I had caught the 8.15 train, I would have sat by a beautiful foreign girl.


get up early Ü catch the 8.15 train Ü sit by a beautiful foreign girl Ü fall in love and marry her Ü go to live in her country Ü work in her father’s diamond business Ü become very rich Ü go into politics Ü die in a revolution.

1. ………. and married her.

2. ………. in her country.

3. ………. diamond business.

4. ………. very rich.

5. ………. in a revolution.

So getting early is bad for me.


Exercise 12. Read the text and complete the sentences.
  e.g. If it hadn’t been hot, my mother wouldn’t have opened the door.


It was hot, so my mother opened the door. A cat came in and ate her supper, so she went to the shop to buy food. In the shop she saw an advertisement for a secretary. So she got a new job, and met my father. I’m glad it was a hot day!



1. If she hadn’t opened the door, the cat ………. her supper.

2. ………. her supper, ………. the shop.

3. ………. the shop, ………. the advertisement.

4. ………. the advertisement, ………. a new job.

5. ………. a new job, ………. my father.


Exercise 13. Rewrite the following sentences.
  e.g. He left his suitcase unattended at an airport. It got stolen. · If he hadn’t left his suitcase unattended, it wouldn’t have got stolen.

1. She forgot to lock the car. Her camera got stolen. (If she hadn’t forgotten …)

2. He left his wallet in a restaurant. It disappeared.

3. She left her watch lying about. It got broken.

4. He didn’t lock the door of his flat. Thieves broke in.

5. She knocked her glasses off the table. They broke.

6. She didn’t put her name on her suitcase. Someone took it by mistake.

7. He parked his car without lights. Another car ran into it.

8. He didn’t look after his bicycle. It went rusty.

9. She left her parcels on a bus. Someone took them.

10. He didn’t keep his passport in a safe place. It got lost.


Exercise 14. Complete the sentences putting the verbs in the correct form.


1. If I ….. coffee last night, I ….. better. (not drink; sleep)

2. I ….. Mary you ….. if I ….. her this afternoon. (tell; call; see)

3. If you ….. to my party next Saturday I ….. to introduce you to our new neighbours. (come; be able)

4. It was a pity you ….. on Saturday. If you ….. I ….. introduce you to our new neighbours. (not come; come; introduce)

5. If my parents … more money, I .... to university after I left school. (have; go)

6. Your radio is very old. I’m sure you ….. better reception if you ….. a new one. (get; buy)

7. Annie ….. to Brazil last year if she ….. Pete. (go; not meet)


Exercise 15. Give attribute phrases using Participle I and explain them according to the model. Translate the phrases into Russian.
  e.g. a child; to sleep · a sleeping child (a child that is sleeping)
    a fish; to fly · a flying fish (a fish that can fly)


1. a woman; to smile 2. children; to laugh 3. a look; to understand 4. a building; to burn 5. a lamp; to stand 6. a man; to know 7. a ship; to sink 8. a story; to touch 9. winter; to come 10. a bus; to pass 11. a thought; to disturb 12. interest; to grow 13. a page; to miss 14. light; to blind


Exercise 16. Replace the parts in bold type by Participle I.
  e.g. She looked down at her son who was sleeping on the sofa. · She looked down at her son sleeping on the sofa.


1. They passed a group of workers who were repairing the road.

2. The windows that face the garden were open.

3. He couldn’t fall asleep because of the noise that was coming from the street.

4. She got on the train that was going to London.

5. We drove up to the front door of a tall house which stood a little back from the road.

6. Near the dock he ran into a sailor who was returning from town.

7. He threw aside the letter that was lying on top and picked up the next.

8. The plane which is flying overhead is travelling north.

9. What can you do about a dog which is barking all night?

10. The candidates who are sitting for this examination are all graduates.

11. The woman who is waiting to see you has applied for a job here.

12. Trains which leave from this station take an hour to get to London.

13. Passengers who travel on planes shouldn’t smoke.

14. There’s someone who is knocking at the door.

15. Customers who complain about the service should see the manager.

16. There’s a pension scheme for people who work for this company.


Exercise 17. Join each of the following pairs of sentences using constructions with Participle I.
  e.g. We smiled and drove away. · Smiling, we drove away.

1. I paused, I didn’t quite know how to express myself.

2. She lifted the telephone, she answered, “Yes?”

3. I didn’t hear what he said and asked him to repeat it.

4. I’m not a lawyer, so I can’t give

5. I was short of money, I couldn’t afford to buy it.

6. She got worried and thought we had had an accident.

7. He went to his room and closed the door behind him.

8. After we looked at the map, we tried to find the right street.

9. I found the front door locked and went round the back.

Exercise 18. Join the sentences using an –ing clause, as in the examples.
  A. e.g. Who is that man? He’s playing tennis with Maria. · Who is that man playing tennis with Maria?


1. That woman is my boss. She’s talking to Peter.

2. That woman is Kate Robinson. She’s wearing the green coat.

3. That boy is Sally’s brother. He’s sitting over there.

4. Who is that girl? She’s looking at us.

5. All those people want to see you. They’re waiting outside.


B. e.g. I was sitting in the park. I was writing a letter. · I was sitting in the park writing a letter.


1. The woman was driving along. She was listening to her car radio.

2. I arrived at the examination hall. I was feeling very nervous.

3. He came into the room. He was carrying a suitcase.

4. They were walking down the street. They were folding hands.

5. I walked out of the room. I was smiling to myself.


Exercise 19. Join the sentences using the words in brackets.
  e.g. Fred doesn’t like lemonade. Bill doesn’t like lemonade. (neither…nor) · Neither Fred nor Bill likes lemonade.


1. It’s very expensive. It’s very poor quality. (not only … but … as well)

2. He doesn’t drink a lot. He doesn’t eat a lot. (neither … nor)

3. They would like fruit. They would like ice-cream. (both … and)

4. John will give you the book. John will lend you the book. (either … or)

5. She doesn’t eat bread. She doesn’t eat potatoes. (neither … nor)

6. John will help you. Mary will help you. (either … or)

7. They understand Chinese. They speak Chinese. (both … and)

8. I don’t know Peter. I don’t know John. (either … or)


Exercise 20. Translate into English.


1. Вы могли бы передать мне меню? – Конечно. 2. Вы могли бы перевести письмо для меня? – Извините, сейчас не могу. 3. Можно мне взглянуть на вашу газету? – Боюсь, что нет. 4. Вы не против подождать немного? – Конечно, нет. 5. Давайте пойдем искупаться. – Давайте. 6. Может мы проведем отпуск в Египте? – Лучше бы нет. 7. На твоем месте я бы не поехал в Африку. 8. Если бы я был в отпуске, я бы сидел сейчас на пляже. 9. Они говорят и на английском, и на немецком. 10. Она не ест ни хлеба, ни картош



Grammar:   Texts: 1. Passive Voice 2. – Ing and –ed adjectives 1. «The King is Dead: Long Live the King» 2. «An Amazing Crime» 3. «An Appointment in Samarra» 4. «All Aboard» Dialogue


Text One

«The King is Dead: Long Live the King»

(Elvis Presley – Story of a Superstar)

When Elvis Presley died on August 16, 1977, radio and television programmes all over the world were interrupted to give the news of his death. President Carter was asked to declare a day of national mourning. Carter said: “Elvis Presley changed the face of American popular culture…He was unique and irreplaceable.” His funeral was attended by eighty thousand people. The streets were jammed with cars, and Elvis Presley movies were shown on television, and his records were played on the radio all day. In the year after his death, 100 million of Presley albums were sold. Elvis Presley had never dreamt of becoming a singer. He came from a very poor family which moved from the small village of Tupelo in Mississippi to Memphis in search for employment.   Vocabulary: to declare mourning unique to be jammed with to be surrounded by to broadcast feverish to record a record to drive smb. mad disgusting perverse vulgar to be divorced to pay tribute

Elvis never had music lessons, but he was surrounded by music from an early age. His parents were very religious, and Elvis regularly sang at church services. He left school in 1953 and got a job of a lorry driver.

In 1953 Elvis paid $4 and recorded two songs as a present for his mother’s birthday. This event, however, did not make him famous. In 1954 he performed a song of a black blues singer That’s All Right, Mama at the Sun Records Studio. That was a real turning point in his life. The record made him popular almost overnight. During the first day the song was broadcast several times on the radio. 20,000 copies were sold. People went crazy about its new and dynamic rhythm.

What was it that made an unknown nineteen-year old boy into a famous star? The answer lay not in his expressive songs but also in his voice. Critics wrote that it was throaty, vibrating, feverish and as thick as syrup. That voice was a real revelation.

After Presley had recorded his second song Good Rockin’ Tonight, he became well-known. Soon he began to give concerts which were attended by crowds of screaming fans. On stage he was like a volcano and had a peculiar power to drive the audience mad. Young people went into ecstasies over his voice, his unique songs and his manners. Many older people found Presley disgusting, perverse and vulgar. The young, however, adored him. Presley involuntarily became a “rebel” who started a cultural and sexual revolution. He gave American youths a sense of identity and encouraged them to be more active and liberated.

In March 1958, Elvis had to join the army. When his hair was cut, thousands of women cried. He spent the next two years in Germany, where he met Priscilla Beaulieu, who became his wife eight years later on May 1, 1967.

When he left the army, he recorded many beautiful and moving ballads. His Blue Christmas won the hearts of all Americans. Since that time they began to call him the “King”. For twenty years Presley was number one on the world list of singers. He sold the highest number of records ever – over 500 million!

In 1972 his wife left him, and they were divorced in October 1973. He died of a heart attack at the age of 42. He had been working too hard and eating and drinking too much for several years. He left all his money to his only daughter, Lisa Marie Presley. She became one of the richest people in the world when she was only nine years old.

The cult of Elvis Presley has lasted till today. As someone put it, old rockers never die; they live through their music. Presley’s mansion in Memphis is visited by half a million people every year. They pay tribute to the memory of one of the greatest world-class stars.

Everyone knew Elvis was the king of rock’n’roll. And everyone knows he will always be the king of rock’n’roll. Long live Elvis!


Text Three

«An Amazing Crime»

The Millennium Dome robbers wanted to go down in history as the gang who committed the biggest and most ambitious robbery of the Millennium – and they nearly did. They never thought the police would catch them because they   Vocabulary: to rob a robber to plan a crime to commit a robbery a getaway a trial a diamond a gang   to steal to escape the jury to find guilty of violence a prison sentence to go down in history daring

planned the crime and the speedboat getaway very carefully. At their trial, one of the robbers said, ‘It seemed possible at the time. Now it seems like an absolutely crazy James Bond kind of thing to do.’

The attempted diamond robbery at the Millennium Dome in London was an amazing crime. The British government built the Millennium Dome to celebrate the year 2000. One of the most popular exhibitions in the Dome was a fabulous diamond collection worth £350 million which included the magnificent Millennium Star diamond. The gang of five men tried to steal the diamonds. But unfortunately for the robbers, hundreds of police officers dressed as tourists and cleaners were waiting for them in the Dome when they attacked.

The huge police operation organised by Scotland Yard was as amazing as the robbery itself. It was called Operation Magician and over 200 police officers took part in it. The police knew the gang were planning a big crime but they didn’t know exactly what. So they followed the men for many months before the robbery.

One day, they saw one of the gang visiting the Dome with his friends. He filmed the diamond exhibition with a camcorder. The police now knew what the robbers planned to do. Another time, they saw the men sailing a speedboat up and down the Thames. They guessed how the robbers planned to escape and continued to watch them very carefully.

At their trial, the jury found the arrested men guilty of robbery with violence. The two gang leaders, Ray Betson and Bill Cockram, received 18-year prison sentences, and the other members of the gang received 15-year prison sentences.

British people like daring crime stories and the Dome robbers are already famous. A television channel even made a film of the robbery. It seems likely these men will go down in history as the robbers who attempted one of the most daring crimes ever.


Text Three

«An Appointment in Samarra»

(Death Speaks)

There was a merchant in Bagdad who sent his servant to market to buy provisions. In a little while the servant came back, white and trembling. He said «Master, just now when I was in the market-place I was jostled by a woman in the crowd and when I turned I saw it was Death that jostled me. She looked at me   Vocabulary: a merchant a servant to tremble to jostle a gesture to lend (lent)   to avoid one’s fate to mount the horse to dig (dug) to spur a flank a start of surprise  

and made a threatening gesture. Now, lend me your horse, and I will ride away from this city and avoid my fate. I will go to Samarra and there Death will not find me.

The merchant lent him his horse. And the servant mounted it and he dug his spurs in its flanks and as fast as the horse could gallop he went. Then the merchant went down to the market-place and he saw me standing in the crowd and he came to me and said ‘Why did you make a threatening gesture to my servant when you saw him this morning?’ ‘That was not a threatening gesture’, I said, ‘it was only a start of surprise. I was astonished to see him in Bagdad, for I have an appointment with him tonight in Samarra.’


Text Four

«All Aboard»

David: The voice: David: This is Sergeant Robinson. Central Post here. Can you contact the hovercraft for me? The smugglers were in the castle, but they escaped by speed-boat.   Vocabulary: to escape a harbour Good luck. to assist

The voice: Right, Sergeant. Leave it to us.

David: Thanks. I’m going straight to the harbour.

The voice: All right. Good luck.

Peter: Nancy: David: Harold: Look, there’s another police-car. And three policemen in it. The Chief Inspector himself, too. Well, that will help to catch the smugglers.

The Chief Inspector: Are these the young people who found the drugs, sergeant?

David: Yes, sir, they are.

The Chief Inspector: Nice work, you three. Er, sergeant?

David: Yes, sir.

The Chief Inspector: I have Constable Smith and Constable Harper here to asssit


David: Peter: Nancy: Harold: Thank you, sir. The hovercraft. Yes, here’s father. That hovercraft makes plenty of noise, doesn’t it?

Mr Miller: Hello, everybody! Come abroad, all of you.

Nancy: Father: Harold: Father: Ben: Father: Ben: Father: Ben: Nancy: Peter:   Harold: Ben: Father: Harold: Father: Ben: David: Father: David: Peter: Harold: Nancy: Harold: Peter: All: Hello, Father. Hello, dear. You sit over there. All aboard? Hold tight! Which way? The smugglers were talking about a ship called «The Dolphin». «The Dolphin»? Ben? Yes, sir. Do you know a ship called «The Dolphin»? Yes, she is lying about three miles from here. Make straight for that ship, Ben. Aye, aye, Sir. I don’t think we’ll catch the speed boat. We’re too late. Why? This hovercraft does sixty miles an hour. That’s much faster than a speedboat. I can’t see any speedboat, can you? Speedboat straight ahead, sir. Harold, is that the boat? Yes, that’s her. All right, Ben. Dead slow. Dead slow it is, sir. We must stop them. Use the megaphone. Ahoy! Stop engines! Police here. Hurray, she’s stopping. Marvellous! What an exciting story! And with a happy ending. Yes, but not a happy ending for the smugglers. And all this on my birthday! Ha ha ha!     Notes. Forms and Patterns.  

1. The Passive Voice

(a) Forms: am/is/are was/were has/have been had been am/is/are being     + verb     + ed     (past participle)


e.g. Present Simple Passive: Past Simple Passive: Future Simple Passive: Present Perfect Passive: Past Perfect Passive Present Continuous Passive: Lunch is served from 12 p.m. to 3 p.m. He was stopped by a policeman. The door will be opened. We have been woken by the birds. The car hadn’t been washed by 3 o’clock. Our meal is being cooked by Mrs Harris.


(c) Meaning. In passive sentences we are more interested in the object of the active sentence. In these sentences, we are not interested in “who did the thing” or we don’t know “who did it”.

e.g. President Kennedy was killed in 1963. The Houses of Parliament were built between 1840 and 1857.


(с) Verbs with two objects.

e.g. We sent Andy a birthday card. or We sent a birthday card to Andy. · Andy was sent a birthday card. · A birthday card was sent to Andy.


(d) Ways of translation.

e.g. They were invited to the party. The streets are being swept. Они были приглашены на вечер. Или: Их пригласили на вечер.   Улицы подметаются.


(e) Note the place of the preposition:

e.g. The teacher was laughed at. She was being gazed at.


3. –Ing and –ed adjectives.

Adjectives ending in –ed describe someone’s feeling.

e.g. She feels tired. We were all surprised.

Adjectives ending in –ing describe the thing or person that produces those


e.g. She’s had a tiring day. The news was surprising.


Drill 1. They make combs of plastic. · Combs are made of plastic.


1. They make glass of sand. 2. They make these shoes of leather. 3. They make these shirt of cotton. 4. They make these rings of gold. 5. They make this sweater of wool. 6. They make this necklace of silver. 7. They make doors of wood. 8. They make books of paper.


Drill 2. They sell bread at the baker’s. · Bread is sold at the baker’s.


1. They sell apples at the greengrocer’s. 2. They sell potatoes at the greengrocer’s. 3. They sell cabbage at the greengrocer’s. 4. They sell milk at the dairy. 5. They sell cheese at the dairy. 6. They sell meat at the butcher’s. 7. They sell poultry at the butcher’s. 8. They sell sugar at the grocery. 9. They sell salt at the grocery. 10. They sell cereals at the grocery. 11. They sell sweets at the confectionery. 12. They sell cakes at the confectionery.


Drill 3. Paper is made of plastic. (wood) · Paper isn’t made of plastic. It’s made of wood.


1. President Kennedy was killed in New York. (Dallas)

2. Coffee is grown in Scotland. (Brazil)

3. War and Peace was written by Shakespeare. (Tolstoy)

4. Romeo and Juliet was written by Tolstoy. (Shakespeare)

5. Sunflowers was painted by Renoir. (Van Gogh)

6. The Berlin Wall was knocked down in 1982. (1989)

7. Rolls-Royce cars are made in Japan. (England)


Drill 4. Did they open the doors? · Yes, the doors were opened.
1. Did they build the house? 2. Did they catch the thieves? 3. Did they kill the lion? 4. Did they sell the stamps? 5. Did they buy the ring? 6. Did they punish the boys? 7. Did they answer the question? 8. Did they burn the house? 9. Did they see the lights? 10. Did they do the work?


Drill 5. Did they catch the thief? · No, the thief wasn’t caught.


1. Did they paint the door? 2. Did she do the work? 3. Did you clean the car? 4. Did I punish the boy? 5. Did they sell the house? 6. Did she understand the question?


Drill 6. When do you think the hotel was built? · I think it was built in ____ .


1. When do you think your school was built? 2. When do you think the church was built? 3. When do you think the cinema was built? 1. When do you think the town hall was built? 2. And what about the puppet theatre? 3. What about the shopping centre? 4. What about the shoe factory?    


Drill 7. Will they kill the lion? · Yes, the lion will be killed.


1. Will they answer the letters? 2. Will they open the doors? 3. Will they give the money? 4. Will they buy the house? 5. Will they see the pictures? 6. Will they sell the moped? 7. Will they make a test? 8. Will they sell the records?


Drill 8. Have they built the church this year? · Yes, the church has been built this year.


1. Have they built the house this year? 2. Have they sold the horse this year? 3. Have they sold the moped this year? 4. Has he discovered the island this year? 5. Has she accepted the plan this year? 6. Has she accepted the money this year?  


Drill 9. Are they mowing the lawn? · Yes, the lawn is being mown.


1. Are they building the house? 2. Are they catching the thief? 3. Are they killing the wolf? 4. Are they selling the car? 5. Are they beating the child? 6. Are they buying the cottage? 7. Are they writing the letter? 8. Are they recording the song?


Drill 10. People say that he is in prison. · Yes, it is said that he is in prison.


1. People say that she lost all her money. 2. People say that they are very rich. 3. People say that he is guilty. 4. People say that I have done it. 5. People say that you are crazy. 6. People say that she is very lonely. 7. People say that he will die soon.


Drill 11. Do you paint the doors yourself? · No, I have the doors painted.


1. Do you repair the car yourself?

2. Do you cut your hair yourself?

3. Do you build the house yourself?

4. Do you clean the windows yourself?

5. Do you pick the strawberries yourself?

6. Do you type the letters yourself?

7. Do you paper the walls yourself?

8. Do you build the garage yourself?

9. Do you cut down the trees yourself?


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