Test 4. Complete the chart with the correct noun. Words in bold will help you.

Мы поможем в написании ваших работ!

Мы поможем в написании ваших работ!

Мы поможем в написании ваших работ!


Test 4. Complete the chart with the correct noun. Words in bold will help you.

Test 5. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines to form nouns.


It is no exaggeration to say that the world has become а global


village. Modern methods of ___ (1) have made the world much communicate


smaller and the problems we face such as ___ (2) are not restricted pollute


to one country. The ___ (3) of the rainforests in Brazil is destroy


everyone’s problem and the ___ (4) which is common in starve


many African countries is а challenge for Europe too.


The ___ (5) of rare species is а tragedy for the planet as а extinct


whole and the ___ (6) of oil supplies will shake the ___ (7) exhaust


of the world’s economy. The ___ (8) of the environment found


is the responsibility of all nations, rich and poor. protect


However, uncontrolled economic ___ (9) between strong compete


and weak nations leads to the ___ (10) of greater inequality create


between the rich and poor nations of the world.



Test 6. Fill in the spaces in the following sentences with the suitable adjectives formed from given words.


1. It is a very ___ road. danger


2. It was so ___ that she couldn’t see anything. fog


3. Everyone knows this actress. She is very ___. attract


4. This case is very ___. comfort


5. He is a ___ politician. fame


6. Great Britain is an ___ country. industry


7. She plays the guitar and she is very ___. music


8. Her mother is very ___. She economy


always tries to save money.


9. The shop is in the ___ part of the city. centre


10. The people were very ___ and knowledge


answered all her questions.



Test 7. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable negative prefix of the words given at the end of the lines.


The British government has decided to take the ___ (1) decision


to ban smoking in a lot of public places. Though a popular


lot of people find smoking ___ (2), and though experts please


all agree it is ___ (3) and that it costs the state a lot health


to treat victims of smoking, it is also ___ (4) that many people deny


get pleasure from the habit and find smoking resist


___ (5) when they are in company. However, it is now ___ (6) to possible


deny the antisocial nature of the habit. As advertising


has proved ___ (7) with many smokers, the government effect


has now made smoking ___ (8) in most public places. legal


Smokers who are ___ (9) to stop smoking may feel the ability


new measures are unjust, but for the passive smokers for


whom a room full of smoke is ___ (10) they will come as bear


a breath of fresh air.



Test 8. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.


Speaking English Well


I have a Dutch friend who speaks English ___ (1). I have always beauty


wondered how the Dutch manage to learn languages


so ___ (2). The Dutch, like the Germans, often success


speak English ___ (3) than some native-speakers or well


at least they seem to speak the language more ___ (4) than correct


some English people. Wilfred says that if you


want to speak English ___ (5) with a reasonable fluency


accent, you should listen to tapes as ___ (6) as frequency


possible. If you can afford ___ (7) to go to an occasion


English speaking country, you should go but you should


also study the rules of English ___ (8), especially if care


you want to speak ___ (9). Wilfred also feels accuracy


very ___ (10) that there are no magic solutions strength


but that you simply have to work at the new language.



Test 9. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.


Memorial Day in the USA


Honoring the dead has been a practice of many ___ (1). civil


The ancient Druids, Greeks, and Romans ___ (2) decoration


the graves of their loved ones with flowers.


In the United States, the ___ (3) have been death


honored on Memorial Day since the time of the Civil


War. In 1967 a ___ (4) of President Johnson proclaim


and a ___ (5) congressional resolution officially join


recognized Waterloo as ‘the birthplace of Memorial


Day’. And the Memorial Day is ___ (6) on observation


the last Monday of May. Each year the President of


the US issues a special Memorial Day ___ (7) which proclaim


includes a call for ___ (8) to observe the city


occasion as a day of prayer for ___ (9). peaceful


Memorial Day observances are by no means ___ (10) limit


to the big ___ (11) cemeteries. In towns and cities,


across the land, veterans’ groups, civic ___ (12), nation


family groups, and individuals decorate graves organize


with flowers or with small American flags. In many


communities there are parades. Parade ___ (13) include participate


veterans and armed forces and a lot of other


people. Memorial Day has also ___ (14) marked tradition


the ___ (15) of summer. begin



Test 10. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.


This ___ (1) was built in the 1920s and became showcase for ___ (2). neighbour, architecture


Each architect had one plot on which to ___ (3) one house. In spite of this, builder


the area has a ___ (4) unified style. Look, for example, at these wonderful


houses on our left. At that time very few people lived in their owner


___ (5) apartments; those flats had no ___ (6) water, bathrooms and other run, convenient


___ (7). And here was a ___ (8) building project which attempted mass


both to show the ___ (9) styles in which apartments could be difference


built, and to improve ___ (10) conditions. live



Test 11. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.


Life used to be ___ (1) for teenag ers. They used to have money to funny


spend, and ___ (2) time to spend it in. They used to wear ___ (3) freedom


clothes, and meet in coffee bars and discos. Some of them still teenager


do. But for many young people, life is harder now. Jobs are ___ (4) to find. difficulty


There’s not so much money around. Teachers say that students work ___ (5) hard


than they used to. They are ___ (6) interested in politics, little


and more interested in ___ (7) exams. They know that good exams pass


may get them ___ (8) jobs. Most young people worry more about good


money than their parents did twenty years ago. They try to spend little


___ (9) and save ___ (10). They want to be able to get many


homes of their own one day. Three quarters of ___ (11) young Britain


people do more or less what their parents did. They did their ___ (12) good


at school, find some kind of work in the end, and get married in


their early ___ (13). They get on well with their parents and twenty


enjoy their ___ (14). They eat fish and chips, watch football on live


TV, go the pub and like ___ (15). After all, if they didn’t, they read


wouldn’t be British, would they?



Test 12. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.


As your children move towards ___ (1) it is ___ (2) to make depend


sure that they understand what decent values are. To importance


prevent children from becoming ___ (3) and ___ (4) you should spoil


not indulge them too much. To make sure that they grow up greed


well– ___ (5) they should be taught to be ___ (6) from an manner


early age. Children should be scolded for bad ___ (7), politeness


which will be an effective way of helping ___ (8) to distinguish behave


right from wrong. You need to reward your ___ (9) when they they


do things well to give them a sense of ___ (10) but you must child


be careful not to overdo it or they may become ___ (11). proud


You should try to make your children ___ (12) and respectful conceit


of other peoples beliefs by exposing them to ___ (13) tolerate


races and cultures. Parents should try to place great difference


___ (14) on setting a good example to their children, important


because children’s behaviour is often an ___ (15) of that imitate


of their parents.



Test 13. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.


The ___ (1) of children starts as soon as they are born. Boys are educate


allowed to make more ___ (2), to play with guns and cause more noisy


trouble. Such education prepares boys for ___ (3) in the world powerful


but for little else. But all boys are ___ (4). Some boys are differen


good at ___ (5) and poetry whereas others are good at football cook


or maths. Boys aren’t just ___ (6) and rebels, ‘machos’ and conform


‘wimps’. If we can ___ (7) them that all these types are okay, assurance


it may help to reduce the ___ (8) of those boys who are the least macho. bully



Test 14. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.


The ___ (1) of fingerprints reached Britain in 1901 and systematize


proved ___ (2). In 1930, Scotland Yard set up its first use


___ (3) system to enable officers to compare fingerprints found on classify


the scene of the crime with those of ___ (4) known to the crime


police. Fingerprint technology has advanced ___ (5) since then. great


Different types of powder are used to ___ (6) the impression of the strength


fingerprint before it is taken. Another ___ (7) revolutionary


has been in the way that fingerprints are identified. Today, the


first ___ (8) is done by the computer, which then produces searching


a ___ (9) of possible matches. The final ___ (10) however is select


done by police experts. identify



Test 15. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.


In the past, any mother would be ___ (1) if her children were pride


round and slightly fat. Those days are gone. ___ (2) have now research


reached the ___ (3) that too much fat and sugar in children’s conclude


diets are a major factor in the ___ (4) of heart diseases and develop


other ___ (5) when they are older. However, growing children need ill


to eat a wide range of foods, and their general health could be


___ (6) by cutting out particular ones. Psychologists say that the danger


___ (7) is not to change eating habits too fast, but to do it ___ (8), solve


so that children do not lose muscle in addition to fat. Parents should care


present food a little ___ (9), spread butter thinly and avoid difference


putting sugar on the table. Children should also be ___ (10) to courage


take part in sports: this way they will be using the calories


that they have eaten.



Test 16. Fill in the spaces in the following sentences using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.


1. What can we do to reduce the ___ of the atmosphere? pollute


2. The change in the climate has produced ___ floods. disaster


3. Many rare species are threatened with ___. extinct


4. Many of the gases produced by factories are ___ to our health. harm


5. Exhaust fumes have ___ effects on the environment. damage


6. Many countries must try and control the growth of the ___. populate


7. Protecting the environment is essential to our ___. survive


8. The protection of the environment is everyone’s ___. responsible


9. While some countries get richer, the ___ in others get worse. poor


10. Millions of people in the world are threatened with ___. Starve


Test 1


1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.


The Bald Eagle


In 1782, soon after the United States won its independence, the bald


eagle ___ (1) as the national bird of the new country. American choose


leaders wanted the eagle to be а symbol of ___ (2) country because it they


is one of the ___ (3) birds. Today the bald eagle strong


almost ___ (4) from the country. In 1972 there ___ (5) only 3,000 disappear be


bald eagles in the entire United States. The reason for the


bird’s ___ (6) population was pollution of rivers by pesticides. Pesticides decrease


poison the fish. Eagles eat these fish and then the eggs eagles


lay have very thin shells and ___ (7). Today, the American government not hatch


and the American people ___ (8) to protect the bald eagle. The try


number of bald eagles slowly ___ (9). The American increase


national bird ___ (10), and remains а symbol of strength and courage. survive



2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.


Our ___ (1) in New York was spectacular. Its skyscrapers and the arrive


Statue of Liberty make а ___ (2) sight. New York has а ___ (3) beauty


of over seven million and it is probably the world’s most populate


famous city. The ___ (4) of the ‘Big Apple’ come from many inhabit


different countries. There are more ___ (5) in New York than in any nation


other place on earth. It also has more ___ (6) than any tour


other city except London, ___ (7) in the summer. ___ (8) special


come from all over the world and have а ___ (9) time. There visit


are so many sights for them to get ___ (10) about wonder


whether it’s some of the best museums in the world or the enthusiasm


charming little streets of Greenwich Village.



3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


Viewed from the outside, the Houses of Parliament give а firm impression of all those ___ (1) which we are supposed to value in the British form of government. The architecture gives the place а ___ (2) look, and the buildings are sandwiched between а busy square and the river making them а ___ (3) between the country house of an eccentric duke and а Victorian railway station. You have only to learn that the ___ (4) refer to each other as ‘The Honourable Member for So and So’ to complete the picture of а dignified gentlemen’s club, with of course а few ladies to ___ (5) the numbers. Sadly, over the past few years first radio, and now television, have shown the general ___ (6) what in fact goes on when bills are ___ (7) and questions are asked. The first obvious fact is that the chamber is very rarely full, and there may be only а ___ (8) of members present, some of ___ (9) are quite clearly asleep, telling jokes to their neighbour, or engaged in shouting like badly-behaved schoolchildren. There is not enough ___ (10) for them all in the chamber in any case, which is а second worrying point. Of course, television does not follow the work of ___ (11) which are small discussion groups that do most of the real work of the House. But the ___ (12) impression that we as ___ (13) receive of the workings of government is not а good one. To put it bluntly, parliament looks disorganised, is clearly behind the times and seems to be ___ (14) with bores and comedians. This is presumably why members resisted for so long the efforts of the ВВС to broadcast parliamentary ___ (15) on television.



1. a) views b) appearances c) identities d) features


2. a) fashionable b) traditional c) close-up d) notorious


3. a) mixture b) combination c) cross d) match


4. a) members b) candidates c) delegates d) senators


5. a) take away b) bring about c) make up d) set in


6. a) situation b) public с) interest d) rule


7. a) paid b) determined c) voted d) discussed


8. a) handful b) majority c) few d) number


9. a) these b) whom с) them d) others


10. a) seats b) places c) room d) around


11. a) elections b) those c) everyone d) committees


12. a) overall b) visual c) positive d) striking


13. a) audience b) often c) voters d) well


14. a) working b) inevitably c) filled d) much


15. a) matters b) committees c) speeches d) debates

Test 2


1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.


Tricks on April Fool’s Day In 1698, a number of Londoners received invitations


to see the lions washed in the Thames. This event ___ (1) in news describe


papers. However, the same trick ___ (2) in 1860, and again a lot of repeat


curious Londoners ___ (3) to enjoy the lions washed. In 1957 BBC come


Television played an even ___ (4) joke on its viewers. It showed hilarious


a film about a spaghetti crop ___ (5) in Southern Switzerland. grow


Agricultural workers ___ (6) long strands of spaghetti from bushes pick


and the presenter of the film ___ (7) on the uniform length of the comment


spaghetti and on the successful cultivation of ‘these vegetables’. After be


the programme there ___ (8) a lot of calls from people who not get


___ (9) the joke and wanted to know where they ___ (10) buy spaghetti bushes. can



2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.


Americans talk with ___ (1) of their government and ___ (2). They proud, institute


seem certain that they have more ___ (3), better laws and free


stronger leaders. But even the most ___ (4) Americans have а few doubts. patriot


___ (5) is one problem area, and so is the law. There are not educate


enough clever teachers, and too many clever ___ (6). But Americans law


feel ___ (7) that they can change things that don’t work. Americans confidence


want to be proud of their President. They like him to be good-looking,


___ (8), and a good family man. They want him to be a good ___ (9). religion, talk


They expect him to keep the prices down at home and to keep the


country looking ___ (10) abroad. power



3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


Have you ever asked yourself what you are working for? If you have ever had the time to ___ (1) this taboo question, or put it to others in moments of weakness or confidentiality, you ___ (2) well have heard some or all of the ___ (3). It’s the money of course, some say with а smile, as if explaining something to а small child. Or it’s the satisfaction of ___ (4) well done, the sense of achievement behind the clinching of an important ___ (5). I worked as а bus conductor once, and I can’t say I ___ (6) the same as I staggered along the swaying gangway trying to ___ (7) out tickets without falling over into someone’s lap. It’s the company of other people perhaps, but if that is the ___ (8), what about farmers? Is it the conversation in the farmyard that keeps them captivated by the job? Work is power and а sense of status say those ___ (9) have either attained these elusive goals, or feel aggrieved that nobody has yet recognised their leadership ___ (10). Or we can blame it all on someone else, the family or the taxman. I suspect, and I say this under my ___ (11), that most of us work hoping for something to ___ (12) up. We’ll win the pools, and tell the boss what we really think. We’ll scrape together the ___ (13) and open that little shop we always dreamed of, or go ___ (14) the world, or spend more time in the garden. One day we’ll get that ___ (15) we deserve, but until then at least we have something to do. And we are so busy doing it that we won’t have time to wonder why.



1. a) propose b) meditate c) consider d) launch


2. a) might b) can c) will d) should


3. a) below b) rest c) following d) latter


4. a) a work b) а job c) а task d) an effort


5. a) deal b) position c) job d) engagement


6. a) enjoyed b) wished c) hoped d) felt


7. a) make b) turn с) issue d) give


8. a) one b) case с) question d) former


9. a) people b) must c) who d) to


10. a) qualities b) status c) property d) requirements


11. a) oath b) suspicion c) breath d) pressure


12. a) move b) turn с) ease d) end


13. a) resources b) opportunities c) rest d) money


14. a) round b) over c) into d) to


15. a) ambition b) station c) vocation d) promotion

Test 3


1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.


Mountain Biking In the past people ___ (1) watching TV or reading enjoy


in their free time. Nowadays people are more interested in doing ___ (2) activity


which take them out of their homes. That’s why mountain biking


___ (3) a very popular sport in recent years. It is one of the ___ (4) become, reward


ways to explore the countryside. Cyclists must pay attention to the


type of path they ___ (5) on. Some paths ___ (6) for people be, design


who are on foot, so if you cycle along these, you ___ (7) inconvenience cause


to walkers. On any other path, you should still respect walkers.


Another thing which you ___ (8) to do is ___ (9) gates behind you, so ask, close


that farm animals cannot escape. If the weather is fine, you will


enjoy a wonderful day out, especially if you ___ (10) to take not forget


some food and drinks with you.



2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.


When the famous explorer, Columbus claimed Florida for Spain in 1492,


he had never ___ (1) eyes on it. The area’s most important early ___ (2) lay, visit


thus set а pattern that has continued for centuries. There is а


general ___ (3) amongst people, apparently quite ___ (4) with whether believe, connect


or not they’ve been there themselves, that Florida is а good place


to go. In fact, it is almost ___ (5) not to enjoy yourself in Florida possible


today, given the wonderful ___ (6) of facilities available to tourists. select


Some of the world’s most popular tourist ___ (7) are located in the attract


state whose ___ (8) beaches welcome 40 million people each year. sand


These days it seems ___ (9) to describe Florida’s geography and point


climate. After all, few people would have ___ (10) in finding it on difficult


а map and most would know what weather to expect there.



3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


After more than fifty years of television, it might seem only obvious to conclude that it is here to ___ (1). There have been many objections to it during this time and ___ (2) а variety of grounds. Did it cause eye-strain? Was the ___ (3) bombarding us with radioactivity? Did the advertisements ___ (4) subliminal messages, persuading us to buy more? Did children turn to violence through watching it, either because so ___ (5) programmes taught them how to shoot, rob, and kill, or because they had to do something to counteract the hours they had ___ (6) glued to the tiny screen? Or did it simply create а vast passive ___ (7), drugged by glamorous serials and inane situation ___ (8)? On the other hand, did it increase anxiety by sensationalising the news (or the news which was ___ (9) by suitable pictures) and filling our living rooms with war and political unrest? ___ (10) in аll, television proved to be the all-purpose scapegoat for the second half of the century, ___ (11) for everything, but above all, eagerly watched. For no ___ (12) how much we despised it, were bored by it, or felt that it took us away from the old paradise of family conversation and hobbies ___ (13) as collecting stamps, we never turned it off. We ___ (14) staring at the screen, aware that our own tiny ___ (15) was in it if we looked carefully.



1. a) long b) stay c) exist d) be


2. a) with b) over c) by d) on


3. a) screen b) danger c) machine d) reason


4. a) contain b) of c) take d) having


5. a) that b) far c) many d) what


6. a) almost b) spent c) quite d) madly


7. a) programme b) personality c) audience d) tense


8. a) comedies b) programmes c) perhaps d) consequently


9. a) taken b) presented c) capable d) accompanied


10. a) Taken b) All c) Somewhat d) Thus


11. a) broadcasting b) looking c) blamed d) ready


12. a) one b) matter c) difference d) reason


13. a) known b) even c) described d) such


14. a) refused b) received c) turned d) kept


15. a) fault b) reflection c) situation d) consciousness

Test 4


1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.


The American People Black, white, rich, poor – you can find them all in the USА, one of big


the ___ (1) countries in the world. The great American idea ___ (2) that all these people always be


should become something new. They should leave their old ___ (3) behind and become life


American. In some ways, the idea ___ (4). work


Many people ___ (5) where their grandparents came from. forget


They share the ideas, experiences, and feelings that make up the American culture. now ask


But new questions ___ (6). Some people wonder if too much ___ (7). lose


They are becoming more interested in the countries their families leave


once ___ (8). They are not sure if new immigrants should try ___ (9) their own forget


languages and cultures so completely. Americans talk а great deal about


how wonderful it is to be American. The reason may be because they need to


keep ___ (10) themselves that that is what they are. remind



2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.


Dear Sir or Madam,


I read your ___ (1) in International Business advertise


magazine and I am writing for more information concerning entry ___ (2) require


for the course in English Language. Could you tell me what language ___ (3) qualify


are required? I do not possess the First Certificate and would like to know


if ___ (4) on the course depends on having the FCE? In fact, as I am an accept


___ (5) for an international company I would be interested in a course account


which focuses on language ___ (6) for both social and develop


___ (7) purposes. I would also like to know the ___ (8) from the busy, distant


college to London and if ___ (9) at all classes is obligatory, attend


or whether an occasional ___ (10) for purposes of travel be acceptable. absent


I look forward to hearing from you.


Yours faithfully,


Nelson Fernandez



3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


Nobody knows for certain what the origin of music was. Music is certainly older than poetry and painting but as early man had no way of ___ (1) it, we can only ___ (2) what it sounded like. Watching а child ___ (3) on а drum with its hands or а ___ (4) of wood, it is easy to see that this is the simplest of instruments. It does not ___ (5) much effort to produce а rhythm on it. Wall paintings show what some of the first instruments ___ (6) like. Early civilisations had already discovered the three basic ___ (7) of producing music: blowing into а tube, striking an object, and scraping а string. We know that western music comes from the ___ (8) Greeks. The musical scales we use now are ___ (9) on certain sequences of notes which the Greeks used to create а particular ___ (10). Until the 16th century, most players of instruments were ___ (11) performers, but as music became more ___ (12), orchestras and musical groups began to ___ (13). This ___ (14) about the writing of music to be played by several musicians at one time. This can certainly be ___ (15) the birth of modern music.



1. a) recording b) playing c) producing d) performing


2. a) think b) reckon c) guess d)realise


3. a) hitting b) knocking c) crashing d) banging


4. a) slice b) point c) piece d) shape


5. a) make b) call c) take d) do


6. a) looked b) appeared c) felt d) sounded


7. a) forms b) manners c) systems d) ways


8. a) ancient b) old c) aged d) antique


9. a) raised b) based c) established d) supported


10. a) spirit b) temper c) mood d) humour


11. a) separate b) lonely c) unique d) single


12. a) widespread b) enlarged c) expanded d) extended


13. a) turn b) appear c) spring d) be


14. a) produced b) affected c) caused d) brought


15. a) appointed b) called c) decided d) named

Test 5


1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.


One morning Mr Sherlock Holmes was sitting in his room in Baker Street.


His friend Dr Watson was standing near the window ___ (1) at a walking stick. look


This stick ___ (2) by a strange visitor the day before. The words forget


‘To Dr Mortimer’ ___ (3) on it. Dr Watson had already been examining write


it for half an hour but ___ (4) say anything about it. Suddenly not can


Sherlock Holmes ___ (5), ‘The owner of this stick has a dog which is say


___ (6) than a terrier. I have noticed the marks of a dog’s ___ (7) large, tooth


on the stick. Probably the dog often ___ (8) the stick behind the carry


master.’ ‘I wonder why this man wanted to visit us,’ asked Dr Watson.


‘Well, we soon ___ (9),’ answered Sherlock Holmes. ‘I can hear know


the bell ___ (10).’ ring



2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.


School Then and Now Parents and teachers are always making ___ (1) compare


between the time when they were ___ (2) and the child


present ___ (3). They say everything was better than it generate


is today, especially in ___ (4). For example, they say they educate


used to work much ___ (5) in school, and that nowadays, we hard


aren’t very interested. I ___ (6), because we spend hours agree


every day doing homework after our lessons or ___ (7) for revise


___ (8). I wonder if our parents really had to study so much examine


after school every day. In my opinion, it is no ___ (9) to exaggerate


say we have forgotten how to play. I think one reason why kids behave


___ (10) in class is because they need to get rid of stress.



3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


According to а group called The Voices Foundation, everyone has а singing voice as well as а speaking voice somewhere inside them. This, they say, should be encouraged from an early ___ (1) because it provides the best, and the cheapest, ___ (2) on which to build an understanding of music. ___ (3) the Foundation’s ideas, lies the teaching of the Hungarian composer Zoltan Kodaly. He observed that song can ___ (4) а key part of the relationship between mother and child almost from birth. This is especially ___ (5) of more traditional societies, like those of West Africa, where some small children are ___ (6) to sing literally hundreds of songs, all of which have been learnt by ___ (7). But many modern children first ___ (8) to an understanding of music when they learn to play an instrument, and ___ (9) some teaching of the theory of music is usually а part of this, their relationship with the music on the ___ (10) is often а mechanical one. The ___ (11) of the Voices Foundation is that а natural ___ (12) for rhythm, harmony and musical structure, the very ___ (13) we appreciate in the greatest musicians, can only be achieved through the exploration of music with the voice from the start. The Foundation has, therefore, ___ (14) itself the task of developing а singing-centred musical education programme that could ___ (15) junior pupils all over the world.



1. a) start b) life c) time d) age


2. a) ground b) basis c) root d) plot


3. a) Behind b) Beneath c) Besides d) Between


4. a) grow b) do c) form d) make


5. a) fact b) true c) real d) actual


d) fit 6. a) able b) expert c) skilled


7. a) repeat b) heart c) memory d) mind


8. a) come b) reach c) go d) arrive


9. a) however b) despite c) although d) whether


10. a) lines b) notes c) book d) page


11. a) rule c) trust d) belief b) certainty


12. a) awareness b) touch c) grasp d) feeling


13. a) degrees b) qualities c) measures d) practices


14. a) let b) set c) put d) cut


15. a) benefit b) favour c) gain d) profit

Test 6


1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.


A Practical Joke Mr and Mrs Parker were having a quiet day at home. Their


18-year-old daughter was away in Wales ___ (1) with a friend. Suddenly stay


the phone ___ (2). A hoarse voice told Mr Parker that his daughter ring


___ (3) and that he had to pay a ransom of $2,000. He was also warned that kidnap


if he ___ (4), he would never see his daughter again. The voice then not pay


gave him instructions about where and when to hand over the money. one


Mr Parker took the ___ (5) train to Wales. He went to the hotel and gave


the briefcase with the money to a woman in a scarf and a raincoat. At 11 p.m.


the same evening, to his great relief, his daughter came back home. She happy


looked ___ (6) than ever and could hardly stop herself from ___ (7) laugh


when she handed him his briefcase with $2,000. It turned out that she decide


and her friend ___ (8) to play a practical joke. The joke ___ (9) but, work


strangely enough, Mr and Mrs Parker ___ (10) it as much as their not enjoy


daughter did!



2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.


How to Learn Vocabulary Students are under enormous pressure to learn


huge amounts of vocabulary but they are rarely given ___ (1) as to how to guide


go about it. They have a ___ (2) to try and learn long lists by tend


heart, but this is hardly the most ___ (3) approach to the problem. efficiency


The golden rule is to do lots of ___ (4) at regular intervals. Secondly, revise


students should concentrate on words with the highest ___ (5), particularly frequent


everyday words which also improve the students’ spoken ___ (6). fluent


They should also take every opportunity to use the words in communication –


there is considerable ___ (7) evidence that learners who like psychology


using the foreign language improve their oral ___ (8) and their perform


overall ___ (9) of the language much more rapidly than acquire


students who are ___ (10) to practise the language in real situations. reluctance



3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


Keeping fit and staying healthy have become а growing industry. ___ (1) apart from the amount of money spent each year on doctors’ ___ (2) and approved medical treatment, huge sums are now spent on health foods and ___ (3) of various kinds, from vitamin pills to mineral water, not to mention health clubs and keep-fit ___ (4) and videos. We are more concerned than ever, it seems, ___ (5) the water we drink and the air we breathe, and are smoking less, though not yet drinking less alcohol. This does not appear to mean that ___ (6) and sneezes have been banished, or that we can all expect to live to а hundred. To give а personal example, one of my friends, who is а keep-fit ___ (7), а non-smoker and teetotaller, and who is very ___ (8) about what he eats, is at present languishing in bed with а wrist in ___ (9) and а badly sprained ankle. Part of his healthy ___ (10) is to play squash every day after work, and that ___ (11) for the ankle. He also cycles everywhere, and if you have ever tried to cycle through the rushhour traffic with а sprained ankle, you will understand ___ (12) he acquired the broken wrist. For _____ (13), it seems, is not just а matter of а good ___ (14) and plenty of exercise. Too much exercise can be harmful, as many joggers have discovered. Eating the right food can easily become an obsession, as can overworking, which you might have to do so as to be able to afford your ___ (15) of the squash club, your mountain bike, your health food, and а few holidays in peaceful and healthy places.



1. a) Poles b) Far с) Quite d) So


2. a) prescriptions b) surgeries c) hospitals d) payments


3. a) medications b) cures c) drugs d) remedies


4. a) books b) television c) advice d) enthusiasts


5. a) than b) about c) for d) hence


6. a) colds b) coughs c) flu d) fevers


7. a) fanatic b) follower c) fad d) person


8. a) interested b) varied c) detailed d) particular


9. a) crutches b) plaster c) treatment d) danger


10. a) living b) lifetime c) lifestyle d) liveliness


11. a) is b) caters c) depends d) accounts


12. a) how b) that c) whenever d) thus


13. a) fit b) this c) health d) all


14. a) diet b) eating c) menu d) recipe


15. a) share b) visit c) membership d) subscription

Test 7


1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.


What Can Computers Do?


Computers and microchips _____ (1) part of our everyday lives: we become


read magazines which _____ (2) on computer, we buy things with the produce


help of computers, we pay bills _____ (3) by computers. Just _____ (4) prepare


а phone number involves the use of а sophisticated computer system. dial


In the past, life without computers was much _____ (5) than it is today. difficult


The _____ (6) computers were able to multiply long numbers, but they one


_____ (7) do anything else. Nobody _____ (8) stories about robots not can


and space travel, but now computers are able to do almost all difficult jobs. believe


What makes your computer such а miraculous device? It is а calculating machine speed


that _____ (9) up financial calculations. It is а personal communicator


that _____ (10) you to interact with other computers and with people around enable


the world. And you can even use your PC to relax with computer games.



2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.


A Challenge for Europe


Although recently there has been a small _____ (1) in the number of people out reduce


of work in Europe, _____ (2) is still the number one _____ (3) employ, society


problem facing the 15 member states of the European Union. Moreover,


_____ (4) of opportunity between men and women is still an issue that equal


_____ (5) in many countries have not come to grips with. In _____ (6) political, professional


such as law and engineering women are still noticeable by their


absence. _____ (7) still discriminate against women in a number of employ


ways even if their _____ (8) are the same as those of men. It would qualify


be a pity if the _____ (9) of the EU on an economic level were marred achieve


by _____ (10) in the vital area of social policy. fail



3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


Trees are amongst the biggest and longest-living things on Earth, some dating back longer than the oldest buildings. But _____ (1) being nice to look at, trees also _____ (2) an important role in improving the quality of our lives. On a world-wide _____ (3), forests help to slow down the effects of global warming by using up the gas _____ (4) as carbon dioxide and giving _____ (5) the oxygen we need to breathe. At local neighbourhood level, trees also _____ (6) important environmental benefits. They offer shade and shelter, which in _____ (7) reduces the amount of energy needed to heat and cool _____ (8) buildings; at the same time, they also remove other impurities from the air we breathe. Urban trees are especially important because for many people they provide the only daily _____ (9) with the natural world. What’s _____ (10), urban trees also provide a home for birds, small animals and butterflies. _____ (11) the trees we would lose the pleasure of seeing these creatures in our cities. Regrettably, _____ (12), trees in cities are now coming under _____ (13). There is a limit to the level of pollution they can _____ (14) and, down at street level, their roots are being seriously _____ (15) by the digging needed to make way for modern telephone, television and other cables.



1. a) as far as b) as long as c) as soon as d) as well as


2. a) play b) show c) act d) serve


3. a) scale b) size c) range d) area


4. a) called b) known c) titled d) referred


5. a) in b) away c) up d) out


6. a) bring b) make c) take d) find


7. a) turn b) place c) order d) reach


8. a) opposite b) close c) next d) nearby


9. a) junction b) touch c) contact d) taste


10. a) more b) else c) most d) other


11. a) Throughout b) Beyond c) Without d) Outside


12. a) therefore b) whilst c) however d) despite


13. a) risk b) threat c) danger d) warning


14. a) stand in for b) face up to c) put up with d) fall back on


15. a) concerned b) disturbed c) interfered d) involved

Test 8


1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.


Street Styles


Many people, especially young people, wear things which express their ideas


and feelings about life. If a boy _____ (1) very short, almost shaven hair, have


people expect him _____ (2) right wing politics. But boys with very have


long hair _____ (3) to have left wing politics. A boy who wears a leather think


jacket _____ (4) in bits of metal will probably ride a motorbike. The cover


rules of fashion are not as rigid as they once _____ (5) and today’s be


teenagers _____ (6) any particular trend at all. But teens are very not follow


influenced by _____ (7) and they have a desire to buy more luxurious celebrity


items. Street styles _____ (8) by the big fashion designers. In fact, not create


the fashion designers often use ideas from street fashions. But some


leaders of British fashion have enough ideas of _____ (9) own. One of them they


is Jean Muir, whose designs let her be one of the _____ (10) designers. good



2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.


I have only been once to an art _____ (1). In fact, the Tate in London exhibit


was my _____ (2) to modern art, but although the gallery was introduce


quite interesting, I found the pictures difficult to understand. The _____ (3) paint


in the exhibition were by famous _____ (4) from all over the world. Our art


guide told us about each painting, and I listened carefully to her _____ (5). explain


After she had given us а _____ (6) of а painting by Picasso, 1 asked her describe


what it all _____ (7). She said we should not look for meaning but for _____ (8), mean, please


as the most important thing was to enjoy the shapes and colours.


_____ (9), I found this advice а complete _____ (10). person, reveal



3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


Whenever we read about the natural world nowadays, it is generally to be _____ (1) dire predictions about its imminent destruction. Some scientists go so _____ (2) as to assert that from now on, the world can no longer be called ‘natural’, insofar as future processes of weather, _____ (3), and all the interactions of plant and animal life will no longer carry on in their time-honoured way, unaffected by _____ (4). There will never be such а thing as ‘natural weather’ again, say such writers, only weather _____ (5) by global warming. It is hard to know whether to believe such _____ (6) of doom, possibly because what they are saying seems too terrible to be _____ (7). There are other equally influential scientists who argue that climate has changed many times over the _____ (8), and that what we are experiencing now may simply be part of an endless cycle of change, rather than а disaster on а global _____ (9). One cannot help wondering whether these attempts to wish the problem away _____ (10) underline the extent to which western industrialised countries are to blame for upsetting the world’s _____ (11). It is not our fault, they seem to be saying, because everything is all right, really! One certain _____ (12) which is chilling in its implications, is that there is no longer anywhere on the earth’s _____ (13), whether in the depths of the oceans or in the polar wastes, which is not _____ (14) by polluted air or _____ (15) with empty cans and bottles. Now we have to come to terms with understanding just what that means, and it is far from easy.

1. a) made b) given c) told d) granted


2. a) much b) often c) really d) far


3. a) change b) atmosphere c) climate d) even


4. a) beings b) man c) people d) humans


5. a) built b) manufactured с) affected d) organised


6. a) prophets b) champions c) warriors d) giants


7. a) stopped b) true c) guessed d) here


8. a) top b) again c) centuries d) world


9. a) sense b) form c) scale d) existence


10. a) simply b) to с) chat d) or


11. a) future b) ecology с) balance d) population


12. a) fact b) must с) fault d) and


13. a) planet b) atmosphere c) anywhere d) surface


14. a) full b) stained c) breathing d) only


15. a) even b) recycled c) littered d) bothered

Test 9


1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.


Things That Go Bump In The Night


It was quite late on a Friday night. Bill and Lora were having supper in their


new house. Things still felt a bit strange so they _____ (1) much notice not take


when they heard someone _____ (2) about noisily in the move


house next door. From the windows they _____ (3) see figures in the can


front garden. Bill and Lora assumed that their neighbours _____ (4) have


some sort of party. ‘That’s all right,’ said Bill. ‘Our neighbours dislike big


_____ (5). I hope they _____ (6) us long.’ Not long after, party, not disturb


they heard the front door shut and the house went very quiet. Bill and Lora


went to bed and _____ (7) all about it. At breakfast early the next day, forget


they heard someone _____ (8) loudly. Their neighbours arrived back shout


home and discovered that some _____ (9) _____ (10) all their furniture thief, take


and valuables from the house.



2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.


The most _____ (1) pop group in history was the Beatles and the success


most _____ (2) bands of the 1960s and 1970s were male bands. The excite


Spice Girls were _____ (3) when they became _____ (4) in the usual, fame


1990s, but now female pop groups are not only common but quite interest


_____ (5) from а _____ (6) point of view as well. But what happens music


when а schoolgirl suddenly becomes very _____ (7) and well known? wealth


She leaves behind the _____ (8) life other girls lead, earns bore


а lot of money and buys x_____ (9) clothes. She gets _____ (10) to expense, expense


trendy parties. Will she forget all her old schoolfriends?



3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


Have you ever thought about the future? One of the most amazing predictions I have heard _____ (1) the twenty-first century is that we will be living longer and longer. Scientists will have _____ (2) up with а cure for а lot of the most _____ (3) diseases that people die of at the moment. They say that _____ (4) the year 2050, the average person’s lifespan will have _____ (5) to one hundred years. They also _____ (6) that work will take _____ (7) less of our lives and we will have more _____ (8) time to spend. Robots, which will look more and more _____ (9) human beings, will have taken _____ (10) а lot of the boring everyday _____ (11) we do today. In the next five years, the Japanese will have _____ (12) а robot that understands human speech. This will _____ (13) about а big change in the way we live, and some people see robots as а _____ (14) to human freedom. They are afraid that we will not be _____ (15) to control them and that in the end, they will control us.



1. a) to b) about c) across d) up


2. a) turned b) made c) come d) found


3. a) common b) usual c) everyday d) known


4. a) until b) by c) up to d) on


5. a) gone b) come c) turned d) risen


6. a) predict b) tell c) wait d) advise


7. a) on b) over c) up d) away


8. a) break b) enjoy c) fun d) free


9. a) as b) like c) similar d) how


10. a) up b) off c) over d) in


11. a) jobs b) works c) employment d) occupations


12. a) discovered b) found c) done d) invented


13. a) bring b) turn c) take d) come


14. a) damage b) dream c) threat d) problem


15. a) reaching b) able c) manage d) succeed

Test 10


1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.


The National Health Service in GB


The NHS (the national health service) in GB _____ (1) centrally and organize


medical insurance is compulsory. There _____ (2) a number be


of private medical insurance schemes in the country. The _____ (3) one big


is BUPA. These days such schemes _____ (4) increasingly popular become


as being more convenient. The modern _____ (5) of the NHS are difficulty


the same as those faced by equivalent systems in other countries. The need


number of old people _____ (6) medical care _____ (7) dramatically grow


since 1998. But the country spends _____ (8) money per person on health care little


than any other country in the western world. One possible reason for this is


the way that GPs _____ (9). The money which they get from the pay


government _____ (10) on the number of consultations they not depend


perform, it depends on the number of registered patients.



2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.


Primary schools in London are trying out an ambitious plan through which


young children get an _____ (1) to serious music. The idea comes introduce


from а group of famous (_____ 2) who are concerned about the music


_____ (3) of certain types of classical music. They see the plan as survive


one possible _____ (4) to the problem of declining audiences at classical solve


concerts. Their _____ (5) is that an interest in classical music should argue


be developed in early _____ (6). They reject the idea that children child


are _____ (7) in serious music or necessarily find it boring. The group interest


goes into а school and gives а live _____ (8) of а short classical perform


piece and then this is followed by an _____ (9) of how the instruments explain


work. These sessions have proved so _____ (10) that they have now success


become а regular feature in some schools.



3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


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