ТОП 10:

Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.



 

1) If you are seen stealing the car the police will be after you.

2) I will have written my essay by tomorrow.

3) They will have finished painting the room by next week.

4) I will get a taxi.

5) The old man is sleeping.

6) She is going to take this job.

7) They will probably win the match.

8) I am seeing a bank manager tomorrow.

9) He is going to learn to drive.

10) I am sure he will pass the test.

 

Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму.

 

1) I'll be flying to Morocco this time tomorrow.

2) By 11 o'clock we will have been waiting for the manager for two hours.

3) When I am older I'm going to live in the country.

4) The Moscow train arrives at 8 a.m.

5) I think I'll take an umbrella.

6) They will have finished the exam by 3 o'clock.

7) He will probably come to the office early.

8) If you don't practice, you will never pass the exam.

9) They are holding the meeting on Tuesday.

10) She will have saved enough money to buy the car by summer.

 

Заполните пропуски.

 

1) She 'll call us as soon as she... London.

2) I don't know when he ... .

3) What.....you... on Sunday?

4) Turn the light off before you ... to bed.

5) I... to you as soon as I ...

6) I... tomorrow so I ...you in the morning.

7) Watch out! You .... that vase over!

8) Would you like a drink? Yes, I think I... a glass of beer.

9).... you...to the supermarket? Can you buy me some tea?

10) He... to be promoted.

 

Выберите нужную форму.

 

1) I really need a drink. - OK. I'll buy/ am buying you one. What would you like?

2) You look dreadful. I know. I'm seeing/ will see the doctor tomorrow at 4 o'clock.

3) I've already told you why I can't see you tomorrow. I am having/ will have guests.

4) I'm sorry. I promise I will stay/ will be staying out of trouble in the future.

5) I am sure he will understand/ is going to understand if you explain everything to him clearly.

6) I will have finished/ will finish my translation by 4 o'clock.

7) I've burnt the dinner. - Never mind. I will go / am going to the restaurant and get a takeaway pizza.

8) If we go/ will go to Greece in summer, we will visit the islands.

9) We can't get into the office until Jane arrives/ will arrive with the key.

10) I doubt if they are/ will be on time.

 

Переведите с английского на русский.

 

1) Demography, the science of population composition and change, can help us to predict what our world will be like.

2)Working adults and the elderly will make up a larger part of the population and the young will be a smaller part.

3) If a child receives little attention, he or she will become physically, mentally, emotionally and socially impaired.

4) In 30 years time the urban population will have doubled.

5) We are afraid that soon there will be no resources for anybody to use.

6) Some people think that we will know better how to control our environment.

7) By this time next week they will have completed their work on the project.

8) I hope you won't have forgotten my words by tomorrow.

9) By next Sunday she will have been staying with us for two weeks.

10) They hope that by this time they will have discovered some other effective sources of energy.

 

Переведите с русского на английский.

 

1) Я надеюсь, что к концу переговоров мы придем к соглашению.

2) Мы думаем, что к середине мая занятия уже закончатся.

3) Если думать о хорошем, все будет нормально.

4) Что вы делаете во вторник? Каковы ваши планы?

5) В это время во вторник я буду разговаривать с нашими партнерами в Норильске.

6) Они собираются сократить рабочие места.

7) Правительство обещает, что скоро мы преодолеем этот кризис.

8) Когда отбывает ваш пароход?

9) Как только я закончу работу, я отошлю вам перевод по электронной почте.

10) В следующем году будет 50 лет, как он работает в нашей компании

 

 

MODAL VERBS.

 

 

Модальный глагол Использование Настоящее, будущее Прошлое
Сan 1) способность I can speak English I could speak German when I was a child
  2) разрешение (друж.) You can use my phone He was allowed to cross the border
  3) просьба (друж.) Can I borrow your pen?  
  4) невероятность, Вероятность (90% уверенности) This can’t be true You can do it! He can’t have done it!
  5) запрет You can’t smoke here! We couldn’t smoke there We weren’t allowed to smoke there
Could 1) способность в прошлом   I could run very fast when I was young
  2) просьба (вежл.) Could I take your pen, please?  
  3) предложение We could discuss it later  
  4) вероятность (менее 50% уверенности) Where is Jane? She could be in the library. You could have been killed in the car crash!
  5) невероятность   That couldn’t be true He couldn’t have been at work yesterday
Be able to Способность She is able to help you She was able to help you ( single occasion)
May 1) просьба (офиц.) May I ask you a question?  
  2) разрешение (офиц.) You may go out  
  3) вероятность (менее 50% уверенности) Where is Jane? She may be working in the library. She may have been working in the library. You may have seen him already.
Might 1) просьба (очень офиц.) Might I talk to the President?  
  2) вероятность (менее 50% уверенности) Where is the manager? He might be talking to the partners He might have forgotten about your request
Must 1) необходимость (решение человека) I must read more on the matter I had to read more on the matter
  2) запрет You must not use the dictionary at the test We couldn’t use the dictionary
  3) уверенность (95%) John isn’t at work. He must be ill. He must have been working – so he didn’t hear the call.
Have to 1) необходимость (решение окружающих) We have to attend the meeting I had to go to work yesterday
  2) отсутствие необходимости I don’t have to go to work tomorrow He didn’t have to refer to them
Should 1) совет, критика You should see the doctor You should have seen the doctor
  2) вероятность (90% уверенности) You should pass the exam well They should have landed by now.
Ought to 1) совет, долженствование You ought to obey the rules You ought to have seen the doctor earlier
  2) вероятность (90% уверенности) He ought to understand the situation He ought to have received our letter already.
Shall 1) Предложение (вежливое) Shall I help you with the books?  
  2) Обязанность You shall be paid  
Will 1) Готовность помочь Somebody’s ringing up. – I’ll answer the phone.  
  2) Просьба (друж.) Will you please answer the phone?  
  3) Уверенность (100%) The manager will be here at 11.  
Would 1) Просьба ( вежливая) Would you please send these letters?  
  2) предпочтение I would rather stay at home than go out in this weather It would have been better if you had finished your report yesterday
  3) повторяющиеся действия в прошлом   When I was a child I would go to see my grandparents every weekend
Need 1) отсутствие необходимости (отриц. только) 1) You needn’t do it. I have already done it. 2) You don’t need to take a jacket. It’s rather warm. 1) She needn’t have sent these letters. (But she did) 2) She needn’t have sent these letters. (I don’t know if she did it)
  2) необходимость Your report needs editing (to be edited)  

 

Примечания:

1) Словосочетания it is likely, it is possible часто используются в утвердительной, вопросительной и отрицательной форме для выражения вероятности. Is it likely that he will win the contest?

2) Словосочетания to be due to, to be supposed to, to be to используются для выражения долженствования: I am to be at the airport at 8. You are supposed to attend the meeting. The President is due to arrive on Monday.

3) Выражение Would you mind….? используется для выражения просьбы: Would you mind lending me a hand?

4) Словосочетания Let’s…., How about…, Why don’t we…, What about….. используются для выражения предложения: Why don’t we talk about it openly?

5) Словосочетания Would you like me to… используется, когда мы предлагаем свою помощь: Would you like me to do the job?

 







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