Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (1-6). There are two choices you don’t need to use.



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (1-6). There are two choices you don’t need to use.



INVENTIONS IN ELECTRICITY

In the 1800s the use of electricity was expanding. Scientists continued to learn about (1) ________. They also learned how to make electricity with an electric generator. The type of generator that came into widest use was invented by Nikola Tesla, an immigrant from Croatia. In the 1890s his generators began to exploit (2) _____ to create cheap electricity. The inventor (3) ________ widest use of electricity was Thomas Edison. First a newsboy and then a telegraph operator, Edison wanted to invent practical things. “(4)____ won’t sell, I don’t want to invent ,”, he said.

In 1976, Edison set up his own barnlike workshop in the town of Menlo Park, New Jersey. There he thought up hundreds (5)_____ electricity. During one five-year period he took out a new patent almost every month.

His greatest invention was the light bulb (1879). By 1882 some New York City buildings were glowing with electric light. Electric lightning replaced gas lights so quickly that in 1899 Edison’s factory produced (6) ______ light bulbs.

Edison helped shape life in the 1900s with his many inventions. He developed the dictating machine, motion picture camera, and photograph.

A. give you information

B. 25 million

C. how electricity works

D. who made

E. With great tunnel constructions

F. Anything that

G. the power of Niagara Falls

H. of ways to use

6. SPEAKING

What are the most useful things you use every day? Explain why.

Have you ever invented anything?

Do you agree with these statements? Why? Why not?

 

7. PROJECT

Do you know any famous inventors? Go to the following website to find out more about them. Make a report about the chosen inventor and his/her inventions.

 

Lesson 60

Merits and Achievements

Of prominent Ukrainians

 

May, 2012 The Sociological group "Rating" presented a special project "Famous Ukrainians of all times", determining the best of the best. People expressed their opinion solely with the help of open questions.

BRAINSTORMING

Can you list the top ten in the right order according to the percentage?

1. Ivan Franko 58.7%
2. Hryhorii Skovoroda 22.5%
3. Mykhailo Hrushevskyi 20.1%
4. Lesya Ukrainka 12.7%
5. Yaroslav the Wise 10.8%
6. Ivan Mazepa 7.7%
7. Taras Shevchenko 5.7%
8. Stepan Bandera 5.6%
9. Vitali Klychko 4.3%
10. Bohdan Khmelnytsky 3.8%

2. THINK SMART!

A) Fill in the table putting “+” where appropriate.

 

  Historian Sports-man Artist Doctor Pianist Dancer Actor
Oleksandr Bogomolets              
Serge Lifar              
Vira Kholodna              
Ivan Piddubny              
Dmytro Doroshenko              
Maria Prymachenko              
Sviatoslav Richter              

B) Find photos of these famous Ukrainians.

1. 2. 3.
4. 5. 6. 7.
           

C) Match the name of the prominent Ukrainian and his/her achievement.

Mykola Amosov Valentyn Hlushko Hryhorii Skovoroda Ivan Aivazovsky
Ivan Mykolaichuk Olha Kobulianska Anton Makarenko Volodymyr Ivasiuk

1. His songs, mostly about love to geographical features and regional customs, were perceived as rousing nationalist sentiment in listeners.

2. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution he established self-supporting orphanages for street children - including juvenile delinquents - left orphaned by the Russian Civil War.

3. On April, 2012, his canvas View of Constantinople and the Bosphorus was sold at Sotheby’s auction in London for a record $5.2 million (3.2 million pounds).

4. He also became responsible for supplying rocket engines for Sergei Korolev, the designer of the R-9 (SS-8 Sasin). Among his designs was the powerful RD-170 liquid propellant engine.

5. He inspired other Ukrainian artists, actors, singers and writers who were searching for their Ukrainian identity in the Soviet era.

6. Many of his philosophical songs were often encountered in the repertoire of blind itinerant folk musicians known as kobzars..

7. She depicted the struggle between good and evil and the mystical force of nature, predestination, magic, and the irrational in many of her stories of peasant life.

8. He is known for his inventions of several surgical procedures for treating heart defects.

READING

Read and translate the text:



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