ТОП 10 на сайтеПриготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
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Задачи с ответами для Всероссийской олимпиады по праву
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B. Which of the professionals would you consult in each of the following cases?
Read the text:
The history of medicine in Ukraine begins with the history of folk medicine. The first medical hospitals in Kyiv Rus were founded in the 11-th century.
In the 14-th and 15-th centuries new hospitals were built and many physicians gave the first aid to the inhabitants of Ukraine and the soldiers of Bohdan Khmelnytsky's troops.
Kyiv Academy was founded in 1632. It played a prominent role in the development of the Ukrainian medicine. Many graduates of the Academy continued to enrich their knowledge abroad and received their doctors' degrees there. Many former students of this Academy have become the well-known scientists. They are the epidemiologist D.S. Samoilovych, the obstetrician N.M. Ambodyk-Maximovych, the podiatrist S.F. Chotovytsky, the anatomist O.M. Shumlyansky and many others.
During the Crimean War (1854-1856), upon Pirogov's initiative the first detachment of nurses was trained and sent to Sevastopol to help its defenders. It gave the beginning of the organization "Red Cross".
In 1686 the first bacteriological station was organized in Odesa which was of great importance in the development of microbiology and epidemiology. The famous scientists I.I. Mechnikov and M.F. Gamaliya worked at this station and succeeded much in their investigations. Inspite of favourable conditions for the successful development of natural sciences in Russia many outstanding scientists worked in Ukraine. It is known that the brilliant scientist M.I. Pirogov and his followers, as V.O. Karavayev, O.F. Shimanovsky, M.V. Sklifosovsky and others made valuable contribution in the Ukrainian medicine.
The famous scientists V. P. Obraztsov and M. D. Strazhesko were founders of Kyiv therapeutist’ school. They made a huge progress in the field of cardiology. Academician V.P. Filatov founded the Institute of Eye diseases in Odessa. Many other outstanding scientists worked in Ukraine whose names are well known in the world.
A. Check (P) the questions you can answer after one reading. Then go back and look for the answers that you are unsure of.
✙ What does the history of medicine in Ukraine begin with?
✙ When were the first medical hospitals founded in Kyiv?
✙ When were new hospitals built?
✙ Whom did many physicians give the first aid to?
✙ When was Kyiv Academy founded?
✙ Where did many physicians receive their doctors' degrees?
✙ What former students of the Academy have become the well-known scientists?
✙ When was the first detachment of nurses trained?
✙ When and where was the first bacteriological station organized?
B.Match the meaning with the words
4. READING COMPREHENSION
Read the text and refer the names of famous doctors (A-D) to the appropriate paragraphs. There is one choice you don’t need to use.
He was a famous Ukrainian physiologist. He was President of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Director of the Institute of Physiology in Kiev and he studied the phenomenon of longevity in Abkhazia and Georgia.
He was born in Lukyanovskaya prison. His mother died from tuberculosis and had infected her son. Despite the medical treatment by the best doctors died at 60 of pneumothorax – a consequence of TB he had in childhood.
He prepared a serum named after him which was supposed to prolong life and achieve to reach 140 years. This promise made Stalin to support Bogomolets' work financially.
His contribution to the medicine and science is invaluable. He was the founder of topographical anatomy and operative surgery and created accurate anatomic atlases. His progressive ideas went ahead of time.
He was the first to suggest the idea of plastic operations, advanced the idea of bone plastics, used anesthesia in the military-field surgery, was the first to put plaster in field conditions.
He was a heart surgeon, inventor, best-selling author, known for his inventions of several surgical procedures for treating heart defects from Ukraine. Born in the Ukraine in Chernivtsi region peasants, he fought in the Great Patriotic War.
A. Mykola Pyrohov
B. Illia Mechnikov
C. Mykola Amosov
D. Oleksandr Bohomolets
Match the comments with the supplies that are needed:
A) Look at the works by Ukrainian painters and say in what genres they are painted.
B) Talk on the following items.
1. What is the difference between a drawing and a painting?
2. What are the subjects of your favourite pictures?
3. What is your favourite painting?
4. Who is your favourite painter?
C) Think and say if you agree with the statement. Explain why (why not).
D) Name some of the Ukrainian painters.
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