ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

STARTLING DISCOVERY OFF FLORIDA COAST



Last week treasure worth over £1 million ___ (discover) off the Florida coast. The discovery ___ (make) by a young British teenager, 17-year-old John Innes, who was on holiday with his family. The treasure, which ___ (consist) of gold coins and jewels ___ (find) in the wreck of a ship which experts believe ___ (sink) by the famous pirate, Captain Kidd, in 1696.

John Innes was scuba diving near a small island off the Florida coast when he suddenly ___ (find) the wreck of an old ship at the bottom of the sea. The coast guards ___ (tell) immediately about the discovery and the treasure ___ (bring) to the surface by a team of divers.

The coins and jewels, which officially belong to the US government ___ (examine) by archaeologists and ___ (say) to be ‘the real thing’. Yesterday at a press conference in Key West John ___ (give) a $1,000 reward for his discovery. When he ___ (ask), if he was pleased with his reward, he ___ (reply): ‘I’d rather have a bit of treasure!’

 

Exercise 7. Put the verbs in brackets in the right passive form: the Present Simple, Past Simple or Present Perfect.  

1. A Stradivarius violin ….. (sell) yesterday at Christie’s for £902,000, the highest price ever paid for a Strad.

2. The violin, owned by the Mendelssohn family, ….. (make) in 1720, and, because of its colour, it ….. (know) as the “Red Strad”.

3. It ….. (buy) by a professional musician.

4. In its years in the Mendelssohn family, it ….. (play) very little, except by amateurs, but its beautiful tones ….. (demonstrate) by a Japanese violinist before the auction yesterday.

5. “It is in very good condition because it ….. (keep) in a special case”, said Yoshito Ito.

6. “It ….. (look) after very well.”

7. The violin reached such a high price because of its date of 1720 (the height of Stradivari’s Golden Age) when his finest instruments ….. (make).

8. Strads ….. (admire) all over the world for their purity and deep, clear sound.

 

Exercise 8. Ask questions about the information in italics.
e.g. The Strad was made in 1720. · When was the Strad made?
     

 

1. Strads are admired all over the world for their purity and deep clear sound. (Why?)

2. It has been kept in a special case. (Where?)

3. Stradivari’s best instruments were made in 1720. (When?)

4. Because of its colour, the violin is known as the “Red Strad”. (Why?)

5. The Houses of Parliament were built in the nineteenth century. (When?)

6. Twenty people were hurt in the train crash. (How many?)

7. Champagne is produced in France. (Where?)

8. This jumper has been washed twice, and it has shrunk. (How many times?)

9. She was fined three hundred pounds for speeding. (How much?)

10. Our post is delivered twice a day. (How often)

 

Exercise 9. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense. They are all in the passive.

1. The Volkswagen Beetle ….. (design) by Ferdinand Porsche.

2. He ….. (ask) to design it by the German Government.

3. VWs ….. (take) to America by American soldiers who were returning home after the war.

4. The first VW ….. (make) in 1938.

5. Since then over twenty million ….. (produce).

6. They ….. (not make) in Europe any more.

Exercise 10. Complete the sentences.

 

1. The TV programme was (boring, bored) so I turned it off.

2. Children can’t get to sleep on Christmas Eve. They’re too (exciting, excited).

3. “Hi, Mum!” – “Carol! That goodness you rang! Where have you been? We’ve been so (worrying, worried)

4. “Hello, darling. I’ve got a present for you”. – “For me?” – “Don’t look so (surprising, surprised). I often buy you presents”. – “But it isn’t my birthday!”

5. The art exhibition was very (interesting, interested). I loved it, but I had to leave after three hours. My feet were killing me! I find going round art galleries and museums very (tiring, tired).

6. Some people don’t go out at night because they’re (frightening, frightened) that someone will rob them.

7. Our financial situation is very (worrying, worried). We spend more and more, but we’re earning less and less.

8. “I’m going on a three-month holiday to the Far East”. – “How (exciting, excited)! Lucky you!”

9. “Was your father (annoying, annoyed) when you told him your exam results?” – “He was furious.”

 

Exercise 11. Complete the sentences. Use adjectives formed by adding –ing or –ed to the words in brackets.
e.g. I don’t get _____ very easily. (embarrass) · I don’t get embarrassed very easily.
     

 

1. I find it quite ____ to talk in front of a group of people. (embarrass)

2. I think wet weather is ____ . (depress)

3. I’m not very ____ in politics. (interest)

4. I find walking in the countryside very ____ . (relax)

5. I think learning a language is very ____ . (interest)

6. I get ____ when people smoke in restaurants. (annoy)

7. I don’t normally get ____ when I watch horror films. (frighten)

8. Are you ____ in art? (interest)

9. They were ____ when they heard the news. (shock)

10. I thought they story was quite ____ . (amuse)

11. We were all very ____ when he didn’t come home. (worry)

12. It was ____ that she didn’t come to the meeting. (surprise)

 

Exercise 12. Translate into English.

 

1. Яблоки и капуста продаются в овощном магазине. 2. Сыр и молоко продаются в молочном. 3. Сахар продается в бакалее. 4. Ты знаешь, где строятся эти корабли? – Да, в Глазго. 5. Вора не поймали. 6. Дом не был продан. 7. Остров был открыт в этом году. 8. Бумагу делают из древесины.

 

 

Список использованной литературы

 

1. Abbs B., Freebairn I. Blueprint. – London, 1989.

2. Abbs B., Freebairn I, Elsworth S. Discoveries. – Longman, 1996.

3. Allen W. Stannard. Living English Structure. – Longman, 1997.

4. Assmann W. Look! – Culemborg, 1985.

5. Beaumont Digby and Granger Colin. The Heinemann English Grammar. – Heinemann, 1992.

6. Changing Times, Changing Tenses. – New York, 1991.

7. Harris Michael, Mower David, Sikorzynska Anna. Opportunities. – Pearson Education Limited, 2000.

8. Murphy R. English Grammar in Use. – Cambridge University Press, 1988.

9. Pye Diana, Kryszewska Hanna. For Mat. – Macmillan Polska, 2002.

10. Radley P., Millerchip Ch. Mode – 3. – Longman, 1996.

11. Soars John and Liz. Headway. – Oxford University Press, 1991.

12. Swan Michael and Walter Catherine. How English Works. A grammar practice book. – Oxford University Press, 1997.

13. Swan Michael and Walter Catherine. The Good Grammar Book. – Oxford University Press, 2001.

14. Рейнер У. Маркли, Эрл У. Брокман. Сборник упражнений к практической грамматике английского языка. М., 1981.

15. Христорождественская Л.П. Практический курс английского языка. Минск, Аурика, 1993.

 

 

Contents

 

Предисловие . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unit 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  Grammar: The Past Simple Tense. The Past Tense of «be»: «was» and «were». The repetition-word «one». The Imperative. Texts: «Guy Fawkes». «A Penny for the Guy». «Dinosaurs». «One Return to Hastings». A Dialogue  
Unit 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
  Grammar: «Used to». Past habit with «used to». «Used to» and the Past Simple Tense. Degrees of Comparison. Numerals. Prepositions of transport. Texts: «Transportation Used to Be Much Slower than It Is now». «The Richest Man in the World». «Harold is Coming» A Dialogue  
Unit 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
  Grammar: The Past Simple Tense and the Present Perfect Tense. Prepositions «since/ for/ ago». Adjectives and adverbs. Texts: «Life in the Past». «A Gap Year». «Happy Birthday» A Dialogue  
Unit 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
  Grammar: The Past Continuous Tense. Prepositions: adjective+ preposition. Prepositions: noun + preposition. Texts: «Noisy Neighbours». «When the Wall Fell In». «Electronic Car». «A good guide» A Dialogue. «Shall We Go On?» A Dialogue  
Unit 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
  Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense. The Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Relative Pronouns. Texts: «Someone Had Taken It». «Nobody Had Believed It Was Possible». «Luckily, I Had Been Wearing My Seatbelt». «Come On!» A Dialogue  
Unit 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
  Grammar: The Future Simple Tense. Subordinate Clauses of Time and Condition. The construction to be going to. Modal Verbs may, might. Texts: «The Car of the Future». «A Good Job». «Tea». «I Love You» A Dialogue  
Unit 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
  Grammar: The Future Continuous Tense. The Future Perfect Tense. Modal Verbs can, could. Texts: «When the Tornado Hits». «Ozone Loss Spells the End of Sunbathing». «To the Old Castle» A Dialogue  
Unit 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
  Grammar: Modal Verbs must, have to, should. Reported Speech. Articles with Place Names. Texts: «It Might Be Chocolates». «StrangeLaws». «Race to the South Pole». «An Operation». «Dial 999» A Dialogue  
Unit 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
  Grammar: Formulas of Politeness. Conditionals. Ing-forms: Gerund and Present Participle. Pronouns both, either, neither. Texts: «Polite Conversation». «The Smugglers» A Dialogue  
Unit 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
  Grammar: Passive Voice. – Ing and –ed adjectives. Texts: «The King is Dead: Long Live the King». «An Amazing Crime». «An Appointment in Samarra». «All Aboard» A Dialogue  

 

 

П Р Е Д И С Л О В И Е

 

 

Данное пособие является второй частью учебного пособия Focus on English. Во второй части пособия завершается изучение основных грамматических явлений и осуществляется систематизация наиболее употребительных разговорных формул.

Пособие состоит из 10 уроков, включающих тексты, поурочный грамматический справочник и комплекс устных и письменных упражнений.

Как и в первой, во второй части пособия обучение строится на основе текстов – образцов диалогического и монологического характера, моделирующих употребление изучаемого явления в различных сферах коммуникации, что в совокупности с соответствующим комплексом упражнений обеспечивает целенаправленную активизацию всех языковых явлений в ситуативно-контекстной речи.

Для того чтобы разнообразить учебный процесс и обеспечить более эффективное усвоение языкового материала, целесообразно строить обучение таким образом, чтобы параллельно шла работа над определенным грамматическим явлением по другому грамматическому пособию. В качестве дополнительного учебного пособия можно использовать следующее: Raymond Murphy English Grammar in Use. Second edition. Cambridge University Press, 1995.

 

 

Министерство образования Республики Беларусь

ГРОДНЕНСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ

ИМЕНИ ЯНКИ КУПАЛЫ

FOCUS ON ENGLISH

 

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ В ФОКУСЕ

Задания для чтения на английском языке

для студентов специальности Н0201 - Физика

В 2 частях

ЧАСТЬ II

Гродно 2003

 

Составитель: И.А.Болдак, кандидат филологических наук, доцент
Рецензенты: доцент, кандидат филологических наук, зав. кафедрой иностранных языков Гродненского сельскохозяйственного института Н.И.Веренич доцент, кандидат филологических наук, зав. кафедрой французского языка Гродненского госуниверситета им. Я.Купалы В.С.Истомин
Рекомендованы советом филологического факультета (протокол № от 27 марта 2003г.)

 





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