Nouns are made plural by adding



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Nouns are made plural by adding



 

Irregular plurals

Test 1. Write the plural of the following nouns.

1. church – 8. woman – 15. radio —

2. difficulty – 9. deer – 16. ox —

3. mouse – 10. leaf – 17. fish —

4. month – 11. goose – 18. wolf —

5. child – 12. potato – 19. country —

6. roof – 13. foot – 20. tooth —

7. boy – 14. dress – 21. curriculum —

 

Test 2. Write the plural of the following nouns.

1. nanny – 8. radio – 15. violin —

2. father-in-law – 9. train robbery – 16. wife —

3. headache – 10. painkiller – 17. medium —

4. dictionary – 11. bush – 18. mouse —

5. pincushion – 12. pen-friend – 19. godfather —

6. hold-up – 13. video – 20. wish —

7. hoof – 14. pillowcase – 21. phenomenon —

 

Test 3. Write the plural of the following nouns.

1. deer – 8. sheep – 15. datum —

2. lady – 9. species – 16. Eskimo —

3. roof – 10. day – 17. leaf —

4. chief – 11. family – 18. life —

5. studio – 12. dish – 19. zero —

6. zoo – 13. paw – 20. buffalo —

7. bus – 14. fork – 21. criterion —

 

Test 4. Write the plural of the following nouns.

1. trout – 8. baby – 15. vowel —

2. composer – 9. handkerchief – 16. buzz —

3. insect – 10. church – 17. glass —

4. oasis – 11. memo – 18. man —

5. analysis – 12. ball game – 19. goose —

6. bacterium – 13. passer-by – 20. foot —

7. waiter – 14. letdown – 21. volcano —

 

 

Test 5. Write the plural of the following nouns.

1. bench – 8. scarf – 15. fruit —

2. celebrity – 9. belief – 16. swine —

3. louse – 10. sheep – 17. activity —

4. bath – 11. half – 18. thief —

5. woman – 12. tomato – 19. kilo —

6. cliff – 13. means – 20. party —

7. play – 14. photo – 21. appendix —

 

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

Nouns can be countable (those that can be counted) or uncountable (those that can’t be counted). Uncountable nouns take a singular verb. The most common uncountable nouns are:

• Mass nouns: fluids (blood, tea, coffee, milk etc), solids (bread, butter, china, coal, food, fruit, glass, ice, iron, fish [meaning food], etc), gasses (air, oxygen, pollution, smoke, smog, etc), particles (corn, dust, flour, hair, pepper, rice, salt, sand, etc).

• Subjects of study: chemistry, economics, literature, mathematics, physics, etc.

• Languages: Chinese, English, French, etc.

• Games: billiards, chess, golf, soccer, tennis, etc.

• Diseases: flu, measles, mumps, etc.

• Natural phenomena: darkness, hail, heat, rain (but: the rains = season of continuous rain in tropical countries), humidity, thunder, snow, etc.

• Some abstract nouns: accommodation, advice, anger, applause, assistance, behaviour, business, chaos, countryside, courage, damage, dirt, education, evidence, housework, homework, information, intelligence, knowledge, luck, music, news, peace, progress, seaside, shopping, traffic, trouble, truth, wealth, work, etc.

• Collective nouns: baggage, cutlery, furniture, jewellery, luggage, machinery, money, rubbish, stationery, etc.

• Many uncountable nouns can be made countable by adding a partitive: a piece of paper/cake/advice/information/furniture; a slice/loaf of bread; a(n) item/piece of news, etc.

• Some nouns take only a plural verb. These are objects consisting of two parts: garments (pyjamas, trousers, etc), tools (scissors, etc), instruments (binoculars, compasses, spectacles, etc), or nouns such as: arms, ashes, barracks, clothes, congratulations, earnings, (good) looks, outskirts, people, police, premises, riches, stairs, surroundings, wages, etc.

• Group nouns refer to a group of people. These nouns can take either a singular or a plural verb depending on whether we see the group as a whole or as individuals. Such group nouns are: army, audience, class, club, committee, company, council, crew, crowd, headquarters, family, jury, government, press, public, staff, team, etc.

The team was the best. (the team as a group)

The team were all given medals. (each member separately as individuals)

• With expressions of duration, distance or money meaning ‘a whole amount’ we use a singular verb: Two years is long to wait. Three miles is a long way to go. Nine thousand pounds is a high price to pay.

 

Test 6. Fill in: is or are.

1. Your trousers _____ in the wardrobe.

2. Where______ his scissors?

3. There_____ a lecture on history today.

4. The shopping________ heavy.

5. Where_____ my gloves?

6. This information______ correct.

7. His hair_____ brown.

8. My socks_____ in the drawer.

9. Our furniture_____ very cheap.

10. His accommodation_____ luxurious.

11. Evidence_____ needed before the trial can continue.

12. The news_____ very exciting.

13. Mumps_____ a common illness among children.

14. My glasses_____ on the table.

15. Chinese_____ difficult to learn.

16. Where_____ the kitchen scales?

17. Billiards_____ a popular game.

18. His work_____ very interesting.

19. People_____ starving in some countries.

20. Education_____ the key to his success.

 

Test 7. Fill in: is or are.

 

1. Where_____ your trousers?

2. Could you tell me where_____ the scissors?

3. Tonight, there _____ athletics on TV.

4. Money_____ easy to spend and difficult to save.

5. Gloves_____ worn in cold weather.

6. This student’s knowledge_____ amazing.

7. Love_____ reason for much happiness.

8. This bread_____ stale.

9. Your jeans_____ on the chair.

10. His baggage_____ too heavy to carry.

11. Her advice _____ very interesting.

12. Mathematics_____ his favourite subject.

13. Measles_____ a common illness.

14. The glasses_____ on the table.

15. My sister’s hair_____ long.

16. Their bathroom scales_____ quite accurate.

17. Darts _____ a popular game in Britain.

18. This work_____ too hard.

19. People_____ unhappy with the new tax system.

20. The police_____ near.

 



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