Елена Музланова, Елена Кисунько



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Елена Музланова, Елена Кисунько



Елена Музланова, Елена Кисунько

Английский язык: Экспресс-репетитор для подготовки к ЕГЭ:

«Грамматика и лексика»

 

Основная цель пособия - активизировать изученный ранее лексико-грамматический материал и подготовить учащихся к успешной сдаче Единого государственного экзамена по английскому языку.

Более 200 включенных в него разнообразных тестов помогут прочно усвоить лексику и наиболее важные аспекты грамматики. Все тесты снабжены ключами, что позволяет использовать сборник для самоконтроля и самостоятельного изучения английского языка.

Пособие предназначено для учащихся 10-11 классов школ, лицеев и гимназий, а также для учителей английского языка. Оно также будет полезно абитуриентам вузов при подготовке к вступительному экзамену по английскому языку.

ВВЕДЕНИЕ

 

Предлагаемый сборник тестовых заданий предназначен для формирования и контроля грамматических и лексических навыков и ориентирован, главным образом, на учащихся 10–11 классов и абитуриентов. Он поможет качественно подготовиться к итоговой государственной аттестации в форме ЕГЭ.

В пособие включен обширный лексический и грамматический материал, что позволяет использовать его на различных этапах обучения в школах с углубленным изучением языка, лицеях и гимназиях, а также при подготовке к экзаменам на получение международных сертификатов и к вступительным экзаменам в вузы.

Основная цель сборника – закрепить, обобщить и систематизировать знания, умения и навыки, приобретенные учащимися в рамках базового курса, а также овладеть определенным количеством нового материала в соответствии с требованиями государственного стандарта к надбазовому уровню владения иностранным языком.

Пособие составлено в соответствии с кодификатором элементов содержания по английскому языку, подготовленным Федеральным институтом педагогических измерений (ФИПИ). Каждый из разделов посвящен формированию одного из навыков, проверяемых на ЕГЭ. В разделах представлен краткий теоретический материал по теме, а также разнообразные задания для формирования и закрепления лексико-грамматических навыков. Сборник включает более 200 многоуровневых тестов, расположенных в порядке нарастания сложности, которые помогут прочно усвоить лексику и наиболее важные аспекты грамматики.

Поскольку в разделе «Грамматика и лексика» Единого Государственного Экзамена проверяется умение применять полученные знания при работе с иноязычными текстами, то в конце каждого раздела приводятся лексико-грамматические задания на базе аутентичных текстов, при работе с которыми учащиеся овладевают различными аспектами иноязычной культуры.

Раздел «Exam Practice» включает все типы лексико-грамматических заданий, входящих в ЕГЭ: определение требуемой грамматической формы заданного слова; определение однокоренного слова; выбор правильного варианта из четырех предложенных. Эти задания составлены на основе аутентичных материалов, максимально приближенных к формату единого государственного экзамена… Итоговый тест содержит 25 заданий, что позволяет легко оценить знания: 23–25 баллов – «отлично», 18–22 балла – «хорошо», 13–17 баллов – «удовлетворительно». Весь комплекс тестов имеет одну цель: активировать лексико-грамматический материал, изученный ранее на уроках, и подготовить учащихся к успешной сдаче единого государственного экзамена по английскому языку. Все тесты снабжены ключами, что позволяет использовать сборник для самоконтроля и самостоятельного изучения английского языка. Представленные в пособии тестовые задания были апробированы в московских школах и с успехом применяются на практике. Надеемся, что оно окажется полезным не только учащимся и учителям, но и всем желающим самостоятельно изучить английский язык.

При подготовке данного пособия автором были использованы следующие издания:

1. Luke Prodromou. Grammar and Vocabulary for First Certificate. – Pearson Education Limited, 2000.

2. Luke Prodromou. Rising Star. An Intermediate Course – Macmillan, 2005.

3. Michael Harris, David Mower, Anna Sikorzynska. Opportunities. – Pearson Education Limited, 2006.

4. N. Kenny, L. Luque – Mortimer. First Certificate Practice Tests. – Pearson Education, 2000.

5. Raymond Murphy. Englisc Grammar in Use. – Cambridge University Press, 1995.

6. Virginia Evans. Round-Up. – Pearson Education Limited, 1994.

7. Ионина А.А., Саакян А.С. Английская грамматика XXI века. Учебное пособие по английскому языку. – М.: Издательство «Менеджер», 2006. – 400 с.

8. Демоверсии ЕГЭ по английскому языку. – www.fipi.ru.

 


NOUNS

SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS

Irregular plurals

Test 6. Fill in: is or are.

1. Your trousers _____ in the wardrobe.

2. Where______ his scissors?

3. There_____ a lecture on history today.

4. The shopping________ heavy.

5. Where_____ my gloves?

6. This information______ correct.

7. His hair_____ brown.

8. My socks_____ in the drawer.

9. Our furniture_____ very cheap.

10. His accommodation_____ luxurious.

11. Evidence_____ needed before the trial can continue.

12. The news_____ very exciting.

13. Mumps_____ a common illness among children.

14. My glasses_____ on the table.

15. Chinese_____ difficult to learn.

16. Where_____ the kitchen scales?

17. Billiards_____ a popular game.

18. His work_____ very interesting.

19. People_____ starving in some countries.

20. Education_____ the key to his success.

 

Test 7. Fill in: is or are.

 

1. Where_____ your trousers?

2. Could you tell me where_____ the scissors?

3. Tonight, there _____ athletics on TV.

4. Money_____ easy to spend and difficult to save.

5. Gloves_____ worn in cold weather.

6. This student’s knowledge_____ amazing.

7. Love_____ reason for much happiness.

8. This bread_____ stale.

9. Your jeans_____ on the chair.

10. His baggage_____ too heavy to carry.

11. Her advice _____ very interesting.

12. Mathematics_____ his favourite subject.

13. Measles_____ a common illness.

14. The glasses_____ on the table.

15. My sister’s hair_____ long.

16. Their bathroom scales_____ quite accurate.

17. Darts _____ a popular game in Britain.

18. This work_____ too hard.

19. People_____ unhappy with the new tax system.

20. The police_____ near.

 

PRONOUNS

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

 

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

NUMERALS

ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS

TENSES

ACTIVE VOICE

The verb ‘to be’: Present, Past, Future

 

Have and Have Got

 

Past Simple/Present Perfect

Simple/Continuous/Perfect

 

Test 24. Mixed tenses: write the verbs in brackets in the correct form.

 

1. He (spend) last summer in the country.

2. What your brother (do) now?

3. He (not write) а composition by next Monday.

4. My sister (wash) the dishes every morning.

5. You (go) to the south next summer?

6. When I (ring) Mike up yesterday, he still (learn) а poem.

7. If you (not help) me, I (not do) this work by 5 o’clock tomorrow.

8. Yesterday he (go) for а walk only when he (do) his homework.

9. I (not go) to the cinema tomorrow, I (watch) TV the whole evening.

10. When I came to the station, the train already (leave).

11. We (not grow) tomatoes next summer.

12. You ever (be) to Piccadilly Circus?

13. What you (buy) at the shop yesterday?

14. If it (not rain) tomorrow, we (not stay) at home.

15. When he (come) tomorrow, I still (do) my homework.

16. Look! My friends (play) football.

17. He (not read) Turgenev since he was а pupil.

18. You (write) this letter by the time she (come) tomorrow?

19. ‘Lena usually (do) her homework at school?’ ‘No, she _______.’

20. What you (do) at 6 o’clock yesterday?

 

PASSIVE VOICE

ACTIVE OR PASSIVE?

 

COMPLEX OBJECT

Test 1. Use to where necessary.

 

1. I saw him _______ drop his bag.

 

2. We expected Tom _______ be late.

 

3. The officer made Ann _______ open her suitcase.

 

4. Ann was made _______ open her case.

 

5. Suddenly they heard the front door _______ open and then _______ close softly.

 

6. Let me _______ carry your bag for you.

 

7. Do you want me _______ come with you?

 

8. I like my Granny _______ tell us fairy-tales.

 

9. Have you ever seen her _______ dance?

 

10. Hot weather makes me _______ feel tired.

 

11. She doesn’t allow us _______ smoke in the house.

 

12. I want you _______ tell me the truth.

 

13. I noticed Henry _______ come up and _______ speak to the stranger.

 

14. Her parents won’t let her _______ go out alone.

 

15. Would you like me _______ go now?

 

16. I know him _______ be a great politician.

 

17. My father allowed me _______ use his car.

 

18. Let him _______ do what he wants.

 

19. I expected my parents _______ help me.

 

20. Mr Graves felt somebody’s hand _______ touch him.

 

 

Test 2. V or V-ing? Choose the correct form of the verb.

 

1. Did you notice anyone (go/going) out?

 

2. When I woke up, I could hear the birds (sing/singing).

 

3. I suddenly felt someone (touch/touching) on my shoulder.

 

4. I didn’t hear you (come/coming) in.

 

5. John found Ann in his room (read/reading) his letters.

 

6. Did anybody see the accident (happen/happening)?

 

7. Listen! Can you hear a baby (cry/crying)?

 

8. I looked out of the window and saw Tim on his bike (cycle/cycling) along the road.

 

9. We noticed a group of people (dig/digging) something in the field.

 

10. ‘Why did you turn round suddenly?’ ‘I thought I heard somebody (call/calling) my name.’

 

11. Can you smell something (burn/burning)?

 

12. If you found a lot of money (lie/lying) in the street, would you take it to the police station?

 

13. We watched the two men (run/running) across the garden, (open/opening) a window and (climb/climbing) through it into the house.

 

14. Everybody heard the bomb (explode/exploding). It was a tremendous noise.

 

15. Oh! I can feel something (crawl/crawling) up my leg! It must be an insect.

 

16. I heard somebody (slam/slamming) the door in the middle of the night. It woke me up.

 

17. We saw the robber (walk/walking) quickly along the street.

 

18. I saw her (walk/walking) across the room and (take/ taking) a gun out of the desk drawer.

 

19. When we got home, we found a cat (sleep/sleeping) on the kitchen table.

 

20. I could hear it (rain/raining).

 

 

Test 3. Choose the correct form of the verb.

 

1. I want him _______ back soon.

 

a) to come b) come c) coming

 

2. My mother always makes me _______ up.

 

a) to wash b) wash c) washing

 

3. I felt Nick _______ his hand on my shoulder.

 

a) to put b) put c) putting

 

4. The pupils were made _______ at school after classes.

 

a) to stay b) stay c) staying

 

5. The teacher expected the children _______ this difficult question.

 

a) to answer b) answer c) answering

 

6. If I saw a child _______, I would ask what was the matter.

 

a) to cry b) cry c) crying

 

7. My parents didn’t let me _______ to the party.

 

a) to go b) go c) going

 

8. Everyone likes her _______.

 

a) to dance b) dance c) dancing

 

9. Would you like me _______ for you?

 

a) to wait b) wait c) waiting

 

10. We were allowed to _______ bed later.

 

a) to go b) go c) going

 

11. I smelled something _______ in the kitchen.

 

a) to burn b) burn c) burning

 

12. My parents don’t want me _______ home late.

 

a) to come b) come c) coming

 

13. Her present made me _______ happy.

 

a) to feel b) feel c) feeling

 

14. John saw his friend _______ the door of the room and _______ in.

 

a) to open, to come b) open, come c) opening, coming

 

15. This task is difficult! Let me _______ you!

 

a) to help b) help c) helping

 

16. We don’t expect them _______ for us after classes.

 

a) to wait b) wait c) waiting

 

17. The boy was made _______ the truth.

 

a) to tell b) tell c) telling

 

18. Mother watched her little children _______ in the yard.

 

a) to play b) play c) playing

 

19. He heard a distant voice _______.

 

a) to shout b) shout c) shouting

 

20. I hate you _______ late.

 

a) to be b) be c) being

 

 

Test 4. Read the text and put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

 

Last night a terrible accident happened near my house. I was reading a book when I heard car breaks (1)(screech) and people (2)(shout) in the street. When I looked out of the window, I saw a crowd of about twenty people (3)(stand) around a young boy lying in the street. Next, I saw the driver of the car (4)(approach) the crowd and (5)(kneel) down by the boy. I wanted my wife (6)(phone) the emergency service but then I noticed some people in the street (7)(use) their mobiles to call an ambulance. Suddenly I saw a young woman (8)(run) towards the scene and (9)(push) her way through the crowd. I knew her (10)(be) the boy’s mother. A few minutes later I heard an ambulance siren (11)(scream) in the distance. Then I saw the ambulance (12)(stop) in front of my house. I watched the ambulance men (13)(get out) and (14)(run) to the injured boy. Minutes later I saw them (15)(run back) to the ambulance with the boy on a stretcher followed by his mother.

 

 

Test 5. Translate the sentences using complex object.

 

1. Я хочу, чтобы вы прочли эту книгу.

 

2. Я видел, что Коля пришел.

 

3. Я видел, как Джордж шел по улице.

 

4. Вам бы хотелось, чтобы я рассказал вам эту историю?

 

5. Собака заставила кошку взобраться на дерево.

 

6. Мы не рассчитывали, что вы так много сделаете.

 

7. Он не любит, когда дети смеются.

 

8. Вы заметили, как он положил письмо на стол?

 

9. Мама хочет, чтобы я стала учительницей.

 

10. Папа, разреши Тому присоединиться к нам.

 

11. Он знал, что она знаменитая певица.

 

12. Вы когда-нибудь слышали, как она поет?

 

13. Хотите, я дам вам мой словарь?

 

14. Мне бы не хотелось, чтобы вы меня ждали.

 

15. Мы наблюдали, как студенты танцуют.

 

16. Я ненавижу, когда ты задаешь глупые вопросы.

 

17. Учитель заставил еe переписать упражнение.

 

18. Она не слышала, как я вошел в комнату.

 

19. Бабушка не любит, когда дети играют с собакой.

 

20. Я почувствовала, как кто-то смотрит на меня.


PARTICIPLES

Test 8. Participles as adjectives. Complete the sentences with the present participle (-ing) or past participle (-ed).

 

1. The book was so (exciting/excited) that I couldn’t put it down.

 

2. I thought the interview went well, so I was very (disappointing/disappointed) not to get the job.

 

3. I didn’t want to tell my sister that I’d borrowed her car, as I knew she would be (annoying/annoyed).

 

4. I wasn’t looking forward to studying history, but in the end I thought it was a (fascinating/fascinated).

 

5. I just sat in front of the TV all evening. My day had been really (tiring/tired).

 

6. Failing my driving test was one of my most (disappointing/disappointed) experiences.

 

7. I wish he’d be quiet. He’s so (annoying/annoyed).

 

8. After watching the documentary on global warming, we all felt a bit (depressing/depressed).

 

9. Many people think hill walking was very energetic, but I find it very (relaxing/relaxed).

 

10. The children were really (exciting/excited) about opening their presents.

 

11. I was so hurt when he said I was (boring/bored).

 

12. He works very hard. It’s not (surprising/surprised) that he is always tired.

 

13. We were (shocking/shocked) when we heard the news.

 

14. I didn’t find the situation funny. I was not (amusing/ amused).

 

15. The journey was really (exciting/excited). I enjoyed it.

 

16. I am not keen on golf. When I played it, I was really (boring/bored).

 

17. She really learns very fast. She has made (astonishing/ astonished) progress.

 

18. Tom is good at telling funny stories. He can be very (amusing/amused).

 

19. When we heard the news, we didn’t know what to do. The news was (shocking/shocked).

 

20. The weather forecast was (terrifying/terrified). The (worrying/worried) authorities cancelled the match.

 

 

Test 9. Choose the correct answer a, b, or c to fill the spaces.

 

1. Do you know the woman _________ to Tom?

 

a) talked b) talking c) having talked

 

2. _________ her work, she went home.

 

a) finished b) finishing c) having finished

 

3. The road _________ the two villages is very narrow.

 

a) joined b) joining c) having joined

 

4. Most of the goods _________ in this factory are exported.

 

a) made b) making c) having made

 

5. _________ nearly all our money, we couldn’t stay in a hotel.

 

a) spent b) spending c) having spent

 

6. I was woken up by a bell _________.

 

a) rung b) ringing c) having rung

 

7. There were some children _________ in the river.

 

a) swum b) swimming c) having swum

 

8. A lot of people _________ to the party cannot come.

 

a) invited b) inviting c) having invited

 

9. _________ our tickets, we went into the theatre.

 

a) bought b) buying c) having bought

 

10. Everybody looked at the _________ girl.

 

a) danced b) dancing c) having danced

 

11. The window _________ in the storm last night has now been repaired.

 

a) broken b) breaking c) having broken

 

12. I saw a woman _________ in the corner on her own.

 

a) stood b) standing c) having stood

 

13. She was lying in the middle of the road, _________ for help.

 

a) cried b) crying c) having cried

 

14. _________ our meal, we went out.

 

a) Finished b) Finishing c) Having finished

 

15. He just sits around all day, _________ nothing.

 

a) done b)doing c) having done

 

16. Books _________ from the library must be returned in two weeks.

 

a) borrowed b) borrowing c) having borrowed

 

17. Not _________ what to do, she burst out crying.

 

a) known b) knowing c) having known

 

18. _________ hungry, I decided to make myself a sandwich.

 

a) felt b) feeling c) having felt

 

19. _________ dinner, they continued their journey.

 

a) had b) having c) having had

 

20. Emma was sitting in an armchair _________ a book.

 

a) read b) reading c) having read

 

 

Test 10. Open the brackets using Participle I or Participle II.

 

1. (Walk) along the street I saw several (destroy) houses.

 

2. It was an (excite) incident. No wonder she spoke about it in an (excite) voice.

 

3. (Sit) near the fire, he felt very warm.

 

4. (Find) a hotel, we looked for somewhere to have dinner.

 

5. The (frighten) child could not sleep all night – so (frighten) was the tale.

 

6. (Be) unemployed, he hasn’t got much money.

 

7. I don’t know what was in the (burn) letter. I didn’t read it.

 

8. (Look) out of the window, he saw his mother watering the flowers.

 

9. The house (surround) by tall trees was very beautiful.

 

10. The wall (surround) the house was very high.

 

11. (Translate) by a good specialist, the story preserved all the humour of the original.

 

12. (Sell) fruit, he looked back from time to time, hoping to see his friends.

 

13. (Sell) all the fruit, he went to see his friends.

 

14. (Enter) the room, she turned on the light.

 

15. (Arrive) late, we missed the train.

 

16. Jim hurt his arm while (play) tennis.

 

17. The (lose) book was found at last.

 

18. (Not wish) to discuss that problem, he changed the conversation.

 

19. A word (speak) in time may have very important results.

 

20. The students (speak) good English must help their classmates.

 

 

Test 11. Open the brackets using Participle I or Participle II.

 

1. A crowd of (excite) people stood (watch) the burning house.

 

2. ‘Why do you look so (worry)?’ ‘I’ve had a number of (worry) telephone calls lately.’

 

3. (Look) through some magazines, I came across an interesting article.

 

4. (Have) dinner, they continued their journey.

 

5. After hearing the (frighten) tale, the (frighten) children wouldn’t go to sleep.

 

6. (Feel) tired, I went to bed early.

 

7. A lot of people (invite) to the party cannot come.

 

8. (Hear) the sounds of music, we stopped talking.

 

9. The girl (wash) the floor is my sister.

 

10. The floor (wash) by Helen looked very clean.

 

11. (Approve) by the critics, the story was accepted by a popular magazine.

 

12. (Do) his homework, he was thinking hard.

 

13. (Do) his homework, he went for a walk.

 

14. (Come) to the theatre, she saw that the performance had already begun.

 

15. (See) this film twice, I didn’t want to go to the cinema.

 

16. Be careful when (cross) the road.

 

17. Translate the words (write) on the blackboard.

 

18. (Not know) her address, we couldn’t go to see her.

 

19. A fish (take) out of the water cannot live.

 

20. A person (take) a sun-bath must be very careful.

 

 

Test 12. Fill in each space in the following text, using an appropriate present or past participle of the verbs given in the box. You will need to use one of the verbs twice.

The Haunted House Just after midnight, Julian and Anne, with Tommy the dog, arrived at the _________ (1) house, having first _________ (2) sure that no one would notice their absence. The house, _________ (3) in the seventeenth century, had been abandoned for several years and the _________ (4) windows stood _________ (5) like the eyes of a frightened ghost. Julian, _________ (6) by Anne and Tommy, took out his torch and pointed it towards the fence, _________ (7) for the gap which they had _________ (8) a few days earlier. But how had their latest adventure _________ (9)? Julian had been sitting in a cafe _________ (10) a drink when he overheard some men _________ (11) about hiding ‘the stuff’ in the haunted house till things had quietened down. _________ (12) that the police were looking for drug traffickers in the area, Julian had followed the men to their car, _________ (13) sure to take down the number. Julian, Anne and Tommy the dog spent the next few evenings at the house, _________ (14) in one of the old stables next to the house, _________ (15) patiently for the arrival of the criminals. At last, their efforts were rewarded. They saw the lights of a car _________ (16) closer. When the car stopped, a man got out, _________ (17) what seemed to be a large parcel. A few seconds later they saw another figure _________ (18) out of the car, _________ (19) a long black overcoat and _________ (20) something in his hand that, in the darkness, looked like a gun.

8.3. INFINITIVE/GERUND/PARTICIPLE

 

Test 13. Choose the correct form of the verb.

 

1. Paula has given up _________.

 

a) to smoke b) smoking c) smoke

 

2. I promised _________ in time.

 

a) to come b) having come c) come

 

3. I saw him yesterday. He seems _________ weight.

 

a) losing b) to have lost c) lose

 

4. Let me _________ your bag.

 

a) to carry b) carrying c) carry

 

5. I don’t enjoy _________ very much.

 

a) dance b) danced c) dancing

 

6. It was funny. I couldn’t help _________.

 

a) laughing b) laugh c) to laugh

 

7. Would you mind _________ the door, please?

 

a) close b) closing c) closed

 

8. I’d prefer _________ a taxi.

 

a) get b) to get c) having got

 

9. He is very good at _________ languages.

 

a) to learn b) learn c) learning

 

10. He is used _________ alone.

 

a) having lived b) to live c) to living

 

11. David insisted on _________ for the meal.

 

a) to pay b) having paid c) paying

 

12. It is no use of _________ about it.

 

a) worrying b) worry c) to have worried

 

13. I had difficulty in _________ a permit.

 

a) to get b) getting c) got

 

14. Let’s go to the pool _________ a swim.

 

a) to have b) having c) had

 

15. Ann was surprised _________ you last week.

 

a) see b) to see c) having seen

 

16. He prevented them from _________ the same mistake.

 

a) do b) to do c) doing

 

17. Did you notice anyone _________?

 

a) to go out b) go out c) went out

 

18. _________ her work, she went home.

 

a) To have finished b) Having finished c) To finish

 

19. She denied _________ there.

 

a) to go b) went c) going

 

20. Tony mentioned _________ the bus to school instead of walking.

 

a) to take b) took c) taking

 

 

Test 14. Choose the correct form of the verb.

 

1. Ann was made _________ her suitcase.

 

a) to open b) opening c) open

 

2. Do you know how _________ to his house?

 

a) getting b) get c) to get

 

3. I remember _________ the door.

 

a) locking b) to lock c) to be locked

 

4. The coat is dirty. It needs _________.

 

a) to clean b) clean c) cleaning

 

5. I bought a new car instead of _________ to America.

 

a) to fly b) fly c) flying

 

6. He is looking forward to _________ them again.

 

a) see b) have seen c) seeing

 

7. She was busy _________ in the garden.

 

a) working b) to work c) to be working

 

8. I don’t enjoy _________ very much.

 

a) driving b) drive c) drove

 

9. I can’t afford _________ tonight. I’m too tired.

 

a) to be going out b) to go out c) go out

 

10. His mother made him _________ the room.

 

a) to clean b) cleaning c) clean

 

11. Has it stopped _________ yet?

 

a) rain b) to be rain c) raining

 

12. Can you remind me _________ some coffee?

 

a) to buy b) buy c) having bought

 

13. Why do you keep _________ me questions?

 

a) being asked b) asked c) asking

 

14. I refuse _________ his questions.

 

a) to answer b) answer c) having answered

 

15. I’ve enjoyed _________ them.

 

a) meet b) meeting c) being met

 

16. The girl began _________ at night.

 

a) cry b) to cry c) having cried

 

17. He is against _________ the discussion of this issue.

 

a) postpone b) having postpone c) postponing

 

18. I can’t stand _________ here any longer.

 

a) work b) being work c) working

 

19. They translated the story into English without _________ a dictionary.

 

a) to use b) use c) using

 

20. _________ in that country all his life, he knew it very well.

 

a) Having lived b) Being lived c) Live

 

 

Test 15. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the infinitive or V-ing form.

 

Christmas Whatever else Christmas may _________ (1)(stand for), one thing it still means is _________ (2)(eat). Christmas has traditionally been a time of the year when people have tried _________ (3)(cheer) themselves up during the cold months of winter. Last year more than 10 million turkeys were bought in Britain alone during the festive season _________ (4)(satisfy) the nation’s appetite. Health experts may continue _________ (5)(complain) about all this self-indulgence, but they fail _________ (6)(realise) that there is nothing new about celebratory feasting, practically at this time of the year. The Roman Saturnalia, which was supposed to be a festival _________ (7)(honour) the god of agriculture, started on 19 December. Among other things, the Saturnalia involved _________ (8)(light) candles and _________ (9)(give) gifts. People who had spent the whole year _________ (10)(save) money suddenly became extravagant. In addition to _________ (11)(exchange) gifts, this time of year was also an occasion for masters and slaves alike _________ (12)(eat) excessively. At one Saturnalia feast an emperor is reported _________ (13)(spend) the equivalent of $900,000 on a dinner for twelve guests which consisted of twenty courses and lasted all day. So, when mealtime comes round on 25 December, there’s no point in _________ (14)(have) a guilty conscience. In fact the occasional seasonal feast may promote good health and stop year-round _________ (15)(overeat).

 

 

PREPOSITIONS

PREPOSITIONS OF TIME

Test 1. Insert prepositions where necessary.

 

1. She is _________ her sixties, but she looks much younger.

 

2. The first man walked on the moon _________ 21 July 1969.

 

3. The telephone and the doorbell rang _________ the same time.

 

4. What are you doing _________ the weekend?

 

5. Charles is getting married _________ next year.

 

6. Columbus made his first voyage from Europe to America _________ 1492.

 

7. I nearly missed my flight yesterday. I got to the airport just _________ time.

 

8. I’m busy just now, but I’ll be with you _________ a moment.

 

9. We often have a short holiday _________ Christmas.

 

10. Do you work _________ Wednesdays?

 

11. I didn’t understand the text _________ first, but _________ the end I managed to translate it.

 

12. I’ll have written a composition _________ 5 o’clock.

 

13. Mary and Henry always go out for a meal _________ their wedding anniversary.

 

14. ‘Can I speak to Clare’ ‘I’m afraid, she’s not here _________ the moment.’

 

15. I work _________ early morning _________ late _________ night.

 

16. I started learning English _________ the age of five.

 

17. It was quite a short book and easy to read. I read it _________ a day.

 

18. We travelled overnight to Paris and arrived _________ 5 o’clock _________ Friday morning.

 

19. They go out _________ every Wednesday _________ the evening.

 

20. The train service isn’t very good. The trains are rarely _________ time.

 

 

Test 2. Insert prepositions where necessary.

 

1. I was playing computer games _________ 5 _________ 6 o’clock yesterday.

 

2. Jazz became popular in the United States _________ the 1920s.

 

3. I’ll see you _________ next Friday _________ the evening.

 

4. It’s difficult to listen if everyone is speaking _________ the same time.

 

5. _________ Saturday night I went to bed _________ 11 o’clock.

 

6. I don’t know this man, but he seems to be _________ his forties.

 

7. The bus was late this morning but it’s usually _________ time.

 

8. I hope the weather will be nice _________ the weekend.

 

9. I haven’t seen you _________ ages! Where have you been _________ all this time.

 

10. In Britain most people do not work _________ Sundays.

 

11. _________ last year we went to France.

 

12. Jenny’s brother is an engineer, but he’s out of work _________ the moment.

 

13. I had translated this article _________ 6 o’clock yesterday.

 

14. Bob is a very fast runner. He can run 100 metres _________ 11 seconds.

 

15. I went to school _________ the age of 6, so I’ve already been studying _________ 9 years.

 

16. Pauline got married _________ 18 May 1991.

 

17. It took me long to find a job. _________ the end I got a job in a hotel.

 

18. I haven’t met him _________ last Friday.

 

19. I normally get paid the end of the month.

 

20. I nearly forgot about Jack’s birthday. Fortunately I remembered just _________ time.

 

VOCABULARY

SUCH or SO

Test 3. Fill in so, such or such a(an).

 

1. Helena has ___ good sense of humour.

 

2. She has ___ busy life that she always forgets my birthday.

 

3. You shouldn’t let ___ small child watch TV ___ much.

 

4. The weather is ___ nice today. Shall we go for a walk?

 

5. ‘Has he passed the exam?’ ‘Yes, I think ___.’

 

6. John is ___ interesting to talk to.

 

7. They said ___ nasty things about you.

 

8. Science is changing ___ rapidly.

 

9. I want to do ___ many different things.

 

10. He dressed ___ quickly that he put his boots on the wrong feet.

 

11. She got ___ shock that she dropped the bag.

 

12. I was ___ excited that I didn’t know it was him.

 

13. It all sounded ___ crazy that I laughed out loud.

 

14. They worked ___ quickly that there was no time for talking.

 

15. ‘Will you be home at 6?’ ‘I hope ___.’

 

16. The house was ___ untidy. I’ve never seen ___ mess.

 

17. I haven’t seen her for ___ long.

 

18. I haven’t seen her for ___ long time.

 

19. Why did you buy ___ much food?

 

20. Why did you buy ___ book?

 

 

Test 4. Fill in so, such or such a(an).

 

1. He’s difficult to understand because he speaks ___ quickly.

 

2. I like Tom and Ann. They’re ___ nice people.

 

3. It was a great holiday. We had ___ good time.

 

4. I was surprised that he looked ___ well after his recent illness.

 

5. Everything is ___ expensive these days, isn’t it?

 

6. I have to go. I didn’t realise it was ___ late.

 

7. He always looks good. He wears ___ nice clothes.

 

8. It was ___ boring film that I fell asleep while I was watching it.

 

9. I couldn’t believe the news. It was ___ shock.

 

10. They’ve got ___ much money, they don’t know what to do with it.

 

11. I didn’t realise you lived ___ long way from the city centre.

 

12. The food at the hotel was ___ awful. I’ve never eaten ___ awful food.

 

13. The weather is lovely, isn’t it? I didn’t expect it to be ___ nice day.

 

14. I think she works too hard. She looks ___ tired all the time.

 

15. I can’t decide what to do. It’s ___ problem.

 

16. It’s ___ hot here! Can’t we open a window?

 

17. She’s got ___ lovely hair!

 

18. We ate ___ delicious food.

 

19. There were ___ few people there.

 

20. We had to pay ___ high price for coffee in London.

 

DO or MAKE

Test 5. Complete the following sentences with an appropriate form of do or make.

 

1. Her job has something to ___ with marketing.

 

2. Girls ___ up half of the students in the school.

 

3. You’ll have to ___ without your dinner if you don’t get back in time.

 

4. She sits in front of the mirror for ages ___ herself up.

 

5. The government have decided to ___ away with the old tax law.

 

6. When the bell rang, the students ___ for the door.

 

7. Let’s ___ the store room into an extra kitchen, shall we?

 

8. Speak louder – I can’t ___ out what you’re saying.

 

9. ___ up your coat – it’s cold.

 

10. I was ___ out of ten pounds in the shop this morning.

 

11. They mugged the old lady and ___ off with her handbag.

 

12. If you ___ your best to explain the problem, I’m sure she’ll understand.

 

13. What did the robbers ___ off with?

 

14. It’s about time you ___ some exercise – you’re getting a bit overweight.

 

15. I don’t know what to ___ of Christina’s odd behaviour just lately.

 

16. I could have ___ it with more help.

 

17. I don’t believe him – he’s ___ it up!

 

18. How many times a week do you ___ the shopping?

 

19. You must ___ a decision now.

 

20. To ___ a fortune you have to ___ a lot of hard work.

 

 

Test 6. Complete the following sentences with the appropriate form of do or make.

 

1. I ___ an appointment to see the optician.

 

2. After he ___ his homework, he found he ___ a mistake.

 

3. This drug can ___ miracles for people with back problems.

 

4. They ___ a lot of changes in the town centre recently.

 

5. You ___ the right thing by telling the police.

 

6. He ___ an archaeological discovery.

 

7. After being ill for two weeks, he is now ___ an excellent recovery.

 

8. She ___ a lot of research in the field of medicine.

 

9. I ___ an arrangement to meet him at the cinema yesterday.

 

10. It is important that you ___ exercise in order to keep fit.

 

11. All that smoking ___ you harm.

 

12. He ___ an excuse and left the office in a hurry.

 

13. I always tried ___ my best, but she was never satisfied.

 

14. He ___ some research into ancient religions at the moment.

 

15. If you don’t ___ an effort, you won’t any progress.

 

16. If you pay in cash, we can ___ you a small discount.

 

17. Please let me know if you have any criticism to ___.

 

18. Tying a knot in my handkerchief ___ me remember what I have to do.

 

19. Your explanation simply doesn’t ___ sense.

 

20. I wonder if you could ___ me a small favour.

 

 

Test 7. Fill the gaps in the following text with one suitable word.

 

Overdoing It

 

‘OK, you can ___ (1) your shirt up now,’ said Doctor Hymes. He had just given me a thorough check-up and was ___ (2) detailed notes on a big sheet of paper.

 

‘What do you ___ (3) of it all, doctor?’ I asked anxiously.

 

‘Well, the first thing is that you could ___ (4) with a good rest. You’ve been overdoing it a bit, haven’t you?’ I admitted. I had been ___ (5) a lot of overtime recently. I had taken a lot on and had ___ (6) a bit of a mess of it all and was suffering from stress. He agreed that that probably had a lot to ___ (7) with it. I had also ___ (8) the mistake of starting to smoke again; in fact my diet was now largely made ___ (9) of coffee and cigarettes. The doctor then reminded me that coffee did a lot of ___ (10) to our nervous system and of course cigarettes ___ (11) a lot of damage to the whole system. He said I should try and ___ (12) without coffee for a few days and make a serious ___ (13) to cut out smoking altogether.

 

‘And make ___ (14) you have a proper meal every day,’ he warned. His last piece of advice was that I should find time to ___ (15) some jogging every day. I promised him I’d do my best.

 

SAY, TELL, SPEAK, TALK

Test 8. Say or tell? Choose the correct variant.

 

1. George couldn’t help me. He (said/told) me to ask Kate.

 

2. Kate (said/told) she had many pets at home.

 

3. Ann (said/told) goodbye to me and left.

 

4. Sam (said/told) me that Robert didn’t like porridge.

 

5. I asked him to (say/tell) the truth.

 

6. Don’t just stand there! (Say/Tell) something!

 

7. I (said/told) Jim not to shout.

 

8. Mother (said/told) her son to go to the dentist.

 

9. (Say/Tell) us about your holiday, please. Did you have a nice time?

 

10. My cousin (said/told) he could ski well.

 

11. She (said/told) us her knowledge of French was good.

 

12. I wonder where Sue is. She (said/told) she would be here at 8 o’clock.

 

13. Jack (said/told) me that he was fed up with his job.

 

14. The doctor (said/told) that I should rest for at least a week.

 

15. Don’t (say/tell) anybody what I (said/told). It’s a secret just between us.

 

16. ‘Did she (say/tell) you what had happened?’ ‘No, she didn’t (say/tell) anything to me.’

 

17. Please listen to me! I’ve got something important to (say/tell) you.

 

18. Fred (said/told) me that you were ill.

 

19. What did you (say/tell) the police?

 

20. He (said/told) he had just heard the news.

 

 

Test 9. Fill in a suitable form of a verb from the list: say, tell, speak, talk. You can use some verbs more than once.

 

1. Tom ___ ‘This is great!’

 

2. She ___ that she might be late.

 

3. He ___ us the answer.

 

4. I’m going to ___ something to the neighbours about the noise.

 

5. She ___ us about her travels around North.

 

6. ___ us about Africa.

 

7. I’m going to ___ something about my trip to Africa.

 

8. The clock ___ it’s five past ten.

 

9. The newspaper ___ there’s been a hijacking.

 

10. People ___ he’s a bit crasy.

 

11. ___ me what you need.

 

12. It’s impossible to ___ the twins apart.

 

13. ___ we do this, what would happen?

 

14. Have you ___ anything to in your defense?

 

15. She ___ them that she might be late.

 

16. The policeman ___ me to go with him.

 

17. I ___ you the reason why I was out late.

 

18. I’ve never ___ a lie in my whole life.

 

19. Let’s ___ about the problem.

 

20. She often ___ about her days as a student.

 

21. The lecturer is going to ___ about the modern art.

 

22. Let’s just ___ he doesn’t always ___ the truth.

 

23. The label ___ it was produced in America.

 

24. He ___ me to close the door.

 

25. ‘Close the door,’ he ___.

 

26. If you have something to ___, say it now.

 

27. ___ her how to do it.

 

28. The letter ___ we’ve won first prize.

 

29. I didn’t do it – somebody’s been ___ tales.

 

30. She ___ goodbye to her parents.

 

 

Test 10. Read the text and add the word which best fits each space: talk, give, say, turn down, persuade, tell, discuss, deny, refuse, convince.

 

A Friend In Need I can’t ___ (1) when I first realised that Billy was in trouble with the police. He had often ___ (2) to me about his problems and, as his friend, I had ___ (3) him the best advice I could. I also ___ (4) I’d let him come and stay with me but he ___ (5) my offer. I tried to ___ (6) him to stop spending so much money at his club and to sit down and ___ (7) his problems with me but he ___ (8) me to mind my own business. It was difficult to ___ (9) to him after this but I was ___ (10) he was getting into deeper trouble all the time. He had often ___ (11) having anything to do with the local gangs. But then the police came round and asked me to ___ (12) them information about Billy and I couldn’t ___ (13), though I avoided ___ (14) them anything that might do him harm. They asked me to ___ (15) them more details but I managed to convince them that I had (16) the truth.

11.5. PHRASAL VERBS

 

Test 11. Phrasal verb to come: fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

 

1. It was some time before he came ___ after being knocked out.

 

2. He came ___ to my way of thinking after a good deal of argument.

 

3. It’s no use trying to keep this secret; it’s sure to come ___ in the end.

 

4. The question of salary increases will come ___ at the next general meeting.

 

5. Those rust marks will come ___ if you rub them with lemon.

 

6. Seeing me from across the room, she came ___ me.

 

7. He came ___ a fortune last year. (He inherited it).

 

8. Wait till prices come ___ again before you buy.

 

9. Come ___. It’s far too cold to wait here any longer.

 

10. The handle of the tea-pot came ___ in my hand as I was washing it.

 

11. I came ___ a vase exactly like yours in an antique shop.

 

12. I’m at home all day. Come ___ whenever you have time.

 

13. The expected answer came ___.

 

14. Has she come ___ the book yet?

 

15. Come ___ the taxi’s waiting for us.

 

16. They are coming ___ Sunday.

 

17. I came ___ to the country cottage in the morning.

 

18. The button has come ___.

 

19. He has come ___ the property.

 

20. The buds are coming ___ now.

 

 

Test 12. Phrasal verb to go: fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

 

1. I had to wait for permission from the Council before I could go ___ with my plans.

 

2. The guard dog went ___ the intruder and knocked him down.

 

3. He had a sandwich and a cup of tea, then he went ___ working.

 

4. I went ___ the proposal very carefully with my solicitor and didn’t accept the order.

 

5. The gun went ___ by accident and wounded him in the leg.

 

6. Wearing black for mourning went ___ many years ago.

 

7. She went ___ a beauty contest and got a prize.

 

8. The price of tomatoes usually goes ___ in summer in England.

 

9. If there isn’t enough soup to go ___ just put some hot water in it.

 

10. The early colonists of America went ___ many hardships.

 

11. You can’t go ___ ___ your promise now; we are depending on you.

 

12. I’ve changed my mind about marrying him; I simply can’t go ___ ___ it.

 

13. The plane crashed and went ___ in flames.

 

14. I refused to go ___ now. I’m going forward.

 

15. They have gone ___ all the calculations again but they still can’t find the mistake.

 

16. The party went ___ very well; we all enjoyed ourselves.

 

17. Mary went ___ in such a hurry that she left her passport behind.

 

18. Why don’t you go ___ ___ stamp collecting if you want to have a quiet hobby?

 

19. Her weight went ___ to 70 kilos when she stopped playing tennis.

 

20. Don’t go ___ food if you want to economize. Just drink less.

 

 

Test 13. Phrasal verb to give: fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

 

1. She won $300 and gave it all ___.

 

2. Riding is getting too expensive; I’ll have to give it ___.

 

3. He gave ___ all the books he had borrowed.

 

4. After two days of freedom, the escaped prisoner gave himself ___ to the police.

 

5. Your secret is safe with me. I won’t give you ___. (betray you).

 

6. He didn’t want to go to the cinema but they begged him so hard that he gave ___.

 

7. After his third attempt he gave ___ trying to pass the driving test.

 

8. The names of the winners were given ___ on the radio.

 

9. If you want to save money, give ___ eating in expensive restaurants.

 

10. There was a man giving ___ leaflets outside the church.

 

11. Don’t give ___ the ending of the story, it will spoil it.

 

12. What wouldn’t I give ___ a cool drink!

 

13. The news was given ___ that the political leader had died.

 

14. Ann gave ___ her college course and left the town.

 

15. I hope that the holiday will give me ___ my good spirits.

 

16. Give your examination papers ___ to the teacher when you finish.

 

17. You would never give ___ your friend’s secret, would you?

 

18. The liquid gave ___ a strong smell.

 

19. When are you going to give him ___ his camera?

 

20. Don’t forget to give ___ your exercise-book.

 

 

Test 14. Phrasal verb to put: fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

 

1. Put ___ the clock, it is twenty minutes fast.

 

2. I’ll put ___ my visit till you can go with me.

 

3. She had invited me to dinner but had to put me ___ as she was taken ill.

 

4. Put ___ the light. It’s getting quite light again.

 

5. That vase is very valuable. Put it ___ before you drop it.

 

6. He was very much put ___ when she rang off angrily during their conversation.

 

7. I wish you would put ___ the dishes instead of leaving them on the table.

 

8. He is not really angry. He’s only putting it ___.

 

9. The boy is hyperactive. I put it ___ ___ wrong diet.

 

10. Here’s a crash helmet. Put it ___.

 

11. I don’t know how you put ___ ___ the noise; it would drive me mad.

 

12. If you can’t find a room in a hotel, I could always put you ___.

 

13. The shortage of eggs has put ___ their price considerably.

 

14. The government put ___ the rebellion with great severity.



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